Iowa Hawkeyes football
The Iowa Hawkeyes football team represents the University of Iowa in college football. The Hawkeyes compete in the West division of the Big Ten Conference and they have been a member of the Big Ten since 1899, and are currently a Division I Football Bowl Subdivision member of the NCAA. The Hawkeyes play their games in Iowa City, Iowa at Kinnick Stadium. The Hawkeyes are currently coached by Kirk Ferentz, who is in his 18th season as the coach and is also tied for the longest current tenured coach in NCAA Division I FBS. In 1899, Iowa completed its first undefeated season, which led to an invitation to join the Western Conference. In 1900, the Hawkeyes secured another undefeated season and won a share of the Western Conference title in their first year of league play, in 1907 Iowa helped form the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association. They participated in football in the new league for four seasons, Iowa tied with Nebraska in 1907 for the league championship in its first season of competition. They would leave the conference after the 1910 football season and return to the Big Ten, Iowa claimed consecutive Big Ten titles in 1921 and 1922. The Hawkeyes won 20 straight games in the early 1920s under the guidance of Hall of Fame coach Howard Jones, Jones soon left Iowa and established a powerhouse at Southern California, and the Hawkeyes were abysmal for most of the 1930s. Iowa was expelled from the Big Ten on May 25,1929, the reasons were officially unstated and university president William Jessup professed not to know why the faculty committee voted to expel the university. Discussions of player compensation and Iowas inaction on alleged ethics violation appear to have been a main cause, following the 1929 season, the Big Ten faculty committee unanimously voted to reinstate Iowa to the conference on February 1,1930. On December 11,1929, Iowa had disqualified 27 players, presumably due to compensation issues, as a result, little was expected of Iowa’s 1939 team, led by new coach Eddie Anderson. Nicknamed the “Ironmen”, the 1939 Hawkeyes scored several upset victories, though Iowa fell a game short of the Big Ten title, team MVP Nile Kinnick won almost every major national award, including the 1939 Heisman Trophy. Forest Evashevski was hired as Iowa’s head coach in 1952 and he lured Calvin Jones to Iowa, where Jones became the first Hawkeye – and the first African-American – to win the Outland Trophy in 1955. From 1956 to 1960, Evashevski led Iowa to four finishes in the top five of the national rankings, after the 1960 season, Evashevski left coaching to become Iowa’s athletic director. The forgotten season In 1960 the Hawkeyes held on to the #1 ranking for much of the season, the Hawkeyes defeated #8 Ohio State, #15 Michigan State, and #10 Purdue. Iowa lost to rival #3 Minnesota, the game was the only loss of the year for the 1960 Hawkeyes and they shared the Big Ten title with Minnesota. However, at time, the Big Ten did not allow their teams to go to any bowl except for the Rose Bowl
Big Ten Conference
The Big Ten Conference, formerly Western Conference and Big Nine Conference, is the oldest Division I collegiate athletic conference in the United States. The conference includes the public university in each of 11 states stretching from New Jersey to Nebraska. The Big Ten Conference was established in 1895 when Purdue University president James H, in 1905, the conference was officially incorporated as the Intercollegiate Conference Athletic Association. Big Ten member institutions are predominantly major flagship research universities with large financial endowments, large student enrollment is also a hallmark of Big Ten universities, as 12 of the 14 members feature enrollments of 30,000 or more students. Northwestern University, one of just two members with a total enrollment of fewer than 30,000 students, is the lone private university among Big Ten membership. Collectively, Big Ten universities educate more than 520,000 total students and have 5.7 million living alumni, Big Ten universities engage in $9.3 billion in funded research each year. Big Ten universities are members of the Big Ten Academic Alliance. In 2014–2015, members generated more than $10 billion in research expenditures, Johns Hopkins University was invited in 2012 to join the Big Ten as an associate member participating in mens lacrosse only. In 2015, it was accepted as an associate member in womens lacrosse. Notre Dame is scheduled to join the Big Ten in 2017 as a member in mens ice hockey. Notes Notes Notes The University of Chicago was a co-founder of the conference, lake Forest College attended the original 1895 meeting that led to the formation of the conference, but did not join it. Full members Full members Sport Affiliate Other Conference Other Conference The Big Ten Conference sponsors championship competition in 14 mens and 14 womens NCAA sanctioned sports, Notes, * Notre Dame will join the Big Ten in the 2017–18 school year as an affiliate member in mens ice hockey. It continues to field its other sports in the ACC except in football where it will continue to compete as an independent, ° Johns Hopkins joined the Big Ten in 2014 as an affiliate member in mens lacrosse, with womens lacrosse to follow in 2016. Ohio State and Penn State, like most NCAA fencing schools, have coed teams,2, Mens rowing, whether heavyweight or lightweight, is not governed by the NCAA, but instead by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association. Rutgers Mens Rowing was downgraded to Club status in 2008,3, Unlike rifle, pistol is not an NCAA-governed sport. 4, Rifle is technically a mens sport, but mens, womens, Ohio State fields a coed team. The eligibility of student-athletes was one of the topics of discussion. The Intercollegiate Conference of Faculty Representatives was founded at a meeting on February 8,1896
Mark Catlin Sr.
Mark S. Catlin Sr. was an American football player, track athlete, coach, lawyer, and politician. Catlin played football at the University of Chicago and also participated in track and he later worked as an attorney and also served in the Wisconsin State Assembly from 1921 to 1923. Born in Aurora, Illinois, Catlin played football at the University of Chicago under Amos Alonzo Stagg and he accounted for the only score in Chicagos 1905 victory over Michigan by tackling a Wolverine in the end zone for a safety. The Chicago victory broke Michigan’s 56-game unbeaten streak and he earned All-Western Conference honors at the end position, and he was named a second team All-American. Catlin was also a brilliant field athlete, at this competition he received gold medals in the 120 and 220 yd hurdles and silver in the discus. His time in the 120 yd hurdles bested that recorded in the official Olympics and he graduated from Chicago in 1905. 100 years later, Catlin was elected to the University of Chicagos Hall of Fame in 2005, Mark Catlin decided to go to law school at the University of Iowa. Catlin was hired as the apparent to John Chalmers as Iowas head football coach. Catlin spent the 1906 season assisting Chalmers, although Catlin was actually an assistant coach, many Iowa records consider Catlin, not Chalmers, the official coach of the 1906 Hawkeyes. The Western Conference meetings of 1905 led to two significant rule changes, Conference members were not allowed to play more than five games per season. Also, freshmen were now ineligible, and players were allowed a maximum of three years of eligibility and these rule changes were made in response to growing criticism over player injuries and deaths during games at that time. These changes greatly hampered play in 1906, Conference players who were to be seniors were all ruled ineligible, because they had already played three years of competition. Players who were to be freshmen also sat out, only players who were to be sophomores and juniors were allowed to play. Iowa finished with a 2–3 record in 1906, coaches Chalmers and Catlin worked well together but had contrasting coaching styles. Chalmers learned the style of play at Lafayette, coaching players as individuals. Catlin learned the style of play from Amos Alonzo Stagg at Chicago, coaching schemes rather than players and advocating an open. The most notable game of the 1907 season was the game against Wisconsin. After two easy wins to start the season, Iowa held a 5–0 halftime lead over Wisconsin when the two lined up for the second half kickoff