1920 Canton Bulldogs season
The 1920 Canton Bulldogs season was the franchises sixteenth and its first in the American Professional Football Association, which became the National Football League two years later. Jim Thorpe, the APFAs president, was Cantons coach and a back who played on the team, the Bulldogs entered the season coming off a 9–0–1 performance as Ohio League champions in 1919. The team opened the season with a 48–0 victory over the Pitcairn Quakers, a then-record crowd of 17,000 fans watched Cantons week 12 game against Union AA of Phoenixville. The 1920 season was Thorpes last with the Bulldogs, who was of mixed American Indian ancestry, left after the season to organize and play for an all-Native American team in LaRue, Ohio. Cap Edwards replaced Thorpe as the coach, and Wilbur Henry, Cub Buck, Harrie Dadmun, Joe Guyon. Three 1920 Bulldogs players—Thorpe and Pete Henry—were elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Representatives of four Ohio League teams—the Bulldogs, the Cleveland Tigers, the Dayton Triangles, at the meeting, they tentatively agreed on a salary cap and pledged not to sign college players or players already under contract with other teams.
They agreed on a name for the circuit, the American Professional Football Conference and they invited other professional teams to a second meeting on September 17. Representatives of the Buffalo All-Americans and Rochester Jeffersons could not attend the meeting, team representatives changed the leagues name slightly to the American Professional Football Association and elected officers, installing Jim Thorpe as president. Under the new structure, teams created their schedules dynamically as the season progressed. October 3,1920, at Lakeside Park The Bulldogs opened the 1920 season against the Pitcairn Quakers, the Bulldogs were only forced to punt once in the game, and did not attempt to score in the second and third quarters because of the large lead. In the fourth quarter, end Bunny Corcoran caught a 35-yard touchdown pass from Guyon, the final score was 48–0, and Guyon was the offensive star. October 10,1920, at Lakeside Park The Bulldogs were scheduled to play their game against the Rochester Jeffersons.
For the second game in a row the Bulldogs scored over 40 points in a shutout as Martin, Martin scored the first touchdown of the game with a run in the first quarter. In the second quarter, Hendren scored a touchdown. In the third quarter, Martin caught a pass from Grigg. The Bulldogs final score was a touchdown from back Pete Calac in the fourth quarter. The Maroons never got close to scoring and did not make a single a first down, october 17,1920, at Lakeside Park The Bulldogs next faced the Cleveland Tigers, their first APFA opponent, and won 7–0 before a crowd of 7,000 people
The Akron Pros were a professional football team that played in Akron, Ohio from 1908 to 1926. Fritz Pollard, the first black coach in the NFL. Paul Robeson played for the team in 1921 as well and he was among the earliest stars of professional football, before football became segregated from 1934 to 1946. In 1926, the name was changed back to the Akron Indians, due to financial problems, the team suspended operations in 1927 and surrendered its franchise the following year. Prior to 1908, several semi-pro and amateur teams dominated the Akron football scene, the most dominant of these was a team known as the Akron East Ends. The East Ends dominance of Ohio football went unmatched until the Massillon Tigers paid several ringers from the recently disbanded Pittsburgh Stars to defeat the East Ends in 1903, the Akron Indians date as far back as 1908. The early Indians teams went on to win Ohio League championships in 1908,1909,1913 and 1914, the team was always referred to as the Indians by the fans.
From 1908–1913, the Indians had a reputation of playing more of a style of football seen at the level than that of the early athletic clubs. For example, the Indians preferred passing the ball as opposed to running. The team tied for the Akron city title in 190 Before the 1912 season, Peggy Parratt, a football star with the Massillon Tigers, Franklin Athletic Club. He made the move realizing that he could make more money in the large football market that Akron provided. When he arrived in Akron, his first move was to change the name from the Akron Indians to Parratts Indians. With Peggy as player and owner-manager, the Indians split their series with Shelby and twice defeated Canton, however they were defeated by the unheard of Elyria Athletics, who took the Ohio championship. The Athletics were mostly former Blues players who formed a team in Elyria after Parratt left for Akron, the following season, Parratt brought most of Elyrias 1912 championship team to Akron, and adding them to his roster.
The Indians beat Shelby and Elyria and they managed to tie the rapidly improving Canton Pros. However, the game was cancelled due to snowstorm, a week when the Blues returned to Akron, the Indians were prepared with newly recruited talent that was viewed as even superior to that of Shelbys. The Indians won the game 20–0 and brought the Ohio title back to Akron, for his 1914 recruiting efforts, Parratt signed the usual big-name players, which consisted of a lineup that changed from week to week, with just enough stars on hand to guarantee a win. By late season, the left side of his Akron Indian line was from Notre Dame
Canton is a city in and the county seat of Stark County, United States. Founded in 1805 alongside the Middle and West Branches of Nimishillen Creek, its status in that regard began to decline during the late 20th century, as shifts in the manufacturing industry led to the relocation or repositioning of many factories. After this decline, the industry diversified into the service economy, including retailing, finance. Canton is located approximately 24 miles south of Akron, and 60 miles south of Cleveland, Canton lies on the outskirts of the greater northeast Ohio metropolitan area anchored by Cleveland, and is a short distance away from the periphery of the greater Pittsburgh area. The city lies on the edge of Ohios extensive Amish country, particularly in Holmes and Wayne counties to the citys west and southwest. Canton is located along Interstate 77, U. S. Route 62, and the historic Lincoln Highway, the present-day U. S. Route 30, and is the terminus of the Cuyahoga Valley Scenic Railroad. Canton is the largest incorporated area in the Canton-Massillon, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, as of the 2010 Census, the population was 404,422.
Cantons city population declined 9. 7%, down to 73,007 residents, despite this decline, the 2010 figure actually moved Canton from ninth to eighth place among Ohio cities. Nearby Youngstown in Mahoning County, once more populous than Canton. Canton is chiefly notable for two reasons, the first is football, especially the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the formation in 1920 of what became the National Football League. The second is William McKinley, who conducted from his home in Canton the famed front porch campaign which won him the presidency of the United States in the 1896 election, the McKinley National Memorial and the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum commemorate his life and presidency. Canton was chosen as the site of the First Ladies National Historic Site largely in honor of his wife, Canton is currently experiencing an urban renaissance, anchored by its growing and thriving arts district centrally located in the downtown area. Several historic buildings have been rehabilitated and converted into upscale lofts, Canton was founded in 1805, incorporated as a village in 1822, and re-incorporated as a city in 1838.
Bezaleel Wells, the surveyor who divided the land of the town, named it after Canton, the name was a memorial to a trader named John ODonnell, whom Wells admired. ODonnell had named his Maryland plantation after the Chinese city, as he had been the first person to transport goods from there to Baltimore, Canton was the adopted home of President William McKinley. Born in Niles, McKinley first practiced law in Canton around 1867, the city was his home during his successful campaign for Ohio governor, the site of his front-porch presidential campaign of 1896 and the campaign of 1900. Canton is now the site of the William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum, Cantons street layout forms the basis for the system of addresses in Stark County. Canton proper is divided into quadrants by Tuscarawas Street and Market Avenue
The Canton Bulldogs were a professional American football team, based in Canton, Ohio. They played in the Ohio League from 1903 to 1906 and 1911 to 1919, and its successor, the Bulldogs would go on to win the 1917,1918 and 1919 Ohio League championships. They were the NFL champions in 1922 and 1923, in 1921–1923, the Bulldogs played 25 straight games without a defeat, which as of 2016 remains an NFL record. As a result of the Bulldogs early success along with the league being founded in the city, Jim Thorpe, the Olympian and renowned all-around athlete, was Cantons most-recognized player in the pre-NFL era. In 1924, Sam Deutsch, the owner of the NFLs Cleveland Indians, bought the Canton Bulldogs and took the Bulldogs name and its players to Cleveland and named his franchise the Cleveland Bulldogs. He offered to sell the Canton franchise back to the city of Canton to play in the 1924 season, however there were no interested in the team. The Canton Bulldogs were however re-established in 1925, and the NFL considers the 1925 to 1926 Canton Bulldogs to be the team as the 1920 to 1923 incarnation.
All in all, this version of the Cleveland-Canton-Philadelphia Bulldogs played from 1961 to 1966, another Canton Bulldogs team was slated to begin play in the Stars Football League in 2012, although that team never materialized. The Bulldogs name is in use at Canton McKinley High School, prior to the debut of professional football in the city, an amateur team from Canton was mentioned as being a superior team in Stark County, Ohio. Until about 1902, this team competed with the Akron East Ends for the Ohio Independent Championship, when the Massillon Tigers arrived on the scene and went professional, Canton, as an amateur team, was no longer competitive. The Canton Bulldogs were officially established on November 15,1904 as the Canton Athletic Club, the statement stated that the football team was to be a professional organization, complete with a professional coach. The team was given the goal of beating the rival Massillon Tigers, to do this, Canton went out and offered money to the best players on all the other Ohio League teams.
Bill Laub, a player, team captain and coach of the Akron East Ends, was hired as the teams first-ever coach, the team began its 1905 season, with a 7–0 record. The Bulldogs traveled to Latrobe, Pennsylvania to play the Latrobe Athletic Association, Latrobe was not only the current Pennsylvania champions, but had gone undefeated for the last three seasons. Latrobe were considered the only pro team capable of competing with Canton and Massillon, Canton would go on to lose its 1905 game to Latrobe, 6–0. However, the worst part of the loss came when coach Bill Laub became injured and was unable to finish the season, Blondy Wallace, a former All-American for the Penn Quakers, was named as Laubs successor and team captain. Two weeks later, the team would lose the Ohio League championship game to the Massillon Tigers, sometime during the 1906 season, the Canton team became known as the Bulldogs although no one is quite sure how it came to be affixed to the Canton team. It wasnt called that in 1905, nor through most of the 1906 season, as late as November 4, R. C
NFL on Thanksgiving Day
The National Football League on Thanksgiving Day is a traditional series of games played during the Thanksgiving holiday in the United States. It has been a regular occurrence since the inception in 1920. Currently, three NFL games are played every Thanksgiving, the first two are hosted by the Detroit Lions and the Dallas Cowboys, a third game, with no fixed opponents, has been played annually since 2006. The concept of American football games being played on Thanksgiving Day dates back to 1876, shortly after the game had been invented, in that year, the college football teams at Yale and Princeton began an annual tradition of playing each other on Thanksgiving Day. The University of Michigan made it a tradition to play annual Thanksgiving games, the Thanksgiving Day games between Michigan and the Chicago Maroons in the 1890s have been cited as The Beginning of Thanksgiving Day Football. In some areas, high-school teams play on Thanksgiving, usually to wrap-up the regular-season, by the time football had become a professional event, playing on Thanksgiving had already become an institution.
Records of pro football being played on Thanksgiving date back to as early as the 1890s, with the first pro–am team, members of the Ohio League, during its early years, usually placed their marquee matchups on Thanksgiving Day. For instance, in 1905 and 1906 the Latrobe Athletic Association and Canton Bulldogs, a rigging scandal with the Tigers leading up to the 1906 game led to severe drops in attendance for the Bulldogs and ultimately led to their suspension of operations. During the 1910s, the Ohio League stopped holding Thanksgiving games because many of its players coached high school teams and were unavailable. This was not the case in other circuits, in 1919. The game ended in a tie, leading to a rematch the next Sunday for the league championship. During the Franksgiving controversy in 1939 and 1940, the two teams to play the game were the Pittsburgh Steelers and Philadelphia Eagles, as both teams were in the same state. When the Thanksgiving games resumed in 1945, only the Lions annual home game would remain on the Thanksgiving holiday, in 1951, the Packers began a thirteen-season run as the perpetual opponent to the Lions each year through 1963.
In 1966, the Dallas Cowboys, who had founded six years earlier. It is widely rumored that the Cowboys sought a guarantee that they would regularly host Thanksgiving games as a condition of their very first one, in 1975 and 1977, the St. Louis Cardinals replaced Dallas as a host team. This, combined with St. Louiss consistently weak attendance and opposition from the Kirkwood–Webster Groves Turkey Day Game led to Dallas resuming regular hosting duties in 1978. Notwithstanding the aforementioned St. Louis-hosted games in 1975 and 1977, the AFC could showcase only one team on Thanksgiving, and the AFC team was always the visiting team. Since 2006, a third NFL game on Thanksgiving has been played at night and it originally aired on the NFL Network as part of its Thursday Night Football package until 2011, NBC began carrying the night game in 2012
National Football League
The National Football League is a professional American football league consisting of 32 teams, divided equally between the National Football Conference and the American Football Conference. The NFL is one of the four professional sports leagues in North America. The NFLs 17-week regular season runs from the week after Labor Day to the week after Christmas, with each team playing 16 games, the NFL was formed in 1920 as the American Professional Football Association before renaming itself the National Football League for the 1922 season. The NFL agreed to merge with the American Football League in 1966, and the first Super Bowl was held at the end of that season, the merger was completed in 1970. Today, the NFL has the highest average attendance of any sports league in the world and is the most popular sports league in the United States. S. The NFLs executive officer is the commissioner, who has authority in governing the league. The team with the most NFL championships is the Green Bay Packers with thirteen, the current NFL champions are the New England Patriots, who defeated the Atlanta Falcons 34–28 in Super Bowl LI.
Another meeting held on September 17,1920 resulted in the renaming of the league to the American Professional Football Association, the league hired Jim Thorpe as its first president, and consisted of 14 teams. Only two of these teams, the Decatur Staleys and the Chicago Cardinals, the first event occurred on September 26,1920 when the Rock Island Independents defeated the non-league St. Paul Ideals 48–0 at Douglas Park. On October 3,1920, the first full week of league play occurred, the following season resulted in the Chicago Staleys controversially winning the title over the Buffalo All-Americans. In 1922, the APFA changed its name to the National Football League, in 1932, the season ended with the Chicago Bears and the Portsmouth Spartans tied for first in the league standings. This method had used since the leagues creation in 1920. The league quickly determined that a game between Chicago and Portsmouth was needed to decide the leagues champion. Playing with altered rules to accommodate the playing field, the Bears won the game 9–0.
Fan interest in the de facto championship game led the NFL, beginning in 1933, the 1934 season marked the first of 12 seasons in which African Americans were absent from the league. The de facto ban was rescinded in 1946, following public pressure, the NFL was always the foremost professional football league in the United States, it nevertheless faced a large number of rival professional leagues through the 1930s and 1940s. Rival leagues included at least three separate American Football Leagues and the All-America Football Conference, on top of regional leagues of varying caliber. Three NFL teams trace their histories to these leagues, including the Los Angeles Rams
Charles Edgar Blondy Wallace was an early professional football player. He was a 240-pound, former Walter Camp second-team All-American tackle from the University of Pennsylvania and he played two years at Peddie Institute, in New Jersey, winning state championships in 1896 and 1897. During his professional playing career he was involved in almost every event in professional football between 1902 and 1907. In 1902, Col. John Rogers, owner of the National Leagues Philadelphia Phillies, upon hearing of this, Wallace approached Ben Shibe of the rival American Leagues Philadelphia Athletics to see whether the Athletics would be following suit and fielding a football team. Not wanting his rivals to be unchallenged, Shibe decided to form a team with Wallace as the teams player-coach, the Athletics baseball manager, Connie Mack, was named the teams manager. The football Philadelphia Athletics finished the 1902 NFL season with a 5–2–2 record for a controversial second-place finish behind the Pittsburgh Stars, the league folded immediately after the season.
After the NFL season, Wallace played in the World Series of Football in 1902 at Madison Square Garden and he played on a team that consisted of former players from the football Athletics and the football Philadelphia Phillies of the NFL. The name of their team was called the New York team by Series organizer, Tom ORourke. Syracuse defeated Wallace and the New York club in what has called the first indoor pro football game. However Blondy would get a second winning the series after Glenn Pop Warner of the Syracuse Athletic Club suffered a head injury and was replaced by Wallace. Syracuse would go on to win the championship by a score of 36-0. In 1903, Bill Prince, the manager of the Franklin Athletic Club and that year, Wallace became the teams captain. That year Franklin posted a 12-0 record and won the 1903 World Series of Football and this accomplishment makes Blondy a winner on both the 1902 and 1903 World Series teams. In 1905 Wallace became the coach of the Canton Athletic Club. That year Wallace, signed an agreement with the Latrobe Athletic Association, led by quarterback John Brallier, under Brallier, was not only the current Pennsylvania football champion, but were undefeated for the last three seasons.
They were considered the professional team capable of competing at the same level as Canton. Canton would go on to lose the game to Latrobe, however the team was the runner-up in the Ohio League standings for the 1905 season, Wallace added four former Massillon players to his team in 1906. Shortly afterward that second game, a Massillon newspaper charged Wallace with fixing the 1906 championship game, the Bulldogs and Wallace denied the charges, maintaining that Massillon only wanted to ruin the clubs reputation before their final game against Latrobe
The Massillon Tigers were an early professional football team from Massillon, Ohio. Playing in the Ohio League, the team was a rival to the pre-National Football League version of the Canton Bulldogs, the Tigers won Ohio League championships in 1903,1904,1905, and 1906, merged to become All-Massillons to win another title in 1907. The team returned as the Tigers in 1915 but, with the reemergence of the Bulldogs, pro football was popularized in Ohio when the amateur Massillon Tigers, hired four Pittsburgh pros to play in the season-ending game against Akron. At the same time, pro football declined in the Pittsburgh area, the team opted not to join the APFA in 1920, it remained an independent club through 1923, when the Tigers folded. During their time as an independent, the Tigers never played against any team in the NFL, the Massillon Tigers team name was transferred to Massillon Washington High School, who still uses it today. The Massillon area had fielded several amateur football teams featuring only local players since the early 1890s, however while some had performed well, the others were more likely to be defeated when they played their cross-county arch-rival, Canton.
Therefore, a group of 35 area businessmen met on September 3,1903, Jack Goodrich, who expected to play halfback for the new team, was named manager. Meanwhile, Ed J. Stewart, a young and ambitious editor of the city newspaper The Evening Independent, was named as the teams first coach, Stewart had playing experience while attending Western Reserve College and Mount Union College. Apart from being the coach, he appointed himself as the teams quarterback. Wise, who was the Massillon Clerk of City Council, led a committee to secure the funds for a new football. The local venders only had a sufficient quantity of one style to outfit an entire team. Those jerseys imitated the orange and black striped attire of the Princeton Tigers, when the Tigers began play in 1903, several of the expected starters hadnt touched a football in eight or more years. According to locals belief, Baldy Wittman, 32-year-old proprietor of a cigar store. Charles Cy Rigler, who became a famous major league baseball umpire started at tackle.
Wittman opened at an end and was elected the team captain, Stewart lined himself up at quarterback. The Tigers first game against Wooster College ended in a 6-0 defeat, a biased official was the excuse for the loss. The Tigers followed their first ever game with a 16-0 victory over Stewarts alma mater, Mount Union College, a 6-0 victory over the Akron Imperials, after a 34-0 victory over the Dennison Panhandles, the Tigers prepared for their cross-county rivals, a sandlot team from Canton. Betting on the games, during the early 1900s was common and it is believed that over $1000 was risked on the games outcome
Wilbur Francis Pete Henry was an American professional football player and coach in the National Football League. He worked for more than 20 years as director and occasional football coach at Washington & Jefferson College. Henry attended Washington & Jefferson College, where he played for the Washington & Jefferson Presidents football team and he was recognized as a first-term All-American at tackle in 1917, and a consensus All-American in 1918 and 1919. In 1919, the national champion Pittsburgh Panthers argued that Henry was an ineligible college player. A gentlemans agreement among all college teams generally allowed players, like Henry, in fact, Pitt played several other teams with similarly situated players on several teams without complaint. The Panthers stand caused an outcry among the press and the Pitt alumni. In the end, Pitt won the game 7–6, in his years, Henry was not one to keep souvenirs, but he did keep the program from that game. Henry signed with the Canton Bulldogs on September 17,1920, despite his size and abilities at blocking, Henry was considered one of the greatest kickers of his era.
Statistics for kicks were imprecise at best during that time, however one accurate statistic was that of a 45-yard drop kick field goal kicked by Henry on December 10,1922 and he set a professional football record with that kick that stood for twelve years. Many claimed that both Jim Thorpe and Paddy Driscoll had beaten that record, both supposedly drop-kicking field goals at 50 yards, Driscoll was alleged to have kicked two from 50 yards in one game on September 28,1924. However, these claims could not be supported by any verifiable records, Henry was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1963. In 1931, Henry was hired as the director for Washington & Jefferson College. As the college and football team struggled during World War II, as AD, he wanted every student to participate in some form of athletics and required every student to know how to swim. He personally raised substantial funds for the Gambolier Fund to pay for scholarships and he continued to work, even after losing a leg to diabetes.
Henry was inducted into the Dapper Dan Clubs Pittsburgh Sports Hall of Fame in 1967 and he is enshrined in the Helms Sports Hall of Fame as well as the College Football Hall of Fame. Upon his death, Henry was eulogized in W&Js college newspaper, the Red & Black, as capturing the very spirit of Wash Jeff and, for many people was the College
Berlin Guy Champ Chamberlin was a professional American football player and coach in the National Football League. He played at Nebraska Wesleyan University and at the University of Nebraska and he graduated from Nebraska in 1916. Originally a halfback, in 1915 he moved to end and was named All-American end and he served in the United States Army from 1917 to 1919. He served as player-coach on four NFL title teams,1922 and 1923 Canton Bulldogs,1924 Cleveland Bulldogs, in 1925, Chamberlin became player-coach of the Frankford Yellow Jackets, who finished only sixth that year, with a record of 13–7. In 1926, the Yellow Jackets went 14–1–1 to win the NFL Championship and his career NFL coaching record was 58 wins,16 losses, and 7 ties. Chamberlin has the best win percentage of any coach in NFL history, Chamberlin returned to Blue Springs in 1932, where he became a farmer, state livestock inspector, and businessman. A well-known authority on football, he became a public speaker and he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1962 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1965.
Guy Chamberlin at the College Football Hall of Fame Guy Chamberlin at the Pro Football Hall of Fame Guy Chamberlin at Find a Grave