River Plate F.C.
River Plate Football Club was an Uruguayan football club, founded in 1897. River Plate is considered one of the four giants of the first era in Uruguayan football, alongside rivals Montevideo Wanderers, River reached important achievements during the first years of football in the country. In 1897, a group of Port of Montevideo workers met to establish a football team, when they requested Uruguayan Football Association to join the body, they were informed that only English names were accepted. Therefore, the team was renamed as River Plate F. C. due to the fact that River Plate belonged to the Port of Montevideo zone, they were nicknamed Darseneros, the same nickname that current River Plate of Montevideo. In 1901 the AUF finally approved the affiliation of River Plate to the Association, soon after other criollo team, the team was assigned to the second Division and played there from 1902 until the 1906 seasons. In 1905 River Plate was relegated to the Second Division after the made a disappointing campaign in Primera. Originally, River Plate jersey was black, but it would be changed to red, in 1906 River Plate was promoted to Primera División, winning its first title in 1908. In April 1910, River Plate played against Argentine team Alumni, because of both teams had similar uniforms, River Plate worn an alternative light blue jersey and won the match by 2–1. River line up was, Cabalotti, José and Miguel Benincasa, Louried, Sanz, García, Módena, Dacal, DAgosti, Raymonda, some months later, in August 1910, Uruguay national team worn the light blue jersey for the first time, facing the Argentine side. Uruguay won the match by 3–1, the club would win three championships else, in 1910,1913 and 1914. In 1920 the team was relegated to second division, nevertheless, River Plate joined dissident Uruguayan Football Federation in 1923 that organised its own tournament in 1923. Being relegated with other 16 teams and that would be the last appearance of the club in the top division of Uruguay. By 1925 River Plate F. C. had been disestablished, Primera División,1908,1910,1913,1914 Copa de Honor Cousenier,1912
Uruguay, officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, is a country in the southeastern region of South America. It borders Argentina to its west and Brazil to its north and east, with the Río de la Plata to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast. Uruguay is home to an estimated 3.42 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the area of its capital and largest city. With an area of approximately 176,000 square kilometres, Uruguay is geographically the second-smallest nation in South America, only larger in size than Suriname. Uruguay was inhabited by the Charrúa people for approximately 4000 years before the Portuguese established Colonia del Sacramento, one of the oldest European settlements in the region, in 1680. Montevideo was founded as a stronghold by the Spanish in the early 18th century. Uruguay won its independence between 1811 and 1828, following a struggle between Spain, Portugal, Argentina and Brazil. It remained subject to influence and intervention throughout the 19th century. Modern Uruguay is a constitutional republic, with a president who serves as both head of state and head of government. Uruguay is ranked first in Latin America in democracy, peace, lack of corruption, e-government, on a per-capita basis, Uruguay contributes more troops to United Nations peace-keeping missions than any other country. It ranks second in the region on economic freedom, income equality, per-capita income, Uruguay is the third-best country on the continent in terms of HDI, GDP growth, innovation and infrastructure. It is regarded as a country by the UN. Uruguay is also the third-best ranked in the world in e-Participation, Uruguay is an important global exporter of combed wool, rice, soybeans, frozen beef, malt and milk. Nearly 95% of Uruguays electricity comes from energy, mostly hydroelectric facilities. The Economist named Uruguay country of the year in 2013, acknowledging the innovative policy of legalizing the production, sale, the name of the namesake river comes from the Spanish pronunciation of the regional Guarani word for it. There are several interpretations, including bird-river, the name could also refer to a river snail called uruguá that was plentiful in the water. The only documented inhabitants of Uruguay before European colonization of the area were the Charrúa, the Portuguese discovered the region of present-day Uruguay in 1512. The Spanish arrived in present-day Uruguay in 1516, the indigenous peoples fierce resistance to conquest, combined with the absence of gold and silver, limited their settlement in the region during the 16th and 17th centuries
Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club
Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club is a defunct Uruguayan sports club, originally established as a cricket and football institution by British railway workers. The football section of the club still remains named Club Atlético Peñarol and those lands had been used for agriculture only and famous because of the best quality of its vineyards and fruits. One of the achievements of the company was the establishment of a rural school in the town. Due to the activity, the village became populous. The sons of blonde Albion, who were part of the company, the first committee was formed by eight members, Mr. Hudson, Lucy, Moor, Davenport, Hopkins, Davies and Penny. They chose Mr. Frank Henderson as the first president of the club, the membership fee was established in $0,50. One day later, the committee resolved to name the club Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club and that same day two members of the committee were chosen to write the rules, while two other members were chosen to search for a field to practice sports. The club also designated three members to take over advertising with the purpose of bringing new members to the institution, the article I of clubs statute stated that the club colors would be black and orange and that only workers of Central Railway would be admitted as members. Nevertheless, the committee could admit people outside the company but they were not allowed to vote in case of being accepted, at the beginning, all the CURCC presidents were managers of the CUR. In 1907 the company appointed W. Bayne as manager and sent him to Montevideo, when the CURCC executives told Bayne he was the new president of the institution, he did not accept the offer, alleging that the coaches damaged by the supporters led to significant costs. Other reason given by Bayne was the lack of players-workers, CURCC took part of the recently created Primera División of Uruguay, along with Nacional, other team from Montevideo with whom CURCC had a strong rivalry. While CURCC represented the British immigrants to Uruguay and rail workers as well, the club took part of 13 editions of the domestic championship, winning it in five occasions between 1900 and 1911. CURCC also won the Copa de Competencia three times, internationally, the squad won the Copa de Honor Cousenier twice. Having been established as a club, football began to be practised at CURCC in 1892, relegating other sports, such as cricket. The first football match played by CURCC was that year versus a combined team of English High School. The match was won by CURCC 3-2, the club was also known as Peñarol due to the neighborhood where it had been established. In 1912 a new committee was organized in order to some of the CURCC statute books. The proposals were to give a bigger participation to non-railway employed members, another suggestion was to rename the club CURCC Peñarol
Club Nacional de Football
Club Nacional de Football is a sports institution from Uruguay, founded on 14 May 1899 in Montevideo, as a result of the fusion between Uruguay Athletic Club and Montevideo Fútbol Club. Although its main focus is football, the club hosts other activities including basketball, futsal, tennis, cycling, volleyball. In the domestic league, Nacional won the championship 46 times, Nacional is the most successful club in Uruguay in terms of number of league titles. At international level, Nacional has won 21 titles, nine of them recognised by FIFA, in this tournament, Nacional is the all-time leader with 553 points. Nacional also won three Copa Intercontinental, becoming the first unbeaten three times world champion, in addition, Nacional is the only Uruguayan team that won the Copa Interamericana and the Recopa Sudamericana, competition in which is the first champion. Besides, Nacional won four Copa de Honor Cousenier, three Copa Aldao two Tie Cup, and one Copa Escobar-Gerona, all of them organized by Argentine and Uruguayan Associations together. Nacional is identified with the white, blue and red colours inspired by the flag of Uruguays national hero José Gervasio Artigas, besides, Parque Central was the only venue in the 1923 and 1924 edition of the Copa América. Nacional has fierce rivalries with many clubs, notably with cross-town team Peñarol, according to CONMEBOL, Nacional was the Uruguayan team with the best international performance in the 2007–2012 period. Also, according to IFFHS, it was the best Uruguayan team of the 2001–2012 period, in February 2013, Nacional reached 60,000 associates Nacional is a result of the fusion between Montevideo Football Club and Uruguay Athletic Club,14 May 1899. It was decided there that the flag should include the three colours historically connected to José Gervasio Artigas, Uruguays national hero. The clubs uniform was red and blue. In 1900 Nacional included the Club Defensa and its players, and that same year four clubs governed by foreigners founded the Uruguay Association League. Nacionals petition to be included was dismissed on the thought that criollo clubs, however, the Leagues clubs had to admit Nacional in 1901, after the club was invited to join the Argentinean League, due to their impressive performances in a number of friendly matches. In 1902 Nacional won their first Campeonato Uruguayo, the red jersey was substituted by the white jersey in 1902. In September 1903 Nacional fully represented the Uruguayan National football team and beat Argentina 3–2, in 1905 Nacional won its first international title, the Copa de Honor Cousenier. Nacionals players started developing already around 1900 a new playing style that introduced a less physical and more game, made out of fast combinations. Magariños says, The action of these teams was conducted according to the purest and standardized virtues of British sport, positional play, long passes, furious shots, the body was used as a weapon, both offensively and defensively. Nacional, formed mainly by smaller and faster players abandoned the physical confrontation that was allowed back then and they chose to perform dribblings, fast and short passing, very fast sprints, and a hectic activity in the pitch
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay. According to the 2011 census, the city proper has a population of 1,319,108 in an area of 201 square kilometres. The southernmost capital city in the Americas, Montevideo is situated in the southern coast of the country, the city was established in 1724 by a Spanish soldier, Bruno Mauricio de Zabala, as a strategic move amidst the Spanish-Portuguese dispute over the platine region. It was also under brief British rule in 1807, Montevideo hosted all the matches during the first FIFA World Cup. Montevideo is the seat of the headquarters of Mercosur and ALADI, Latin America’s leading trade blocs. Montevideo has consistently rated as having the highest quality of life of any city in Latin America. As of 2010, Montevideo was the 19th largest city economy in the continent, in 2015, it has a GDP of $40.5 billion, and a per capita of $24,400. It is classified as a Beta World City, ranking seventh in Latin America, by 2014, is also regarded as the tenth most gay-friendly city in the world, first in Latin America. It is the hub of commerce and higher education in Uruguay as well as its chief port, the city is also the financial and cultural hub of a larger metropolitan area, with a population of around 2 million. There are several explanations about the word Montevideo, all agree that Monte refers to the Cerro de Montevideo, the hill situated across the Bay of Montevideo, but there is disagreement about the etymological origin of the video part. Monte vide eu is the most widespread belief but is rejected by the majority of experts, who consider it unlikely because it involves a mix of dialects. This is the oldest Spanish document that mentions the promontory with a similar to the one that designates the city. With the passing of time, these words were unified to Montevideo, no conclusive evidence has been found to confirm this academic hypothesis nor can it be asserted with certainty which were the other five mounts observable before the Cerro. Ovidio was the bishop of the Portuguese city of Braga, where he was always revered. Between 1680 and 1683, Portugal founded the city of Colonia do Sacramento in the region across the bay from Buenos Aires and this city met with no resistance from the Spanish until 1723, when they began to place fortifications on the elevations around Montevideo Bay. On 22 November 1723, Field Marshal Manuel de Freitas da Fonseca of Portugal built the Montevieu fort, a Spanish expedition was sent from Buenos Aires, organized by the Spanish governor of that city, Bruno Mauricio de Zabala. There was also one significant early Italian resident by the name of Jorge Burgues, a census of the citys inhabitants was performed in 1724 and then a plan was drawn delineating the city and designating it as San Felipe y Santiago de Montevideo, later shortened to Montevideo. The census counted fifty families of Galician and Canary Islands origin, more than 1000 indigenous, mostly Guaraní, in 1776, Spain made Montevideo its main naval base for the South Atlantic, with authority over the Argentine coast, Fernando Po, and the Falklands