1899 in the United Kingdom
|1899 in the United Kingdom|
|1897 | 1898 | 1899 | 1900 | 1901|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
- Monarch – Victoria
- Prime Minister – Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (Coalition)
- Parliament – 26th
- 6 January – Lord Curzon becomes Viceroy of India.
- 12–13 January – the Lynmouth life-boat Louisa is launched from Porlock Weir, entailing being hauled overland for 15 miles (24 km) with a climb of 1,423 feet (434 m) across Exmoor, to save the crew of the Forrest Hall in the Bristol Channel.
- 25 February – in an accident at Grove Hill, Harrow, Edwin Sewell becomes the world's first driver of a petrol-driven vehicle to be killed; his passenger, Maj. James Richer, dies of injuries three days later.
- 9 March – Charles C. Wakefield begins the lubricating oil company which will become Castrol.
- 17 March – the world's first wireless distress signal is sent to the East Goodwin light vessel when German cargo ship Elbe runs aground in fog on Goodwin Sands off the Kent coast, bringing assistance from Ramsgate Lifeboat Station.
- 27 March – Guglielmo Marconi successfully transmits a radio signal across the English channel.
- 1 May – the National Trust acquires its first part of Wicken Fen, making it the UK's oldest wetland nature reserve.
- 17 May – foundation stone of the Victoria and Albert Museum is laid by Queen Victoria, her last public engagement – a week before her 80th birthday. Now in the 62nd year of her reign, she is Britain's longest-serving monarch up to this time.
- 19 June – Edward Elgar's Enigma Variations premieres in London.
- 22 June – 27 June: the highest ever recorded cricket score, 628 not out, is made by A. E. J. Collins.
- 6 September – the White Star Line's transatlantic ocean liner RMS Oceanic sails on her maiden voyage. At 17,272 gross tons and 704 ft (215 m), she is the largest ship afloat, following scrapping of the SS Great Eastern a decade earlier.
- 9 October – first motor bus in London.
- 11 October – Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
- 13 October – Second Boer War: Siege of Mafeking begins.
- 20 October – Second Boer War: Battle of Talana Hill: In the first major clash of the conflict, near Dundee, Natal, the British Army drives the Boers from their position, but with heavy casualties, including the commanding general Sir Penn Symons.
- 15 November – the American Line's SS St. Paul becomes the first ocean liner to report her imminent arrival by wireless telegraphy when Marconi's station at The Needles contacts her 66 nautical miles off the coast of England.
- 24 November – Mahdist War: Decisive British and Egyptian victory at the Battle of Umm Diwaykarat ends the war in Sudan.
- 8 December – the Aldeburgh life-boat capsizes on service: seven of the eighteen crew are killed.
- 15 December – Glasgow School of Art opens new building, the most notable work of Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
- 31 December – a large standing stone at Stonehenge falls over.
- Raising of school leaving age in England and Wales to twelve.
- Liquorice allsorts first marketed by Bassetts of Sheffield.
- Oxo beef stock cubes introduced by Liebig's Extract of Meat Company.
- The British Mutoscope and Biograph Company's King John (a very short silent film) becomes the first known film based on a Shakespeare play.
- Bede declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope Leo XIII, the only Englishman so named.
- Flying Fox wins the English Triple Crown by finishing first in the Epsom Derby, 2,000 Guineas and St Leger.
- Joseph Conrad's novel Heart of Darkness.
- E. W. Hornung's first A. J. Raffles novel The Amateur Cracksman.
- Rudyard Kipling's poem The White Man's Burden and his novel Stalky & Co.
- E. Nesbit's children's novel The Story of the Treasure Seekers.
- Clarence Rook's allegedly documentary The Hooligan Nights; Being the Life and Opinions of a Young and Impertinent Criminal Recounted by Himself.
- Somerville and Ross's stories Some Experiences of an Irish R.M. (collected in book form)
- 11 January – Eva Le Gallienne, actress (died 1991)
- 17 January – Nevil Shute (Norway), author (died 1960)
- 21 January – John Bodkin Adams, doctor and suspected serial killer (died 1983)
- 3 February – Doris Speed, actress (died 1994)
- 6 May – Billy Cotton, musician and singer (died 1969)
- 25 May – Kitty Harris, spy for the Soviet Union (died 1966)
- 1 June – Edward Charles Titchmarsh, mathematician (died 1963)
- 7 June – Elizabeth Bowen, Anglo-Irish novelist (died 1973)
- 1 July – Charles Laughton, actor (died 1962)
- 13 August – Alfred Hitchcock, film director (died 1980)
- 27 August – C. S. Forester, novelist (died 1966)
- 24 September – Bessie Braddock, born Elizabeth Bamber, Labour politician (died 1970)
- 29 September – Billy Butlin, holiday camp pioneer (born in South Africa; died 1980)
- 3 November – Pauline Johnson, born Katherine Johnson, silent film actress (died 1947)
- 2 December
- 8 December – Arthur Leslie, television actor (died 1970)
- 15 December – Harold Abrahams, athlete (died 1978)
- 16 December – Noël Coward, actor, playwright and composer (died 1973)
- 30 January – Harry Bates, sculptor (born 1850)
- 6 February – Prince Alfred (born 1874)
- 27 March – Myles Birket Foster, illustrator and watercolour painter (born 1825)
- 24 May – William Brett, 1st Viscount Esher, law lord (born 1817)
- 9 August – Edward Frankland, chemist (born 1825)
- 2 September – Ernest Renshaw, tennis player (born 1861)
- 2 October – Percy Pilcher, aviation pioneer and glider pilot (born 1866)
- 30 October – Arthur Blomfield, ecclesiastical architect (born 1829)
- 2 November – Anna Swanwick, feminist writer (born 1813)
- 23 November – Thomas Henry Ismay, shipowner (White Star Line) (born 1837)
- 5 December – Henry Tate, sugar magnate (born 1819)
- Fisher, E. J. (1999). "The Strange & Heroic Journey of the Louisa". Lerwill Life. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
- "Motoring Firsts". National Motor Museum Trust. Archived from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-26.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Queen Victoria: The woman who redefined Britain's monarchy". iW?nder. BBC. Retrieved 2015-09-24.
- "R.M.S. Oceanic (II)". Jeff Newman. Archived from the original on 19 September 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-18.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 328–329. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Aldeburgh Lifeboat Capsized: Terrible Scene". Evening Star & Daily Herald. 8 December 1899. Archived from the original on 27 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-06.
- "Congratulations to the Glasgow School of Art as they celebrate 100th anniversary of the Mackintosh Building". Museums Galleries Scotland. 15 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Berry, George (1970). Discovering Schools. Tring: Shire Publications. ISBN 0-85263-091-3.
- Wright, J. Robert (2008). A Companion to Bede: a Reader's Commentary on The Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans. ISBN 978-0-8028-6309-6.