1923 Women's World Games

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1923 Women's Olympiad
Flag of Monaco.svg
Monte Carlo, Monaco
First event 1921
Occur every 47 april 1923
Georgette Gagneux
Mary Lines
Hilda Hatt
Thérèse Brulé
Francesca Pianzola

The 1923 Women's Olympiad (Jeux Athlétiques Féminins,[1] Jeux Olympiques Féminins and Monte Carlo Games[2]) was the fourth international event in women's sports, the tournament was held 4 to 7 April 1923 in Monte Carlo, Monaco.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12] The tournament was formally called "Les Jeux Athlétiques Féminins à Monté Carlo". The games were a runner-up to the 1921 Women's Olympiad and 1922 Women's Olympiad.

Events[edit]

The multi-sport event was as previous years organised[2] by Fédération des Sociétés Féminines Sportives de France (FSFSF) under chairwoman Alice Milliat[9] and Camille Blanc,[7] director[13] of the "International Sporting Club de Monaco" as a response to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) decision not to include women's events in the 1924 Olympic Games.

The games were attended by[8] participants from 8[12] nations:[7] Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Italy, Monaco, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, the tournament was a huge promotion for women's sports.

Team Nation Participants
1  Belgium ?
2  Czechoslovakia ?
3  Denmark ?
4  France ?
5  Italy ?
6  Monaco ?
7   Switzerland ?
8  United Kingdom ?

The athletes competed[3][11][7] in 11[4] events:[5] running (60 metres, 250 metres, 800 metres, 4 x 75 metres relay, 4 x 175 metres relay and hurdling 65 metres), high jump, long jump, javelin, shot put and Athletics pentathlon.[10] The tournament also held exhibition events[7][11] in basketball, gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics.

The tournament was held at the "Tir aux Pigeons"[3] in the gardens Les jardins du Casino of the Monte Carlo Casino in the ward[9][11] of Monte Carlo.[2][1] Among the spectators were Prince Louis II, Princess Charlotte and Prince Pierre.[8]

Prior to the tournament a gymnastics event[7] ("La Quatrième Fête Fédérale de Gymnastique et d'Éducation Physique Féminines"[13] in the ward of Fontvieille with about 1200 participants from 71 gymnastic clubs[13] (this event is sometimes confused with the athletic event).

Results[edit]

Almost all medals went to athletes from France and the United Kingdom, medalists[14][4][5] for each[10][6][3] event:[1][11]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
60 metre Nora Callebout
 United Kingdom
7,9 sec Ivy Lowman
 United Kingdom
? Georgette Gagneux
 France
?
250 metre Nora Callebout
 United Kingdom
41,0 sec Marie Mejzlíková I
 Czechoslovakia
Monnet
 France
800 metre Marcelle Neveu
 France
2.35,6 min Mary Lines
 United Kingdom
Hilda Hatt
 United Kingdom
4 x 75 m relay Team England
 United Kingdom
Team France
 France
Team Czechoslovakia
 Czechoslovakia
4 x 175 m relay Team England
 United Kingdom
Team France
 France
Team Belgium
 Belgium
Hurdles 65 metre Ivy Lowman
 United Kingdom
11,3 sec Maes
 Belgium
Thérèse Brulé
 France
High jump Ivy Lowman
 United Kingdom
1,47 m Elise van Truyen
 Belgium
1,44 m Sophie Eliott-Lynn
 United Kingdom
1,40 m
Long jump Sylvia Stone
 United Kingdom
4,85 m Marie Mejzlíková I
 Czechoslovakia
4,71 m Elise van Truyen
 Belgium
4,61 m
Javelin, two-handed[nb] Louise Groslimond
  Switzerland
44,94 m Francesca Pianzola
  Switzerland
44,88 m Sophie Eliott-Lynn
 United Kingdom
43,56 m
Shot put, two-handed[nb] 3,628 kg Marie Mejzlíková I
 Czechoslovakia
17,05 m Florence Hurren
 United Kingdom
16,60 m Františka Vlachová
 Czechoslovakia
16,11 m
Pentathlon Simone Chapoteau
 France
Ivy Lowman
 United Kingdom
shared
Sophie Eliott-Lynn
 United Kingdom
Elise van Truyen
 Belgium
  • nb Each athlete in the shot put and javelin throw events threw using their right hand, then their left. Their final mark was the total of the best mark with their right-handed throw and the best mark with their left-handed throw.

Sophie Eliott-Lynn later also competed[10] at the 1926 Women's World Games in Gothenburg where she finished fourth in the javelin event.

Marie Janderová[6] competed in the javelin event, her result of 25,50 metres was a world record, however she finished fifth in the totals with 42,11 metres.

world record holder in 800 metres Georgette Lenoir and world record holder in shot put Violette Morris also competed at the games but without gaining any medals.

The basketboll tournament was won by Team France after a win in the final against Team England with 19-1.

A special commemorative medal was issued for the participants.

Legacy[edit]

The tournament was a huge promotion for women's sports, however it was the last of three Women's Olympiads. The event continued as Women's World Games with the first event already being held in Paris in 1922.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Women in Athletics - from 1900 - 1950" (in French). Féchain Athlétique Club, Sylvain Charlet. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "Athlétisme". Literature of Track and Field Athletics (ATHLOS). Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Jeux Mondiaux Féminins" (in French). Commission Documentation et Histoire, cdm.athle.com, 7) Résultats par année, p 7-8. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "Les Jeux Athlétiques Féminins de Monte Carlo" (in French). L'Éclaireur de Nice, 5 April 1923, p 2, also 6 April p 2 and 7 April p 2. Archived from the original on 17 February 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c "Les III:e Jeux Féminins de Monte Carlo" (in French). Le Petit Niçois, 5 April 1923, p 5, also 6 April p 2 and 7 April p 4. Archived from the original on 18 February 2017. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c "Track and Field Statistics". Brinkster.net. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Die ersten olympischen Wettbewerbe im internationalen Frauensport" (in German). Bernett, Hajo, Sozial- und Zeitgeschichte des Sports, Heft 2/1988, p 66-86 (ISSN 0931-7031). Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c "The Women's Olympic Games". Comité Olympique Monégasque. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c "Frauen und Olympische Spiele" (in German). Deutsche Olympische Sportbund (DOSB) 2002, Gertrud Pfister. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Feminist Sport Studies: Sharing Experiences Of Joy And Pain". SUNY Press 2005, Markula, Pirkko, p 178-179 (ISBN 9780791465301). Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Rétrospective de l'athlétisme féminin" (in French). Association des Entraineurs d’Ile de France d’athlétisme (AEIFA), Sylvain Charlet, p 8. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Échos & Nouvelles" (PDF) (in French). Journal de Monaco, 10 April 1923, p 1. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c "Échos & Nouvelles" (PDF) (in French). Journal de Monaco, 3 April 1923, p 3. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 
  14. ^ "Il "ventrale" bellezza di un gesto che fu arte prima di essere sport" (PDF) (in Italian). IAAF 2014, Giovanni Baldini, Ottavio Castellini, Marco Martini. P 59. Retrieved 8 March 2017. 

External links[edit]