Football in Colombia
Football is the most popular sport in Colombia. The Colombian national league ranks 9th in the IFFHSs ranking The Strongest National League in the World of 2014, the Colombian national team represents Colombia in international football competitions. The highest rank it has reached in the FIFA World Rankings is its current ranking of third in the world. Colombian players have made an impact in the world game, notably in European football. Colombia had its strongest period during the 1990s, where they were among the giants in world football, a match during this period in 1993 resulted in a 5–0 win over Argentina which caused a special mutual respect rivalry between both nations. During this era, Colombia qualified for the 1990,1994 and 1998 editions of the World Cup, at the 2001 Copa América, Óscar Córdoba became the first and only goalkeeper in history to keep a perfect clean sheet in a Copa América tournament. Football became an important part of the identity of Colombia as it fought the negative image of Colombia from the mid-1980s up to the present day, while Colombia has had ups and downs with the sport, football is still widely loved and supported. There is much debate about the origins of football in Colombia, most historians agree that the Caribbean Region was the place where football spread. It is believed that its origins go back to 1900, by English railway engineers from The Colombia Railways Company. The first clubs were formed in Barranquilla and Bogotá, Barranquilla FC, Polo Club, Escuela Militar and Bartolinos, the 1918 Campeonato Nacional was the first tournament played between Colombian clubs, followed by the Copa Centenario Batalla de Boyacá. Independiente Medellín, founded on 15 April 1913, is the oldest club that remains as a professional club and it was not until 1924 that the Colombian Football Federation was formed, initially under the name Liga de Fútbol, that gained the affiliation with FIFA and CONMEBOL in 1936. In 1948, a league was created, known as División Mayor del Fútbol Colombiano. Outside the remit of FIFA due to problems, the league recruited a number of leading players, such as Alfredo Di Stéfano, Neil Franklin and Charlie Mitten. In 1991, a division was added to the first with a third. With 15 titles, Atlético Nacional is the team with the most trophies, followed by Millonarios F. C. with 14, the Copa Colombia appeared in 1950, although this knockout competition was only contested from time to time until 2008 when it became an annual tournament. Atlético Nacional and Millonarios are also the most successful clubs in this competition, the Colombia national team made their first appearance in 1938 and since then have enjoyed both highs and lows. Colombia did not enter the Copa América until the 1945 tournament when they finished out of seven countries. Their participation was sporadic until 1975, a tournament in which finished as runners-up
Society of Jesus
The Society of Jesus Latin, Societas Iesu, S. J. SJ or SI) is a religious congregation of the Catholic Church which originated in Spain. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents, Jesuits work in education, intellectual research, and cultural pursuits. Jesuits also give retreats, minister in hospitals and parishes, and promote social justice, Ignatius of Loyola founded the society after being wounded in battle and experiencing a religious conversion. He composed the Spiritual Exercises to help others follow the teachings of Jesus Christ, ignatiuss plan of the orders organization was approved by Pope Paul III in 1540 by a bull containing the Formula of the Institute. Ignatius was a nobleman who had a background, and the members of the society were supposed to accept orders anywhere in the world. The Society participated in the Counter-Reformation and, later, in the implementation of the Second Vatican Council, the Society of Jesus is consecrated under the patronage of Madonna Della Strada, a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and it is led by a Superior General. The Society of Jesus on October 3,2016 announced that Superior General Adolfo Nicolás resignation was officially accepted, on October 14, the 36th General Congregation of the Society of Jesus elected Father Arturo Sosa as its thirty-first Superior General. The headquarters of the society, its General Curia, is in Rome, the historic curia of St. Ignatius is now part of the Collegio del Gesù attached to the Church of the Gesù, the Jesuit Mother Church. In 2013, Jorge Mario Bergoglio became the first Jesuit Pope, the Jesuits today form the largest single religious order of priests and brothers in the Catholic Church. As of 1 January 2015, Jesuits numbered 16,740,11,986 clerics regular,2,733 scholastics,1,268 brothers and 753 novices. In 2012, Mark Raper S. J. wrote, Our numbers have been in decline for the last 40 years—from over 30,000 in the 1960s to fewer than 18,000 today. The steep declines in Europe and North America and consistent decline in Latin America have not been offset by the significant increase in South Asia, the Society is divided into 83 Provinces with six Independent Regions and ten Dependent Regions. On 1 January 2007, members served in 112 nations on six continents with the largest number in India and their average age was 57.3 years,63.4 years for priests,29.9 years for scholastics, and 65.5 years for brothers. The current Superior General of the Jesuits is Arturo Sosa, the Society is characterized by its ministries in the fields of missionary work, human rights, social justice and, most notably, higher education. It operates colleges and universities in countries around the world and is particularly active in the Philippines. In the United States it maintains 28 colleges and universities and 58 high schools and he ensured that his formula was contained in two papal bulls signed by Pope Paul III in 1540 and by Pope Julius III in 1550. The formula expressed the nature, spirituality, community life and apostolate of the new religious order, the meeting is now commemorated in the Martyrium of Saint Denis, Montmartre
Alianza Petrolera F.C.
They play their home games at the Daniel Villa Zapata stadium. Alianza Petrolera is one of the oldest teams in the Categoría Primera B, the years between 1998 and 2004 were the best for the team, even once reached the semi-finals. Although the team is based in Barrancabermeja, Santander, they have played also in the town of Guarne, Antioquia, moreover, the club was expected to formalize a partnership with Millonarios, to keep ahead of the tournament. At the end of the half, Alianza was last in the overall standings of the year. On November 22,2012, Alianza wins the first leg 1–0, three days later, on November 25, the team is crowned champion of the tournament after winning the second leg with a score of 3–1. Thus the team qualified for the final of the promotion, where it faces against América de Cali. The first leg ended 2–1 in favor of Alianza, while the second leg ended 1–0 in favor of America de Cali, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality