1894 Rock Island railroad wreck

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1894 Rock Island railroad wreck
Aftermath of the wreck
Aftermath of the wreck
Date 9 August 1894
Time 21:20
Location Wilderness Park, Lincoln, Nebraska
Coordinates 40°44′38″N 96°42′45″W / 40.74389°N 96.71250°W / 40.74389; -96.71250 (1894 train wreck)Coordinates: 40°44′38″N 96°42′45″W / 40.74389°N 96.71250°W / 40.74389; -96.71250 (1894 train wreck)
Country United States
Rail line Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
Cause Sabotage
Statistics
Deaths 11
List of rail accidents (1880–1899)

The 1894 Rock Island railroad wreck occurred when a locomotive carrying two passenger cars was sabotaged on August 9, 1894, in Lincoln, Nebraska.[1][2] The train was purposely derailed from a 40-foot trestle which today passes above the Jamaica North Trail at Wilderness Park in Lincoln, Nebraska, killing eleven. To date, the sabotage is one of the largest instances of mass murder in the state of Nebraska, along with the 1958 killing spree of Charles Starkweather, and the Westroads Mall shooting of 2007.[3] It is also the largest officially unsolved crime in Lincoln history.

Crash[edit]

At 7:30PM on August 9th, 1894, Locomotive 213 departed the station in Fairbury, Nebraska, with two passenger cars due to reach Lincoln, Nebraska two hours later.[1] At approximately 9:20PM, minutes away from its destination, the train reached a 400-foot-long trestle which was then southwest of town.[1] The rails began to spread apart as the engine crossed the trestle, which held the train forty feet above the waters of the Salt Creek.[1] As the passenger cars began to cross the trestle, the weight became too much for the structure and the entire train crashed into the creek below.[1] Upon impact, the engine burst, spilling hot coals on both the train and the wooden trestle, and soon flames covered both.[1] According to a newspaper article at the time:

"It was an awful sight. The flames mounted high in the heavens coloring the entire southern sky a brilliant carmine while the moonbeams fell upon the glowing mass below from which mortal shrieks of agony and pain were heard to issue."[1]

Three men escaped the wreckage quickly and an effort was organized and lead by Colonel C.J. Bills to rescue the passengers with the help of Jay McDowell and crewman Harry Foote.[1] The three determined that the passengers in the first car and engine were beyond help and instead focused on the rear car from which they rescued fifteen passengers.[1] As Bills and McDowell ran to find help, Foote climbed onto the wreckage twice to pull out two fellow crewmen despite having suffered a broken leg himself.[1]

The first building Bills and McDowell could see was the State Penitentiary, two miles away, from which they called the fire and police departments as well as the railroad.[1] A train reached the scene around 40 minutes after the incident and carried the survivors to Lincoln.[1] Due to the equipment available at the time and the conditions and location of the wreck, no fire wagons could reach the site, instead, "The only thing to do was just let the whole pile burn."[1]

Of the thirty-three passengers who left the station in Fairbury, eleven were killed in the crash.

Investigation[edit]

George Washington Davis

Survivors of the crash began to tell police that they had seen an unknown man holding a lantern near the trestle following the crash.[1] This, along with evidence found at the scene suggested that the crash was not an accident but an act of sabotage.[1]

On the trestle, spikes had been pulled, wrench marks were found on the rail, and gouges in the railroad ties showed that a crowbar had been used to pry them apart.[1] In the grass by the trestle, a 40-pound crowbar was found.[1] Within two days, police arrested George Washington Davis.[1] Survivors claimed Davis had been the man with the lantern they had seen at the wreck.[1]

When police questioned Davis as to why he was at the scene of the wreck, Davis claimed to have run four miles from a "colored club" in Lincoln to witness the wreck.[1] However, Davis' description of the crash does not align with the timeline he presented. Most notably, when questioned about the sound of the crash, Davis claimed that it was "not too bad until the engine blew up."[1] As the engine exploded immediately on impact, Davis' claim to have heard the train before its engine exploded does not fit the official account of the crash.[1]

Davis was an African-American, and other members of the African-American community in Lincoln maintained his innocence.[1] The police had almost no evidence to suggest that Davis was the perpetrator, Davis never admitted guilt, and investigators could not offer any explanation of motive for his supposed crime.[1] Davis was tried twice for the sabotage. During the first trial, first-degree murder could not be proven and the jury could not reach a verdict.[1] However, during the second trial, the jury was informed by the judge that should prosecutors fail to prove Davis' guilt of first-degree murder, the jury could convict him of second-degree murder.[1] In 1895, Davis was convicted of second-degree murder.[1] Ten years later, Governor John Mickey paroled Davis, citing a lack of evidence or motive, and "grave doubts" as to Davis' involvement in the case.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Joel Williamsen, a local author, happened upon the story of the crash while researching for his historical fiction novel Barrelhouse Boys.[4] Williamsen was inspired by the actions of Harry Foote, and wanted to commemorate his bravery.[4] Williamsen donated $1,200 and worked with the Nebraska State Historical Society and Lincoln Parks and Recreation to cast and install a historical marker at the site of the wreck in 2010, on the 116th anniversary of the wreck.[4] The marker includes an 800-word summary of the crash and is found along the Jamaica North trail in Wilderness Park, at the site of the crash.[4][5]

Image gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab "Epilogue: A forgotten mystery of death and destruction". Lincoln Journal-Star. 2010-02-22. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  2. ^ "Original story from 1894: Death by fire". Lincoln Journal-Star. 2010-02-22. Retrieved 2012-04-24. 
  3. ^ "Omaha's Deadliest Hour: 19-year-old man kills eight and himself at Westroads Mall". Omaha World Herald. 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2012-04-24. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b c d Star, JOE DUGGAN / Lincoln Journal. "Historical train crash marker dedicated southwest of Lincoln". JournalStar.com. Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  5. ^ "Historical train crash marker dedicated southwest of Lincoln". Lincoln Journal-Star. 2010-08-09. Retrieved 2012-04-24.