Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club
Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club is a defunct Uruguayan sports club, originally established as a cricket and football institution by British railway workers. The football section of the club still remains named Club Atlético Peñarol and those lands had been used for agriculture only and famous because of the best quality of its vineyards and fruits. One of the achievements of the company was the establishment of a rural school in the town. Due to the activity, the village became populous. The sons of blonde Albion, who were part of the company, the first committee was formed by eight members, Mr. Hudson, Lucy, Moor, Davenport, Hopkins, Davies and Penny. They chose Mr. Frank Henderson as the first president of the club, the membership fee was established in $0,50. One day later, the committee resolved to name the club Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club and that same day two members of the committee were chosen to write the rules, while two other members were chosen to search for a field to practice sports. The club also designated three members to take over advertising with the purpose of bringing new members to the institution, the article I of clubs statute stated that the club colors would be black and orange and that only workers of Central Railway would be admitted as members. Nevertheless, the committee could admit people outside the company but they were not allowed to vote in case of being accepted, at the beginning, all the CURCC presidents were managers of the CUR. In 1907 the company appointed W. Bayne as manager and sent him to Montevideo, when the CURCC executives told Bayne he was the new president of the institution, he did not accept the offer, alleging that the coaches damaged by the supporters led to significant costs. Other reason given by Bayne was the lack of players-workers, CURCC took part of the recently created Primera División of Uruguay, along with Nacional, other team from Montevideo with whom CURCC had a strong rivalry. While CURCC represented the British immigrants to Uruguay and rail workers as well, the club took part of 13 editions of the domestic championship, winning it in five occasions between 1900 and 1911. CURCC also won the Copa de Competencia three times, internationally, the squad won the Copa de Honor Cousenier twice. Having been established as a club, football began to be practised at CURCC in 1892, relegating other sports, such as cricket. The first football match played by CURCC was that year versus a combined team of English High School. The match was won by CURCC 3-2, the club was also known as Peñarol due to the neighborhood where it had been established. In 1912 a new committee was organized in order to some of the CURCC statute books. The proposals were to give a bigger participation to non-railway employed members, another suggestion was to rename the club CURCC Peñarol
Club Nacional de Football
Club Nacional de Football is a sports institution from Uruguay, founded on 14 May 1899 in Montevideo, as a result of the fusion between Uruguay Athletic Club and Montevideo Fútbol Club. Although its main focus is football, the club hosts other activities including basketball, futsal, tennis, cycling, volleyball. In the domestic league, Nacional won the championship 46 times, Nacional is the most successful club in Uruguay in terms of number of league titles. At international level, Nacional has won 21 titles, nine of them recognised by FIFA, in this tournament, Nacional is the all-time leader with 553 points. Nacional also won three Copa Intercontinental, becoming the first unbeaten three times world champion, in addition, Nacional is the only Uruguayan team that won the Copa Interamericana and the Recopa Sudamericana, competition in which is the first champion. Besides, Nacional won four Copa de Honor Cousenier, three Copa Aldao two Tie Cup, and one Copa Escobar-Gerona, all of them organized by Argentine and Uruguayan Associations together. Nacional is identified with the white, blue and red colours inspired by the flag of Uruguays national hero José Gervasio Artigas, besides, Parque Central was the only venue in the 1923 and 1924 edition of the Copa América. Nacional has fierce rivalries with many clubs, notably with cross-town team Peñarol, according to CONMEBOL, Nacional was the Uruguayan team with the best international performance in the 2007–2012 period. Also, according to IFFHS, it was the best Uruguayan team of the 2001–2012 period, in February 2013, Nacional reached 60,000 associates Nacional is a result of the fusion between Montevideo Football Club and Uruguay Athletic Club,14 May 1899. It was decided there that the flag should include the three colours historically connected to José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguays national hero. The clubs uniform was red and blue. In 1900 Nacional included the Club Defensa and its players, and that same year four clubs governed by foreigners founded the Uruguay Association League. Nacionals petition to be included was dismissed on the thought that criollo clubs, however, the Leagues clubs had to admit Nacional in 1901, after the club was invited to join the Argentinean League, due to their impressive performances in a number of friendly matches. In 1902 Nacional won their first Campeonato Uruguayo, the red jersey was substituted by the white jersey in 1902. In September 1903 Nacional fully represented the Uruguayan National football team and beat Argentina 3–2, in 1905 Nacional won its first international title, the Copa de Honor Cousenier. Nacionals players started developing already around 1900 a new playing style that introduced a less physical and more game, made out of fast combinations. Magariños says, The action of these teams was conducted according to the purest and standardized virtues of British sport, positional play, long passes, furious shots, the body was used as a weapon, both offensively and defensively. Nacional, formed mainly by smaller and faster players abandoned the physical confrontation that was allowed back then and they chose to perform dribblings, fast and short passing, very fast sprints, and a hectic activity in the pitch
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay. According to the 2011 census, the city proper has a population of 1,319,108 in an area of 201 square kilometres. The southernmost capital city in the Americas, Montevideo is situated in the southern coast of the country, the city was established in 1724 by a Spanish soldier, Bruno Mauricio de Zabala, as a strategic move amidst the Spanish-Portuguese dispute over the platine region. It was also under brief British rule in 1807, Montevideo hosted all the matches during the first FIFA World Cup. Montevideo is the seat of the headquarters of Mercosur and ALADI, Latin America’s leading trade blocs. Montevideo has consistently rated as having the highest quality of life of any city in Latin America. As of 2010, Montevideo was the 19th largest city economy in the continent, in 2015, it has a GDP of $40.5 billion, and a per capita of $24,400. It is classified as a Beta World City, ranking seventh in Latin America, by 2014, is also regarded as the tenth most gay-friendly city in the world, first in Latin America. It is the hub of commerce and higher education in Uruguay as well as its chief port, the city is also the financial and cultural hub of a larger metropolitan area, with a population of around 2 million. There are several explanations about the word Montevideo, all agree that Monte refers to the Cerro de Montevideo, the hill situated across the Bay of Montevideo, but there is disagreement about the etymological origin of the video part. Monte vide eu is the most widespread belief but is rejected by the majority of experts, who consider it unlikely because it involves a mix of dialects. This is the oldest Spanish document that mentions the promontory with a similar to the one that designates the city. With the passing of time, these words were unified to Montevideo, no conclusive evidence has been found to confirm this academic hypothesis nor can it be asserted with certainty which were the other five mounts observable before the Cerro. Ovidio was the bishop of the Portuguese city of Braga, where he was always revered. Between 1680 and 1683, Portugal founded the city of Colonia do Sacramento in the region across the bay from Buenos Aires and this city met with no resistance from the Spanish until 1723, when they began to place fortifications on the elevations around Montevideo Bay. On 22 November 1723, Field Marshal Manuel de Freitas da Fonseca of Portugal built the Montevieu fort, a Spanish expedition was sent from Buenos Aires, organized by the Spanish governor of that city, Bruno Mauricio de Zabala. There was also one significant early Italian resident by the name of Jorge Burgues, a census of the citys inhabitants was performed in 1724 and then a plan was drawn delineating the city and designating it as San Felipe y Santiago de Montevideo, later shortened to Montevideo. The census counted fifty families of Galician and Canary Islands origin, more than 1000 indigenous, mostly Guaraní, in 1776, Spain made Montevideo its main naval base for the South Atlantic, with authority over the Argentine coast, Fernando Po, and the Falklands
Estadio Gran Parque Central
The Estadio Gran Parque Central, usually just Parque Central, is the stadium of Club Nacional de Football. It is located in Montevideo, Uruguay, near Nacional headquarters, in this stadium, Nacional plays most of its home games. This stadium was one of the venues of the 1930 FIFA World Cup and this historical fact was remembered by FIFA on two occasions,1987 and 2005. At the same time, another match was played at the now defunct Estadio Pocitos, the stadium has four main stands, Tribuna José María Delgado, Tribuna Atilio García, Tribuna Abdón Porte, Tribuna Héctor Scarone, named after famous Nacional players and a chairman of the club. Before the existence of Parque Central as a ground, in exactly the same location. The Parque Central was opened for the practice of sports in 1900, at first, the tenants of the stadium were Deutscher Fussball Klub for their home games at the first Uruguayan league championship in the 1900s. As a sports stadium, the Parque Central was inaugurated on March 25,1900 with a match between the Deutscher Fussball Klub and the CURCC, the final score was CURCC2 – Deutscher 0. Before the game, a lunch was served at Hotel Lanata, among personalities from the Government, according to some chronicles from that period, the inauguration included the Don Bosco Band and the Flora gunship Band. There was also a highlight with a Scottish skirt dancer who took the 7,000 people present by surprise. Two days after Nacional would meet the Deutscher F. K. in a game that ended 1–1, the land was the property of Tranvias a la Union y Maroñas, a German streetcar company whose employees were the founders of the Deutscher F. K. The venue consisted of four courts and two football fields. By 1901, the streetcar company conceded Nacional the second field as they entered the AUF league, from that year until now, the Estadio Gran Parque Central has witnessed several championships won by Nacional and Uruguay national football team. The current orientation is east-west, opposite to the first one that was north-south, until 1930, the Parque Central was the main sports venue in Uruguay. It was only with the building of the Estadio Centenario that Nacionals stadium was superseded, burnt almost completely after the fire of 1911, it was rebuilt a couple of years later. The second remodelling of the Estadio Gran Parque Central took place in 1944. On that occasion, improvements of the pitch and the four stands were made, thirty years later, the Parque Central was remodelled once again due to a fire that destroyed part of the stadium. In 2005, through the efforts of Nacional fans and the sale of modern, special seats in the Tribuna José María Delgado stand, the Estadio Gran Parque Central was remodelled once again. The present capacity is 27.000, but in following years it is expected to expand to 40.000. com. uy Official Website
Albion Football Club SAD is a Uruguayan football club, located in Montevideo. The club, founded in 1891, is the oldest club in Uruguay and currently plays at Uruguayan Segunda División Amateur, during its first years of existence, the club refused to accept non-native players although most of its footballers were British descendants but born in Uruguay. The first uniform was a jersey with a red star on the chest. Football Associations first match was on 2 August 1891 against Montevideo Cricket Club, the second match versus the same rival FA was defeated again by 6–0. The uniform was modified, as a result the club adopted a blue jersey with white collar. The popularity of football increased between 1892 and 1895 amongst the Uruguayan people, in 1892 there were four clubs practising football, Montevideo Cricket, Montevideo Rowing, Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club and Albion. Montevideo CC was the most successful of them, finishing unbeaten with some remarkable results such as an 8–0 over CURCC, on March 21,1895, Lichtenberger himself suggested to modify the rules to allow foreign players to play at Albion. Other changes were introduced such as the replacement of the jersey so red, at the same time, Montevideo Cricket and Montevideo Rowing left the practise of football, at least at competitive levels to focus on other activities. The first Uruguayan derby was between Albion and CURCC, the CURCC had been founded in 1891 as a cricket club, having added football just one year after its establishment. The first game both teams faced each other was on May 25,1892, being CURCC the winner by 5–0, CURCC won the most games played between both teams until 1897, when started an extraordinary series of 14 consecutive wins over CURCC. From 1896 to 1899 other football clubs were established, Deutscher Fussball Klub, Albion was one of the four founding members of the Uruguay Association Foot-ball League. The first championship was disputed in 1900, where Albion finished second to CURCC, by those times, some players left the club, Ernesto Caprario, Carlos Carve Urioste and Domingo Prat that moved to Uruguay Athletic. Other players that left the institution were Céspedes brothers, Cuadra, Reyes, Castro, Bouton and Nebel, in 1901 Albion played a match against an Argentine League combined team, which is considered the first official Uruguay national team match in the history. Nevertheless, that game is not considered official and the referred to the team as Albion FC instead the Uruguay national team. The team was formed by 9 players from Albion and 2 from Nacional who had played for the club before the exodus. On March 22,1901, Nacional requested the Association to enter the league, Nacional and CURCC were the most popular teams by then. Albion would make poor performances during the seasons, being its worst campaign the 1905 tournament where the team finished with no points. In 1908, the club played its last season in Primera División, in 1914 Albion was one of the teams founding the Liga Universitaria de Deportes, taking part with a team named William Poole
Football in Uruguay
Football is the most popular sport in Uruguay. The Uruguay national football team has won two FIFA World Cup titles and reached three additional semifinals, the national team won the first edition of the tournament in 1930, and won it again in 1950. Also, the Uruguayan national football team won the football olympics games twice, in 1924 and 1928, the Copa América in 15 times, the sport was first introduced by British immigrants and expatriates in the 19th century. Some references say that the game had been introduced in 1880, Henry Castle Ayre was born in Bedminster in March 1852. The first Uruguayan club team was established at Montevideo, by an English teacher at the William Leslie Poole School in 1882. Uruguay is a country with a population that currently does not exceed more than three and a million, and features a large concentration of professional football teams in the city of Montevideo. The two biggest club teams in the countrys Primera División are Peñarol, which was established in 1891, the Uruguay national team have won more international tournaments than any other country. In the Copa América, they are the most successful team, Uruguay won the first FIFA World Cup in 1930, defeating fierce rivals Argentina in the final. In 1950, they won their second World Cup, defeating Brazil in the Maracanã in the final and they have also won two Olympic gold medals in 1924 and 1928. Finally, they won the 1980 Mundialito, a competition in Montevideo for all of the countries that had ever won the World Cup. Between 1970 and 2010, they failed to reach the semi-finals of the World Cup until 2010, Club football in Uruguay is dominated by two big Montevideo clubs, Peñarol/CURCC and Nacional, which compete in the AUF Championships. Peñarol won the tournament in 48 times, and Nacional 45 times, also, during 1923 and 1924, existed other Uruguayan football league, the FUF. Only had two tournaments, obtained by Atlético Wanderers and Peñarol (was expulsed from AUF in 1922 and reincorporated in 1926, during the Torneo del Consejo Provisorio, recently,2011 Peñarol reached to the finals, and fell against Brazilian side Santos. Matches between Peñarol and Nacional are termed the Uruguayan Clásico, the longest running football derby outside Great Britain, most other clubs in top division are also from Montevideo. In the 2015–16 Uruguayan Primera División season, only two clubs, Plaza Colonia and Juventud de Las Piedras, came from outside the capital, nowadays Colonia and Canelones are the only departments that are represented in Uruguays First Division. Many Uruguayan footballers have been successful in European football, including current players Luis Suárez, Edinson Cavani, Forlán has had a successful career in Spain with Atlético Madrid, where he won both the European Golden Shoe and Pichichi Trophy twice. Suárez has had a career in England and Spain, where he won the European Golden Shoe twice. The womens football team of the AUF started in 1996
River Plate F.C.
River Plate Football Club was an Uruguayan football club, founded in 1897. River Plate is considered one of the four giants of the first era in Uruguayan football, alongside rivals Montevideo Wanderers, River reached important achievements during the first years of football in the country. In 1897, a group of Port of Montevideo workers met to establish a football team, when they requested Uruguayan Football Association to join the body, they were informed that only English names were accepted. Therefore, the team was renamed as River Plate F. C. due to the fact that River Plate belonged to the Port of Montevideo zone, they were nicknamed Darseneros, the same nickname that current River Plate of Montevideo. In 1901 the AUF finally approved the affiliation of River Plate to the Association, soon after other criollo team, the team was assigned to the second Division and played there from 1902 until the 1906 seasons. In 1905 River Plate was relegated to the Second Division after the made a disappointing campaign in Primera. Originally, River Plate jersey was black, but it would be changed to red, in 1906 River Plate was promoted to Primera División, winning its first title in 1908. In April 1910, River Plate played against Argentine team Alumni, because of both teams had similar uniforms, River Plate worn an alternative light blue jersey and won the match by 2–1. River line up was, Cabalotti, José and Miguel Benincasa, Louried, Sanz, García, Módena, Dacal, DAgosti, Raymonda, some months later, in August 1910, Uruguay national team worn the light blue jersey for the first time, facing the Argentine side. Uruguay won the match by 3–1, the club would win three championships else, in 1910,1913 and 1914. In 1920 the team was relegated to second division, nevertheless, River Plate joined dissident Uruguayan Football Federation in 1923 that organised its own tournament in 1923. Being relegated with other 16 teams and that would be the last appearance of the club in the top division of Uruguay. By 1925 River Plate F. C. had been disestablished, Primera División,1908,1910,1913,1914 Copa de Honor Cousenier,1912
Montevideo Wanderers F.C.
Montevideo Wanderers Fútbol Club, usually known simply as Wanderers is a Uruguayan football club based in Montevideo. The club are members of the Primera División and play at the Estadio Viera. As well as football, the club also has teams playing basketball, volleyball, athletics, futsal, pool, Montevideo Wanderers was officially established in 1902 by a group of students and several young players of the Albion, led by the Sardeson brothers. The brothers had travelled from Montevideo to England to see their parents during the 1890s, at the time, Wolverhampton Wanderers won the FA Cup. The new club were named after the Wolves team, and because they had no home ground and they joined the Primera División in 1903, winning it in 1906 and 1909. In 1908 they won the Copa de Honor and the Copa de Honor Cousenier and they won the Copa de Honor for a second time in 1910, before going on to win the Copa Cusenier again in 1912. In 1923 the club began entering a team in the league created by the breakaway Uruguayan Football Association. They won the league in its first season, during this period they also won the Copa Río de la Plata in 1924, defeating Independiente. In the 1930s, club made several tours to Brazil, Argentina, Peru and Chile. In 1931 the club won the last amateur Uruguayan league, whilst In 1937 they won the Torneo de Honor. By the end of the 1940s the club was suffering financial problems. In 1961 they were relegated to the second tier, although they returned to the Primera División, they were relegated again in 1966. In 1969 the club left Montevideo and moved to Las Piedras and they returned to both the Primera División and Montevideo in 1974, qualifying for the Copa Libertadores in their first season back in the top division. The club suffered financial problems in the 1990s, and were relegated at the end of the 1998 season. They returned to the Primera División again in 2001, the club had more than four home grounds during its first 30 years, including Liverpools current stadium, Estadio Belvedere. Its current home stadium is Estadio Viera located in the Prado neighbourhood of Montevideo, the club originally wore brown shirts with a sky blue horizontal band. In 1902 Wanderers changed to their current black and white stripes as a homage to the Argentine club Estudiantes de Buenos Aires in recognition of their friendship, for some time, in the 1960s, Wanderers used white socks and shorts. The first away shirts were white with a horizontal stripe