1914 population statistics for the Ottoman Empire

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1914, Muslim, Greek and Armenian population.

1914 population statistics for the Ottoman Empire was collected and published as the Memalik-i Osmaniyyenin 1330 Senesi Nutus Istatistiki.[a][1] These statistics were prepared by using the figures from the 1905–06 census of the Ottoman Empire and reflecting births and deaths registered in six years from last. The register states that birth and mortality rate used on "nomads" such as the nomadic Nestorians.[2] The Ottoman Court deliberately omitted the Ecclesiastical births and deaths from the statistical figures.

The 1914 census list reflected major changes in the territorial boundaries and administrative division of the Ottoman state.[3] The population statistics and Ottoman general election, 1914 were major population sources. 18,520,015 was the population.[4] The grand total for 1914 showed a "net gain" of 1,131,454 from the 1905-06 Ottoman census survey. The data reflects the loss of territory and population in Europe due to Balkan Wars, as the total net gain figure would be 3,496,068.[5]

Census data[edit]

As a result of the substantial territorial losses in Europe suffered during the Balkan wars, the total population of the empire fell to 18,520,016, of whom an even larger percentage than before, 15,044,846, was counted as Muslim, with 1,729,738 as Greek Orthodox, 1,161,169 as Armenian Gregorian, 187,073 as Jewish, 62,468 as Greek Catholic, 68,838 as Armenian Catholic, and 65,844 as Protestant. No separate figures were given for Franks.[6]

Capital was an important location due to expulsions from Balkan Wars. Istanbul increased slightly, to 909,978, excluding Franks, with 560,434 Muslims, 205,375 Greek Orthodox, 72,963 Armenian Gregorian, 52,126 Jews, 387 Greek Catholics, 9,918 Armenian Catholics, 1,213 Protestants, and 2,905 Latins.[7]

Vilayet Muslims Greek Orthodox Armenian Orthodox Jews Greek Catholics Armenian Catholics Protestants Latins Syriacs Chaldeans Jacobites Maronites Samarians Nestorians Yazidis Gypsies Druze Cossacks Bulgarians Serbs Wallachians Total
Balkans
Çatalca1 20048 36797 842 1480 - - - ? 59756
Edirne 360417 224459 19725 22515 21 48 115 ? 631094
İstanbul 560434 205375 72962 52126 387 9918 1213 2905 ? 909978
Anatolia
Adana 341903 8537 50139 66 437 2511 5036 ? 411023
Ankara 877285 20226 44507 1026 14 7069 2381 ? 953817
Antalya1 235762 12385 630 250 - - - ? 249686
Aydın 1249067 299096 19395 35041 1 892 479 ? 1608742
Bitlis 309999 - 114704 - - 2788 1640 ? 437479
Bolu1 399281 5146 2961 20 5 9 2 ? 408648
Canik1 265950 98739 27058 27 - 261 1257 ? 393302
Diyarbekir 492101 1822 55890 2085 113 9960 7376 ? 619825
Erzurum 673297 4859 125657 10 5 8720 2241 ? 815432
Eskişehir1 140578 2613 8276 728 - 316 215 ? 152726
İçil1 102034 2500 341 10 7 - - ? 105194
İzmit1 226859 40048 55403 428 - 449 1937 ? 325153
Kale-i Sultaniye1 149903 8541 2474 3642 9 - 67 ? 165815
Karahisar-i Sahip1 277659 632 7437 7 - 2 9 ? 285820
Karesi1 359804 97497 8544 362 - 109 51 ? 472970
Kastamonu 737302 20958 8959 8 - - - ? 767227
Kayseri1 184292 26590 48659 - - 1515 2018 ? 263074
Konya 750712 25071 12971 4 79 - 254 ? 789308
Kütahya1 303348 8755 3910 - - 638 - ? 316894
Mamuret-ül-Aziz 446379 971 76070 - - 3751 8043 ? 538227
Maraş1 152645 11 27842 251 23 4480 6111 ? 192555
Menteşe1 188916 19923 12 1615 - - - ? 210874
Niğde1 227100 58312 4890 - - 45 769 ? 291117
Sivas 939735 75324 143406 344 - 3693 4575 ? 1169443
Trabzon 921128 161574 37549 8 - 1350 1338 ? 1122947
Urfa1 149384 2 15161 - 865 1557 1652 ? 170988
Van Vilayet 179380 1 67792 1383 - - - ? 259141
Levant
Beyrut 648314 87244 1188 15052 24210 277 3823 ? 824873
Halep 576320 13772 35104 12193 8182 5739 8643 ? 667790
Kudüs-i Şerif 266044 26035 1310 21259 1086 - 1733 ? 328168
Suriye 791582 60978 413 10140 27662 247 1873 ? 918409
Zor1 65770 18 67 2 27 215 1 ? 66294
Total 15044846 1729738 1161169 187073 62468 67838 65844 24845 54750 4133 13211 6932 47406 164 8091 6957 11169 7385 1006 14908 82 18520016
1 Sanjak

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Population statistics of the Ottoman state in the year 1914 in Istanbul, 1919

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karpat 1985, pp. 189
  2. ^ Karpat 1985, pp. 189
  3. ^ Karpat 1985, pp. 190
  4. ^ Karpat 1985, pp. 190
  5. ^ Karpat 1985, pp. 190
  6. ^ Shaw 1978, p. 335
  7. ^ Shaw 1978, p. 335

Bibliography[edit]

  • Karpat, K.H. (1985). Ottoman population, 1830-1914: demographic and social characteristics. Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Pres. pp. 189–190, 242. 
  • Shaw, Stanford J. (1978). "The Ottoman Census System and Population, 1831-1914". Nationalism and Ethnic Politics. 9 (3): 325–338.