John S. Pillsbury
John Sargent Pillsbury was an American politician and philanthropist. A Republican, he served as the eighth Governor of Minnesota from 1876 to 1882 and he was a co-founder of the Pillsbury Company. Pillsbury was born in Sutton, New Hampshire of English descent and he was a descendant of Joshua Pillsbury, who emigrated from England to Newburyport, Massachusetts in 1640. In 1851, he opened a store in Warner, New Hampshire, partnering with Walter Harriman, Pillsbury came to Minnesota from the Eastern U. S. in 1855 and settled in St. Anthony. Pillsbury attended the University of Minnesota, where he joined Chi Psi, after the American Civil War, Pillsbury was elected as a third class companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Pillsbury served in the Minnesota Senate for several years becoming the eighth Governor of Minnesota. He served as governor from January 7,1876, until January 10,1882, during the Grasshopper Plague of 1877, Governor Pillsbury called for a day of prayer on April 26,1877.
A subsequent sleet storm killed all the grasshoppers, in Cold Spring, Minnesota, a chapel was built to honor the miracle. Pillsbury was a noted philanthropist and often donated funds to causes he favored. In particular, he helped the University of Minnesota recover from debt in its early years, since then, he has become known as The Father of the University. Pillsbury Hall at the University of Minnesota is named in his honor, Pillsbury married Mahala Fisk on November 3,1856. He and Mahala had four children, daughters Addie, Susan May, and Sarah Belle, Addie married Charles M. Webster, but died at the age of 25, Susan married Fred B. Snyder and died at the age of 28, Sarah Belle married Edward C. Gale, a lawyer and son of the areas first real estate developer. Edward Gale was an art collector and contributed to the Minneapolis Institute of Arts as well, Alfred did not go into business, but instead became an art collector. When he died in 1950, the works were donated to MIA, Pillsbury died on October 18,1901 and is interred in Lakewood Cemetery in Minneapolis, Minnesota. A1901 magazine article described him as follows, impulse always was, act now, act effectively and he belonged to the type of man who does things.
Biographical information and his records are available for research use at the Minnesota Historical Society. John Sargent Pillsbury in MNopedia, the Minnesota Encyclopedia The Washburn-Fair Oaks Historic District, Minnesota Legislators Past and Present John Sargeant Pillsbury bio at the National Governors Association John S. Pillsbury at Find a Grave Sturdevant, Lori
Memorial Stadium (University of Minnesota)
Memorial Stadium, known as the Brick House, was an outdoor athletic stadium in the north central United States, on the campus of the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. It was the home of the Minnesota Golden Gophers football team for 58 seasons, prior to 1924, the Gophers played at Northrop Field. Starting in 1982, the Gophers played their games in the new Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome. After 27 seasons indoors, the Gophers returned to campus in 2009 at the new TCF Bank Stadium, a block from the site of Memorial Stadium. Opened on October 14,1924, the stadium was dedicated to the 3,527 students and workers who served in World War I and it sat on approximately 11 acres. While Memorial Stadium was its home, the team won six national championships including three consecutive. The championship years were 1934,1935,1936,1940,1941, the official capacity of the stadium during the 1970s was listed as 56,652. The stadium seated approximately 66,000 people with temporary bleachers. The stadiums attendance record was 66,284, set in 1961 against Purdue on November 18, Memorial Stadium served as the universitys track and field venue, and was an occasional back-up venue for professional football and soccer.
In 1969, the NFLs Minnesota Vikings played a season game on October 5 against the Green Bay Packers at Memorial Stadium. It was due to a conflict with a Minnesota Twins playoff game at Metropolitan Stadium, the Vikings played a pre-season game at Memorial in 1971, its second season with artificial turf. The artificial Tartan Turf was removed after seven seasons and returned to grass in 1977. The Minnesota Kicks soccer team of the NASL played once at Memorial Stadium, the game was moved due to a schedule conflict with the Twins at Met Stadium. Ancel Keys founded the Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene underneath Memorial Stadium, here thirty-six conscientious objectors were confined during the yearlong Minnesota Starvation Experiment. Memorial Stadium served as the anchor for Stadium Village, a commercial area at the southeast portion of the Twin Cities campus. Pressured by downtown Minneapolis business interests and athletic boosters, the elected to move out of the stadium to the new Metrodome.
Athletic director Paul Giel cited the advantages of recruiting by playing in a new NFL venue, the attendance was expected to go up in the late fall with protection from harsh weather. The stadium had been neglected by time, and was badly in need of renovation
University of Minnesota Marching Band
The University of Minnesota Marching Band is the marching band of the University of Minnesota and the flagship university band for the state of Minnesota. The Pride of Minnesota serves as the ambassador, representing the school at major events both on and off campus. Here is a link to the Intro Video and fight songs of the Pride of Minnesota, the band performed its first halftime field show during the 1910 football season at Northrop Field. Among the formations included was the Block M that now serves as the Universitys logo, the Block M formation is still present in the bands pregame show. However, both bands were decommissioned along with the Regiment at the conclusion of the war, following the war, university students who were members of the band were offered a position in a separate University Band, with the word cadet having been dropped from its name. In January of 1965, the band was featured in the Inaugural Parade in Washington. In 1982, the bands performances moved once again after the opening of the Hubert H.
Humphrey Metrodome, throughout much of its history, the marching bands facilities were located in the universitys historic Northrop Auditorium, where it shared space with several other campus organizations. Additionally, the serve as the offices for the marching band, study space for members. When it was formed, the band consisted of exclusively males. Women were first allowed to perform with the band in 1943-1945, in 1950, a Womens division of the band was created, which lasted for several years. Women were finally allowed to be members of the band in 1972. Molly Watters was selected in 2006 as the first female Drum Major in the history of the band. In July 2016, Betsy McCann was named the director of the band, becoming the first female director in the history of the band, the Minnesota Marching Band primarily uses the traditional chair step for performances, similar to other bands of the Big Ten Conference. The bands pregame show is performed almost entirely with this type of step and it consists of bringing the leg up so that the thigh is parallel to the ground and the shin is completely vertical and toes are pointed at the ground.
Halftime shows are performed using a low step marching that allows for more musicality. Run-Cadence is the method of getting on and off the field for a show. It consists of a double-time chair step, although the pace of it necessitates that at times neither foot is in contact with the ground. The University of Minnesota Marching Band has had 19 directors, some of which held the position at multiple points throughout the bands history
University of Minnesota Armory
The University of Minnesota Armory is a building on the University of Minnesota campus in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Armory was constructed in 1896 after the space for military training on the campus burnt in a fire in 1894. The facility served as the home for the Minnesota Golden Gophers mens basketball team as well as the University of Minnesota Marching Band after its construction. The basketball team moved to the Kenwood Armory in Downtown Minneapolis in 1925 while the band moved to the newly completed Music Education Building in 1922. Fielding H. Yost, Michigan Wolverines football coach, forgot the Little Brown Jug, one of the oldest college football traveling trophies, the Armory was the facility used for the University of Minnesota physical education department until 1935. The schools football team played some of their games on the open field next to the Armory. It is a property in the University of Minnesota Old Campus Historic District
Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome
The Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome was a domed sports stadium located in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota. It was the home of the Minnesota Strikers of the North American Soccer League in 1984, on January 18,2014, the Metrodome roof was deflated, signaling the beginning of demolition work. The Vikings played at the University of Minnesotas TCF Bank Stadium for the 2014 and 2015 NFL seasons, the stadium had a fiberglass fabric roof that was self-supported by air pressure and was the third major sports facility to have this feature. The Metrodome was similar in design to the former RCA Dome, the Metrodome was reputedly the inspiration for the Tokyo Dome in Tokyo, Japan. The stadium was the facility to have hosted a Super Bowl, World Series, MLB All-Star Game. The Metrodome was the ninth-oldest stadium in the NFL, the Metrodome had several nicknames such as The Dome, The Thunderdome, and The Homer Dome. The Metrodome was torn down in sections while construction of U. S, by the early 1970s, the Minnesota Vikings were unhappy with Metropolitan Stadiums relatively small capacity for football.
Before the AFL-NFL merger, the NFL had declared that stadiums with a capacity smaller than 50,000 were not adequate for their needs. The biggest stadium in the area was the University of Minnesotas Memorial Stadium, supporters of a dome believed that the Minnesota Twins would benefit from a climate-controlled stadium to insulate the team from harsh Minnesota weather in the season. The Met would have likely needed to be replaced in any event, broken railings and seats could be seen in the upper deck by the early 1970s, and by its final season they had become a distinct safety hazard. Construction success of other domed stadiums, particularly the Pontiac Silverdome near Detroit, Downtown Minneapolis was beginning a revitalization program, and the return of professional sports from suburban Bloomington was seen as a major success story. A professional team hadnt been based in downtown Minneapolis since the Minneapolis Lakers left for Los Angeles in 1960, uncovering the Dome by Amy Klobuchar describes the 10-year effort to build the venue.
The stadium was named in memory of former mayor of Minneapolis, U. S. Senator, vice President, Hubert Humphrey, who died in 1978. The Metrodome itself cost $68 million to build—significantly under budget—totaling around $124 million with infrastructure and it was a somewhat utilitarian facility, though not quite as spartan as Metropolitan Stadium. One stadium official once said all the Metrodome was designed to do was get fans in, let em see a game. The Metrodome is the venue to have hosted a MLB All-Star Game, a Super Bowl, an NCAA Final Four. The 1985 MLB All-Star Game, several games of the 1987 and the 1991 World Series, Super Bowl XXVI in 1992, the NCAA Final Four was held at the Metrodome in 1992 and 2001. The Metrodome served as one of the four venues for the NCAA Division I Basketball Championship in 1986,1989,1996,2000,2003,2006
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third-most populous city in the United States. With over 2.7 million residents, it is the most populous city in the state of Illinois, and it is the county seat of Cook County. In 2012, Chicago was listed as a global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Chicago has the third-largest gross metropolitan product in the United States—about $640 billion according to 2015 estimates, the city has one of the worlds largest and most diversified economies with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce. In 2016, Chicago hosted over 54 million domestic and international visitors, landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Museum of Science and Industry, and Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicagos culture includes the arts, film, especially improvisational comedy. Chicago has sports teams in each of the major professional leagues. The city has many nicknames, the best-known being the Windy City, the name Chicago is derived from a French rendering of the Native American word shikaakwa, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum, from the Miami-Illinois language.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as Checagou was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir, henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the wild garlic, called chicagoua, grew abundantly in the area. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable was of African and French descent and arrived in the 1780s and he is commonly known as the Founder of Chicago. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn, the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis. The Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833, on August 12,1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people, on June 15,1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S.
The City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4,1837, as the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States. Chicagos first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, and the Illinois, the canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River. A flourishing economy brought residents from rural communities and immigrants from abroad and retail and finance sectors became dominant, influencing the American economy. The Chicago Board of Trade listed the first ever standardized exchange traded forward contracts and these issues helped propel another Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the national stage
Carleton Knights football
The Carleton Knights football team represents Carleton College in the sport of American football. Carleton hosted the only NCAA-sponsored metric football game in 1977, the game was dubbed the Liter Bowl and was measured in meters instead of yards. Carleton lost the game to St. Olaf College by a score of 43-0, the event was the last to fill Carletons Laird Stadium
Amos Alonzo Stagg Field is the name of two different football fields for the University of Chicago. The earliest Stagg Field is probably best remembered for its role in a scientific achievement by Enrico Fermi during the Manhattan Project. The site of the first artificial nuclear reaction received designation as a National Historic Landmark on February 18,1965. On October 15,1966, which is the day that the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 was enacted creating the National Register of Historic Places, the site was named a Chicago Landmark on October 27,1971. A Henry Moore sculpture, Nuclear Energy, in a small quadrangle commemorates the location of the nuclear experiment, the Universitys current Stagg Field is located a few blocks away and reuses one of the original gates. Chicago Pile-1, the worlds first artificial nuclear reactor, was built under the west stands of Stagg Field, the first man-made self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurred on December 2,1942. The first Stagg Field was a stadium at the University of Chicago in Chicago and it was primarily used for college football games, and was the home field of the Maroons.
Stagg Field originally opened in 1893 as Marshall Field, named after Marshall Field who donated land to the university to build the stadium, in 1913, the field was renamed Stagg Field after their famous coach Amos Alonzo Stagg. The final capacity, after several expansions, was 50,000. The University of Chicago discontinued its program after 1939 and left the Big Ten Conference in 1946. The stadium was demolished in 1957, and much of the site was re-utilized as the site of Regenstein Library. In addition to Maroons football, the stadium hosted other events. These include the 1936 US Olympic Trials for Track and Field held June 19–20,1936 and the NCAA Mens Track and Field Championships in 1921,1922,1923,1929,1930,1931,1932,1933, Northwestern played a number home games at Stagg Field. At the turn of the 20th century, Northwestern was unable to handle large crowds, so they hosted then-powerhouse Minnesota at Marshall Field for a 1901 game, in 1925 Northwestern again was unable to accommodate large crowds, and as a result played two games at Stagg Field.
The first was a win over Michigan. The second was an October 24 game against Tulane that had originally scheduled to be played at Soldier Field instead. Tulane won the game at Stagg Field 18-7, the University of Michigan fight song The Victors was written by Michigan music student Louis Elbel in 1898, following a 12-11 Michigan victory over the University of Chicago at Stagg Field. The current Stagg Field is a field located several blocks to the northwest that preserves the Stagg Field name
Big Ten Conference
The Big Ten Conference, formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. The conference includes the public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska. The Big Ten Conference was established in 1895 when Purdue University president James H, in 1905, the conference was officially incorporated as the Intercollegiate Conference Athletic Association. Big Ten member institutions are predominantly major flagship research universities with large financial endowments, large student enrollment is a hallmark of Big Ten universities, as 12 of the 14 members feature enrollments of 30,000 or more students. Northwestern University, one of just two members with a total enrollment of fewer than 30,000 students, is the lone private university among Big Ten membership. Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni, Big Ten universities engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year.
Big Ten universities are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance. In 2014–2015, members generated more than $10 billion in research expenditures, Johns Hopkins University was invited in 2012 to join the Big Ten as an associate member participating in mens lacrosse only. In 2015, it was accepted as an associate member in womens lacrosse. Notre Dame is scheduled to join the Big Ten in 2017 as a member in mens ice hockey. Notes Notes Notes The University of Chicago was a co-founder of the conference, lake Forest College attended the original 1895 meeting that led to the formation of the conference, but did not join it. Full members Full members Sport Affiliate Other Conference Other Conference The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 mens and 14 womens NCAA sanctioned sports, Notes, * Notre Dame will join the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in mens ice hockey. It continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent, ° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in mens lacrosse, with womens lacrosse to follow in 2016.
Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams,2, Mens rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. Rutgers Mens Rowing was downgraded to Club status in 2008,3, Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. 4, Rifle is technically a mens sport, but mens, Ohio State fields a coed team. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the topics of discussion. The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a meeting on February 8,1896