1911 New Zealand census

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Fifteenth census of
the Dominion of New Zealand
General information
Country Dominion of New Zealand
Date taken 2 April 1911
Total population 1,058,313[1]
Percent change Increase 13.03%
Most populous district Auckland (264,520)
Least populous district Westland (15,714)

The 1911 New Zealand census was New Zealand's fifteenth national census,[2] the day used for the census was Sunday, 2 April 1911.[2][3]

The total population of the Dominion of New Zealand was counted as 1,058,313 – an overall increase of 122,004 people or 13.03% over the 1906 census figure.[1] The Māori census counted a total of 49,844, of whom 26,475 were males and 23,369 females, another 2,877 in the general census which made up 5 percent of the total night population,[4] the total enumerated in the European (general) census was 1,008,468 of whom 531,910 were Males and 476,558 Females. The Māori census was held in March, while the general census was held in April.[2][3]

The Census and Statistics Act 1910 created the Office of the Government Statistician within the Registrar General’s Office, the Act (as in the 1911 census report) reiterated the penalties for those who refuse to fill out their census schedules and collectors who disclose the content of individual census schedules.[5]

Population and dwellings[edit]

The principal natural divisions in New Zealand are the North, South, and Stewart Islands, the "Distribution of European populations" of the various provincial districts are as follows:[6]

Region Males Females Total population
Auckland 141,700 122,820 264,520
Taranaki 27,785 23,784 51,560
Hawke's Bay 25,769 22,777 48,546
Wellington 104,945 94,149 199,094
Totals, North Island 300,199 263,530 563,729
Marlborough 8,745 7,240 15,985
Nelson 26,958 21,505 48,463
Westland 8,719 6,995 15,714
Canterbury 88,391 84,794 173,185
Otago 66,995 65,407 132,402
Southland 31,735 36,993 58,728
Totals, South Island 231,323 212,797 444,120
Stewart Island 220 137 357
Chatham Islands 166 92 258
Kermadec Islands 2 2 4
New Zealand Dominion of New Zealand 531,910 476,558 1,008,468
Source:[7]Total (including Chinese and Half-castes)

The Maori population of the Dominion (not included above), according to the result of a separate census taken in April 1911, amounted to 49,844. Of these, 46,632 persons were found to be in the North Island, 2,681 persons in the South Island, 63 at Stewart Island, and 219 Maoris and Morioris at the Chatham Islands. There were 249 Maori wives of European husbands enumerated in the European census.

The total population of the Dominion (including Maoris and residents of the Cook and other Pacific Islands) in April 1911, was: Persons, 1,070,910; males, 564,834; females, 506,076; of these, 2,630 were Chinese—2,542 males, 88 females. The population of the Cook and other Pacific Islands now included within the boundaries of the Dominion was 12,598 persons, of whom 180 were whites or half-castes living as whites. There were also 513 Natives of these islands absent on ships or at the guano islands.

Birthplace[edit]

The figures show that of the total population of specified birthplace had New Zealand-born at 69.74% and 30.26% were born-overseas.

Birthplaces Population
Percentage Population increase or decrease
New Zealand 702,779 69.74% +15.92%
Totals, overseas-born 305,689 30.26%
England England 133,811 13.28% +14.80%
Scotland Scotland 51,709 5.13% +8.25%
Republic of Ireland Ireland 40,958 4.06% −3.53%
Wales Wales 2,206 0.22% +2.89%
Australia, Tasmania, and Fiji 50,693 5.03%
United Kingdom Other British Possessions 4,570 0.46%
     Total British 986,726 97.92%
German Empire Germany 4,015 0.40% −3.80%
Denmark Denmark and Possessions 2,262 0.22% −0.65%
Other European countries 55 +19.56%
United States United States of America 1,400 0.13% +21.10%
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg China 2,611 0.25% +0.34%
At sea 1,392 0.14% +11.80%
Birthplaces not stated 779 +65.04%
Total for specified birthplaces 1,007,689 +13.46%
Dominion of New Zealand 1,008,468 100.00% Increase 13.49%
Source:[3]

Religious denominations[edit]

Denomination 1911 census
Population Percentage
Christian 931,170 92.62%
    Church of England 411,671 40.93%
    Presbyterians 234,662 23.34%
    Roman; Catholics 139,191 13.84%
    Catholics (undefined) 1,332 0.13%
    Baptists 20,042 2.00%
    Church of Christ (Christians, Christian Disciples,
    Disciples of Christ, Disciples)
9,187 0.92%
    Congregationalists 8,756 0.88%
     Brethren (Christian Brethren, Exclusive Brethren,
     Open Brethren, Plymouth Brethren)
7,865 0.78%
    Lutheran (German Protestants) 4,477 0.44%
    Methodist Church of Australasia 63,959 6.36%
    Primitive Methodists 27,445 2.74%
    Society of Friends 412 0.04%
    Protestants (undescribed) 2,171 0.22%
Hebrews 2,128 0.21%
No Denomination -
     Freethinkers 4,238 0.42%
Not described -
Objecting to state -
Dominion of New Zealand 1,008,468 100.00%
Source:[3]

Māori census[edit]

The census of the Māori population—that is, full-blooded Maoris, with all half-castes living as members of Native tribes—was taken under the supervision of the officers of the Native Department in April 1911.

Males Females Māori population
North Island 24,935 21,697 46,632
Middle Island 1,886 1,295 2,681
Stewart Island 42 21 63
Chatham Islands
     Māori 105 99 204
     Moriori* 7 8 15
Māori wives living with European husbands - 249 249
Totals, New Zealand 26,475 23,369 49,844
Source: Statistics New Zealand[3](excludes half-Māori counted in the separate European census)
*The pure-blood Moriori are practically extinct, and those now
claiming to be Morioris are half-caste Moriori-Maoris.

Besides the half-castes (living as Members of Maori Tribes) included in the above table, there were 2,877 half-castes (males, 1,475; females, 1,402) living with and enumerated as Europeans in the other census.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Total and Māori populations 1858–2013 Censuses of Population and Dwellings
  2. ^ a b c "Dates of New Zealand censuses since 1851". Stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Results of a Census of the Dominion of New Zealand". Statistics New Zealand. 30 December 1912. Retrieved 29 April 2017. 
  4. ^ Māori census night and usually resident populations, 1911–2013
  5. ^ "A history of census-taking in New Zealand". Stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  6. ^ New Zealand: Census 1911 (Page: 6)
  7. ^ New Zealand: Census 1911