1909 in South Africa

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South Africa

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The following lists events that happened during 1909 in South Africa.



  • 25 – Mahatma Gandhi is arrested at Volksrust for failure to produce a registration certificate and is sentenced to 3 months imprisonment.
  • 30 – Mahatma Gandhi and the Transvaal Indian Deputation arrive back in Cape Town.
Unknown date
  • South Africa becomes the first non-European country to join FIFA.




Railway lines opened[edit]

  • 4 February – Natal – Creighton to Riverside (Cape), 12 miles 3 chains (19.4 kilometres).[2]
  • 1 April – Natal – Vryheid East to Hlobane, 17 miles (27.4 kilometres).[2]
  • 18 May – Cape Midland – Barkly Bridge to Alexandria, 54 miles 20 chains (87.3 kilometres).[3]


  • Two new Cape gauge locomotive types enter service on the Natal Government Railways (NGR):
    • The first five of thirty 4-8-2 tender locomotives, the world’s first true Mountain type locomotive. In 1912 it will be designated Class B on the South African Railways (SAR).[4][5][6]
    • A single 2-6-6-0 Mallet articulated compound steam locomotive, the first Mallet type to enter service in South Africa. In 1912 it will be designated Class MA on the SAR.[4][6]
  • The NGR begins to modify some of its Class C 4-10-2T Reid Tenwheeler locomotives to a 4-8-2T wheel arrangement to make them suitable for yard work without the risk of derailing as a result of the long ten-coupled wheelbase. In 1912 these will be designated Class H2 on the SAR.[6][7]


  1. ^ South African Power Flying Association - 1910 to 1920 - Early Flying in South Africa (Accessed on 26 November 2016)
  2. ^ a b Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, p. 186, ref. no. 200954-13
  3. ^ Report for year ending 31 December 1909, Cape Government Railways, Section VIII - Dates of Opening and the Length of the different Sections in the Cape Colony, from the Year 1873 to 31st December, 1909.
  4. ^ a b Holland, D.F. (1971). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 1: 1859–1910 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. pp. 102–105. ISBN 978-0-7153-5382-0. 
  5. ^ Holland, D. F. (1972). Steam Locomotives of the South African Railways. 2: 1910-1955 (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, Devon: David & Charles. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-7153-5427-8. 
  6. ^ a b c Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. pp. 31–33, 36, 84–85. ISBN 0869772112. 
  7. ^ The Railway Report for year ending 31 Dec. 1908, Natal Government Railways, p. 39, par 14.