Charles Joseph Lambert (engineer)

Charles Joseph Lambert known as Lambert Bey was a French explorer and engineer. Lambert graduated as a mining engineer. Around the year 1829, Lambert met "father" Barthélemy Prosper Enfantin, Michel Chevalier, Fournel who were trying to propagate the doctrine of Saint-Simonism; the young engineer became one of their favorite disciples, abandoned his position to participate in the new religion. Lambert took an active part in the teachings of rue Monsigny, collaborating with the newspaper Le Globe and during the split that occurred in the Saint-Simonian family, he chose to side with Enfantin. In 1832, Lambert was not included in the lawsuits against the Saint-Simonians. From his refuge at Ménilmontant, he appeared as trial counsel for one of the accused and produced an incisive and mocking speech which elicited a number of observations from the presiding judge. Sometime afterward, Lambert left for Egypt, at first taught mathematics in Cairo but soon caught the attention of the Egyptian vice-roy, Muhammad Ali, who gave Lambert several missions:Lambert created the Mining School which he directed from 1836 to 1840, the Bulaq École polytechnique that he directed from 1840 to 1849.

Lamert made it the flagship of the educational system organized by Muhammad Ali. Through the network of professors he built up from Egyptians sent to Paris, he was able to train excellent engineers who were considered "civilized" in the term of the day -, to say, believing in the efficiency of technical progress as a factor of economic development and social progress. A member of the Higher Council for Education, Lambert participated in the development of all reforms of the school system in close liaison with Minister Ethem Bey. Lambert provided technical expertise for many projects; the record he created in 1849 of the work he conducted and to which he lent assistance during the reign of Muhammad Ali is eloquent: the Nile Barrage, irrigation, mines and maps, public works, school programs and inspections, an observatory and saltpeter, paper factories, bridges and waster distribution in Cairo. During his time in Egypt, Lambert attentively studied the work of French engineer, Jacques-Marie Le Père, who at the end of the 18th century proposed a canal to traverse the Suez Isthmus.

Lambert initiated a feasibility study and 3 drilling projects for the Suez Canal and he drew the public's attention to this project. These results of these three projects were sent to Louis Maurice Adolphe Linant de Bellefonds by Enfantin. Linant worked together with Eugène Mougel on the project, realized by Ferdinand de Lesseps. Lambert's services in Egypt were rewarded with the title of Bey in 1847. In 1851, Lambert settled in Paris and devoted his leisure to questions of philosophy: he published a curious study about the Trinity, a great success when it appeared in La Revue philosophique et religieuse. Lamber was interned at the Montparnasse Cemetery. Knight of the Legion of Honor, June 9, 1843 Alfred Mézières, sciences, arts: Encyclopédie universelle du XXe, 1908, p. 56 Numa Broc, Dictionnaire des Explorateurs français du XIXe siècle, T.1, Afrique, CTHS, 1988, pp. 185–186 François Angelier, Dictionnaire des Voyageurs et Explorateurs occidentaux, Pygmalion, 2011, p. 414 Photographs Notice in the Maitron

Kathleen O'Meara (writer)

Kathleen O'Meara, pen name Grace Ramsay was an Irish-French Catholic writer and biographer during the late Victorian era. She was the Paris correspondent of a leading British Catholic magazine. Irish Monthly published many of her serialized and biographical works. O' Meara wrote works of fiction where she explored a variety of topics from women's suffrage to eastern European revolutions; the majority of her novels contained social reform issues. O'Meara was born in Dublin in 1839, her father was Dennis O'Meara of Tipperary, while her grandfather, Barry Edward O'Meara, had been Napoleon's physician on St. Helena from the years 1815-1818, he denounced Britain's treatment of the ex-emperor in his exile. This was quite the sensation in 1822. For this reason, Kathleen O'Meara's mother had a pension from the French state. Kathleen immigrated to France soon after she was born with her family, who never returned to Ireland. After leaving Ireland, she lived in Paris for the majority of her life; as she was devoted to her writing career, O'Meara never married, or had any children.

At the age of 49, O'Meara died of pneumonia in her home 15 Rue Washington, Paris on November 10, 1888. Her sister Geraldine Mary, living with her in Paris was sole executrix of O'Meara's will, probate date 8 March 1889, which provided instructions for dispensing her posthumous estate of £3,110. 17s. 4d. While O'Meara did not have great success at the beginning of her career and only succeeded in winning fame after much hard work, her own experiences led her to encourage young and aspiring authors. Despite living in France, O'Meara's English novels and periodical articles found great success in her last two decades of life. O'Meara wrote novels that were focused on issues in Catholicism and biographies of leading Catholics, her publishers tried to forestall any pre-disposed discrimination against her Irish heritage by giving her the less Catholic nom-de-plume of Grace Ramsay. This led many of her readers to believe her to be English, allowing O'Meara to be well received in Protestant England, despite engaging in controversial writing topics.

Her first published work was called A Woman's Trials about a young girl's conversion to Catholicism. After an irate reader Mr. Archer Gurney published an angry letter on 17 September in the periodical John Bull, "refuting imaginary accusations against his theology" that he believed to have discovered in this novel, " "Grace Ramsey" published a reply on 5 October in the same publication, she deems Mr. Gurney's opinions "not worth replying to," but adds, "If it pleases the gentleman to recognize his own likeness in the heterodox Mr. Brown of my story, it would be unkind to contradict him." She ends by thanking the periodical's reviewer of her book "especially for having pointed out its aim and object, which was, as he justly surmised, to bid English governesses pause before rushing abroad to try their fortunes."Robin Redbreast's Victory was serialized in Irish Monthly in 1877. This work shows how improved understanding between denominations may help to solve landlord and tenant problems in Ireland.

The Battle of Connemara, published in 1878, is similar in theme to A Woman's Trials. In this novel, an Englishwoman, Lady Peggy Blake, marries an Irish Protestant landlord and moves to Connemara, she is so inspired by her tenants' faith. A novel, viewed as among O'Meara's best published works is The Bells of the Sanctuary, published by Burns and Company in 1871. Iza's Story was her second novel, published by a London firm called Blackett. In this novel, she addresses the struggle of Polish Patriots against the Russian occupation, she compares it to the Irish-British situation—both Poland and Ireland are Catholic countries oppressed by Protestant nations. This theme of rebellion where a small nation takes on its greater neighbor reappears in some of her other works. Narka, a Story of Russian Life became one of O'Meara's other more popular novels, sympathetically depicting social problems such as poverty and suffering. While the problem is stated in an unobtrusive manner, the solution is offered through the old, yet new method of Christian charity.

She began to write biographies of famous Catholics in the 1870s, a literary development that coincided with her decision to commence publishing under her own name. The first to appear was Frederic Ozanam, professor at the Sorbonne: his life and works in 1876; as The Woman's Journal reported in 1877, "This authoress, known as a writer under the nom de plume of Grace Ramsay, has thrown off her mask, in her latest works takes her own name. A Paris correspondent writes the Boston Advertiser that if God spares her life, she is destined to make her mark in literature." Praising her for her thoroughness, the review continues, "She has her subject defined, its details at her finger-ends, before taking pen in hand. This Life of the saintly and remarkable priest deserves to be popular." She published a journal article in 1872 entitled "A Visit to the Communists,", published by Harper's Bazaar. She was the Paris correspondent of a leading British Catholic magazine. In the 1880s, she traveled across Europe and The United States, continuing to write novels and biographies as she traveled.

O'Meara collaborated on the periodical London Society with Floren