1897 in Brazil

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Events in the year 1897 in Brazil.



  • 6 January - An expeditionary force, consisting of 557 soldiers and officers under the command of Major Febrônio de Brito, who attacks the well-defended village of Canudos. The troops are eventually forced to retreat when confronted with more than 4,000 insurrectionists.[1]
  • 7 August - Euclides da Cunha goes to the Sertão ("backland"), as war correspondent for O Estado de S. Paulo.
  • 2 October - the War of Canudos comes to a brutal end, when a large Brazilian army force overruns the village and kills nearly all the inhabitants.[2]




  1. ^ Cunha, Euclides da. Rebellion in the Backlands. Translated from Portuguese Os Sertões. University Of Chicago Press, 1957. ISBN 0-226-12444-4.
  2. ^ Levine, R.M. Vale of Tears: Revisiting the Canudos Massacre in Northeastern Brazil, 1893–1897. University of California Press, 1995. ISBN 0-520-20343-7. Review.
  3. ^ Drew, William M. Humberto Mauro (1897-1983). Accessed 8 December 2013
  4. ^ Chandler, Billy Jaynes (1978). The Bandit King: Lampião of Brazil. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 0-89096-194-8.
  5. ^ Caminha's biography (in Portuguese)
  6. ^ CUNHA, Euclides da. Rebellion in the Backlands. Transl. Samuel Putnam. Chicago: Phoenix Books, 1944