18th Infantry

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18th Infantry
Active 1795-1922
Country Indian Empire
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Part of Bengal Army (to 1895)
Bengal Command
Uniform Red; faced black
Engagements 1885 - 87 Burma
Commanders
Colonel-in-Chief Edward VII (1904)

The 18th Infantry were an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army, they could trace their origins to 1795, when they were called the Calcutta Native Militia. Over the years they were known by a number of different name The Alipore Regiment in 1859, the 18th Bengal Native Infantry in 1861, the 18th (Alipore) Bengal Native Infantry in 1864, the 18th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry in 1885, the 18th Musulman Rajput Infantry in 1902. Finally following the Kitchener reforms of the Indian Army the 18th Infantry.[1]

They took part in the Third Anglo-Burmese War in 1885 and World War I, during World War I they were part of the Derajat Brigade and took part in operations on the North West Frontier. After World War I the Indian government reformed the army again moving from single battalion regiments to multi battalion regiments,[2] the 18th Infantry now became the 4th Battalion 9th Jat Regiment. In the reorganisation of 1922, this unit became the Regimental Centre located at Bareilly, the other active battalions of the Jat Regiment formed were from the erstwile Bengal (Ist and 3rd battalions) and Bombay (2nd (Mooltan) battalion) armies. The Jat Regimental Centre, to-day, has an unbroken history since raised as the Calcutta Native Militia, to protect East India Company's assets, in 1795, after independence this was one of the regiments allocated to the new Indian Army.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Armed Forces: Units: Indian Infantry: 18th Infantry". British Empire. Retrieved 2014-02-13. 
  2. ^ Sumner p.15
  • Barthorp, Michael; Burn, Jeffrey (1979). Indian infantry regiments 1860-1914. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-85045-307-0. 
  • Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914-1947. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6.