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2008 Rogers Cup

The 2008 Canada Masters was a tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. It was the 119th edition of the Canada Masters for the men, was part of the ATP Masters Series of the 2008 ATP Tour, of the Tier I Series of the 2008 WTA Tour; the men's event took place at the Rexall Centre in Toronto, Canada, from July 19 through July 27, 2008, the women's event at the Uniprix Stadium in Montreal, Canada, from July 26 through August 3, 2008. The event was scheduled two weeks earlier than the usual early-August date to avoid conflicting with the 2008 Summer Olympics; the men's field featured World No. 1, French Open and Wimbledon runner-up Roger Federer, ATP No. 2, French Open and new Wimbledon winner Rafael Nadal, Australian Open titlist and Canada Masters defending champion Novak Djokovic. Competing were ATP No. 4, Miami Masters, Pörtschach and Warsaw titlist Nikolay Davydenko, Valencia and s'Hertogenbosch winner David Ferrer, Andy Roddick, James Blake and Andy Murray. On the women's side were present World No. 1 and French Open champion Ana Ivanovic, Rome Tier I winner and 2007 Canada Masters runner-up Jelena Janković, reigning Australian Open champion Maria Sharapova.

Other top seeded players were French Open semifinalist Svetlana Kuznetsova, Wimbledon semifinalist and Dubai titlist Elena Dementieva, Anna Chakvetadze, Dinara Safina and Vera Zvonareva. Rafael Nadal defeated Nicolas Kiefer 6–3, 6–2 It was Rafael Nadal's 7th title of the year, his 30th overall, it was his 3rd Masters title of the year, his 12th overall, his 2nd win at the event. Dinara Safina defeated Dominika Cibulková 6–2, 6–1 It was Dinara Safina's 3rd title of the year, her 8th overall, it was her 2nd Tier I title of the year, overall. Daniel Nestor / Nenad Zimonjić defeated Bob Bryan / Mike Bryan 6–2, 4–6, Cara Black / Liezel Huber defeated Maria Kirilenko / Flavia Pennetta 6–1, 6–1 Official website Men's Singles draw Men's Doubles draw Men's Qualifying Singles draw Women's Singles and Qualifying Singles draws

Social Democratic Federation

The Social Democratic Federation was established as Britain's first organised socialist political party by H. M. Hyndman, had its first meeting on 7 June 1881; those joining the SDF included George Lansbury, James Connolly and Eleanor Marx. However, Friedrich Engels, Karl Marx's long-term collaborator, refused to support Hyndman's venture. Many of its early leading members had been active in the Manhood Suffrage League; the SDF battled through defections of its right and left wings to other organisations in the first decade of the twentieth century before uniting with other radical groups in the Marxist British Socialist Party from 1911 until 1920. The British Marxist movement began in 1880 when a businessman named Henry M. Hyndman read Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto in French translation while crossing to America. Upon his return to London, Hyndman sought out Marx an exile living not far from his home. Hyndman, who had run for parliament earlier that year, decided to start a new political organization which he called the Democratic Federation and in June called its foundation convention, consisting of an assortment of radical grouplets and individuals.

In preparation for the convention, Hyndman circulated among the delegates his book England for All, which paraphrased Marx's Capital without crediting the original author. Marx broke off personal relations with his English epigone. Marx's distaste for Hyndman was shared by Friedrich Engels, who succeeded his close friend as his literary executor at Marx's death on 14 March 1884 the Democratic Federation was transformed into the Social Democratic Federation when the group adopted an explicitly socialist platform. The Federation was opposed to the Liberal Party which claimed to represent the labour movement in parliament; the programme of the SDF was progressive, calling for a 48-hour workweek, the abolition of child labour and free and secular education, equality for women, the nationalisation of the means of production and exchange by a democratic state. The party attracted to its banner a number of Britain's leading radicals, including William Morris, Edward Aveling and his partner Eleanor Marx, Karl's youngest daughter.

Henry Hyndman dominated the SDF from the beginning. One key to his personal authority lay in his purse, which paid the bulk of its administrative expenses, its weekly newspaper, lost money despite a healthy circulation of about 3,500; some in the Federation were unhappy, regarding Hyndman as domineering in personal relations and sectarian in political thinking. Hyndman's detractors considered him politically ambitious and lacking in principle, their ill will and personal antipathy came to a climax at Christmas 1884. For more detail, see Socialist League. On 23 December 1884, a meeting of the Executive Council of the SDF was held at which Hyndman was attacked for several alleged offences: defaming a comrade in Edinburgh by calling him an "anarchist" without cause, corresponding the name of the organisation without authority and in defiance of the Council's decisions, withholding correspondence meant for the organisation as a whole. Hyndman was additionally accused of stirring up strife between members of the Council and fabricating a provincial branch from thin air so as to ready himself to wield undeserved voting authority at a future convention of the organisation.

Hyndman gathered his factional supporters for his defence, while his opponents, who included William Morris, Belfort Bax, Eleanor Marx, Edward Aveling, mustered their own forces. After protracted debate, on 27 December a motion of censure on Hyndman was adopted, after which the majority of the Council, freshly victorious, promptly resigned from the SDF; the individuals leaving the party formed a new organisation called the Socialist League, supported financially by William Morris, who objected to Hyndman's rigid control of the party press and what he considered his excessive personal influence. They considered Hyndman opportunistic and obsessed with parliamentary politics to the detriment of trade union organisation. Hyndman retained the party publications Justice and To-Day and the 500 or so members of the SDF chose sides as one small organisation became two smaller ones. Friedrich Engels was jubilant about the split, declaring to Eduard Bernstein: "I have the satisfaction of having seen through the whole racket from the outset sized up all the people concerned, foretold what the end would be."Unfortunately for Engels' best laid plans, it was the Socialist League that wound up "shipwrecked" by the split, while the SDF emerged from the factional strife with Hyndman and his followers in tighter control than before.

The defection of assorted and sundry anti-parliamentary members from the Social Democratic Federation, including a fair number of anarchists, to form the Socialist League in 1885 left the SDF a more homogeneous unit than its new offshoot. While Hyndman and the SDF used scare tactics about some impending national catastrophe that would prove the catalyst for socialist revolution in the mid-1880s, his eyes remained on the parliamentary prize. In the general election of 1885 the SDF stood three candidates for office—subsidised by a £340 campaign contribution obtained by SDF leader Henry Hyde Champion from a Conservative Party agent named Maltman Barry. Despite this somewhat shady attempt of the Tories to split the opposition, the SDF fared poorly, with John Burns receiving 598 votes in Nottingham while Jack Williams in Hampstead and John Fielding in Kensington netted a mere 27 and 32 votes, respectively; the SDF's foray into electoral politics had proven to be both controversial and wholly ineffective

Azeem Rafiq

Azeem Rafiq is an English cricketer. A right arm off-spin bowler with a scholarship to Yorkshire, Azeem was a short-term loan signing of Derbyshire in the 2011 season. Azeem was captain of the England Under-15s and Under-19s, the first Yorkshire cricket player of an Asian background to captain an England cricket side at any level, his use of a successful doosra delivery against Michael Vaughan during a nets session at Headingley drew attention of England bowling coach David Parsons, ear marked Azeem as a possible future England bowler. Azeem was the recipient of a Sport England award in 2006. Azeem Rafiq attended Holgate School near his home of Barnsley, played cricket for Barnsley Cricket Club, he was called up for the England Under-15s, which he captained, played for Yorkshire Cricket Club's academy team, where he was named as'Junior Performer of the Year'. At two One Day Internationals at Loughborough University against Scotland where England's spinners took 17 of the 20 wickets, Azeem took 1-5 and 2-14.

Azeem has had success as a right-handed batsman, scoring 59 against Barbados U16 again while captaining the England U15s. The team coach, John Wake, stated: There were some wonderful individual performances from the batsmen and the spin bowlers, which all bodes well for the future of England’s long-term cricket future. Of Rafiq's England prospects, David Parsons remarked that "he's a decent bowler for a 16-year-old and is quite an orthodox bowler....there's no doubt he's an exciting prospect and a genuine all-rounder - not one of these bowlers seeking to improve his batting". As well as from Parsons, Azeem has received coaching and advice from Saqlain Mushtaq, a former Pakistani spin bowler. On 7 July 2008, the proposed Twenty20 match between Yorkshire and Durham was postponed due to Yorkshire fielding Rafiq during a Twenty-20 game against Nottinghamshire in the previous round; the controversy surrounded the registering of Azeem Rafiq, not registered with the ECB as a full-time player for Yorkshire.

As a result, the ECB excluded Yorkshire from the 2008 competition and awarded the match points to Nottinghamshire, which would have meant they went through to the quarter final to play Durham. However at an appeal with the ECB, heard on 14 July 2008, Yorkshire were handed a reduced punishment; the result of the match stood. This meant that neither Nottinghamshire nor Yorkshire went through, instead Glamorgan progressed to the quarter finals. Rafiq was a recipient of a Brian Johnston Memorial Trust Scholarship to give young cricketers financial support, was awarded the Yorkshire County Cricket Club Academy Player of the Year in 2008. Rafiq was captain for the England U-19 squad in the 2010 World Cup, but was dropped for the second England Under-19 Test against Sri Lanka for breaking mid-match curfews. On 26 July 2010, he was given a one-month ban from all cricket by the ECB. In June 2012, Rafiq captained Yorkshire in a Twenty20 match against Durham becoming the youngest captain in the county's history.

Azeem Rafiq at ESPNcricinfo

2010 2. divisjon

The 2010 2. Divisjon season was the men's third tier associated football competition in Norway. 26 games were played with 3 points given for wins and 1 for draws. HamKam, Notodden and Skeid were relegated from the 2009 Norwegian First Division. Asker, Hødd, Randaberg and HamKam were promoted to the 2011 1. Divisjon. Number twelve and fourteen were relegated to the 3. Divisjon, except for the number twelve team with the most points; the winning teams from each of the 24 groups in the 3. Divisjon each faced a winning team from another group in a playoff match, resulting in 12 playoff winners which were promoted to the 2011 2. Divisjon. Source: Group 1, Group 2, Group 3 & Group 4. Tables Top goalscorers

2009 European Speed Skating Championships

The 2009 European Speed Skating Championships were held at the indoor ice rink of the Thialf in Heerenveen on 9–11 January 2009. NQ = Not qualified for the 10000 m DQ = Disqualified Source: ISU NQ = Not qualified for the 5000 m DQ = Disqualified Source: ISU All 24 participating skaters are allowed to skate the first three distances; these 12 skaters are determined by taking the standings on the longest of the first three distances, as well as the samalog standings after three distances, comparing these lists as follows: Skaters among the top 12 on both lists are qualified. To make up a total of 12, skaters are added in order of their best rank on either list. Samalog standings take precedence over the longest-distance standings in the event of a tie. 2009 World Allround Speed Skating Championships Resultaten op