Aberdeen, South Dakota
Aberdeen is a city in and the county seat of Brown County, South Dakota, United States, about 125 miles northeast of Pierre. The city population was 26,091 at the 2010 census, Aberdeen is the principal city of the Aberdeen Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Brown and Edmunds counties and has a population of 40,602 in 2010. Aberdeen is considered a town, being the home of both Northern State University and Presentation College. Before Aberdeen or Brown County was inhabited by European settlers, it was inhabited by the Sioux Indians from approximately 1700 to 1879, europeans entered the region for business, founding fur trading posts during the 1820s, these trading posts operated until the mid-1830s. The first settlers of this region were the Arikara Indians, the first group of Euro-American settlers to reach the area that is now Brown County was a party of four people, three horses, two mules, fifteen cattle, and two wagons. This group of settlers was joined by another group the following spring and this town was established on June 15,1879.
The town was settled in 1880, and incorporated in 1882, like many towns of the Midwest, was built around the newly developing railroad systems. Mitchell, Charles Priors boss, was responsible for the choice of names, was born in Aberdeen, after which the town of Aberdeen. Aberdeen was officially founded on July 6,1881, the date of the first arrival of a Milwaukee Railroad train, Aberdeen operated under a city charter granted by the Territorial Legislature in March 1883. As Aberdeen grew, many businesses and buildings were constructed along Aberdeens Main Street, this soon became a problem due to Aberdeens periodic flooding, which led to it being referred to as The Town in the Frog Pond. When the water was gone from the basements, the city still had to deal with the mud resulted from the heavy rains. The artesian well was designed by the city engineers to prevent flooding, during the digging of the well, the water stream that was found underground was too powerful to be contained. The water came blasting out with violent force and had the entire Main Street submerged in up to four feet of water.
The engineers realized the previous flaws of the artesian well plan and soon added a valve to the well to control the flow of water. Aberdeen had four different railroad companies with depots built in the developing town. With these four railroads intersecting here, Aberdeen soon became known as the Hub City of the Dakotas. When looking down on Aberdeen from above, the railroad tracks converging in Aberdeen resembled the spokes of a wheel converging at a hub and these four railroad companies are the reason why Aberdeen was able to grow and flourish as it did. The only railroad still running through Aberdeen is the Burlington Northern Santa Fe, on October 25,1999, a Learjet 35 carrying golfing star Payne Stewart crashed in a field near Aberdeen
The Spokesman-Review is a daily broadsheet newspaper based in Spokane, where it is the citys only daily publication. It has the third highest readership among daily newspapers in Washington, the Spokesman-Review was formed from the merger of the Spokane Falls Review and the Spokesman in 1893 and first published under the present name on June 29,1894. It absorbed the competing paper, the Spokane Chronicle. The newspaper formerly published three editions, a metro edition covering Spokane and the areas, a Spokane Valley edition. After a large downsizing of the staff in November 2007. The Voices section still caters to the three original edition, publishing a Valley Voices, a North Spokane Voices and a South Spokane Voices, Cowles set the Chronicle on a course to be independent and The Spokesman-Review to support Republican Party causes. Time magazine related the papers success gaining lowered rates for freight carried to the Northwest United States and a park system. Increasing its reputation for local news and by opposing gambling and prostitution.
The Scripps Leagues Press closed in 1939, making Cowles the only publisher in Spokane. Cowles created four weeklies, the Idaho Farmer, Washington Farmer, Oregon Farmer, when William H. Cowles Jr. succeeded his father as publisher, James Bracken received much more news and editorial control as managing editor. Despite its hometown feel, The Spokesman-Review has been known to take a moderate-to-liberal stance when it comes to opinions ranging from tackling city hall to hate groups in the region and those groups have threatened to attack the paper, and at times have made good on that promise. In 1997, three militants were tried and eventually convicted of bombing the office of The Spokesman-Review as well as an abortion clinic. The Spokesman-Review is one of the few remaining family-owned newspapers in the United States and it is owned by Cowles Company, which owns KHQ-TV/Spokane and The KHQ Television Group. While the newspaper wins awards, it is burdened with local critics. In particular, a issue regarding a public-private partnership wherein the Cowles family may have profited, some claim and this is referred to as the River Park Square Parking Garage issue.
The newspaper underwent an independent review by the Washington News Council regarding its River Park Square coverage and was found to be at fault for its news bias, in 2004, Spokane mayor James E. West became the target of an operation conducted by The Spokesman-Review. Some journalists and academics criticized the paper for what they saw as a form of entrapment, West was cleared of criminal charges by the FBI but not before the mayor lost a recall vote by the citizens of Spokane in December 2005
1916 Pittsburgh Panthers football team
The 1916 Pittsburgh Panthers football team represented the University of Pittsburgh in the 1916 college football season. Led by coach Pop Warner, the Panthers were undefeated on the season with an 8–0 record and outscored their opponents by a combined total of 255 to 25. The 1916 team was led by center Robert Peck, Pitts first First Team All-American, on that team were Jock Sutherland and H. C. Doc Carlson who would go on to become perhaps Pitts most legendary coaches in football and basketball and this Pitt Panthers football team was given the nickname The greatest eleven in the world. The 1916 team was selected or recognized as champions by multiple selectors which are recognized as major in the official NCAA football records book. The are the selectors that determined Pitt to be champions in 1916. * A major selector that was national scope according to the official NCAA football records book, James P. Herron, end Bob Peck, center Clifford Carlson, end Claude Tiny Thornhill, guard James DeHart, quarterback Andy Hastings, halfback Bold - Consensus All-American
University of Montana
The University of Montana is a public research university in Missoula, Montana, in the United States. Founded in 1893, the university is the second largest of the Montana University System, second to Montana State University, the main campus is at the foot of Mount Sentinel, the hill bearing Missoulas most recognizable landmark, a large hillside letter M. The University of Montana ranks 17th in the nation and fifth among universities in producing Rhodes Scholars. The University of Montana has 11 Truman Scholars,14 Goldwater Scholars and 40 Udall Scholars to its name, the University of Montanas Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library houses the earliest authorized edition of the Lewis and Clark journals. Rolling Stone labelled the university the most scenic campus in America and Outside magazine called it among the top 10 colleges nationally for combining academic quality, an act of Congress of February 18,1881 dedicated 72 sections in Montana Territory for the creation of the University. Montana was admitted to the Union on November 8,1889, the cities bids were supported by the rival Copper Kings, William A.
Clark and Marcus Daly, respectively. Missoula won the vote for the new university at the Third Montana Legislative Assembly in February 1893. The University was formally opened in 1895, while plans for a university campus were progressing, classes were temporarily held at nearby Willard School. The South Missoula Land Company, owned by A. B. Hammond, Richard Eddy and Marcus Daly, in June 1898 the cornerstone for A. J. Gibson designed University Hall was laid and Missoula became the University City, the University of Montana comprises eleven full colleges and schools, College of Humanities & Sciences, Phyllis J. The Phyllis J. Washington College of Education and Human Sciences is divided into five academic departments, in 1914, the University of Montana School of Law became a member of The Association of American Law Schools and in 1923, the School received accreditation from the American Bar Association. For the fall 2014 term, University of Montana offered admission to 4,956 freshmen out of 5,345 applicants, the first set of buildings were set up around the oval in 1895.
Since that time, various plans and architectural styles have been used. Today the campus consists of 220 acres and is bordered to the east by Mount Sentinel, landmarks include, The Oval A3 acres swath of grass running east to west, marking the traditional center of the university. Today it is divided into quadrants by two intersecting paths, though originally the oval was solid grass and forbidden to be crossed by students. A double row of trees was planted around the oval on Arbor Day 1896, the original gravel driveway that once surrounded the Oval has been replaced by sidewalk. The original master plan of the university called for all buildings to face the center of the oval, but this proved difficult. On the western extreme of the Oval is a grizzly bear statue created by ceramic artist
Whitman College is a private liberal arts college located in Walla Walla, Washington. Initially founded as a seminary by a legislative charter in 1859. Whitman College is accredited by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges and competes athletically in the NCAA Division III Northwest Conference, the school offers 46 majors and 32 minors in the liberal arts and sciences, and has a student to faculty ratio of 9,1. Whitman was the first college in the Pacific Northwest to install a Phi Beta Kappa chapter, Whitman was ranked tied for 41st in the nation in the 2017 U. S. News & World Report list of Best Liberal Arts Colleges. Whitmans acceptance rate for 2015 was 41%, Marcus Whitman and Narcissa Whitman, along with 12 others were killed by a group of Cayuse Indians during the Whitman Massacre. While at the site, Eells became determined to establish a monument to his missionary colleagues in the form of a school for pioneer boys. Eells obtained a charter for Whitman Seminary, a pre-collegiate school, from the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, he acquired the Whitman mission site.
Eells soon moved to the site with his family and began working to establish Whitman Seminary, despite Eellss desire to locate Whitman Seminary at the Whitman mission site, local pressure and resources provided a way for the school to open in the burgeoning town of Walla Walla. In 1866, Walla Wallas wealthiest citizen, Dorsey Baker, donated land near his house to the east of downtown, a two-story wood-frame building was quickly erected and classes began that year. The schools first principal, local Congregational minister Peasly B, resigned within a year and Cushing Eells was called upon to serve as principal, which he did until 1869. After Eellss resignation in 1869, the school struggled—and often failed—to attract students, pay teachers, Whitmans trustees decided in 1882 that while their institution could not continue as a prep school, it might survive as the areas only college. Alexander Jay Anderson, the president of the Territorial University, came to turn the institution into a college.
After modeling the institution after New England liberal arts colleges, Anderson opened the school on September 4,1882 with an enrollment of 60 students, in 1883, the school received a collegiate charter and began expanding with aid from the Congregational American College and Education Society. Despite local support for Whitman College and help from the Congregational community, after losing favor with some of the schools supporters, Anderson left Whitman in 1891 to be replaced by Reverend James Francis Eaton. The continuing recession of the 1890s increased the institutions financial worries, by popularizing Marcus Whitmans life and accomplishments, Penrose was able to gain support and resources for the college. Under his leadership, the faculty was strengthened and the first masonry buildings, Billings Hall, in 1907, Penrose began a plan called Greater Whitman which sought to transform the college into an advanced technical and science center. To aid fundraising, Penrose abandoned affiliation with the Congregational Church, the prep school was closed and fraternities and sororities were introduced to the campus.
Penrose iterated the schools purpose to be a college, with a limited number of students to whom it will give the finest quality of education
Spokane is a city in the state of Washington, in the northwestern United States. It is the seat of Spokane County, and the economic and cultural center of the Spokane Metropolitan Area, the Greater Spokane Area, the city, along with the whole Inland Northwest, is served by Spokane International Airport,5 miles west of downtown Spokane. According to the 2010 Census, Spokane had a population of 208,916, making it the second largest city in Washington and the 102nd largest city in the United States. The first humans to live in the area, the Spokane people, known as the birthplace of Fathers Day, Spokane is officially nicknamed the Lilac City. David Thompson explored the area with the expansion and establishment of the North West Companys Spokane House in 1810. This trading post was the first long-term European settlement in Washington, completion of the Northern Pacific Railway in 1881 brought settlers to the Spokane area, and that same year it was officially incorporated as a city with the name of Spokan Falls.
In the late 19th century and silver were discovered in the Inland Northwest, the local economy depended on mining and agriculture until the 1980s. Spokane hosted the first environmentally themed Worlds Fair at Expo 74, many of the older Romanesque Revival-style buildings in the downtown area were designed by architect Kirtland Kelsey Cutter after the Great Fire of 1889. The city features Riverfront and Manito parks, the Smithsonian-affiliated Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture, the Davenport Hotel, and the Fox and Bing Crosby theaters. The Cathedral of Our Lady of Lourdes serves as the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Spokane, the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist represents the Anglican community. Gonzaga University was established in 1887 by the Jesuits, and the private Presbyterian Whitworth University opened three years in north Spokane, in sports, the Gonzaga Bulldogs collegiate basketball team competes at the Division I level. Professional and semi-professional sports teams include the Spokane Indians in Minor League Baseball, Spokane Empire in arena football, as of 2010, Spokanes only major daily newspaper, The Spokesman-Review, has a daily circulation of over 76,000.
The first humans to live in the Spokane area arrived between 13,000 and 8,000 years ago and were hunter-gatherer societies that lived off plentiful game. The Spokane tribe, after which the city is named, are believed to be either their direct descendants, when asked by early white explorers, the Spokanes said their ancestors came from up North. Early in the 19th century, the Northwest Fur Company sent two white fur trappers west of the Rocky Mountains to search for fur. These were the first white men met by the Spokanes, who believed they were sacred, the explorer-geographer David Thompson, working as head of the North West Companys Columbia Department, became the first European to explore the Inland Empire. Crossing what is now the Canada–US border from British Columbia, Thompson wanted to expand the North West Company further south in search of furs, after establishing the Kullyspell House and Saleesh House trading posts in what are now Idaho and Montana, Thompson attempted to expand further west.
He sent out two trappers, Jacques Raphael Finlay and Finan McDonald, to construct a fur trading post on the Spokane River in Washington and trade with the local Indians
Avista Stadium is an outdoor athletic venue in the northwest United States, located in Spokane, Washington. It is the ballpark of the Spokane Indians, a minor league baseball team in the short-season Class A-Short Season Northwest League. Located at the fairgrounds east of downtown, the elevation of the field is 1,910 feet above sea level. Built in less than four months at the Interstate Fairgrounds, the stadium opened 59 years ago in 1958 and has a capacity of 6,803. The facility was built for AAA in the Pacific Coast League, the parent club in 1958 was the Los Angeles Dodgers, who had just moved out west from Brooklyn and moved their PCL affiliate, the Los Angeles Angels, north to Spokane. They stayed for fourteen seasons, through 1971, departed to New Mexico, after one year in the short-season Northwest League as a Dodger affiliate, the Triple-A PCL returned in 1973, from Portland, as the Texas Rangers top affiliate. The Milwaukee Brewers became the Indians parent club in 1976, Seattle Mariners in 1979, the Indians left for Las Vegas after the 1982 season and the NWL returned in 1983 and has remained for over three decades.
The preceding minor league ballpark in Spokane was Ferris Field, which was about a mile west, named for city attorney George M. Ferris, its original wooden grandstand was built in 1936. Ferris was a player and manager for the Indians who secured funding from the WPA to build it. A fire in October 1948 damaged most of the grandstands and it was rebuilt in concrete, earlier baseball venues in Spokane were Recreation Park, Natatorium Park, and the original Twickenham Park. In 1954, four-year-old Memorial Stadium was considered as a minor league baseball venue. For three seasons beginning in 2004, the Gonzaga Bulldogs used the stadium as its home venue while its current venue was being built. In 2011, the Spokane Chiefs hosted the first outdoor game in Western Hockey League history at Avista Stadium on January 15, naming rights were purchased in 1998 by Avista, the Spokane-based utility founded in 1889 as Washington Water Power Company. The venues first corporate name was Seafirst Stadium, from 1994 through 1999, Spokane Indians – Avista Stadium history Baseball Reference.
com – Avista Stadium