1905 in aviation

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Years in aviation: 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1870s 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s
Years: 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1905:

Events[edit]

January–December[edit]

  • 18 January – The Wright brothers begin discussions with the United States Government about selling it an airplane.[1]
  • 16–20 March – Daniel Maloney is launched by balloon in a tandem-wing glider designed by John Montgomery[2] and makes three successful flights at Aptos, California, the highest launch being at 3,000 feet (914 meters) with an 18-minute descent to a predetermined landing location.[citation needed]
  • 27 April – Sapper Moreton of the British Army's balloon section is lifted 2,600 ft (792 m) by a kite at Aldershot under the supervision of the kite's designer, Samuel Cody.
  • 29 April – Daniel Maloney is launched by balloon in a tandem-wing glider designed by John Montgomery to an altitude of 4,000 feet (1,219 meters)[2] before release and gliding and then landing at a predetermined location as part of a large public demonstration of aerial flight at Santa Clara, California].[citation needed]
  • 6 June – Gabriel Voisin lifts off of and flies along the River Seine in his float-glider towed by a motorboat.
  • 23 June – The Wright brothers fly the Wright Flyer III for the first time. It is the first fully controllable and practical version of the original 1903 Wright Flyer.[3]
  • 14 July – Orville Wright has a serious crash with Wright Flyer III, upon which the Wright Brothers radically alter the aircraft. The front rudder[dubious ] is mainly the culprit for the Flyer's insistent pitching.
  • 18 July – Daniel Maloney launches a tandem-wing glider designed by John Montgomery at Santa Clara, California. A balloon cable damages the glider and upon release Maloney and the aircraft fall uncontrolled to the ground, killing Maloney,[2] this is the third death of a heavier-than-air aircraft pilot after Otto Lilienthal in 1896 and Percy Pilcher in 1899.[citation needed]
  • 5 August – Nineteen-year-old Welshman Ernest Willows makes the first flight of Willows No. 1 a semi-rigid airship he had built.
  • September – The Wright Brothers resume flight experiments with the re-designed Flyer III with performance of the airplane immediately in the positive. Smooth controlled flights lasting over 20 minutes now occur.
  • 7 September – Flying circles over a cornfield near Dayton, Ohio, and chasing flocks of birds, Orville Wright records history's first bird strike. The dead bird lays on the airplane's wing before Wright makes a sharp turn and dumps it off.[4]
  • 4 October – Piloting the Flyer III over Huffman Prairie outside Dayton, Ohio, Orville Wright makes the first airplane flight in history of over 30 minutes in length.[5]
  • 5 October – Wilbur Wright makes a flight of 24.2 miles (38.9 km) over Huffman Prairie in the Flyer III. The flight lasts for 39 minutes 23 seconds.
  • 14 October – The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) is founded in Paris.
  • 15 October – The Wright brothers record a flight of just over 24 miles (38.6 km) in 28 minutes in the Wright Flyer III.[6]
  • 16 October – The Wright brothers complete their 1905 test flight program, making their last flight until May 1908.[3]
  • 30 November – At Lake Constance, Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin's LZ2 airship is damaged significantly while attempting its first launch.[3]
  • December – Neil MacDermid is carried aloft in Canada by a large box kite named The Siamese Twins, designed by Alexander Graham Bell.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Century of Flight Aviation Timeline 1904
  2. ^ a b c Johnsen, Frederick A., "Mother Ships," Aviation History, January 2018, p. 48.
  3. ^ a b c Century of Flight Aviation Timeline 1905
  4. ^ Brotak, Ed, "When Birds Strike," Aviation History, May 2016, p. 46.
  5. ^ Daniel, Clifton, ed., Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN 0-942191-01-3, p. 82.
  6. ^ Franks, Norman, Aircraft vs. Aircraft: The Illustrated Story of Fighter Pilot Combat From 1914 to the Present Day, London: Grub Street, 1998, ISBN 1-902304-04-7, p. 7.