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Congress for the Republic

The Congress for the Republic referred to as El Mottamar or by its French acronym CPR, was a centre-left secular political party in Tunisia. It legalised only after the 2011 Tunisian revolution, its most prominent founder and long-term leader was Moncef Marzouki. He had been the party's honorary president since he became interim President of Tunisia in December 2011; the creation of the CPR was declared on 25 July 2001 by 31 people including the physician, medicine professor and human rights activist Moncef Marzouki as President, Naziha Réjiba as Secretary-general, Abderraouf Ayadi as Vice-President, Samir Ben Amor as Treasurer, Mohamed Chakroun as Honorary President. The CPR declared that it was aimed to install a republican form of government "for the first time"in Tunisia, including freedom of speech, freedom of association, the holding of "free, honest" elections, "guaranteed by national and international observers able to genuinely check all levels of the electoral process"; the CPR's declaration called for a new constitution, strict separation of the different branches of government, human rights guarantees, gender equality, a constitutional court for protecting individual and collective rights.

The CPR called for renegotiating Tunisian commitments toward the European Union, for Tunisia to support the rights of national self-determination, in particular for the Palestinian people. It was ideologically heterogeneous, including social democrats, Arab nationalists, far-leftists, as well as Islamists; the unifying point was their firm opposition to the regime of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. In 2002, during the Ben Ali presidency, the CPR was banned, its leader Marzouki went into exile in Paris. However, the party continued a de facto existence, being run from France until 2011. Following the ouster of President Ben Ali in January 2011 as a result of the 2010–2011 Tunisian protests, CPR President Moncef Marzouki announced that he would return to Tunisia and be a candidate in the next general election, he returned to Tunisia on 18 January 2011. The Congress for the Republic's electoral symbol is a red pair of glasses, alluding to Moncef Marzouki's characteristic glasses. Young supporters of the CPR are known to wear red glasses as an accessory to show their support for Marzouki.

In the election for a constituent assembly, the CPR won 8.7% of the popular vote and 29 of 217 seats in the National Constituent Assembly, making it the second-strongest party. Subsequently, the party contracted a three-party coalition with the winning Islamist Ennahda Movement and Ettakatol, called the "Troika". Accordingly, the Constituent Assembly elected CPR leader Moncef Marzouki interim President of Tunisia on 12 December 2011. Thereupon Marzouki appointed an Ennahda-led government with participation of the CPR. Abderraouf Ayadi succeeded Marzouki as secretary-general of the CPR. In May 2012, disaffected members of the CPR left the party and formed the Independent Democratic Congress; the splinter party, renamed Wafa Movement, is headed by Abderraouf Ayadi, a former secretary general of the CPR. He was joined by 12 members of the Constituent Assembly. Moncef Marzouki, CPR Honorary President and President of the Republic of TunisiaSecretary General Imed Daimi, MP, former Chief of Staff of the President of the Republic Moncef Marzouki and former MP at the National Constituent AssemblySpokesperson: Ikbal Msadaa, Former MP at the National Constituent Assembly Haythem Belgacem, Former MP and President of CPR parliament group at the National Constituent AssemblyMembers of political bureau: Noura Ben Hassen, Former MP at the National Constituent Assembly Selim Ben Hmidane, Former minister of State domains and former MP at the National Constituent Assembly Ibrahim Ben Said, MP Amor Chetoui, Former MP at the National Constituent Assembly and President of the constitutional committee in charge of drafting the power distribution rules in the new Tunisian constitution.

Sabri Dekhil, MP Mabrouk Hrizi, MP, Former MP at the National Constituent Assembly and second vice rapporteur of the constitution. Tarek Kahlaoui, Former Director of the Tunisian Institute for Strategic Studies Adnan Mansar, Former Chief of Staff of the President of the Republic Moncef Marzouki Mabrouka M'Barek, Former MP at the National Constituent Assembly Bechir Nefzi, Former MP at the National Constituent Assembly Khaled TraouiPresident of CPR National Council Habib Bouajila Official website

Animal People

Animal People, Inc. is a non-profit animal rights charity dedicated to generating knowledge and raising public awareness of animal sentience and suffering. Animal People was founded in 1992 with the mission of “exposing the existence of cruelty to animals and educating the public of the need to prevent and eliminate such cruelty. From 1992 until 2013, the organization's main project was publishing the newspaper Animal People News, which covered current events related to animal issues worldwide; the newspaper was retired in 2014 following a split within the board of directors, in 2015 Animal People launched a new project, the Animal People Forum, an online magazine and social networking site for people interested in animal rights and conservation. Kim Bartlett was hired as editor of The Animals' Agenda news magazine in August 1986, where Patrice Greanville was associate editor. Merritt Clifton had been freelancing for The Animals' Agenda, was hired by Bartlett and Greanville as the feature writer in November 1986.

In mid-1988 several of the staff at The Animals' Agenda left to form E: The Environmental Magazine and Bartlett hired Clifton as news editor. In May 1992, shortly after the second annual Where the Money Goes report was published, Clifton was fired by The Animals' Agenda board. Bartlett resigned in protest and on the following day and Clifton incorporated Animal People; the board of directors was expanded to four members. In 2014, Merritt Clifton resigned to start his own online publication, Animals 24-7 as editor with his wife Beth as social media editor and photographer; as of 2016, Animal People's staff consists of president Kim Bartlett, executive director Wolf Gordon Clifton, publisher Patrice Greanville and photo editor Dylan Forest, social media coordinator Anita Mayangpuspa. The Animal People founders initiated neuter/return trials for feral cat population control in 1991, in 1992 the program expanded to eight sites. In mid-1992 Bartlett and Clifton presented their findings at a conference sponsored by the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University.

This was among the several developments which established Trap-Neuter-Return in the U. S. as a viable approach. The findings were reported in the November 1992 issue of Animal People. Animal People has subsequently engaged in many other hands-on research projects in the areas of improved housing for shelter animals, disease control, living in harmony with wildlife, censusing street dogs and feral cats. Animal People increased their emphasis on international coverage beginning in 1997, in 1998 began relaying funding from U. S. donors to selected overseas projects. This program quadrupled in size after the December 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, when Animal People funded and mobilized 12 animal disaster relief teams, working in India, Sri Lanka, Thailand; these were the first international animal. From 2000 to 2010 Animal People directly sponsored several start-up African animal charities. Youth for Conservation, the African Network for Animal Welfare, both of Kenya, have grown and developed considerable influence.

Another, the Homeless Animals Protection Society of Ethiopia, did pioneering work in the Gobe and Addis Ababa regions but has since disbanded. In 2014, Animal People provided financial support to local activists in Nepal for public awareness work against animal sacrifice at the Gadhimai festival, sponsored the Blue Cross of India's deployment of patrol teams along the border of India and Nepal to enforce an Indian court order banning transport of animals for sacrifice at Gadhimai. Animal People has co-sponsored the Asia for Animals conference series since 2001, the Middle East Network for Animal Welfare conference held in 2007, the Africa Animal Welfare Action conference, first held in 2010. From 1992 until 2013, Animal People, Inc. published the newspaper Animal People News, as well as a stand-alone supplemental report, the annual Watchdog Report on Animal Protection Charities, which provided information on the leading animal-related charities. Both were retired in 2014. Since 2015, Animal People publishes articles and media submitted by users on the Animal People Forum.

It hosts the online exhibit Beyond Human: Animals, Aliens, & Artificial Intelligence, which explores current scientific evidence for animal intelligence and consciousness, ongoing efforts to discover extraterrestrial life and develop artificial intelligence, the ethical implications of sentience in non-human beings. Award for excellence in horse coverage from the International Generic Horse Association/Horse Aid Award for excellence in coverage of exotic wildlife issues from Wildlife Waystation Recognition for coverage of animal birth control issues from both Ahimsa of Texas and from the McKee Project in Costa Rica. Kim Bartlett has received awards for leadership in disaster relief from the Asia for Animals conference, for leadership in humane work in the Middle East from the Middle East Network for Animal Welfare. In 2010 Merritt Clifton received the 15th annual ProMED-mail Anniversary Award, presented by the International Society for Infectious Diseases for contributions to the identification and control of emerging disease.

Clifton was honored for contributions that led to identifying fruit bats as the host species for Nipah virus in April 1999.

Luka Mesec

Luka Mesec is a Slovenian politician and activist, the leader of the eco-socialist The Left party since June 2017. Mesec was elected to the Slovenian National Assembly for the first time at the 2014 parliamentary election, reelected at the 2018 parliamentary election, he is the coordinator of the Council of the Initiative for Democratic Socialism, Labour-punk University and its successor, the Institute for Labour Studies. Luka Mesec was born on 1 July 1987 in Kranj, he grew up in Železniki where he finished elementary and high school after which he enrolled in the political science studies at the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Ljubljana. In 2012, he graduated in European studies. During studies, Mesec was active in the Club of Students of the Selška valley, Student Politological Society Polituss, Mi smo univerza movement, Prekercev front. Since 2010, he has participated in the work of the Labour-punk university, an activist-theoretical organization which brought democratic socialism to Slovenian politics and the Institute for Labor Studies.

Mesec participated in the 2012–13 Slovenian protests. He was elected to the Slovenian National Assembly at the 2014 parliamentary election, reelected in 2018. Under his leadership, The Left party connected with member parties of the Party of the European Left, including Greek Syriza, French Left Front, German The Left and Spanish United Left. Mesec advocates participatory economics, social corporate governance, tax relief for the poor, labor rights and the abolition of tax havens, is against neoliberalism, which, in his opinion, is nothing more than a class struggle of capital against organized labor, he believes that Europe, which once had a strong social democracy and trade unions, is experiencing this class struggle under the guise of European integration, in which countries compete against each other instead of being based on reciprocity

Incident at Guangling

The Incident at Guangling was a military confrontation that took place from late 224 to early 225 between the state of Cao Wei and the kingdom of Wu during the Three Kingdoms period of China. Although the conflict was considered a naval battle, no fighting occurred. In 222, the Wei emperor Cao Pi demanded that Sun Quan, who in 220 became a vassal king paying nominal allegiance to Wei, send his son Sun Deng as a hostage to Wei to further secure Sun Quan's allegiance towards him. However, Sun Quan refused, broke ties with Wei, became the independent ruler of his Wu kingdom. In retaliation, Cao Pi ordered a series of invasions of Wu between 222 and 224, but each invasion ended in failure. In late 224, Cao Pi mobilised over 100,000 troops from throughout Wei and ordered them to assemble at Guangling Commandery in preparation for a massive invasion of the Wu capital, Jianye. Cao Pi knew that the invasion would fail if he launched attacks from upstream of the Yangtze, where the river was narrow. Therefore, he chose to stage the invasion from Guangling Commandery.

Earlier that year, the Wu general Xu Sheng had ordered the construction of a whole stash of dummy defence walls and turrets along the southern bank of the Yangtze from Jianye downstream to Jiangcheng in preparation for a naval attack by Wei forces. In the winter of 224–225, Cao Pi ordered his troops to destroy the blockading walls and led the 100,000 strong Wei fleet as they set sail on the Yangtze. In response to the impending Wei invasion, Sun Quan sent a large naval fleet to block the enemy. Despite the size of the Wu fleet, Cao Pi was more worried about the climate and its effects on the Wei fleet, it was a harsh winter. After seeing the Wu defences and the conditions of his fleet, Cao Pi sighed, "Alas! It is the will of Heaven which divides the south from the north." He ordered his troops to retreat from Guangling Commandery. When the Wu general Sun Shao heard about the Wei retreat, he ordered his subordinate Gao Shou to lead 500 men to launch a surprise night raid on the enemy; the retreating Wei forces were caught off guard by the raid.

Cao Pi was succeeded by his son, Cao Rui, as the new Wei emperor. In 228, Cao Rui ordered the general Cao Xiu to lead another invasion of Wu which led to the Battle of Shiting. Cao Xiu lost the battle after falling for a ruse by the Wu general Zhou Fang, who pretended to defect to Wei and lured the Wei forces into an ambush. In the subsequent 24 years, the Wei forces switched from their offensive approach to a defensive one, succeeded in repelling a number of Wu invasions. After losing the Battle of Dongxing in 252, Wei never managed to make any territorial gains south of the Yangtze until its existence came to an end in 265, when the Jin dynasty replaced Wei. In 280, Jin forces launched a large-scale invasion of Wu and succeeded in eliminating Wu, thus unifying China under the Jin dynasty; the incident is included in the eighth instalment of the Dynasty Warriors franchise. However, the incident is foretold as a battle, which defies the fact no violence occurred during the historical incident

Fred Sokolow

Fred Sokolow is an American multi-instrumentalist and author of a library of instructional books and DVDs for guitar, Dobro, lap steel and ukulele. Sokolow was born in Los Angeles and by the early 1960s was well known in the Southern California bluegrass scene, playing with Jody Stecher, Brantley Kearns, Sandy Rothman and Eric Thompson. Relocating to Berkeley, he toured and recorded with a hippie rock band throughout most of the 1960s, the Bay Area-based Notes From the Underground. In the early 1970s Fred performed with R&B, rock and bluegrass bands. By 1975 Fred had played with bluegrass luminaries like John Herald, Frank Wakefield and Jerry Garcia, had opened for the Dead, the Doors, B. B. King, Country Joe and the Fish and countless other acts, he was playing in jazz combos with some of the Bay Areas best studio players. In 1975 Fred returned to Los Angeles, he recorded two banjo albums for Kicking Mule Records and began touring with Bobbie Gentry and Jim Stafford, playing rock guitar, bluegrass banjo and lap steel.

He toured with the folk group the Limeliters, juggling seven instruments. By the end of the 1970s he had begun writing instructional books for music print publishers: Mel Bay, Hal Leonard, Warner Brothers, Carl Fischer and more, he recorded a banjo video for Hot Licks, guitar videos for Stefan Grossman's Guitar Workshop. He began teaching guitar and banjo seminars in music camps and stores, taught classes at McCabe's Guitar Shop in Santa Monica. Fred lives in Santa Monica and performs retro jazz guitar with some of LA's musicians and singing songs of the 1930s and 1940s, he records with British ex-rock star Ian Whitcomb. He is active on the studio scene, playing on other people's albums and on TV and movie soundtracks, he was a musical advisor on Michael Mann's film, Public Enemies. Fred records and performs with children's artists like Dan Crow, Greg & Steve, KPFK's Uncle Ruthie and Paul Stookey, he relishes the diversity of his portfolio: he played lap steel on The Tonight Show, mandolin on Rick James' last CD, played Dobro with Chubby Checker and won on the Gong Show, jammed at the House of Blues with Junior Brown...and he performs with folksinger Tom Paxton whenever Tom comes to California.

He continues to create instructional material, including his "Roadmaps" series, is regarded as an authority on many musical genres what is now called "Americana." There are over a fifty of his books or DVDs in print. Fred is a West Coast multi-string performer and recording artist on the acoustic music scene; the musical genres covered in his books and DVDs, along with several bluegrass and rock CDs he has released, demonstrate his mastery of many musical styles. Fred Sokolow Music