1905 Calabria earthquake

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1905 Calabria earthquake
1905 Calabria earthquake is located in Calabria
1905 Calabria earthquake
UTC time1905-09-08 01:43:02
ISC event16957871
USGS-ANSSComCat
Local dateSeptember 8, 1905 (1905-09-08)
Local time02:43
Magnitude7.2 Mw [1]
Depth15 km (9 mi) [1]
Epicenter38°38′N 15°47′E / 38.64°N 15.78°E / 38.64; 15.78Coordinates: 38°38′N 15°47′E / 38.64°N 15.78°E / 38.64; 15.78 [1]
Total damageSevere [2]
Max. intensityXI (Extreme) [3]
Tsunami1.3 m (4 ft 3 in) [4]
Casualties557 to 2,500 dead [4]

Striking southern Italy on September 8, the 1905 Calabria earthquake had a moment magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). The first major earthquake of the 20th century, it severely damaged parts of Lipari and Messina Province, and killed between 557 and 2,500 people.

Damage[edit]

The earthquake affected the Calabria region, destroying as many as 25 villages,[5] and 14,000 homes.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ISC (2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre
  2. ^ National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), Significant Earthquake Database, National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K
  3. ^ Tertulliani, A.; Cucci, L. (2008). "Characterization of the seismogenic source of the great 1905 Calabria (southern Italy) earthquake from environmental effects".
  4. ^ a b USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey
  5. ^ "Italy's earthquake history". BBC News. October 31, 2002. Retrieved September 4, 2009.
  6. ^ "Today in Earthquake History: September 8". United States Geological Survey. February 18, 2009. Retrieved September 4, 2009.

External links[edit]