1901 in the United Kingdom
|1901 in the United Kingdom|
|1899 | 1900 | 1901 | 1902 | 1903|
|Individual countries of the United Kingdom|
|England | Ireland | Scotland | Wales|
Events from the year 1901 in the United Kingdom. This year marks the transition from the Victorian to the Edwardian era, with the death of the 81-year-old Queen and the ascension of her 59-year-old son to the throne.
- Monarch – Victoria (until 22 January), Edward VII (starting 22 January)
- Prime Minister – Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (Coalition)
- Parliament – 27th
- 1 January
- 19 January – Queen Victoria is reported to be seriously ill.
- 22 January – Queen Victoria dies at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. She is 81 years old and has served as monarch for nearly 64 years – longer than any other British monarch in history up to this date. Her eldest son, The Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales becomes King, reigning as Edward VII. His son, The Prince George (later George V) becomes Duke of Cornwall and York.
- 2 February – The funeral of Queen Victoria takes place at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle.
- 18 February – Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the House of Commons, concerning the Boer War.
- 21 February – The Apollo Theatre opens in Shaftesbury Avenue, London.
- 5 March – Police eject jeering Irish nationalist demonstrators from the House of Commons.
- 12 March – The Whitechapel Art Gallery opens in London.
- 16 March – 1 November: the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (the future King George V and Queen Mary) make a tour of the British Empire in RMS Ophir sailing as a royal yacht.
- 31 March – The 1901 UK Census is held. The number of people employed in manufacturing is at its highest-ever recorded level.
- 26 April – First meeting of the Engineering Standards Committee, predecessor of the BSI Group.
- 2 May – 4 November: Glasgow International Exhibition.
- 16 May – TS King Edward is launched at William Denny and Brothers' shipyard in Dumbarton. The first commercial merchant vessel propelled by steam turbines, she enters excursion service on the Firth of Clyde on 1 July.
- 18 May – Alexandra Palace opens to the public in London.
- 1 July – The first UK Fingerprint Bureau is established at Scotland Yard, the Metropolitan Police headquarters in London, by Edward Henry.
- 12 July – Maidenhead enters the UK Weather Records with the highest sixty-minute total rainfall at 92mm. As of July 2010 this record remains.
- 22 July – The House of Lords rules in the Taff Vale case that trade unions can be held liable for damages caused by members.
- 22 July – British congress on tuberculosis opens.
- 5 August – Britain's first proper cinema opens in Islington, London.
- 6 August – Discovery Expedition: Robert Falcon Scott sets sail on the RRS Discovery to explore the Ross Sea in Antarctica.
- 17 August – The Factory and Workshop Act raises the minimum working age to twelve years and extends legislation regarding the education of working of children, employee's meal times, and provision of fire escapes.
- 30 August – Engineer Hubert Cecil Booth patents the electrically powered vacuum cleaner.
- 7 September – The United Kingdom is amongst the signatories of the Boxer Protocol ending the Boxer Rebellion in China.
- October – First performance of Edward Elgar's Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1, in Liverpool.
- 2 October – Royal Navy's first submarine, Holland 1, launched at Barrow-in-Furness.
- 29 October – the Aero Club of the United Kingdom is established.
- 9 November – The Prince George, Duke of Cornwall and York (later George V) becomes Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester.
- 13 November – Caister lifeboat disaster: Lifeboat Beauchamp capsizes on service off Caister-on-Sea, Norfolk, during a major storm: nine of the twelve crew on board are killed.
- 18 November – The United Kingdom and the United States sign the Hay–Pauncefote Treaty allowing the US to build a canal through Panama.
- 30 November – Frank Hornby of Liverpool is granted a patent for the construction toy that will become Meccano.
- 12 December – Guglielmo Marconi receives the first trans-Atlantic radio signal, sent from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, the letter "S" in Morse.
- Imperial Tobacco founded by W. H. Wills.
- Electric trams introduced in London, Glasgow, and Portsmouth.
- Second Boer War (1899–1902)
- Dictionary of National Biography concludes publication.
- Patrick S. Dinneen's novel Cormac Ó Conaill, the first in Irish to be published complete in book form.
- Thomas Hardy's collection Poems of the Past and the Present.
- Rudyard Kipling's novel Kim.
- Seebohm Rowntree's survey of York Poverty, A Study of Town Life.
- H. G. Wells' novel The First Men in the Moon and his collected articles on futurology Anticipations of the Reaction of Mechanical and Scientific Progress Upon Human Life and Thought.
- 13 February – Lewis Grassic Gibbon, writer (died 1935)
- 20 February – Robert Stopford, Bishop of London (died 1976)
- 10 June – Eric Maschwitz, lyricist and broadcast executive (died 1969)
- 12 June – Norman Hartnell, fashion designer (died 1979)
- 9 July – Barbara Cartland, novelist (died 2000)
- 15 September
- 4 September – William Lyons, automobile engineer and designer, founder of Jaguar Cars (died 1985)
- 9 September – James Blades, orchestral percussionist (died 1999)
- 17 September – Francis Chichester, aviator and sailor (died 1972)
- 17 November – Joyce Wethered, golfer (died 1997)
- 28 November – Edwina Ashley, afterwards Countess Mountbatten of Burma (died 1960)
- 25 December – Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (died 2004)
- 14 January – Mandell Creighton, Bishop of London (died in office) (born 1843)
- 22 January – Queen Victoria (born 1819)
- 11 February – Henry Willis, organ builder (born 1821)
- 6 March – John Jabez Edwin Mayall, photographer (born 1813
- 3 April – Richard D'Oyly Carte, theatrical impresario (born 1844)
- 5 August – Victoria, Princess Royal, eldest daughter of Queen Victoria (born 1840)
- 6 November – Kate Greenaway, children's book illustrator and writer (born 1846)
- 30 November – Edward John Eyre, explorer (born 1815)
- 1 December – George Lohmann, English cricketer (tuberculosis) (born 1865)
- "Australia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
- "Belief in London With Regard to Queen's Illness". The Meriden Daily Journal. 19 January 1901. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Addison, Paul (2004). "Churchill, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer (1874–1965)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
- Price, Harry (1980). The Royal Tour, 1901. Exeter: Webb & Bower. ISBN 0906671108.
- McWilliam, Robert C. (2001). BSI: the first hundred years. London: Thanet Press.
- "Glasgow International Exhibition - 1901". Exhibition Study Group. 5 May 2002. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 459–460. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "1901 Royal Aero Club". Grace's Guide. Retrieved 2011-03-03.
- Tooke, Colin (1986). Caister – Beach Boats and Beachmen. North Walsham: Poppyland Publishing. ISBN 0-946148-19-8.
- "Hornby's 1901 patent". Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- Bussey, Gordon (2000). Marconi's Atlantic Leap. Coventry: Marconi. ISBN 0-9538967-0-6.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 331–332. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.