1922 in science
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- November 4 – British archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb in the Valley of the Kings of Egypt.
- H.J. Muller sets out the basic properties of genetic heredity.
- Last known wild Barbary lion (P. l. leo) shot in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco.
- June 20 – Degesch applies to patent the cyanide-based insecticide Zyklon B (credited to Walter Heerdt) in Germany.
- Vitamin E is discovered by Herbert McLean Evans and Katharine Scott Bishop at the University of California, Berkeley and Vitamin D by Elmer McCollum and others.
- Czech chemist Jaroslav Heyrovský invents polarographic methods of chemical analysis.
- German chemist Hermann Staudinger proposes what he will come to call macromolecules.
- First publication of Ludwig Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus in an English translation.
- Ernst Steinitz proves Steinitz's theorem in polyhedral combinatorics.
- English mathematical physicist Lewis Fry Richardson proposes a scheme for weather forecasting by solution of differential equations, the method used in modern times, in his work Weather Prediction by Numerical Process.
- First of four successive American Museum of Natural History expeditions to Mongolia under Roy Chapman Andrews which will discover fossils of Indricotherium (a gigantic hornless rhinoceros then named "Baluchitherium"), Protoceratops, a nest of Protoceratops eggs (found in 1995 to be from Oviraptor), Pinacosaurus, Saurornithoides, Oviraptor and Velociraptor, none of which were known before.
- Arthur Compton studies X-ray photon scattering by electrons.
- Otto Stern and Walther Gerlach show "space quantization".
- Hilding Faxén introduces Faxén's law for the velocity of a sphere in fluid dynamics.
- November 22 – The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins broadcasting a radio service in the United Kingdom from station 2LO in London.
- Lancia Lambda is the first automobile to use monocoque construction.
- Approximate date – Madeleine Vionnet introduces the bias cut dress in Paris.
- Nobel Prize
- January 9 – Har Gobind Khorana (died 2011), Indian-born biochemist and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (shared with Ralph F. Hirschmann).
- February 12 – William Rashkind (died 1986), American cardiologist.
- March 4 – Geoff Tootill (died 2017), English computer scientist.
- April 22 – Wolf V. Vishniac (died 1973), American microbiologist.
- May 4 – Eugenie Clark (died 2015), American ichthyologist.
- May 6 – Ralph F. Hirschmann (died 2009), German American biochemist, leader of a team responsible for the first organic synthesis of an enzyme, a ribonuclease; Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (shared with Har Gobind Khorana).
- June 19 – Aage Bohr (died 2009), Danish nuclear physicist and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate.
- June 22 – Ewen Whitaker (died 2016), English-born lunar astronomer.
- July 18 – Thomas Kuhn (died 1996), American philosopher of science.
- July 25 – John B. Goodenough, German-born American solid-state physicist.
- August 24 – Donald Henry Colless (died 2012), Australian entomologist.
- September 5 – Denys Wilkinson (died 2016), English nuclear physicist.
- November 8 – Christiaan Barnard (died 2001), South African cardiac surgeon.
- November 15 – David Sidney Feingold, American biochemist and academic.
- November 26 – John D. Hoffman (died 2004), American nuclear chemist.
- January 5 – Ernest Shackleton (born 1874), explorer.
- January 15 – Edward Hopkinson (born 1859), electrical engineer.
- January 22 – Camille Jordan (born 1838), mathematician.
- April 1 – Hermann Rorschach (born 1884), psychiatrist.
- April 9 – Sir Patrick Manson (born 1844), the "father of tropical medicine".
- May 26 – Ernest Solvay, (born 1838), chemist.
- June 18 – Jacobus Kapteyn (born 1851), astronomer.
- August 2 – Alexander Graham Bell (born 1847), inventor.
- August 18 – W. H. Hudson (born 1841), naturalist.
- August 29 – Sophie Bryant (born 1850), mathematician and educationalist (in a hiking accident).
- Muller, H. J (1922). "Variation due to Change in the Individual Gene". American Naturalist. 56 (642): 32. doi:10.1086/279846.
- Schwartz, James (2008). In Pursuit of the Gene: from Darwin to DNA. Harvard University Press.
- Nowell, Kristin; Jackson, Peter (1996). "Panthera Leo". Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist Group. pp. 17–21. ISBN 2-8317-0045-0.
- DE 438818.
- Evans, H. M.; Bishop, K. S. (1922). "On the existence of a hitherto unrecognized dietary factor essential for reproduction". Science. 56 (1458): 650–651. Bibcode:1922Sci....56..650E. doi:10.1126/science.56.1458.650. JSTOR 1647181. PMID 17838496.
- Staudinger, H.; Fritschi, J. (1922). "Über die Hydrierung des Kautschuks und über seine Konstitution". Helvetica Chimica Acta. 5 (5): 785–806. doi:10.1002/hlca.19220050517.
- Steinitz, E. (1922), "Polyeder und Raumeinteilungen", Encyclopädie der mathematischen Wissenschaften, Band 3 (Geometries), pp. 1–139.
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- Faxén, Hilding (1922). "Der Widerstand gegen die Bewegung einer starren Kugel in einer zähen Flüssigkeit, die zwischen zwei parallelen ebenen Wänden eingeschlossen ist". Annalen der Physik. 373 (10): 89–119. Bibcode:1922AnP...373...89F. doi:10.1002/andp.19223731003.
- "Obituary: Thomas S. Kuhn (18 July 1922 - 17 June 1996)". Social Studies of Science: 483–502. 1997. JSTOR 285595.