1911 Eastern North America heat wave

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Children seeking shade during the July 4, 1911, heat wave in New York City

The 1911 Eastern North America heat wave was an 11-day heat wave in New York City and other Eastern cities that killed 380 people starting on July 4, 1911.[1] In Nashua, New Hampshire, the temperature peaked at 106°F (41°C);[2] in New York City, 146 people and 600 horses died.[3][4]

In Boston, the temperature rose to 104° (40°C) on July 4, an all-time record high that still stands today.[5]

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  1. ^ "Eleven Dead in Pittsburg. Ice Famine Grows Worse and Suffering Is Great. Cooling Breeze Last Night and Promise of Thunder Showers to Follow". New York Times. July 11, 1911. The second day of the second record-breaking heat spell in a fortnight was hot, but the maximum temperature did not equal that reached just a week ago. The wind turned just in time, blowing an eighteen-mile comforter, and 95.3°F (35.2°C) was the maximum recorded, as against 98°F (36.6°C) last Monday. 
  2. ^ "July 4, 1911: Heat wave strikes Northeast". The History Channel. Retrieved 2010-11-07. On this day in 1911, record temperatures are set in the northeastern United States as a deadly heat wave hits the area that would go on to kill 380 people. In Nashua, New Hampshire, the mercury peaked at 106°F (41.1°C). Other high-temperature records were set all over New England during an 11-day period. ... 
  3. ^ "40 Die As Heat Wave Nears End. Cooler Weather Due Today. Little Relief in Last Night's Shower". New York Times. July 7, 1911. Retrieved 2011-10-14. While New York got its promised shower at 9 o'clock last night, a five-minute sprinkling just sufficient to wet the pavements, there was no change in the temperature and the remainder of the night was as hot as were the five nights preceding. ... In New England and the West and in some parts of New York State local storms broke the heat wave last night, but like New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburg, ... 
  4. ^ "Heat's Grip Broken After 32 More Die; Drop of Ten Degrees Marks End of Torrid Spell That Cost 146 Lives Here in Six Days". New York Times. July 8, 1911. Retrieved 2010-11-07. With a suddenness which astonished even the weather sharps the heat wave broke at 1:30 yesterday afternoon. Within 30 minutes the temperature dropped from the maximum mark of 87°F (30.5°C), which the thermometers had held for several hours, to 77°F (25°C), furnishing ten degrees of the best cheer which New Yorkers had experienced for many years. During the day, however, thirty-two died of the heat. 
  5. ^ http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/daily/USMA0046?climoMonth=7

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