1894 Atalanti earthquakes

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1894 Atalanti earthquakes
1894 Atalanti earthquakes is located in Greece
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1894 Atalanti earthquakes
UTC time Doublet earthquake:    
  1894-04-20 15:52
  1894-04-27 19:42
Local date 20 April 1894 (1894-04-20)
27 April 1894 (1894-04-27)
Magnitude  
  6.7 Mw
  6.9 Mw
Depth 10 km (6.2 mi)
Epicenter 38°39′N 23°05′E / 38.65°N 23.08°E / 38.65; 23.08Coordinates: 38°39′N 23°05′E / 38.65°N 23.08°E / 38.65; 23.08
Areas affected Greece, Locris
Casualties 255

The first of the 1894 Atalanti earthquakes occurred at on 20 April 1894 at 16:52 UTC, with a magnitude of 6.4 on the moment magnitude scale and a maximum perceived intensity of X on the Mercalli intensity scale. It was followed seven days later on 27 April at 19:42 UTC by the second, with a magnitude of 6.9 and a maximum intensity of X. These two earthquakes caused widespread damage in the Locris area, causing a total of 255 deaths.[1] More literature on these destructive events can be seen in the references section.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ganas, A., Roberts, G.P., & Memou, Tz. 1998. Segment boundaries, the 1894 ruptures and strain patterns along the Atalanti Fault, Central Greece. Journal of Geodynamics, 26: 2–4, 461–486.
  • Ganas, A, Sokos, E, Agalos, A, Leontakianakos, G, Pavlides S, 2006, Coulomb stress triggering of earthquakes along the Atalanti Fault, central Greece: Two April 1894 M6+ events and stress change patterns. Tectonophysics, 420, 357–369.
  • Nature, volume 50, 607–607 (18 Oct 1894), doi: 10.1038/050607a0.
  • Pantosti, D., P. M. De Martini, D. Papanastassiou, F. Lemeille, N. Palyvos and G. Stavrakakis, 2004, Paleoseismological Trenching across the Atalanti Fault (Central Greece): Evidence for the Ancestors of the 1894 Earthquake during the Middle Ages and Roman Times, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America; v. 94; no. 2; p. 531–549; DOI: 10.1785/0120020207
  • Papavassiliou, A. (1894a,b). Sur le tremblement de terre de Locride (Grece) du mois d' Avril 1894, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 19, 112–114 & 380–381.
  • Richter, C. F. (1958). Elementary Seismology, Freeman, San Francisco, 768 pp.