1895 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1895 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Climatology[edit]

Ecology[edit]

  • Eugen Warming publishes Plantesamfund (translated as Oecology of Plants, 1909) and founds the scientific discipline ecology.
  • The first international meeting for the protection of birds is held in Paris.[13]

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Physics[edit]

Psychiatry[edit]

Technology[edit]

Other events[edit]

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bruce, D. (1895). Preliminary Report on Tsetse Fly Disease or Nagana in Zululand. Durban: Bennet & Davis. 
  2. ^ Duggan, A. J. (1977). "Bruce and the African Trypanosomes". The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 26 (5 Pt 2 Suppl): 1080–3. PMID 20787. 
  3. ^ Hampel, Clifford A. (1968). The Encyclopedia of the Chemical Elements. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. pp. 256–268. ISBN 0-442-15598-0. 
  4. ^ Ramsay, William (1895). "On a Gas Showing the Spectrum of Helium, the Reputed Cause of D3, one of the lines in the Coronal Spectrum. Preliminary Note". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 58 (1): 65–67. doi:10.1098/rspl.1895.0006. 
  5. ^ Ramsay, William (1895). "Helium, a Gaseous Constituent of Certain Minerals. Part I". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 58 (1): 80–89. doi:10.1098/rspl.1895.0010. 
  6. ^ Ramsay, William (1895). "Helium, a Gaseous Constituent of Certain Minerals. Part II". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 59 (1): 325–330. doi:10.1098/rspl.1895.0097. 
  7. ^ Munday, Pat (1999). "W.F. Hillebrand (1853–1925), geochemist and U.S. Bureau of Standards administrator". In Garraty, John A.; Carnes, Mark C. American National Biography. 10–11. Oxford University Press. pp. 808–9; 227–8. 
  8. ^ Emsley, John (2001). Nature's Building Blocks. Oxford University Press. pp. 175–179. ISBN 0-19-850341-5. 
  9. ^ Langlet, N. A. (1895). "Das Atomgewicht des Heliums". Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie (in German). 10 (1): 289–292. doi:10.1002/zaac.18950100130. 
  10. ^ Weaver, E. R. (1919). "Bibliography of Helium Literature". Industrial & Engineering Chemistry. 
  11. ^ Fischer, Emil; Speier, Arthur (1895). "Darstellung der Ester". Chemische Berichte. 28 (3): 3252–3258. doi:10.1002/cber.189502803176. 
  12. ^ "On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air Upon The Temperature of the Ground". The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science. April 1896. 
  13. ^ "The Endangered Species Act – History Of Species Protection". Science Encyclopedia. Library Index. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  14. ^ Korteweg, D. J.; de Vries, G. (1895). "On the Change of Form of Long Waves Advancing in a Rectangular Canal, and on a New Type of Long Stationary Waves". The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science. 39 (240): 422–443. doi:10.1080/14786449508620739. 
  15. ^ Cantor, Georg (1895). "Beiträge zur Begründung der transfiniten Mengenlehre (1)". Mathematische Annalen. 46 (4): 481–512. doi:10.1007/bf02124929. Archived from the original on 2014-04-23. 
  16. ^ Poincaré, Henri (1895). "Analysis situs". Journal de l'École Polytechnique. (2). Paris. 1: 1–123. 
  17. ^ "Report 12 of the Council on Scientific Affairs (A-97)". American Medical Association. 1997. Archived from the original on 2009-06-14. Lay summary (PDF)1997 Annual Meeting of the American Medical Association: Reports of the Council on Scientific Affairs (1997). 
  18. ^ "Popov's Contribution to the Development of Wireless Communication, 1895". IEEE Global History Network. Milestones. IEEE. Retrieved 2013-02-23. 
  19. ^ Röntgen, W. (December 1895). "Eine neue Art von Strahlen". Sityzungs-Berichteder physikalisch-medicinisch Gesellschaft zu Würzburg (9). 
  20. ^ "New "L" Road Opens". Chicago Daily Tribune. 1895-05-07. p. 12. 
  21. ^ "Cermak Road Bridge District" (PDF). City of Chicago. 2003. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 31, 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-09. 
  22. ^ "Electrical Bicycle". Google Patents. 1895. Retrieved 2012-05-25. 
  23. ^ Morchin, William C.; Oman, Henry (2006). Electric Bicycles. Hoboken: Wiley. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-471-67419-1.