1916 New Zealand census

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sixteenth census of
the Dominion of New Zealand
General information
Country Dominion of New Zealand
Date taken 15 October 1916
Total population 1,149,225[1]
1,162,022[2]
1,162,293[3]
Percent change Increase 8.59%
Most populous provincial district Auckland (308,766)
Least populous provincial district Westland (15,502)

The 1916 New Zealand census was the sixteenth national population census. The day used for the census was Sunday, 15 October 1916.[4] The census of the Dominion of New Zealand revealed a total population of 1,149,225 - an overall increase of 90,981 or 8.59% over the 1911 census figure.[a][b][5][6][7]

Enumeration[edit]

In 1916 a new departure was made in connection with the enumeration of Māori. The Māori census counted 49,776 (excludes Māori counted in the European census) for a total of 52,997, fewer than 1,900 reside in the South Island.[8][9] It was decided to enumerate the (South Island) Māori with the enumeration of the European population, the same schedules being used and the work done by the same Enumerators and Sub-Enumerators as for the European population. The North Island Māori census, however, was also taken in October.

Cost[edit]

The census of 1916 witnessed an important innovation in respect of the mode of distribution and collection of the census schedules, resulting in a considerable saving of expense. This was the substitution of the machinery of the Post Office for the old system of special Enumerators.

Not only was the work performed more economically (the cost of collection was approximately £20,600 in 1911 and £17,500 in 1916), but the schedules were in much better condition than at any previous census, the proportion of incomplete entries being infinitesimal, and the necessity for queries being reduced to practically nil. A point in connection with the 1916 census was the increase in the number of Enumerators’ districts—ninety-five, as compared with fifty-nine in 1911—and it is probable that the consequential reduction in the average size of the districts made for increased efficiency.

Summary[edit]

The results of the census covered these topics: (Separate Volumes) (published 1920)[10]

  • Part I Population (published 1918)
  • Part II Ages (published 1918)
  • Part III Birthplaces and Length of Residence (published 1918)
  • Part IV Religions (published 1918) (20pp)
  • Part V Education (published 1918)
  • Part VI Infirmity (published 1918)
  • Part VII Conjugal Condition (published 1918)
  • Part VIII Fertility (published 1919)
  • Part IX Occupations and Unemployment (published 1919)
  • Part X Race Aliens (published 1919)
  • Part XI Dwellings (published 1919)
  • Part XII Households (published 1920)

Appendix A Maori Census
Appendix B Population of Cook and Other Annexed Pacific Islands*
Appendix C Religious Denominations (Places of Worship etc) and Libraries
Appendix D Census of Industrial Manufacture*
Appendix E Poultry and Bees

Population and dwellings[edit]

The principal natural divisions in New Zealand are the North, South, and Stewart Islands. These contain nearly the whole population of European descent, the Cook and other annexed islands being inhabited almost solely by Natives.
The populations of the various provincial districts are as follows:[11]

Provincial District Males Females Total population
Auckland 155,298 153,468 308,766
Taranaki 28,773 27,150 55,925
Hawke's Bay 27,194 27,073 54,267
Wellington 119,572 112,542 232,114
Totals, North Island 330,839 320,233 651,072
Marlborough 8,506 8,102 16,608
Nelson 22,415 20,836 43,251
Westland 8,088 7,414 15,502
Canterbury 88,085 93,784 181,869
Otago
     Otago Portion 63,546 67,972 131,518
     Southland Portion 30,296 29,333 59,629
Totals, South Island* 220,936 227,441 448,377
New Zealand Totals, Dominion 551,771 547,674 1,099,449

Distribution[edit]

Distribution Males Females Total
Population of the Dominion1 (excluding Māori and residents of Cook and other Pacific islands) 551,775 547,674 1,099,449
Māori population2 25,931 23,840 49,771
     Morioris at Chatham Islands 2 3 5
Totals, Dominion 577,715 571,510 1,149,225
Population of Cook and other annexed Pacific islands 6,553 6,244 12,797
Totals, (excluding Samoa) 584,261 577,761 1,162,022
Samoa (Expeditionary Force and New Zealand civilians) 246 25 271
Totals 584,507 577,786 1,162,293
Source: Statistics New Zealand.[12][13][14] ^1 European, (Māori living as Europeans) and others. ^2 Includes 3,529 half-castes living as Māoris
† Includes 112 soldiers in camp in New Zealand.

Birthplace[edit]

Question 8 on the census form asked the question: (a.) Country where born... (not county, town or subdivision.) If born outside the British Empire or if born at sea, add "P." if a British subject by parentage, add "N". if a British subject by nationalization.[15] The figures show that of the total population of specified birthplace (1,097,841), 1,077,808, or 98.17 per cent., were born on British soil, 1.70 per cent, on foreign soil, and 0.13 per cent, at sea.[16] For the overseas-born census usually resident population:

Country Population
Percentage
New Zealand New Zealand-born 794,139 72.34%
Totals, Overseas-born 305,310 27.66%
England England 140,997 12.84%
Scotland Scotland 51,951 4.73%
Australia Commonwealth of Australia 45,585 4.15%
United Kingdom Ireland 37,380 3.40%
Wales Wales 2,197 0.20%
United Kingdom Other British possessions 5,559 0.51%
     Totals, British soil 1,077,808 98.17%
Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary 2,365 0.22%
German Empire German Empire 2,999 0.27%
Denmark Denmark 2,244 0.20%
Flag of the Empire of China 1915-1916.svg Chinese Empire 2,041 0.19%
Other foreign countries 9,007 0.82%
Total foreign 18,656 1.70%
At sea 1,377 0.13%
Not stated 1,608 -
Total that specified a birthplace 1,097,841 100.0%
New Zealand 1,099,449 100.0%
Source: Statistics NZ[17]

Race[edit]

The census form asked the question (a.) Country where born... (b.) Race.[18])

Race Males Females Total population Percent
European 547,505 545,519 1,093,024 95.11%
Māori 27,446 25,551 52,997 4.61%
Others 2,757 447 3,204 0.28%
     Chinese 2,017 130 2,147 -
     Syrians 267 192 459 -
     Hindus 167 14 181 -
     Negroes 79 16 95 -
     Japanese 55 4 59 -
Dominion 577,715 571,510 1,149,225 100.0%
Source: Dominion Population Committee[19][20][21]
1916 Māori census
Location Total population
North Island 47,545
South Island 1,590
Stewart Island 4
Chatham Islands
     Māoris 253
     Morioris 5
Māori wives living with European husbands 379
Totals, Dominion 49,776
Source: (excludes Māori living as Europeans.)[22]

Religion[edit]

Members of Christian denominations formed 95.71 per cent. of those who made answer to the inquiry at the last census; non-Christian sects were 0.44 per cent.; and those who described themselves as of no religion 0.39 per cent.; whilst "indefinite" religions constituted 1.12 per cent.

Denomination 1916 census
Number Percentage
Christian 1,048,479 95.71%
    Church of England 459,021 42.90%
    Presbyterians 260,659 24.36%
    Methodists 106,024 9.91%
    Baptists 20,872 1.95%
    Congregationalists 8,221 0.77%
    Lutherans 3,530 0.33%
    Salvation Army 10,004 0.94%
    Brethren 9,758 0.91%
    Church of Christ 9,249 0.86%
    Unitarians 1,402 0.13%
    Society of Friends 431 0.04%
    Roman; Catholics and Catholics undefined 151,605 14.17%
    Other Christians 7,703 0.72%
Hebrews 2,341 0.22%
Other specified religions 14,817 1.39%
No religion 4,311 0.40%
Totals, specified religions 1,069,948 100.00%
Object to state 25,577 -
Unspecified 3,924 -
Grand totals, Dominion of New Zealand 1,099,449 -

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Excludes members of armed forces absent overseas.
  2. ^ The population including the Cook and other annexed Pacific islands raises to 1,162,022.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Total and Māori populations, 1858–2013 Censuses of Population and Dwellings (Table 4)
  2. ^ REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF A CENSUS OF THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION OF NEW ZEALAND TAKEN FOR THE NIGHT OF THE 15th OCTOBER, 1916.
  3. ^ CENSUS, 1916. RETURN SHOWING THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION (EXCLUSIVE OF MAORIS AND THE POPULATION OF THE ANNEXED PACIFIC ISLANDS), WITH DETAILS FOR COUNTIES, BOROUGHS, ELECTORAL DISTRICTS, ETC.
  4. ^ "Dates of New Zealand censuses since 1851". Stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 16 January 2016. 
  5. ^ Total and Māori populations, 1858–2013 Censuses of Population and Dwellings (Table 4)
  6. ^ REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF A CENSUS OF THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION OF NEW ZEALAND TAKEN FOR THE NIGHT OF THE 15th OCTOBER, 1916.
  7. ^ CENSUS, 1916. RETURN SHOWING THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION (EXCLUSIVE OF MAORIS AND THE POPULATION OF THE ANNEXED PACIFIC ISLANDS), WITH DETAILS FOR COUNTIES, BOROUGHS, ELECTORAL DISTRICTS, ETC.
  8. ^ May the People Live: A History of Maori Health Development 1900-1920 By Raeburn Lange
  9. ^ Census of the Maori Population 1916
  10. ^ Chapter 6: Census of Population and Dwellings pp 46–75
  11. ^ REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF A CENSUS OF THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION OF NEW ZEALAND TAKEN FOR THE NIGHT OF THE 15th OCTOBER, 1916.
  12. ^ REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF A CENSUS OF THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION OF NEW ZEALAND TAKEN FOR THE NIGHT OF THE 15th OCTOBER, 1916.
  13. ^ CENSUS, 1916. RETURN SHOWING THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION (EXCLUSIVE OF MAORIS AND THE POPULATION OF THE ANNEXED PACIFIC ISLANDS), WITH DETAILS FOR COUNTIES, BOROUGHS, ELECTORAL DISTRICTS, ETC.
  14. ^ New Zealand Official Yearbook 1997 (Section -Population, age, sex)
  15. ^ Census question regarding ethnicity, 1916–2006
  16. ^ REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF A CENSUS OF THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION OF NEW ZEALAND TAKEN FOR THE NIGHT OF THE 15th OCTOBER, 1916.
  17. ^ REPORT ON THE RESULTS OF A CENSUS OF THE POPULATION OF THE DOMINION OF NEW ZEALAND TAKEN FOR THE NIGHT OF THE 15th OCTOBER, 1916.
  18. ^ Census question regarding ethnicity, 1916–2006
  19. ^ DOMINION POPULATION COMMITTEE (REPORTS OF THE) (Mr. James Thorn, Chairman) (Page:18)
  20. ^ New Zealand. Census and Statistics Dept 1926
  21. ^ New Zealand Official Yearbook 1997 (Section -Population, age, sex)
  22. ^ Census of the Maori Population October 1916