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18 Aurigae

18 Aurigae is a star located 233 light years away from the Sun in the northern constellation of Auriga. The brightness of this object is near the limit of visibility to the naked eye under good viewing conditions, appearing as a dim, white-hued star with an apparent visual magnitude of 6.49. The star is moving away from the Sun with a heliocentric radial velocity of 7 km/s; this is an ordinary A-type main-sequence star with a stellar classification of A7 V, which indicates it is generating energy by hydrogen fusion at its core. The object is 950 million years old with a high rate of spin, showing a projected rotational velocity of 124 km/s, it has 1.7 times the mass of 1.9 times the Sun's radius. The star is radiating 10 times the luminosity of the Sun from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 7,432 K.18 Aurigae has a magnitude 12.50 companion star at an angular separation of 3.90″ along a position angle of 167°, as of 2006. CCDM JJ05194+3359 HR 1734 Image 18 Aurigae

Flag of the Azores

The Flag of the Azores is the regional flag of the Autonomous Region of the Azores. It is a rectangular bicolour with a field unevenly divided into blue on the hoist, white on the fly. Adopted in 1979 by the regional government of the Azores, it is based on the traditional colours and symbols of Portuguese flags used prior to the revolution of 1910; the flag is constructed in the same form as the flag of Portugal equal to 1 1⁄2 times its width, or an aspect ratio of 2:3. The background is vertically divided into two colours: blue on the hoist side, white on the fly; the colour division is made in a way that blue spans 2⁄5 of the length and the remaining 3⁄5 are filled by white. Positioned over the border of these two bands are nine five-sided stars in a semi-circular arch over a stylized golden goshawk, with its wings extended so that the end stars; the Azorean colours have their beginning in the royalist history of the Portuguese nation, first presented in the coat of arms of Henry, Count of Portugal.

During the height of the Portuguese Civil War, in the early 19th century, the Azores served as an important Liberal stronghold, with the prominent Duke of Terceira struggling against the absolutists led by Dom Miguel. The colours of the flag were thus adopted from the Portuguese liberal flag, as to demonstrate the Azores' important role in the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in Portugal; the Azorean flag therefore came as an adaption of the flag used from 1830 until 1910, when the monarchy was abolished. Blue and white were traditional colours used by the Portuguese nation; the nine stars symbolize the archipelago's nine islands. The name of the archipelago comes from the Portuguese word açor, meaning goshawk, because it was supposed to be a common bird at the time of the discovery; however these birds never existed on the islands, they were a local subspecies of the buzzard, erroneously identified as goshawks by the first explorers. The Portuguese lesser arms are present in the top left corner of the flag.

Coat of arms of the Azores Hymn of the Azores Notes

Rush (gridiron football)

Rushing is an action taken by the offense that means to advance the ball by running with it, as opposed to passing, or kicking. Any rushing player is called a rusher. Rushing, on offense, is running with the ball when starting from behind the line of scrimmage with an intent of gaining yardage. While this means a running play, any offensive play that does not involve a forward pass is a rush - called a run, it is done by the running back after a handoff from the quarterback, although quarterbacks and wide receivers can rush. The quarterback will run when a passing play has broken down – such as when there is no receiver open to catch the ball – and there is room to run down the field. A team with a quarterback, fast and skilled at running may call intentional running plays for that quarterback, but this is rare due to the increased risk of injury. A wide receiver can act as a rusher on several kinds of plays, such as on a reverse, on an end-around, or on a lateral pass behind the line of scrimmage, a type of screen pass.

However, a wide receiver screen play is intended to be a forward pass so that if the receiver drops the ball it is an incomplete pass instead of a fumble. A rushing attempt may be referred to as a carry, with any yards gained referred to as rushing yards, as in "the running back had 20 carries for 100 rushing yards."