18th Avenue (IND Culver Line)

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 18 Avenue
 "F" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway rapid transit station
18 Ave F NYC Subway Station by David Shankbone.JPG
Station statistics
Address 18th Avenue & McDonald Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11218
Borough Brooklyn
Locale Borough Park, Kensington
Coordinates 40°37′46.65″N 73°58′37.07″W / 40.6296250°N 73.9769639°W / 40.6296250; -73.9769639Coordinates: 40°37′46.65″N 73°58′37.07″W / 40.6296250°N 73.9769639°W / 40.6296250; -73.9769639
Division B (IND, formerly BMT)
Line IND Culver Line
BMT Culver Line (formerly)
Services       F all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: B8[1][2]
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 3 (2 in regular service)
Other information
Opened March 16, 1919 (99 years ago) (1919-03-16)
Station code 245[3]
Traffic
Passengers (2017) 1,281,041[4]Decrease 4.7%
Rank 325 out of 425
Station succession
Next north Church Avenue (express): no regular service
Ditmas Avenue (local): F all times
Next south Avenue I (local): F all times
Kings Highway (express): no regular service

18th Avenue is an express station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway, located at the intersection of 18th Avenue and McDonald Avenue in Borough Park, Brooklyn.[5] It is served by the F train at all times.[6]

History[edit]

Track layout
to Av I

This station opened at 3:00 a.m. on March 16, 1919, as part of the opening of the first section of the BMT Culver Line. The initial section began at the Ninth Avenue station and ended at the Kings Highway station.[7][8] The line was operated as a branch of the Fifth Avenue Elevated line, with a free transfer at Ninth Avenue to the West End Line into the Fourth Avenue Subway. The opening of the line resulted in reduced travel times between Manhattan and Kings Highway. Construction on the line began in 1915, and cost a total of $3,300,000.[9][10][11][12] Trains from this station began using the Fourth Avenue Subway to the Nassau Street Loop in Lower Manhattan when that line opened on May 30, 1931;[13] the Fifth Avenue Elevated was closed on May 31, 1940, and elevated service ceased stopping here.[14][15] On October 30, 1954,[14][16] the connection between the IND Brooklyn Line at Church Avenue and the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue opened. With the connection completed, all service at the stations on the former BMT Culver Line, including this one, were from then on served by IND trains.[17]

From June 1968[18] to 1987, express service on the elevated portion of the line from Church Avenue to Kings Highway operated in the peak direction (to Manhattan AM; to Brooklyn PM), with some F trains running local and some running express. During this time period, this station was used as an express station.[19][20] Express service ended in 1987, largely due to budget constraints and complaints from passengers at local stations. Express service on the elevated Culver Line was ended due to necessary structural work, but never restored.[19][20][21][22]

From June 7, 2016, to May 1, 2017, the southbound platform at this station was closed for renovations with southbound trains stopping on the center track and using the Manhattan-bound platform.[20][23] The Manhattan-bound platform was closed for a longer period of time, from May 22, 2017 until July 30, 2018 and Manhattan-bound trains stopped on the center track using the Coney Island-bound platform.[24][25]

Station layout[edit]

P
Platform level
Northbound local "F" train toward Jamaica–179th Street (Ditmas Avenue)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Peak-direction express No regular service
(No regular service: Church Avenue northbound, Kings Highway southbound)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound local "F" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Avenue I)
M Mezzanine to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
G Street Level Entrances/Exits
Street stair

This elevated station has two island platforms and three tracks with the center track not normally used.[26] Except for small sections at either ends, both platforms have brown canopies with green frames and support columns for the entire length. The un-canopied areas have black station sign structures.[27]

Exits[edit]

This station has two entrances/exits, both of which are elevated station houses beneath the tracks. The full-time one is at the north end. A single staircase from each platform goes down to a waiting area that allows a free transfer between directions and contains public restrooms. Outside of the turnstile bank, there is a token booth and two street stairs going down to either southern corners of 18th and McDonald Avenues.[5][27]

The station's other entrance/exit at the south end also has a staircase from each platform, waiting area, and two street stairs going down to either side of McDonald Avenue between Lawrence and Parkville Avenues. However, the station house is unstaffed, containing just High Entry/Exit Turnstiles.[5][27]

Track layout[edit]

North of the station there is a double crossover between the southbound local track and the center express track. Also north of this station, there is a switch from the center express track to the northbound local track.[20] There was formerly a switch to the south, and the girder that formerly supported such a switch indicates that it was a track diverging from the northbound local track to the middle track.[28][29]

In popular culture[edit]

This station is featured in Kevin Smith's film Cop Out as well as in Allen Coulter's film Remember Me, both released in 2010.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MTA Regional Bus Operations. "B8 bus schedule" (PDF). 
  2. ^ "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018. 
  3. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c "Neighborhood Map Borough Park" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved October 9, 2016. 
  6. ^ "F Subway Timetable, Effective June 24, 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 24, 2018. 
  7. ^ Legislative Documents. J.B. Lyon Company. January 1, 1920. 
  8. ^ Eisenstadt, Peter R.; Moss, Laura-Eve (January 1, 2005). The Encyclopedia of New York State. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815608080. 
  9. ^ "B.R.T. Will Open Culver Line Elevated Road as Far as Kings Highway on Sunday Next" (PDF). Retrieved October 9, 2016. 
  10. ^ "CULVER LINE OPEN TODAY.; Time of First Train on Elevated Set for 3 A. M." (PDF). Retrieved October 9, 2016. 
  11. ^ Kracke, Frederick J.H. (March 16, 1919). "New Rapid Transit Link in Operation". The New York Times. p. 106. 
  12. ^ "Culver Elevated Opens". The New York Times. March 17, 1919. p. 21. 
  13. ^ "Nassau St. Service Outlined by B. M. T." The New York Times. May 21, 1931. p. 29. 
  14. ^ a b Chiasson, George (May 2010). "A History of the F (and V) Train Service". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (5): 1, 4. 
  15. ^ "Last Train is Run on Fulton St. 'El'". The New York Times. June 1, 1940. p. 11. 
  16. ^ Culver Line Ceremonies
  17. ^ "Adequate Transit Promised for City". The New York Times. October 29, 1954. p. 25. 
  18. ^ "'F' Line Rush-Hour Service Will Be Added in Brooklyn" (PDF). The New York Times. June 8, 1969. Retrieved August 26, 2016. 
  19. ^ a b "Review of F Line Operations, Ridership, and Infrastructure" (PDF). nysenate.gov. MTA New York City Transit Authority. October 7, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 31, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2015. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016. 
  21. ^ Gerberer, Raanan (March 6, 2013). "LIGHT AT END OF TUNNEL: F Train Express may return". brooklyneagle.com. Brooklyn Eagle. Retrieved July 28, 2015. 
  22. ^ Umanov, Ben (September 22, 2014). "F Train Express Service Might be Coming Back to Brooklyn". gowanusyourfaceoff.com. Gowanus Your Face OFf. Retrieved July 28, 2015. 
  23. ^ "Coney Island-bound F subway trains will not stop at Avenue I, Bay Pkwy, Avenue N, Avenue P, Avenue U, and Avenue X until early 2017". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Archived from the original on May 27, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016. 
  24. ^ "New York City Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 10, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  25. ^ "$140 Million Culver F subway Line Station Renewal Project Begins Next Phase". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 18, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  26. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books. 
  27. ^ a b c Cox, Jeremiah. "18 Avenue (F) - The SubwayNut". www.subwaynut.com. Retrieved October 9, 2016. 
  28. ^ "F Train". February 4, 2012. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2016. 
  29. ^ Marrero, Robert (January 1, 2017). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved April 27, 2018. 

External links[edit]