1896 in art
January 24 – Painter Sir Frederic Leighton is created 1st Baron Leighton in the peerage of the United Kingdom one day before his death in London of angina pectoris. February – Edvard Munch moves to Paris and concentrates on printmaking, december – Walter Crane publishes Of The Decorative Illustration of Books, Old and New. A bout of typhoid fever puts an end to Maurice de Vlamincks career as a cyclist, william Merritt Chase founds Parsons The New School for Design as the Chase School of Art in Greenwich Village, New York. At Giverny Claude Monet begins painting his Mornings on the Seine series, interior design gallery Maison de lArt Nouveau opens in Paris. Max Beerbohm publishes Caricatures of Twenty-five Gentlemen in London, his first collection of drawings, bernard Berenson publishes Florentine Painters of the Renaissance. The Royal Society of Miniature Painters, Sculptors and Gravers is founded, hubert von Herkomer is made a knight in the United Kingdom
1896 in architecture
The year 1896 in architecture involved some significant events. April 16 - The The National Trust in England acquires its first building for preservation, Alfriston Clergy House, a History of Architecture by Sir Banister Fletcher is published. April 16 -1896 Summer Olympics, the first modern international Olympic Games, open at the Panathinaiko Stadium, Athens, reconstructed to designs by architects Anastasios Metaxas, may 14 - Garth Pier, Bangor, Wales, designed by J. J. Webster. October 1 - Theater des Westens, Berlin, designed by Bernhard Sehrings, annesley Lodge, Hampstead, designed by Charles Voysey. Church of SantAnselmo allAventino, Rome, Italy, by Francesco Vespignani, marseille Cathedral, France, principally by Léon Vaudoyer and Henri-Jacques Espérendieu. National Gallery of Slovenia, Ljubljana, designed by František Škabrout, Temple Building, Canada, designed by George W. Gouinlock Temple of Human Passions, Cinquantenaire Park, Brussels, Belgium, designed by Victor Horta. Royal Gold Medal - Ernest George, grand Prix de Rome, architecture, Louis-Charles-Henri Pille
1896 in music
February 1 - Giacomo Puccinis opera La bohème receives its première at the Teatro Regio in Turin. March 18 - Danish composer Carl Nielsen conducts a performance of his First Symphony in Dresden, March 19 - Leo Stern is soloist in the première of Dvořáks Cello Concerto, in B minor, Op.104, B. 191, at the Queens Hall in London, december 27 - Formal première of Ernest Chaussons Poème for violin and orchestra, Op.25, with Eugène Ysaÿe as soloist, at Nancy, France. Engelbert Humperdinck is created a professor of music by the Kaiser, gabriel Fauré takes over from Théodore Dubois as organist of the church of La Madeleine, Paris. In Moscow, Mariya Kerzina and her husband Arkadiy Kerzin form the Circle of Russian Music Lovers, all Coons Look Alike To Me w. m. Alice Tegnér The Amorous Goldfish w. Harry Greenbank m. Sidney Jones Chin, Chin, John Philip Sousa Eli Greens Cakewalk w. m. David Reed & Sadie Koninsky Elsie From Chelsea w. m, Harry Dacre Going For A Pardon w. James Thornton & Clara Havenschild m. James Thornton Happy Days In Dixie m. Kerry Mills Hot Tamale Alley by George M. Cohan A Hot Time In The Old Town w. Joseph Hayden m. Theodore A. Metz I Love You In The Same Old Way - Darling Sue w. Walter H. Ford m. John Walter Bratton In The Baggage Coach Ahead w. m, gussie L. Davis A Jovial Monk Am I w. Arthur Sturgess m. Edmond Audran Kentucky Babe w. Richard Henry Buck m, adam Geibel Laugh And The World Laughs With You w. Ella Wheeler Wilcox m. Louis Gottschalk Love Makes The World Go Round w. Clyde Fitch m. arr. William Furst Mister Johnson, Turn Me Loose w. m, ben Harney Mother Was A Lady w. Edward B. Marks m. Joseph W. Stern Musettas Waltz Song m. Giacomo Puccini My Gal Is A High Born Lady w. m. Gustave Luders Remus Takes the Cake by J. H. Ellis The Saint Louis Cyclone by Ren Shields & George Evans Sambo at the Cakewalk by Alfred E, marks Stars & Stripes Forever by John Philip Sousa Sweet Rosie OGrady w. m. - J. W. Myers on Berliner Wot Cher
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
England national football team
The England national football team represents England in international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. England are one of the two oldest national teams in football, alongside Scotland, whom played in the worlds first international football match in 1872. Englands home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and the current manager is Gareth Southgate, England contest the FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship, which alternate biennially. In contesting for the World Cup seventeen times over the past sixty four years, England won the 1966 World Cup, when they hosted the finals, the England national football team is the joint-oldest in the world, it was formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on 5 March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association, a return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. Over the next forty years, England played exclusively with the other three Home Nations—Scotland, Wales and Ireland—in the British Home Championship, to begin with, England had no permanent home stadium. They joined FIFA in 1906 and played their first ever games against countries other than the Home Nations on a tour of Central Europe in 1908, Wembley Stadium was opened in 1923 and became their home ground. The relationship between England and FIFA became strained, and this resulted in their departure from FIFA in 1928 and their first ever defeat on home soil to a foreign team was a 0–2 loss to the Republic of Ireland, on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary, was their defeat by a foreign team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7–1 and this still stands as Englands worst ever defeat. After the game, a bewildered Syd Owen said, it was like playing men from outer space, in the 1954 FIFA World Cup, England reached the quarter-finals for the first time, and lost 4–2 to reigning champions Uruguay. Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as Englands first ever manager in 1946. In UEFA Euro 1968, the reached the semi-finals for the first time. England qualified for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico as reigning champions, and reached the quarter-finals, England had been 2–0 up, but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time. They failed in qualification for the 1974, leading to Ramseys dismissal, under Ron Greenwood, they managed to qualify for the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain, despite not losing a game, they were eliminated in the second group stage. Despite losing to Italy in the third place play-off, the members of the England team were given bronze medals identical to the Italians’, the England team of 1990 were welcomed home as heroes and thousands of people lined the streets, for a spectacular open-top bus parade. However, the team did not win any matches in UEFA Euro 1992, drawing with tournament winners Denmark, the 1990s saw four England managers, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robsons successor, but resigned after England failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, at UEFA Euro 1996, held in England, Terry Venables led England, equalling their best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-finals as they did in 1968
Wales national football team
The Wales national football team represents Wales in international football. It is controlled by the Football Association of Wales, the body for football in Wales. During their history, Wales have qualified for two international tournaments. They reached the quarter-finals of the 1958 FIFA World Cup and they reached the semi-finals of UEFA Euro 2016 after beating Belgium in the quarter-final match on 1 July 2016. This was, therefore, the first time that Wales had reached the semi-final of a major tournament, Wales also progressed through UEFA Euro 1976 qualifying to the quarter-final, which was played on a home and away leg basis but they did not feature in the finals tournament. At all levels including the teams the Welsh national team draws players primarily from clubs in the English football league system. The main professional Welsh clubs play in the English leagues, with some full-time and part-time professional clubs playing in the Welsh football league system. Wales played its first competitive match on 25 March 1876 against Scotland in Glasgow, Scotland took the spoils winning 2–0. Wales first match against England came in 1879 – a 2–1 defeat at the Kennington Oval, London and in 1882 Wales faced Ireland for the first time, the associations of the four Home Nations met in Manchester on 6 December 1882 to set down a set of worldwide rules. This meeting saw the establishment of the International Football Association Board to approve changes to the rules, the 1883–84 season saw the formation of the British Home Championship, a tournament which was played annually between England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales, until 1983–84. Wales were champions on 12 occasions, winning seven times whilst sharing the title five times. As a result, Wales did not enter the first three World Cups, in 1932 Wales played host to the Republic of Ireland, the first time they played against a side from outside the four home nations. A year later, Wales played a match outside the United Kingdom for the first time when they travelled to Paris to take on France in a match which was drawn 1–1. The top two teams were to qualify for the finals in Brazil, but Wales finished bottom of the group. The 1950s were an age for Welsh football with stars such as Ivor Allchurch, Cliff Jones, Alf Sherwood, Jack Kelsey, Trevor Ford, Ronnie Burgess, Terry Medwin. Wales made its only World Cup finals tournament appearance in the 1958 FIFA World Cup in Sweden, however, their path to qualification was unusual. In the Asian/African qualifying zone Egypt and Sudan had refused to play against Israel following the Suez crisis, as a result, FIFA proclaimed Israel winners of their respective group. However, FIFA did not want a team to qualify for the World Cup finals without actually playing a match and so lots were drawn of all the second placed teams in UEFA
Basingstoke Town F.C.
Basingstoke Town Football Club is a football club based in Basingstoke, Hampshire, England. The club are members of the Southern League Premier Division. Their motto, Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum, means No stepping back, the club was established in 1896 by a merger of Aldworth United and Basingstoke Albion. They joined the Hampshire League in 1901, and when the league was split into divisions in 1903, were placed in the North Division. They finished bottom of the division in both 1903–04 and 1904–05, and again in 1906–07 and 1907–08, however, after consecutive second-bottom finishes and then finishing fifth out of seven clubs in 1910–11, they were North Division champions in 1911–12. Finishing as champions resulted in promotion to the County Section, although the continued to play in the North Division. They won the North Section again in 1919–20, After league reorganisation in 1929 Basingstoke were placed in Division One and they finished as runners-up in 1965–66 and 1966–67, before winning the league in 1967–68. After finishing as runners-up again in 1968–69, they won titles in 1969–70 and 1970–71. After their third Hampshire League title, Basingstoke moved up to Division One South of the Southern League and their first season in the Southern League saw them reach the first round of the FA Cup for the first time, eventually losing 5–1 to Northampton Town. The club remained in Division One South until 1979, when league restructuring saw them placed in the Southern Division and they won the division in 1984–85, earning promotion to the Premier Division. Two seasons later they were transferred to the Premier Division of the Isthmian League, although they were relegated to Division One at the end of the 1987–88 season, they made an immediate return to the Premier Division after ending the following season as runners-up. The 1989–90 season saw the club reach the first round of the FA Cup again, after beating Bromsgrove Rovers 3–0, they lost 3–2 to Torquay United in the second round. In 1993–94 they were relegated to Division One, returning to the Premier Division after finishing as Division One runners-up in 1996–97 and they then took Northampton to a replay in the second round, before losing 4–3 on penalties. They reached the first round again in 1998–99, losing 2–1 to Bournemouth, in 2003–04 the club finished fourteenth in the Premier Division, entering a play-off against Lewes for a place in the new Conference South. Although they lost 4–1, they gained a place in the new league after Hendon decided against promotion. The club made another appearance in the FA Cup first round in 2006–07, a fifth-place finish in 2011–12 saw the club qualify for the promotion play-offs. However, they lost the two-legged semi-final to Dartford 3–1 on aggregate, losing 1–0 at home and they also reached the FA Cup first round again, losing 1–0 to Brentford. They qualified for the play-offs for a time in 2014–15 after finishing third
Bracknell Town F.C.
Bracknell Town Football Club is a football club based in Bracknell, Berkshire, England. Affiliatied to the Berks & Bucks Football Association, they are members of the Hellenic League Premier Division. The club was established in 1896 as Old Bracknell Wanderers and they joined the Ascot & District League in 1904, and were runners-up in the league in 1907–08. The following season the club won the League Cup, and in 1911–12 they were league champions, Two seasons later they won Division Two. They were league champions again in 1932–33, in 1949 the club switched to the Reading & District League and were renamed Bracknell Football Club. They remained in the league joining the Great Western Combination in 1958. In 1962 the club adopted its current name, and a year joined the Surrey Senior League. They finished bottom of the league in 1965–66, but went on to win the League Cup in 1968–69, after winning the league the club joined the Spartan League. They won the League Cup in 1974–75, and when the merged with the Metropolitan–London League to become the London Spartan League at the end of the season. They finished as runners-up in the new leagues first season, losing the title to Farnborough Town on goal average, in 1977 Division One was renamed the Premier Division, and despite finishing fourth in 1978–79, the club were relegated to the Senior Division. They won the Senior Division in 1980–81, earning promotion back to the Premier Division, and they went on to win the Premier Division and the League Cup in 1982–83. After being rejected by the Athenian League, Bracknell joined Division Two South of the Isthmian League in 1984 and they finished as runners-up in 1985–86 and were promoted to Division One. However, they were relegated back to Division Two South at the end of the 1988–89 season, in 2000–01 the club reached the first round of the FA Cup for the first time, eventually losing 4–0 at Lincoln City. After finishing bottom of the division in 2009–10, they were relegated to the Premier Division of the Hellenic League and they were relegated again, this time to Division One East, at the end of the 2011–12 season after finishing bottom of the Premier Division. Despite finishing only fifth in Division One East the following season, the club originally played on a field near the Downshire Arms, before moving to Station Field, a site that later became Ranelagh School. In 1933 they moved to Larges Lane, where the featured a significant slope for the first 20 years of use. After being left money by Raymond Brown, the club was able to build a new clubhouse, a seated stand was built behind the dugouts in 1988, with another seated stand and a covered terrace on same touchline. A covered terrace is located behind one goal, the ground currently has a capacity of 2,500, of which 150 is seated and 500 covered. C
Club Sportif Constantinois, known as CS Constantine or CSC for short, is the oldest Algerian football club. It was founded in 1898 in Constantine and their home stadium is Stade Mohamed Hamlaoui. The club currently plays in the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1, the top tier of Algerian football, the club was founded under the name of IKBAL Emancipation from 1898 to 1909 but was closed by the French authority. It reappeared under the name of Étoile Club Musulman Constantinois from 1916 to 1918 and was closed for the 2nd time by the repression of the colonialism. Finally it reappeared under the name of Club Sportif Constantinois since June 26,1926, the club was also named Chabab Mécanique de Constantine from 1977 to 1987. There was three names but same goal same and value and same colours Green and black the Hope in a Grief. The previous name of the stadium was Stade 17 Juin, the change was made in memory of Hamlaouis death and it can currently hold up to 40,000 people. The stadium has been some renovation in the last few years. In 2007 natural grass was imported from the Netherlands, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, below are the notable former players who have represented CS Constantine in league and international competition since the clubs foundation in 1898
Ciclista Lima Association
Ciclista Lima Association is a Peruvian football club, playing in the city of Lima. It is the second oldest club in Peru, the club were founded 1896 and play in the Copa Perú which is the third division of the Peruvian league. The club was 1944,1946,1949, and 1993 Segunda División Peruana champion, the club have played at the highest level of Peruvian football on several occasions, from 1927 until 1996 Torneo Descentralizado when was relegated to the Peruvian Segunda División. In the 1997 Segunda División Peruana, the club was relegated to the Copa Perú
Crawley Town F.C.
Crawley Town Football Club is a professional association football club based in the town of Crawley, West Sussex, England. The team play in League Two, the tier of the English football league system. The clubs home ground is at Broadfield Stadium, first promoted to the Football Conference in 2004, the club survived a financial crisis to win promotion to the Football League in the 2010–11 season. In the same year reached the fifth round of the FA Cup. Formed in 1896, Crawley Town became founding members of the West Sussex Football League that year, Crawley retained their amateur status and went on to win the Metropolitan League Challenge Cup in 1959. Crawley turned semi-professional in 1962 and the year they joined Division One of the Southern League. The Sussex Floodlight Cup was won in three years from 1991 to 1993 and also again in 1998–99. The title was wrapped up with four remaining, as a 3–0 victory at Welling United sparked emotional celebrations from a large travelling contingent. Crawley would now be playing in the Football Conference, the highest level of non-League football, a final position of 12th in their first season in the National Division was an amazing achievement for the club who finished as the highest ranked part-time team in the country. Crawley also retained the Sussex Senior Cup by defeating Ringmer, in 2005 the SA Group bought the club and made the decision to go full-time for the first time in the clubs history. The 2005–06 season didnt start well for Crawley as the club found themselves third from bottom, francis Vines was subsequently sacked and replaced by former Chelsea FC manager and player John Hollins and his assistant Alan Lewer. Things got worse for Crawley and as attendances dropped so too did the clubs income, several key players left the club, including captain Ian Simpemba, Simon Wormull and record signing Daryl Clare, it looked certain that relegation was on the cards. However five straight wins through March and April saw the climb the table to 17th place. In August 2006 it was announced that the club would fold because of its debts, however, a last-minute rescue package saved the club and allowed it to carry on playing, albeit with a 10-point deduction for entering administration. Crawley started the 2006–07 season by winning their three games and all but wiped out their 10-point deduction. The following month, however, the clubs form dipped and this led to John Hollins and Alan Lewer losing their jobs. The news did not go well with the fans as the pair had stuck with Crawley when others decided to leave. They were replaced by players Ben Judge and David Woozley with the help of John Yems, life started well for the trio who picked up 10 points from a possible 12
Hannoverscher Sportverein von 1896, commonly referred to as Hannover 96, Hannover, HSV or simply 96, is a German association football club based in the city of Hanover, Lower Saxony. Hannover 96 play in the 2, Bundesliga, the second tier in the German football league system. Hannover 96 was founded in 1896, Hannover have won two German championships and one DFB-Pokal. Hannover 96 has a rivalry with VfL Wolfsburg and Eintracht Braunschweig. The club was founded on 12 April 1896 as Hannoverscher Fußball-Club 1896, upon the suggestion of Ferdinand-Wilhelm Fricke and their initial enthusiasm was for athletics and rugby, football did not become their primary interest until 1899. Most of the membership of Germania 1902 Hannover became part of 96 in 1902, in 1913, they merged with Ballverein 1898 Hannovera to become Hannoverscher Sportverein 1896. Hannoverscher FCs colours were black-white-green, but they played in blue, the newly united team kept black-white-green as the club colours, but they chose to take to the field in red, giving the team the nickname Die Roten. The teams third jersey is in the official colours. HSV continued to field strong sides and make national level appearances on into the 1920s, under the Third Reich, German football was re-organized into 16 top-flight leagues in 1933 and Hannover became part of the Gauliga Niedersachsen. They appeared in the final rounds in 1935 and sent representatives to the national side the next year. They won their first national championship in 1938 in what was one of the biggest upsets in German football history when they beat Schalke 04, the two sides played to a 3–3 draw before Hannover prevailed 4–3 in a tension filled re-match. In 1942, the moved to the newly formed Gauliga Braunschweig-Südhannover. Like most other German organizations, the club was dissolved after World War II by occupying Allied authorities. A combined local side was assembled in August 1945 and the month a mixed group of players from Hannover 96. HSV was later formally re-established as Hannoverscher SV on 11 November 1945 before re-adopting its traditional name on 27 April 1946, the club resumed league play in 1947 in the first division Oberliga Nord and was relegated, but quickly returned to the top-flight in 1949. Hannover 96s next appearance in a final would not come until 1954 when they soundly defeated 1. The beaten side included five of the players who would go on later that year to win Germanys first World Cup in a surprise victory known as the Miracle of Bern. In 1963, the Bundesliga, Germanys new professional football league, Hannover played in the Regionalliga Nord that season, but earned promotion to the senior circuit in the following year
FC Heilbronn was a German association football club based in Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg formed in 2003 out of a merger between VfR Heilbronn and Heilbronner SpVgg. In 2012 the club merged with the department of Union Böckingen to form a new club. The club was founded in 1896 as Heilbronner Fußball Club 96, shortly after that they merged with Württemberger Fußball Club to become Heilbronner Fussballgesellschaft, and in 1907, were joined by FC Amicitia Heilbronn. The team took on the name Heilbronner Fußballvereinigung in 1913 after being joined by Sportverein Adler and they finally became Verein für Rasenspiele Heilbronn in 1920 and started playing in the Kreisliga Württemberg. The club was briefly submerged in the politically motivated mergers of clubs that took place under the Third Reich in 1934. It re-emerged as Sportverein Heilbronn 96 that same year and by 1937 was again playing as VfR, Heilbronner Spielvereinigung was the younger side, founded in 1907 as Sportverein Adler. This club joined VfR for the first time in 1907, but was re-formed as a side in 1927. They joined Turnerbund Heilbronn in 1933 to form Heilbronner Spvgg 07, through the years, the new club maintained good relations with VfR Heilbronn in all its incarnations, until the two sides finally merged in 2003. VfR celebrated few successes during its existence, the club was soon playing again and won a promotion round playoff in 1941 to return to the Gauliga, where they played two seasons before being relegated. After the war, Heilbronn earned a string of indifferent results playing in the Amateurliga Württemberg and lower tier play through the late 40s, the team captured the Amateurliga title in 1956 and advanced to the 2. Liga Süd for a single turn in 1956–57. They were promptly sent down, but returned to second division play in 1962, VfR was again immediately relegated and failed in its attempt to win re-promotion the following season, settling into competition in the Amateurliga Nordwürttemberg for a handful of seasons. Another Amateurliga championship in 1969 and a promotion round playoff propelled the team into the Regionalliga Süd where they played as a mid-table side until 1975. The team made appearances in the opening rounds of play for the DFB-Pokal through the 1970s. Over the next three decades VfR tier III, IV and V football until financial problems finally grounded them in 2002, Heilbronner SpVgg never enjoyed even that level of success, only managing to work their way up to the Landesliga before the merger. Following the merger of the two clubs, newly formed FC Heilbronn took up the place of VfR in the Verbandsliga Württemberg. On-going financial woes drove them down to the Landesliga Württemberg in 2004, where they continue to compete until 2011, in 2012 the football department of the club left to merge with Union Böckingen to form a new club, the FC Union Heilbronn. Both clubs voted on the merger on 27 March 2012 and achieved the necessary 75 percent majority to carry out the merger, liga in 2008 as the new third tier, below the 2
FC Schaffhausen is a Swiss football team from the town of Schaffhausen. The club plays in the Challenge League, the tier of Swiss football. Swiss Cup, Runners-up 1988,1994 Challenge League, 1st 2004 Swiss Super League, 8th 2006 As of 8 January 2017 Note, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Rolf Fringer Jürgen Seeberger Peter Schädler Marco Schällibaum Fabian Müller René Weiler 2009–2011 Official website
FC Winterthur is a Swiss football club based in Winterthur, Canton of Zürich. They play in the Swiss Challenge League, the second highest tier of Swiss football and they play at the Schützenwiese Stadium. The club was founded in 1896 and enjoyed their best success in the part of the 20th century winning the Swiss Super League three times. They famously lost to West Auckland F. C. an English amateur team in what is thought to be the first international club competition. The club have reached the final of the Swiss League Cup twice. They also reached the final of the Swiss Cup in 1968 and 1975, the club lost to the eventual winners Sion at home. As of 28 August 2016 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. The club play at Stadion Schützenwiese which is a walk from the centre of Winterthur. It has been their home since 1900, the first grandstand was built in 1922. This was replaced in 1957 using sponsorship money, in the 1980s the ownership was transferred to Winterthur council as the club faced financial problems. The council are responsible for any maintenance and upkeep, at one time the stadium capacity was as high as 14,987 but as of 2009 it is 8,550. The stadium consists of around 1,000 seats and the rest is standing area, for a while there has been dialogue between the club and Winterthur council to expand and upgrade the stadium in order for the club to realise their ambitions of playing in the top flight. Currently the stadium is not of high enough safety to stage Super League matches, the more hardcore supporters of the club stand at one end, which is known as the Bierkurve. They also have a stand for younger supporters known as the Syrupkurve. Away supporters are housed at the end of the stadium to the Bierkurve. com profile Football. ch profile
Horwich RMI F.C.
The senior team was reintroduced for the 2012–13 season. The club was based in Leigh, Greater Manchester, and played at Grundy Hill, Hilton Park, Leigh Sports Village, and finally Crilly Park. The highest level at which the club competed was the Conference National, the club was founded in 1896 and was initially known as Horwich RMI F. C. the clubs name until 1995 when it relocated to Leigh and was renamed Leigh RMI. Its name was changed again in June 2008 when the club became Leigh Genesis FC, RMI was one of two football clubs founded at the locomotive-building works of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway, it was started at the main works in Horwich. The other club was started at the Newton Heath works and later became known, manager Les Rigby led RMI to the final of the GMAC Cup in 1988 against Weymouth, which was played on the sloping pitch of Grundy Hill. The home advantage was credited by many, including Rigby, for spurring RMIs victory in the match, as part of this deal, a new company, Grundy Hill Estates, was formed to take over the ownership of the shared ground. Once the move had been finalised and agreements had been made to share the 10,000 capacity stadium, RMI lost its first match at Hilton Park in March 1995 to Boston United 4–0, and were relegated at the end of the 1995 season. In 2000, five years after this move, Leigh RMI reached the top tier of the Conference, upon entering the Conference, RMI had a very successful first season, finishing a very respectable fifth place. Steve Jones spearheaded the attack that season, scoring 19 league goals. Leigh RMIs reprieve only lasted one season, however, as they were relegated after finishing bottom of the Conference table in 2004–05 with only 18 points from 42 games. The season after relegation, Leigh RMI hosted F. C. Leigh RMIs ownership had previously offered to merge with FCUM prior to this friendly in 2005. It would seem hypocritical to some degree, in light of the Glazer events, if a team came into being by taking over another club, in the 2006–07 campaign, RMI avoided relegation more easily, despite finishing 17th and in the bottom half of Conference North. As of 6 October 2007, Leigh RMI were again facing a fight as they stood on the threshold of the relegation zone in 19th place. In May 2008 Leigh RMI lost their fight for survival and were relegated to the Northern Premier League, in June 2008 the club was renamed Leigh Genesis to signify a new beginning for the club ahead of its move to the Leigh Sports Village. The rebranding was also used to signify chairman Dominic Speakmans restructuring of the club with the view of taking the club forward. In October 2008, chairman Dominic Speakman announced his departure from the club, Genesis had been due to move into the new Leigh Sports Village Stadium. Continuing delays and unrealistic pricing, in the end cost the club, with the rising losses, and lack of home ground Speakman withdrew his financial backing from the club. A large amount of the staff agreed to play voluntarily
SG Olympia Leipzig is a German association football club based in Leipzig, Saxony. The club was founded 10 June 1896 as FV Olympia and was a member of the German Football Association in Leipzig in 1900. In 1903, the club joined FC Lipsia, which had also been a founding member, over the course of the rest of the century the football club would go through a number of mergers and name changes. They were briefly united in 1917 with Leipziger BC1883 to form the wartime side SG LBC Olympia 1896, in 1926 they played as BSV Olympia-Germania until renamed VfL Olympia 96 in 1938. After World War II Allied authorities ordered the dissolution of existing organizations in Germany, including sports, in the fall of 1945 the creation of new clubs was allowed and the team was re-formed as ZSG Industrie-Mitte. Playing in the Soviet-occupied part of the country eventually became East Germany. In quick succession the team was known as Fahrzeugbau Leipzig-Mitte, BSG Gohlis-Süd, in 1961 they merged with BSG Motor Gohlis to become BSG Motor Nord. After German reunification in 1990 the team was registered as SV Motor Leipzig-Nord e. V. before finally merging with VfL1977 Leipzig in 1999 to become SG Olympia Leipzig. FC Lipsia was founded in the Zur Mühle restaurant on 1 February 1893, the club has since re-emerged to play today as SV Lipsia 93 Leipzig-Eutritzsch. Lipsia is the Latinized version of Leipzig
Udinese Calcio is an Italian football club based in Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, and currently plays in the Serie A. Founded in 1896, Udinese is the second oldest club in Italy, the traditional team home kit is black and white striped shirt, black shorts, and white socks. The club also broadcasts on channel 110 on digital television in north-east of Italy. It has a number of fans in Friuli and surrounding areas. Udinese Calcio was established in 1896 as part of the Società Udinese di Ginnastica e Scherma, in its inaugural year, the club won the Torneo FNGI in Treviso beating Ferrara 2–0, however this title is not recognised as official. On 5 July 1911, some gymnasts of Udinese, headed by Luigi Dal Dan, founded the A. C. Udinese, the new side made its debut in a friendly match against Juventus Palmanova, and won 6–0. It was only in 1912–13 that Udinese first took part in an official FIGC championship, in that year they enrolled in the Campionato Veneto di Promozione, which consisted of just three teams. With two victories against Padova, Udinese finished the tournament in place behind Petrarca and were promoted to first-level Prima Categoria. In Prima Categoria, Udinese failed to reach the national stage, in 1922, Udinese, taking advantage of the absence of big clubs, entered the FIGC Italian Football Championship and reached the Coppa Italia final losing 1–0 against Vado, thanks to an overtime goal. The 1922–23 season was a one for Udinese, as they came last in and were relegated to the second division. The team risked failure for debts in 1923, on 24 August 1923, AS Udinese separated from AC Udinese Friuli, and the club was forced to set up a budget and an autonomous board. Fortunately, all debts were paid by President Alessandro Del Torso through the sale of some of his paintings, the team was included in Group F II Division. The championship was very even and at the end of the tournament three teams were in contention to win, Udinese, Vicenza and Olympia River, playoffs were needed to determine who would reach the final round. Udinese beat Olympia in a playoff 1–0 and drew 1–1 with Vicenza, in the play-off standings, Udinese and Vicenza were still in the lead with 3 points each. Another play-off was then played to determine the winner, after a first encounter finished 0–0, Udinese lost a replay 2–1 but were awarded the win as Vicenza fielded an ineligible player, a Hungarian called Horwart. Udinese reached the finals in place of Vicenza, in the final round, Udinese finished first and was promoted, alongside Parma, to First Division. In the following season, Udinese finished 10th and was relegated again, however, the format of the championship was again reformed and Udinese had another chance to reclaim their place in the top flight. They competed in play-offs with seven other sides for the right to play in Serie A, the winner would remain in the top flight
Viborg Fodsports Forening, or Viborg F. F. and VFF for short, is a Danish professional football club based in Viborg. The club was founded in 1896, but would have to more than a century before winning its only national trophy. Viborg FF was founded in 1896, with other sports apart from football - among other things were gymnastics, cricket, field hockey, boxing, athletics, skiing, weight-lifting. The first big sporting highlight of the came in 1924, when Viborg FF won the championship in Mesterrækken. A big title win at the time when, among others, following the championship, Viborg dropped somewhat out of the picture, but never more than the club has always been on the Danish footballing map. It was a big relief for the club when it was promotion to the competitions for the first time in 1959. One of the taking part in the promotion was Erik Bundgaard. Except for a couple of seasons in the start of the 1970s, though the countrys best league have been domicile for Viborg, during the last couple of years the club has been moving up and down between the countrys two best leagues. The finest achievements of the came in the 1999–2000 season. Instead, the team was celebrated as winner of the Danish Cup and they then added the Danish Super Cup, beating champions Herfølge Boldklub in a penalty shoot out. Viborg F. F. s colours are green and white, Viborg plays its home matches at Viborg Stadion, which has a capacity of 9,566 spectators, all seated. The biggest stand is the stand and the smallest is the southern. The field size is 105 x 68 m, the size as the national stadium. The sound comes from an Ascon PA-system, there is undersoil heating installed at the venue, which UEFA has approved as an international stadium. Viborg FF has no official fanclub, a former official fanclub is The Green Pride. It was one of the largest in Denmark with over 500 members, there is a small continuation of The Green Pride active in Viborg to this day. The first ultra group was established in 2002, when a group of teenagers established Fanatikos, in 2004 a new group, Shamrock Ultras, was born. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Willem II (football club)
Willem II, also known as Willem II Tilburg, is a Dutch football club based in Tilburg, Netherlands. The team was founded on 12 August 1896 as Tilburgia, notable former players for the club include Dutch internationals Jan van Roessel, Joris Mathijsen, Jaap Stam, Marc Overmars as well as Finlands Sami Hyypiä. The clubs shirt consists of vertical stripes, inspired by the colours of the flag of the Netherlands. Willem II plays its matches in the Koning Willem II Stadion. The stadium, opened on May 31,1995, has a capacity of 14,700 spectators, the average attendance in 2004–05 was 12,500 people. The club has won the Eredivisie and the Eerste Divisie a total of three times in both respects all in all, Willem were champions of the Eredivisie in 1916,1952 and 1955. The Tricolores also won two KNVB Cups in 1944 and 1963 and were also crowned champs of the Eerste Divisie in 1958,1965 and 2014. With regard to European competition, Willem II first appeared in UEFA Cup Winners Cup of 1963 where they lost to Manchester United in the first round by a score of 7–2. A second place in the Eredivisie of 1999 guaranteed the club a UEFA Champions League berth for the first time, at the tournaments group stage, Willem only attained 2 points in their six group G matches and were thus eliminated. At the end of the 2010–11 season, Willem II were relegated from the Eredivisie for the first time in 24 years. In the 2011–12 season under new manager Jurgen Streppel Willem II was promoted back to the Eredivisie, the club became champions of the Eerste Divisie in the subsequent season and were thus promoted back to the Eredivisie. According to the journalists, midfielder Ibrahim Kargbo was the Asians main contact within the club, the Royal Dutch Football Association called the affair the most concrete case of match fixing in the Netherlands and took legal action as well as asked UEFA and FIFA to reevaluate previous matches. The fans of Willem II have close relations with the fans of English championship club Bristol City, Willem supporters have as well been known to travel to Bristol, with Bristol City fans heading the other way to Tilburg. As of 1 September 2016 For recent transfers, see List of Dutch football transfers summer 2016 Note, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. The players below had senior international cap for their respective countries, players whose name is listed represented their countries while playing for Willem II. Below is a table with Willem IIs domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956
Belgian First Division A
The Belgian First Division A is the top league competition for association football clubs in Belgium. Following the 2015–16 season it was renamed from the Belgian Pro League, contested by 16 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Belgian First Division B. Seasons run from late July to early May, with teams playing 30 matches each in the regular season, play-offs 1 are contested by the top 6 clubs in the regular season, with each club playing each other twice. Play-offs 2 are contested by teams ranked 7 to 15 in the regular season, the team finishing in 16th place is relegated. As of 2014 the league was sponsored by AB InBev, brewers of Jupiler beer, and officially known as Jupiler Pro League, the competition was created in 1895 by the Royal Belgian Football Association and was first won by FC Liégeois. Of the 74 clubs to have competed in the first division since its creation,15 have been crowned champions of Belgium, RSC Anderlecht is the most successful league club with 33 titles, followed by Club Brugge KV, Union Saint-Gilloise and Standard Liège. It is currently ranked 10th in the UEFA rankings of leagues based on performances in European competitions over the last five-years. The competition was ranked 3rd when the UEFA first published their ranking in 1979 and also the year in 1980. FC Liégeois became the first champion of Belgium, the first 8 titles in Belgian football were all won by FC Liégeois or RC de Bruxelles. There was no promotion and relegation system at the time but the last two clubs of the league withdrew and a new club entered the competition, during the 1896–97 season, SC de Bruxelles withdrew so the 1897–98 season was played among 5 clubs only. In the seasons 1898–99 and 1899–1900, the association introduced a new format with two leagues at the top level and then a final game in two legs. The format though changed back to one league with 9 clubs in 1900–01, in 1904–05 the championship was organised with one league of 11 teams. In 1906–07, Union Saint-Gilloise won their 4th consecutive title as RC de Bruxelles had from 1899–1900 to 1902–03, both clubs claimed the next 3 titles before CS Brugeois won their first title, finishing one point ahead their rival of FC Brugeois. As World War I approached, Daring Club de Bruxelles confirmed its status of challenger, even winning the title in 1911–12, only Union Saint-Gilloise could face them in that period, winning the 1912–13 championship with a better goal difference. Since 1911–12, two clubs are relegated each year to the Promotion and two clubs from the Promotion are promoted, during World War I, the football championship was suspended. It resumed in 1919–20 with FC Brugeois claiming their first title after 5-second places, among which were 2 lost final games, the challengers at the time were CS Brugeois, Union Saint-Gilloise, Daring Club de Bruxelles and Standard Club Liégeois. Starting 25 December 1932, Union Saint-Gilloise had a record 60 games unbeaten run in the championship, winning the 1932–33, 1933–34, the rival of Union during this period was Daring Club de Bruxelles. They claimed the two championships