1906 in Costa Rica
Events in the year 1906 in Costa Rica.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2014)
Events in the year 1906 in Costa Rica.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (July 2014)
1. Costa Rica – It has a population of around 4.5 million, of whom nearly a quarter live in the metropolitan area of the capital and largest city, San José. Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by people before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. Since then, Costa Rica has remained among the most stable, prosperous, following a brief civil war, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army. Costa Rica is a member of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie. The country has consistently performed favourably in the Human Development Index, placing 69th in the world as of 2015 and its rapidly developing economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Costa Rica is known for its environmental policies, being the only country to meet all five UNDP criteria established to measure environmental sustainability. Costa Rica officially plans to become a country by 2021. In 2012, it became the first country in the Americas to ban recreational hunting, historians have classified the indigenous people of Costa Rica as belonging to the Intermediate Area, where the peripheries of the Mesoamerican and Andean native cultures overlapped. More recently, pre-Columbian Costa Rica has also described as part of the Isthmo-Colombian Area. The oldest evidence of occupation in Costa Rica is associated with the arrival of various groups of hunter-gatherers about 10,000 to 7,000 years BCE in the Turrialba Valley. The presence of Clovis culture type spearheads and arrows from South America opens the possibility that, in this area, agriculture became evident in the populations that lived in Costa Rica about 5,000 years ago. They mainly grew tubers and roots, for the first and second millennia BCE there were already settled farming communities. These were small and scattered, although the transition from hunting and gathering to agriculture as the livelihood in the territory is still unknown. The earliest use of pottery appears around 2,000 to 3,000 BCE, shards of pots, cylindrical vases, platters, gourds and other forms of vases decorated with grooves, prints, and some modelled after animals have been found. The impact of indigenous peoples on modern Costa Rican culture has been small compared to other nations. Costa Rica was described as the poorest and most miserable Spanish colony in all America by a Spanish governor in 1719, for all these reasons, Costa Rica was, by and large, unappreciated and overlooked by the Spanish Crown and left to develop on its own. Costa Rica became a democracy with no oppressed mestizo or indigenous class. It was not long before Spanish settlers turned to the hills, where they found rich volcanic soil, like the rest of Central America, Costa Rica never fought for independence from Spain
2. President of Costa Rica – The President of Costa Rica is the head of state and head of government of Costa Rica. The President is currently elected in elections for a period of four years. Two Vice Presidents are elected in the ticket with the President. The President appoints the Council of Ministers, due to the abolition of the military of Costa Rica in 1948, the president is not a Commander-in-chief, unlike the norm in most other countries. From 1969 to 2005, the president was barred from seeking reelection, after the amendment banning reelection was overturned by the Supreme Court in 2005, an incumbent president became eligible to run again after waiting for at least eight years after leaving office. The following table contains a list of the chairmen, presidents. From 1824 to 1838 Costa Rica was a state within the Federal Republic of Central America, Liberal Conservative Liberal Conservative Military Republican PRN PLN PUN/PUSC PAC Living former Presidents Politics of Costa Rica List of political parties in Costa Rica History of Costa Rica
3. International Standard Book Number – The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, the method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966, the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, however, this can be rectified later. Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines, the ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108, the United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978, an SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit 0. For example, the edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has SBN340013818 -340 indicating the publisher,01381 their serial number. This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8, the check digit does not need to be re-calculated, since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with Bookland European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an ebook, a paperback, and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, a 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, and when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces. Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is also done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency that is responsible for country or territory regardless of the publication language. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture, in other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded. In Canada, ISBNs are issued at no cost with the purpose of encouraging Canadian culture. In the United Kingdom, United States, and some countries, where the service is provided by non-government-funded organisations. Australia, ISBNs are issued by the library services agency Thorpe-Bowker
4. 2013 in Costa Rica – Events in the year 2013 in Costa Rica. 1 January – New Years Day, a holiday celebrated with a big dance in Parque Central in San José. 9–21 January – The Palmares Festival was held, the fiestsas included concerts, fairgrounds, eating and drinking, and parades on horseback known as topes. Bulls are not killed but people sometimes are,31 January – A new law prohibiting hunting for sport was signed by President Laura Chinchilla. The law set fines of up to ₡1.5 million for sport hunting, 1–3 February – Annual Puntarenas Carnival. 5 February – The Municipal Council of San José passed a motion banning the growth, sale, and consumption of genetically modified food within the canton. 20 February–3 March – The Fiestas Cívicas Liberia took place, a festival in Liberia, which included a parade of 3,000 riders, bullfights. 10 March – The National Oxherds Day was celebrated when hundreds of oxcarts paraded from Escazú to San Antonio, the holiday has fallen on the second Sunday of March since 1984. 19 March – Saint Josephs Day, celebration of the saint of San José. The referee, Joel Aguilar of El Salvador, paused the game, nevertheless, Costa Rica complained of the decision afterwards following their 1–0 defeat to the Usonians. 28 March – Maundy Thursday, a national holiday,29 March – Good Friday, a national holiday. 11 April – Battle of Rivas Day or Juan Santamaria Day, Chinchilla later dismissed the finding as aberrant and like comparing pears and oranges. 1 May – Labour Day, a national holiday,3 May – The President of the United States, Barack Obama, arrived for a 24-hour visit, his first to Costa Rica. He held a meeting, a joint press conference. 4 May – The Central America Forum on Sustainable Economic Development was addressed by Barack Obama at the Old Customs House in San José. 11 May – President Chinchilla made a trip to Lima, Peru, to attend the wedding of the son of her second Vice President. She did not inform Congress beforehand as mandated by Article 139.5 of the Constitution. She was accompanied by her husband, José María Rico, her assistant, Irene Pacheco, the Minister of Communication, Francisco Chacón, and Chacóns wife, the Minister of Foreign Trade, Anabel González
5. 2014 in Costa Rica – Events in the year 2014 in Costa Rica. President – Laura Chinchilla Miranda until 8 May, succeeded by Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera, First Vice President – Alfio Piva Mesén until 8 May, succeeded by Helio Fallas Venegas. Second Vice President – Luis Liberman Ginsburg until 8 May, succeeded by Ana Helena Chacón Echeverría, President of the Legislative Assembly – Luis Fernando Mendoza Jiménez until 1 May, succeeded by Henry Mora Jiménez. 1 January – New Years Day, a national holiday,5 January – The annual Fiestas de Zapote which began on Christmas Day came to an end, but not before an improvisada was thrown into the air by a 500 kilogram bull, but she was unhurt. Between Christmas Day and New Years Day alone,135 improvisados required hospital treatment at an average cost to the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social of ¢660,938 each, about a million people or roughly one fifth of the population were expected to attend. 23 January – Twelve cantons banned the sale of alcohol on the day of the elections on 2 February in accordance with Article 26 of Law 9047. The cantons were Alajuelita, Aserrí, Athens, Brokers, Cartago, Dota, Guácimo, Los Chiles, Poas, San Ramon, San José imposed an even longer ban, from 1 to 3 February. Nevertheless, San José decided not to enforce its own ban because placing closure notices on bars on an occasion was tedious. 27 January – President Laura Chinchilla Miranda attended the inauguration ceremony of Juan Orlando Hernández of Honduras. Afterwards, she became the first Costa Rican president to visit Cuba in 52 years when she attended a meeting of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, Costa Rica broke diplomatic relations with Cuba on 10 September 1961. President Óscar Arias Sánchez resumed bilateral relations on 18 March 2009 following the Cold War political and ideological differences between the two nations and she also referred to the commitment of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States to democracy and human rights. Meanwhile, her Director of Foreign Policy, Linyi Baidal, met with Cuban dissidents at the Costa Rican embassy in Havana, in another pleasing gesture to Cuban opposition leaders, Chinchilla spoke of the forthcoming free and competitive general election in Costa Rica. Juan Luis Calvo, president of the Evangelical Alliance called on the government to rethink guidelines on sexuality published by the Ministry of Public Education. 2 February – First Sunday in February, Costa Ricans cast their ballots for a new president, two vice presidents, and 57 Legislative Assembly lawmakers. No presidential candidate won 40 percent of the vote so the two leading candidates, Luis Guillermo Solís and Johnny Araya Monge, proceeded to a second vote to take place on 6 April. 4 February – A manual recount began of votes cast in the election because the difference between the two leading candidates did not exceed two percent. The latest count showed Luis Guillermo Solís with 30.95 percent of the vote, by law, the ballot count must be completed within 30 days of the election. 5 February – Award-winning investigative editor and pioneer of journalism at La Nación, Giannina Segnini