1919 in paleontology

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List of years in paleontology
In science
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922

Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1919.

Expeditions, field work, and fossil discoveries[edit]

  • Summer: William Edmund Cutler resumed collecting dinosaur fossils in Dinosaur Provincial Park. One discovery was a disarticulated ceratopsian he identified as an "Eoceratops". He spent the remainder of the year excavating the specimen although his progress was hampered by illness and bad weather.[2]

Institutions and organizations[edit]

Natural history museums[edit]

Scientific organizations[edit]

Scientific advances[edit]

Paleoanthropology[edit]

Paleobotany[edit]

Evolutionary biology[edit]

Exopaleontology[edit]

Extinction research[edit]

Micropaleontology[edit]

Invertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Trace fossils[edit]

Vertebrate paleozoology[edit]

Data courtesy of George Olshevsky's dinosaur genera list.[3]

Prehistoric dinosaurs described in 1919
Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes Images

Dysalotosaurus[4]

Valid taxon.

  • Virchow

late Kimmeridgian-Tithonian

Tendaguru Formation

A dryosaurid.

Panoplosaurus[5] Valid taxon

middle-late Campanian

Dinosaur Park Formation

A nodosaurid

"Uintasaurus"[6]

Junior synonym.

  • Holland

late Kimmeridgian-Tithonian

Morrison Formation

Junior synonym of Camarasaurus.

Pterosaurs described in 1919
Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Parapsicephalus

Valid

von Arthaber

Toarcian

Whitby Limestone Formation

A rhamphorhynchid; new genus for "Scaphognathus" purdoni Newton (1888).

Research techniques[edit]

Fossil trade[edit]

Law and politics[edit]

Regulation of fossil collection, transport, or sale[edit]

Fossil-related crime[edit]

Official symbols[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

Ethics and practice[edit]

Hoaxes[edit]

Scandals[edit]

Unethical practice[edit]

People[edit]

Births[edit]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Deaths[edit]

Historiography and anthropology of paleontology[edit]

Pseudoscience[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

Amusement parks and attractions[edit]

Art[edit]

Comics[edit]

Film[edit]

Gaming[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • In the Morning of Time by Charles G. D. Roberts was published. Paleontologist William A. S. Sarjeant has described it as unusually factual for a work of fiction.[7]

Philately[edit]

Television[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ D. H. Tanke. 2010. Lost in plain sight: rediscovery of William E. Cutler's missing Eoceratops. In M. J. Ryan, B. J. Chinnery-Allgeier, D. A. Eberth (eds.), New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs: The Royal Tyrrell Museum Ceratopsian Symposium. Indiana University Press, Bloomington 541-550.
  3. ^ Olshevsky, George. "Dinogeorge's Dinosaur Genera List". Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  4. ^ Virchow, H. 1919. Atlas and Epistropheus bei den Schildkroten. Sitzungsber. Ges. Naturforsch. Freunde Berlin 1919: pp. 303-332.
  5. ^ Lambe, L.M. 1919. Description of a new genus and species (Panoplosaurus mirus) of armored dinosaur from the Belly River Beds of Alberta. Trans. Roy. Soc. Can. (ser. 3) 13: pp. 39-50.
  6. ^ Holland, W.J. 1919. Report on Section of Paleontology. Annual Report of the Carnegie Museum (for 1919): p. 38 [and see Holland, W.J. 1924. Description of the type of Uintasaurus douglassi Holland. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 15 (2-3): pp. 119-138.]
  7. ^ Sarjeant, W. A. S., 2001, Dinosaurs in fiction: In: Mesozoic Vertebrate Life, edited by Tanke, D. H., and Carpenter, K., Indiana University Press, pp. 504-529.