Montevideo Wanderers F.C.
Montevideo Wanderers Fútbol Club, usually known simply as Wanderers is a Uruguayan football club based in Montevideo. The club are members of the Primera División and play at the Estadio Viera. As well as football, the club also has teams playing basketball, volleyball, athletics, futsal, pool, Montevideo Wanderers was officially established in 1902 by a group of students and several young players of the Albion, led by the Sardeson brothers. The brothers had travelled from Montevideo to England to see their parents during the 1890s, at the time, Wolverhampton Wanderers won the FA Cup. The new club were named after the Wolves team, and because they had no home ground and they joined the Primera División in 1903, winning it in 1906 and 1909. In 1908 they won the Copa de Honor and the Copa de Honor Cousenier and they won the Copa de Honor for a second time in 1910, before going on to win the Copa Cusenier again in 1912. In 1923 the club began entering a team in the league created by the breakaway Uruguayan Football Association. They won the league in its first season, during this period they also won the Copa Río de la Plata in 1924, defeating Independiente. In the 1930s, club made several tours to Brazil, Argentina, Peru and Chile. In 1931 the club won the last amateur Uruguayan league, whilst In 1937 they won the Torneo de Honor. By the end of the 1940s the club was suffering financial problems. In 1961 they were relegated to the second tier, although they returned to the Primera División, they were relegated again in 1966. In 1969 the club left Montevideo and moved to Las Piedras and they returned to both the Primera División and Montevideo in 1974, qualifying for the Copa Libertadores in their first season back in the top division. The club suffered financial problems in the 1990s, and were relegated at the end of the 1998 season. They returned to the Primera División again in 2001, the club had more than four home grounds during its first 30 years, including Liverpools current stadium, Estadio Belvedere. Its current home stadium is Estadio Viera located in the Prado neighbourhood of Montevideo, the club originally wore brown shirts with a sky blue horizontal band. In 1902 Wanderers changed to their current black and white stripes as a homage to the Argentine club Estudiantes de Buenos Aires in recognition of their friendship, for some time, in the 1960s, Wanderers used white socks and shorts. The first away shirts were white with a horizontal stripe
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay. According to the 2011 census, the city proper has a population of 1,319,108 in an area of 201 square kilometres. The southernmost capital city in the Americas, Montevideo is situated in the southern coast of the country, the city was established in 1724 by a Spanish soldier, Bruno Mauricio de Zabala, as a strategic move amidst the Spanish-Portuguese dispute over the platine region. It was also under brief British rule in 1807, Montevideo hosted all the matches during the first FIFA World Cup. Montevideo is the seat of the headquarters of Mercosur and ALADI, Latin America’s leading trade blocs. Montevideo has consistently rated as having the highest quality of life of any city in Latin America. As of 2010, Montevideo was the 19th largest city economy in the continent, in 2015, it has a GDP of $40.5 billion, and a per capita of $24,400. It is classified as a Beta World City, ranking seventh in Latin America, by 2014, is also regarded as the tenth most gay-friendly city in the world, first in Latin America. It is the hub of commerce and higher education in Uruguay as well as its chief port, the city is also the financial and cultural hub of a larger metropolitan area, with a population of around 2 million. There are several explanations about the word Montevideo, all agree that Monte refers to the Cerro de Montevideo, the hill situated across the Bay of Montevideo, but there is disagreement about the etymological origin of the video part. Monte vide eu is the most widespread belief but is rejected by the majority of experts, who consider it unlikely because it involves a mix of dialects. This is the oldest Spanish document that mentions the promontory with a similar to the one that designates the city. With the passing of time, these words were unified to Montevideo, no conclusive evidence has been found to confirm this academic hypothesis nor can it be asserted with certainty which were the other five mounts observable before the Cerro. Ovidio was the bishop of the Portuguese city of Braga, where he was always revered. Between 1680 and 1683, Portugal founded the city of Colonia do Sacramento in the region across the bay from Buenos Aires and this city met with no resistance from the Spanish until 1723, when they began to place fortifications on the elevations around Montevideo Bay. On 22 November 1723, Field Marshal Manuel de Freitas da Fonseca of Portugal built the Montevieu fort, a Spanish expedition was sent from Buenos Aires, organized by the Spanish governor of that city, Bruno Mauricio de Zabala. There was also one significant early Italian resident by the name of Jorge Burgues, a census of the citys inhabitants was performed in 1724 and then a plan was drawn delineating the city and designating it as San Felipe y Santiago de Montevideo, later shortened to Montevideo. The census counted fifty families of Galician and Canary Islands origin, more than 1000 indigenous, mostly Guaraní, in 1776, Spain made Montevideo its main naval base for the South Atlantic, with authority over the Argentine coast, Fernando Po, and the Falklands
Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club
Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club is a defunct Uruguayan sports club, originally established as a cricket and football institution by British railway workers. The football section of the club still remains named Club Atlético Peñarol and those lands had been used for agriculture only and famous because of the best quality of its vineyards and fruits. One of the achievements of the company was the establishment of a rural school in the town. Due to the activity, the village became populous. The sons of blonde Albion, who were part of the company, the first committee was formed by eight members, Mr. Hudson, Lucy, Moor, Davenport, Hopkins, Davies and Penny. They chose Mr. Frank Henderson as the first president of the club, the membership fee was established in $0,50. One day later, the committee resolved to name the club Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club and that same day two members of the committee were chosen to write the rules, while two other members were chosen to search for a field to practice sports. The club also designated three members to take over advertising with the purpose of bringing new members to the institution, the article I of clubs statute stated that the club colors would be black and orange and that only workers of Central Railway would be admitted as members. Nevertheless, the committee could admit people outside the company but they were not allowed to vote in case of being accepted, at the beginning, all the CURCC presidents were managers of the CUR. In 1907 the company appointed W. Bayne as manager and sent him to Montevideo, when the CURCC executives told Bayne he was the new president of the institution, he did not accept the offer, alleging that the coaches damaged by the supporters led to significant costs. Other reason given by Bayne was the lack of players-workers, CURCC took part of the recently created Primera División of Uruguay, along with Nacional, other team from Montevideo with whom CURCC had a strong rivalry. While CURCC represented the British immigrants to Uruguay and rail workers as well, the club took part of 13 editions of the domestic championship, winning it in five occasions between 1900 and 1911. CURCC also won the Copa de Competencia three times, internationally, the squad won the Copa de Honor Cousenier twice. Having been established as a club, football began to be practised at CURCC in 1892, relegating other sports, such as cricket. The first football match played by CURCC was that year versus a combined team of English High School. The match was won by CURCC 3-2, the club was also known as Peñarol due to the neighborhood where it had been established. In 1912 a new committee was organized in order to some of the CURCC statute books. The proposals were to give a bigger participation to non-railway employed members, another suggestion was to rename the club CURCC Peñarol
Club Nacional de Football
Club Nacional de Football is a sports institution from Uruguay, founded on 14 May 1899 in Montevideo, as a result of the fusion between Uruguay Athletic Club and Montevideo Fútbol Club. Although its main focus is football, the club hosts other activities including basketball, futsal, tennis, cycling, volleyball. In the domestic league, Nacional won the championship 46 times, Nacional is the most successful club in Uruguay in terms of number of league titles. At international level, Nacional has won 21 titles, nine of them recognised by FIFA, in this tournament, Nacional is the all-time leader with 553 points. Nacional also won three Copa Intercontinental, becoming the first unbeaten three times world champion, in addition, Nacional is the only Uruguayan team that won the Copa Interamericana and the Recopa Sudamericana, competition in which is the first champion. Besides, Nacional won four Copa de Honor Cousenier, three Copa Aldao two Tie Cup, and one Copa Escobar-Gerona, all of them organized by Argentine and Uruguayan Associations together. Nacional is identified with the white, blue and red colours inspired by the flag of Uruguays national hero José Gervasio Artigas, besides, Parque Central was the only venue in the 1923 and 1924 edition of the Copa América. Nacional has fierce rivalries with many clubs, notably with cross-town team Peñarol, according to CONMEBOL, Nacional was the Uruguayan team with the best international performance in the 2007–2012 period. Also, according to IFFHS, it was the best Uruguayan team of the 2001–2012 period, in February 2013, Nacional reached 60,000 associates Nacional is a result of the fusion between Montevideo Football Club and Uruguay Athletic Club,14 May 1899. It was decided there that the flag should include the three colours historically connected to José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguays national hero. The clubs uniform was red and blue. In 1900 Nacional included the Club Defensa and its players, and that same year four clubs governed by foreigners founded the Uruguay Association League. Nacionals petition to be included was dismissed on the thought that criollo clubs, however, the Leagues clubs had to admit Nacional in 1901, after the club was invited to join the Argentinean League, due to their impressive performances in a number of friendly matches. In 1902 Nacional won their first Campeonato Uruguayo, the red jersey was substituted by the white jersey in 1902. In September 1903 Nacional fully represented the Uruguayan National football team and beat Argentina 3–2, in 1905 Nacional won its first international title, the Copa de Honor Cousenier. Nacionals players started developing already around 1900 a new playing style that introduced a less physical and more game, made out of fast combinations. Magariños says, The action of these teams was conducted according to the purest and standardized virtues of British sport, positional play, long passes, furious shots, the body was used as a weapon, both offensively and defensively. Nacional, formed mainly by smaller and faster players abandoned the physical confrontation that was allowed back then and they chose to perform dribblings, fast and short passing, very fast sprints, and a hectic activity in the pitch