Galway is one of the few dual counties in Ireland, competing in a similar level in both hurling and gaelic football. The two sports are run by county boards in Galway, which is unusual, even for a dual county. Geographically the two games are quite separate in the county. Generally, football is the dominant game in Connemara, the Aran Islands, North Galway, meanwhile, is traditionally stronger in the South and East parts of Galway, with clubs such as Portumna and Gort each having multiple county titles. Galway city has teams in both codes, such as Castlegar in hurling and Salthill-Knocknacarra in football. There are exceptions to this rule of thumb, with hurling pockets in football areas, some parish clubs have fielded senior teams in hurling and football in the same season, such as Ballinasloe, Monivea Abbeyknockmoy and Moycullen. Galway GAA has jurisdiction over the area of the county of Galway. Galway GAA forms a part of the branch, Connacht GAA. Unlike other counties in Ireland, Gaelic games in Galway are run by two separate county boards, Gaelic football is organised by the Galway football board and hurling is organised by the Galway hurling board.
The boards in Galway organise the county championships in football and hurling for the clubs of Galway Galways traditional colours are maroon. In the early years of GAA competition, Galway teams wore the colours of the county champions in each sport, in 1936, the county adopted maroon as its primary colour. A crest was added to the jersey in the 1950s, with different crests coming into use for each sport, although the teams most often wear white shorts and maroon socks, the teams have worn all maroon kits in the past. Until 2013, the football and hurling boards of Galway both used their own separate county crests for their teams, the teams began using the same jerseys and crest in 2013, ahead of that years Football and Hurling National Leagues. This new crest was, for the most part, the same as the hurling crest with the most notable differences being the angle of the boat, the first sponsor of any Galway team was Tommy Vardens Catering service, in the mid to late 1980s. Sponsorship wasnt as open in the GAA at the time, Tommy Varden sponsorship of the footballers was followed by the Supermacs fast food chain sponsoring the hurlers.
In 2008, Tommy Varden ended the 25-year association with Galway football, after entering receivership, Aer Arann were forced to pull out of the sponsorship two years early, having sponsored the team in the 2008,2009 and 2010 seasons. In 2011, it was announced that the jersey would carry the logo of Cancer Care West. This made Galway the first GAA team to display the name of a charity on their county jersey rather than a corporate sponsor
The county board is responsible for the Wexford inter-county teams. Wexford is one of the few counties to have won the All-Ireland Senior Championship in both football and hurling, Wexford have won five Football Championships, with the most recent in 1918. Hurling has been played in Wexford from medieval times, evidence of this can be found in the hurling ballads of the 15th and 16th centuries. Others have said that King George III shouted come on the yellow bellies at a match near London. Wexford had one of the greatest football teams in the history of the GAA in the 1910s, winning six Leinster, the team was trained by 1900 star James the Bull Roche, who had fought for the World Heavyweight boxing Championship. Ned Wheeler, Aidan Doyle and the OKennedy brothers, the latter was the team captain. The feat of six Leinster titles in a row was only equalled in 1931 when Kildare won the sixth in a sequence began in 1926. Wexfords last major success was winning the Leinster title in 1945. From on, hurling took precedence in Wexford and as a consequence the Wexford footballers suffered, more recently, Wexford have had a strong team.
The team reached the Division 1 League final of 2005 under the management of Pat Roe but were beaten by a strong Armagh team that day. In April 2008, in Jason Ryans first year as manager of the team and this proved to be the first success of what would be a historic year for Wexford football, as they reached their first Leinster final in over 50 years. Along the way they stunned Meath by coming from ten points down to win their quarter-final in Carlow and this was Wexfords 5th consecutive appearance in the provincial semi-final, but their first victory. In the final they were beaten by a strong Dublin team. However, Wexford recovered from their humiliation and came through the door, beating Down by seven points in a shock result to reach the last eight. From here, they produced one of the shocks of the championship and they were beaten by 6 points by Tyrone, having been within two points of the eventual champions in the closing stages. Wexford again reached the Leinster final in the 2011 Leinster Championship, Wexford had an easier run to the final than in 2008, facing Offaly and Carlow.
In the final they faced Dublin again, but ran them much closer, Wexford entered Round 4 of the qualifiers where they faced Limerick, but they were beaten by a single point, on a score of 1–18 to 1–17. This is in evidence in several one-sided results over the years, the Antrim team were beaten by 12–17 to 2–3 in a 1954 All-Ireland semi-final
Laois are a dual county, enjoying comparative success at both Gaelic football and hurling. In recent times Laois have been more successful footballers than hurlers, Laois minors have had considerable success over the past two decades, and the Laois senior footballers reached the Leinster final in 2003,2004, and 2005. Laois hurlers currently compete in the Liam MacCarthy Cup, a reserved for the premiere hurling counties. Laois contested the second ever All-Ireland final in 1889 and won the first ever National Football League final beating Dublin in the 1926 final,1936 saw the only other appearance by Laois in an All-Ireland senior decider. Laois beat Monaghan by a point in the 1986 National Football League final, Liam Irwin and Colm Browne both won All Stars for their performances that year. During the 1990s Laois had a number of successes at Minor and U-21 level, during the mid-2000s Laois Gaelic football became a strong force at all age levels. Under former Kerry and Kildare manager Mick ODwyer, Laois were National Football League runners-up, Laois would go on to contest the Leinster Senior Football Championship Final again in 2004 and 2005.
During the same period the Minor team were All-Ireland Minor Champions in 2003, in 2006, Mick ODwyers management of Laois ended and he was replaced by the former Limerick manager, Liam Kearns. After two years Liam Kearns was replaced by Sean Dempsey in 2008, after three seasons in charge, McNulty stepped down to be replaced by Tomás Ó Flatharta. In addition, all compete in the All-County Football League from Division 1 down to Division 5. Laois currently competes in the Liam MacCarthy Cup, but has won three All-Ireland Senior B Hurling Championships. Laois most recently contested the Leinster Senior Hurling Championship final in 1985, in addition, all teams compete in the All-County Hurling League from Division 1 down to Division 5. Laois won the Nancy Murray Cup in 2007 and they won the third division of the National Camogie League in 2010. They won the under-16 B title in 2000
Leinster Senior Hurling Championship
It is one of the most prestigious hurling tournaments in Ireland and the most prestigious inter-county hurling competition in the province of Leinster. The championship has been awarded every year since 1888, originally played on a straight knockout basis, in the current format the four weaker teams play in an initial qualifier group. The top two teams in the group and the seeded teams complete the championship on a straight knockout basis whereby once a team loses they are eliminated. The Leinster Championship is an part of the wider GAA Hurling All-Ireland Senior Championship. The winners of the Leinster final, like their counterparts in the Munster Championship, are rewarded by advancing directly to the stage of the All-Ireland series of games. The losers of the Leinster final enter the All-Ireland series at the quarter-final stage, nine teams currently participate in the Leinster Championship, including Galway from Connacht and Kerry from Munster. The most successful team in hurling, namely Kilkenny, play their provincial hurling in the Leinster Championship and they have won the provincial title on 71 occasions during their history while claiming 36 All-Ireland titles, both of these are all-time records.
The title has been won at least once by six counties, the Leinster Championship begins with an initial qualifier group and becomes a straight knock-out competition. The draw is made in October of the previous year. The competition has become more competitive since the emergence of Dublin as a hurling power, each match is played as a single leg. If a match is drawn there is a replay, drawn replays are now settled with extra time, however, if both sides are still level at the end of extra time a second replay takes place and so on until a winner is found. If the quarter-finals end in draws, extra time is played immediately as replays are only permitted for provincial semi-finals and finals, the format had remained virtually the same since the very first Leinster Championship in 1888. The biggest change to the format took place in 2009. Antrim GAA, being the only Tier 1 team in the Ulster Championship, however, will still compete in the Ulster Championship which will be run as a separate tournament to the All-Ireland Hurling Championship.
In 2014 the five counties in the Leinster championship played in a qualifier group before the main championship. This was reduced to four in 2015, nine counties currently participate in the Leinster Championship — Carlow, Galway, Kilkenny, Offaly and Wexford. Qualifier Group Stage The four weaker counties in the play a round robin group stage. Every team plays the three teams once
For more details on Antrim GAA see Antrim Senior Football Championship or Antrim Senior Hurling Championship. The Antrim County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association or Antrim GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, the county board is responsible for the Antrim inter-county teams. Antrim staged the first hurling match under the new Gaelic Athletic Association rules in Ulster in 1885, the games have always been well organised in Belfast city and hurling teams from the Glens have won considerable admiration in club competition. Antrim are the only Ulster county to appear in an All-Ireland hurling final, the first of which was in 1943 losing to Cork, in 1943 Antrim defeated both Galway and Kilkenny in the cramped surroundings of the old Corrigan Park, but disappointed in the All Ireland against Cork. Two years previously, Antrim had been graded Junior a year before and they were only competing in the Senior Championship because the Junior grade was abolished. Antrim hurlers featured strongly in Ulster Railway cup final appearances in 1945,1993 and 1995, in hurling, the progression that began with Loughgiels success at club hurling level in 1983 culminated in an All Ireland final appearance in 1989.
The final was one of the poorest on record, as stage fright overcame the Antrim team and it was no flash in the pan, Antrim failed by just two points against Kilkenny in the 1991 All Ireland semi-final. Dunloy were back in the All Ireland club final in 1995, Antrim were the first Ulster county to appear in an All Ireland final, in 1911 and repeated the feat again in 1912, losing on both occasions. Antrims surprise football semi-final success came out of the blue in 1911, the Ulster secretary got sick that year and never organised a provincial Championship. So Antrim arrived with no practice to play Kilkenny and won by 3-1 to 1-1, the following year they beat even more prestigious rivals, Kerry. Heavy rain on the day, and over-indulgence at a wedding the day before were blamed for the shock 3-5 to 0-2 defeat, antrims County Board decision to introduce a City League in 1908, one of the first in Gaelic history, was a more legitimate explanation. The 1946 Antrim football team was regarded as one of the most exciting of the era, joe McCallins two goals helped beat Cavan in the Ulster final but Kerry roughed them out of the All Ireland semi-final.
The opening of Casement Park boosted the games in Belfast, but from the late 1960s the troubles hampered sporting life in the heartlands of Belfast. Political violence meant that the county could not build on the team of 1969. The countys Vocational Schools team has made it to 2 All Ireland Finals in 1968 where they beat Galway, the current senior manager is Frank Fitzsimons. Antrim made history in 2009 by getting to the Ulster Championship final and they were runners-up to All-Ireland champions Tyrone. Andy McCallin -1971 Issac Gerrad Curran -1980 Dual Star, Camogie arrived in 1908 with the foundation of Banba club, but the movement joined by clubs such as Crowleys and Ardoyne was short-lived. A1927 revival was more successful and in 1934 there were three leagues in Belfast and north Antrim
Croke Park is a GAA stadium located in Dublin, Ireland. Named in honour of Archbishop Thomas Croke, it is often called Croker by some GAA fans and it serves both as the principal stadium and headquarters of the Gaelic Athletic Association. Since 1884 the site has been used primarily by the GAA to host Gaelic games, most notably the annual All-Ireland finals in football and hurling. Both the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2003 Special Olympics, during the construction of the Aviva Stadium, Croke Park hosted games played by the Ireland national rugby union team and the Republic of Ireland national football team. The area now known as Croke Park was owned in the 1880s by Maurice Butterly and known as the City and Suburban Racecourse, from 1890 it was used by the Bohemian Football Club. In 1901 Jones Road hosted the IFA Cup football final when Cliftonville defeated Freebooters, recognising the potential of the Jones Road sports ground a journalist and GAA member, Frank Dineen, borrowed much of the £3,250 asking price and bought the ground in 1908.
In 1913 the GAA came into ownership of the plot when they purchased it from Dineen for £3,500. The ground was renamed Croke Park in honour of Archbishop Thomas Croke, in 1913, Croke Park had only two stands on what is now known as the Hogan stand side and grassy banks all round. In 1917, a hill was constructed on the railway end of Croke Park to afford patrons a better view of the pitch. This terrace was known as Hill 16 as it was built from the ruins of the 1916 Easter Rising, in the 1920s, the GAA set out to create a high capacity stadium at Croke Park. Following the Hogan Stand, the Cusack Stand, named after Michael Cusack from Clare, was built in 1927,1936 saw the first double-deck Cusack Stand open with 5,000 seats, and concrete terracing being constructed on Hill 16. In 1952 the Nally Stand was built in memorial of Pat Nally, seven years later, to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the GAA, the first cantilevered New Hogan Stand was opened. The highest attendance recorded at an All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final was 90,556 for Offaly v Down in 1961.
Since the introduction of seating to the Cusack stand in 1966, during the Irish War of Independence on 21 November 1920 Croke Park was the scene of a massacre by the Royal Irish Constabulary. The Police, supported by the British Auxiliary Division entered the ground, the dead included 13 spectators and Tipperary player, Michael Hogan. Posthumously, the Hogan stand built in 1924 was named in his honour, in 1984 the organisation decided to investigate ways to increase the capacity of the old stadium. The design for an 80,000 capacity stadium was completed in 1991, Gaelic sports have special requirements as they take place on a large field. A specific requirement was to ensure the spectators were not too far from the field of play and this resulted in the three-tier design from which viewing games is possible, the main concourse, a premium level incorporating hospitality facilities and an upper concourse
The County Board is responsible for the Waterford inter-county teams. The county boards offices are based at Walsh Park in the city of Waterford, the Waterford County Board was founded in 1886. Hurling is generally regarded the dominant sport, with the county having won the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship twice, while Gaelic football is the secondary sport in the county, it is widely played nonetheless. Waterfords greatest achievement in Gaelic football was reaching the 1898 All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final, founded in 1886, the Waterford GAA board administers Gaelic Games at all levels in County Waterford, Ireland. This includes the sports of hurling, gaelic football, Gaelic handball, the board officiates over both senior and underage competitions and both championship and league competitions in the county. The board is responsible for both hurling and gaelic football inter-county teams. The county is known prominently as The Déise after the name of an ancient Irish kingdom which covered a vast part of modern County Waterford, Waterfords present colours are white and blue.
Both inter-county teams play in shirts, with blue trim along with blue shorts. Prior to 2002, the county wore white shorts, the present jerseys are manufactured by local Waterford company, Azzurri Sportswear. ONeills previously made the jersey up to 2002, Waterford hurling & football are presently sponsored by 3, and have been since 2010. While todays jersey is white with trim, Waterfords jersey was originally Royal Blue and White, with white shorts. The change to todays jersey was made in 1936, Waterford uses a blue jersey as its second jersey in case of a clash of colours. The present crest was introduced in 2009 and features three viking longboats from the crest of Waterford City, and a representation of the tower in Ardmore. The crest introduced in 2009 was a refinement of a crest introduced in 2003. The new crest replaced the original crest of Waterford City, the new crest was introduced as the Waterford GAA board were unable to copyright the old one due to it being a civil crest. The Waterford County Board was established in 1886 in Kilmacthomas and played in the Munster Championship for the first time in 1888, the next fourteen years would consist of walkovers, first round defeats and not entering the competition at all.
Waterford would finally win a match for the first time in 1903. In their first Munster final, which did not take place until 1904, at this stage, Waterford was still the only county in Munster not to have won the provincial or All-Ireland hurling title, but there were signs of improvement
All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship
Where five Sundays occur in September, the final is held on the second Sunday in September. The Championship was initially a straight knockout competition open only to the champions of each of the four provinces of Ireland, during the 1990s the competition was expanded, firstly incorporating a back-door system and a round-robin group phase involving more games. The Championship currently consists of several stages, in the present format, it begins in late May with provincial championships held in Leinster and Munster. Once a team is defeated in the stage they are granted one more chance to compete for the title. Thirteen teams currently participate in the Championship, the most dominant teams coming from the provinces of Leinster and Munster, Kilkenny and Tipperary are considered the big three of hurling. Between them, these teams have won 93 out of 129 championships completed during its history, the title has been won by 13 different teams,10 of which have won the title more than once. The all-time record-holders are Kilkenny, who have won the competition 36 times, the current All-Ireland champions are Tipperary.
At the third meeting of the new organisation in January 1885, in 1886 county boards were created to run the affairs of the various counties that participated in the competition. By 1887 the first All-Ireland Hurling Championship took place with five teams participating, for the first few years of the championship the various counties were represented by the team who won the county club championship. For instance, the 1887 championship saw Thurles representing Tipperary and Meelick representing Galway, dedicated inter-county teams were only introduced in 1895 when Cork put forward a mixture of all the best players from that countys best local clubs. Over the early years various changes were made in the rules of hurling, teams were reduced from 21 players to 17 and eventually to the current number of 15, and the rules regarding the value of a goal were tweaked in the first few years of the competition. The provincial championships were introduced in 1888 in Munster, Connacht, the winners of the provincial finals participated in the All-Ireland semi-finals.
Over time the Leinster and Munster teams grew to become the superpowers of the game, as Gaelic football was the dominant sport in Ulster. After some time Galway became the only team in Connacht and was essentially given an automatic pass to the All-Ireland semi-final every year. This knock-out system persisted for over 100 years and was considered to be the fairest system as the All-Ireland champions would always be the only undefeated team of the year. In the mid-1990s the Gaelic Athletic Association looked at developing a new system whereby a defeat in the championship for teams would not mean an immediate exit from the Championship. In the 1997 championship the first major change in format arrived when the system was introduced. This new structure allowed the defeated Munster and Leinster finalists another chance to regain a place in the All-Ireland semi-finals and Kilkenny were the first two teams to benefit from the new system when they defeated Down and Galway respectively in the quarter-finals
The Dublin Gaelic football team is the most supported GAA team in terms of attendance which is made up of 286 clubs. The team and its fans are known as The Dubs or The Jacks, the fans have a special affiliation with the Hill 16 end of Croke Park. Dublin GAA has jurisdiction over the area that is associated with the county of County Dublin. There are 9 officers on the Board including the Cathaoirleach, Seán Shanley, for details on the Boards clubs, see Gaelic Athletic Association clubs in County Dublin and List of Gaelic games clubs in Ireland. The Board is subject to the Leinster GAA Provincial Council, the teams of Dublin GAA play home games at Parnell Park, Donnycarney on the northside of the city, although Croke Park is used for major matches at the request of the GAA. Parnell Park hosts all the games in the Dublin club Football. The current senior manager is Jim Gavin. The current senior hurling team manager is Ger Cunningham, the hurlers retained their status in the Liam MacCarthy Cup. Plans to divide Dublin into two teams – North Dublin and South Dublin – were proposed in 2002 but rejected by the Dublin County Board, currently the Board has only decided to divide its development teams.
These teams are not considered to be a move towards dividing the county but are in fact a move designed to identify, the restructured developments teams are North and West. Dublin supporters are known as The Dubs, and in the 1970s as Heffos army. While songs are popular with the Dublin fans they tend to be Dublin-centric such as Molly Malone. The Hill 16 end in Croke Park is an area for which many Dubs hold a special affection, Dublin supporters have been known to chant Hill 16 is Dublin only as a humorous jibe at supporters from rival teams. The Dublin team are sometimes called The Jacks with the ladies called The Jackies and these names came from a shortening of the word Jackeen. Notable fans include Jim Stynes, golfer Pádraig Harrington, rugby union star Brian ODriscoll, in 2003/4, the Dublin County Board tried unsuccessfully to copyright the Dublin crest in use at the time. The crest at the time was declared to be in the domain by the Irish High Court as it was too similar to other crests in use by Dublin City Council.
The name Áth Cliath in Irish replaces the previous name Dublin, till 1918, Dublin wore the colours of the Club Champions as many other counties. The change to the present look, with blue details, shorts
The Clare County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association or Clare GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic games in County Clare. Clare plays its games at Cusack Park in Ennis. The Clare Hurling team compete in the Munster championship which it has won six times, Clare has won the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship four times in its history. They won their first title in 1914 and it took another 81 years for them to win their title in 1995. Clare won their most recent two titles in 1997 and 2013, Clare compete in Division 1 of the National Hurling League, and are currently the defending champions. Cusack Park is a GAA stadium located in the town of Ennis, County Clare and it is the home of the Clare Gaelic football and hurling teams. Three sides of the ground are terraced, the two areas behind the goals and one terraced length of the pitch which is covered, the finals of the Clare Senior Hurling Championship and the Clare Senior Football Championship are held each year in the stadium.
Hurling has been played in Clare for centuries and Michael Cusack, at senior level, Clare have won 6 Munster titles and 4 All-Ireland championships. Early Successes In 1899, Clare won their first provincial title after receiving a walkover from Kerry in the final, Clare contested the All-Ireland final, but lost to Dublin 5-1 to 1-6. 1914 saw Clare claim another Munster title when they beat Cork by 3-02 to 3-01, Clare defeated Galway in the All-Ireland semi-final by 6-06 to 0-00 to reach the All-Ireland final for the first time their history. In the final Clare beat Laois by 2-04 to 1-02 and Amby Power became the first man to captain Clare to an All-Ireland hurling title, in 1932, Clare captured another provincial title, defeating Cork on a scoreline of 5-02 to 4-01. They went on to contest the All-Ireland final, but lost to Kilkenny by 3-03 to 2-03, the Revolutionary Years Under Ger Loughnane After losing Munster finals in 1993 and 1994, Len Gaynor was replaced as manager by Ger Loughnane.
Clare made a return to the decider in 1995 after a 2-13 to 3-09 victory over Cork in the semi-final. In the final minutes of the game, Cork were leading by two points when Clare earned a sideline which was taken by Fergie Tuohy and it travelled to the edge of the square, where Ollie Baker doubled on the sliotar, scoring a goal, to put Clare through. In the final, Clare faced Limerick, Clare dominated the game and ran out easy victors by 1-17 to 0-11. This was Clares first Munster title in 63 years, in the All-Ireland semi-final, Clare played Galway. 2-01 from Ger OLoughlin and 0-07 from Jamesie OConnor saw Clare account for the tribesmen by 3-12 to 1-13, reigning All-Ireland champions, awaited Clare in the final. In the second half, an Anthony Daly free rebounded off the post and fell to Eamonn Taaffe at the edge of the square, Clare ran out 1-13 to 2-08 victors