1894 in archaeology
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The year 1894 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- March 29–May 12 - Augustus Pitt Rivers excavates Wor Barrow mound.
- Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology - Harvard University project at Copan concludes.
- Sir Henry Meux excavates Avebury.
- Knossos is found by Arthur Evans.
- Roman silver plate, dated to 2nd–4th century, was unearthed near Yenikend, Azerbaijan.
- In the 12th Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, Cyrus Thomas' detailed report on the Mound Builders demolishes the earlier theory that ancient mounds in the United States were built by a "lost race", and shows they were built by the ancestors of modern Native Americans.
- E. A. Wallis Budge appointed Keeper of Egyptian and Assyrian Antiquities at the British Museum.
- Ernst Förstemann deciphers the Maya numbering systems.
- February 19 - Emil Forrer, Swiss Assyriologist and Hittitologist (d. 1986)
- June 5 - Giuseppe Tucci, Italian Orientalist (d. 1984)
- November 3 - Winifred Lamb, English archaeologist (d. 1963)
- December 28 - Oscar Broneer, Swedish American archaeologist of Ancient Greece (d. 1992)
- July 5: Austen Henry Layard, French-born British archaeologist of Iran (b. 1817)
- September 20: Giovanni Battista de Rossi, Italian archaeologist (b. 1822)