Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Northern England or the North of England, also known as the North Country or simply the North, is the northern part of England, when considered as a single cultural area. The area roughly spans from the River Trent and River Dee to the Scottish border in the north, Northern England roughly comprises three statistical regions, the North East, North West and Yorkshire and the Humber. These have a population of around 14.9 million as of the 2011 Census. The region has been controlled by groups from the Brigantes. After the Norman conquest in 1066, the Harrying of the North brought destruction, a Council of the North was in place during the Late Middle Ages until the Commonwealth after the Civil War. The area experienced Anglo–Scottish border fighting until the unification of Britain under the Stuarts, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the economy of the North was dominated by heavy industry such as weaving, shipbuilding, steelmaking and mining. The deindustrialisation that followed in the half of the 20th century hit Northern England hard. For government and statistical purposes, Northern England is defined as the covered by the three statistical regions of North East England, North West England and Yorkshire and the Humber. This definition will be used in article, except when otherwise stated. Using historic county boundaries, the North is generally taken to comprise Cumberland, Northumberland, Westmorland, County Durham, Lancashire and Yorkshire, the Isle of Man is occasionally included in definitions of the North, although it is politically and culturally distinct from England. Additionally, some areas of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire have been associated with the North. The geographer Danny Dorling includes most of the West Midlands and part of the East Midlands in his definition of the North, conversely, more restrictive definitions also exist, typically based on the extent of the historical Northumbria, which exclude Cheshire and Lincolnshire. Personal definitions of the North vary greatly and are sometimes passionately debated, when asked to draw a dividing line between North and South, Southerners tend to draw this line further south than Northerners do. Various towns have been described as or promoted themselves as the gateway to the North, including Crewe, Stoke-on-Trent, through the North of England run the Pennines, an upland chain often referred to as the backbone of England. This stretches from the Cheviot Hills on the border with Scotland to the Peak District, the geography of the North has been heavily shaped by the ice sheets of the Pleistocene era, which often reached as far south as the Midlands. On the other side of the Pennines, a glacial lake forms the Humberhead Levels, a large area of fenland which drains into the Humber. This has left the North a region of contrasts, the Lake District includes Englands highest peak, Scafell Pike, which rises to 978 m, its largest lake, Windermere, and its deepest lake, Wastwater. However, dense areas have emerged along the coasts and rivers
Washington Football Club is a football club based in Washington, Tyne and Wear, England. The club was formed by the miners at the local F-Pit Colliery in the early 20th century as Washington Colliery F. C. The modern club was established in 1947 and joined the Wearside League in 1968, in the 1977–78 season, they reached the third round of the FA Vase. The club won promotion to the Northern Football League Division One after winning their last seven games of the 2014–15 season and it was their highest league standing since the 2003–04 season. Little is known of the prior to 1926–27 when the club became a founder member in division 2 of the North Eastern League. Prior to this it was known the club did exist but mainly in playing friendlies against other local pits such as Usworth Colliery. A notable player from the era was Ronnie Starling, who went on to captain Sheffield Wednesday to the FA Cup. The club won the Division 2 title in the 1927–28 season and were promoted to division one and this period however did produce their most famous son, Jimmy Hagan, who went on to represent England. He later managed the famous Benfica team that won three successive Portuguese championships between 1971 and 1973 and he was also briefly manager of Sporting Lisbon during the 1976-77 season. The Colliery stayed in the league until 1964 when they moved to the Northern Alliance League and their tenure in that league lasted only one year where then club secretary Billy Benson was successful in applying to become a member of the Wearside league under the name Washington F. C. Their greatest moment was in 1970/71 reaching the FA Cup 4th qualifying round where they were defeated 3–0 by professional league team Bradford Park Avenue, currently Washington play in the Northern league and are semi-professional with paid players. Players that have played/managed in the Football League or any equivalent to this level. Players that hold a club record, alfred Douglas Washington FC Club website Durham Alliance Football League Winners The History of the Wearside Football League History
Ashington Association Football Club is a football club based in Ashington, Northumberland, England. They are currently members of the Northern League Division One and play at Woodhorn Lane and they were a founding member of the Football League Third Division North in 1921 and are the northernmost team to have played in the Football League. The club were founder members of the Northern Premier League in 1968 and have been in the Northern League since 1970. The club was established in 1883 and began entering the FA Cup in 1887 and they joined the Northern Alliance at the start of the 1892–93 season when the league was expanded to twelve clubs. However, the league was reduced to ten club the following season, the club then ceased activities, but were brought back following a large meeting, joining the East Northumberland League in 1895. They went on to win the title in 1897–98. Ashington applied to rejoin the Northern Alliance in 1901, but were rejected, however, the following season they were elected back into the league, finishing second in the vote to admit three clubs. They won the league in 1913–14 and moved up to the North Eastern League, when football resumed after World War I the club rejoined the North Eastern League, where they remained until being elected into the new Third Division North of the Football League in 1921. After all the applications had been considered by the League, Ashington were one of fourteen clubs marked out for admission in a single bloc, which they duly were. In 1926–27 the club recorded its best performance in the FA Cup, reaching the third round, after finishing bottom of the division in 1928–29 the club lost their bid for re-election, receiving only 14 votes to the 24 received by non-League York City. Ashington subsequently dropped into Division Two of the North Eastern League as Division One had no spaces, with only two clubs eligible for promotion, Ashington appeared to have missed out after finishing third. However, runners-up White-le-Head declined the opportunity of promotion, allowing Ashington to move up to Division One, alongside several other former North Eastern League clubs, Ashington switched to the Midland League. In 1960 they were members of the Northern Counties League. The North Eastern League was re-established in 1962, but lasted two seasons. Ashington spent the 1964–65 season in the Wearside League before joining the North Regional League and they remained in the league for three seasons, before becoming founder members of the Northern Premier League in 1968. In the first season of the league, the club finished third-from-bottom and they spent a single season back in the Northern Alliance, before joining the Northern League in 1970. In 1973–74 they reached the semi-finals of the last-ever FA Amateur Cup, in 1981 a second division was added to the league, with Ashington remaining in Division One. However, after finishing second-from-bottom in 1983–84 they were relegated to Division Two, in 2000–01 they won Division Two, earning promotion to Division One
North Shields F.C.
North Shields Football Club is a football club based in North Shields, England. They have reached the 2nd round of the FA Cup twice in their history – in 1933–34, following their promotion from Northern League Division Two, they currently compete in Northern League Division One. They also won the FA Amateur Cup at Wembley in 1969, in the 2014–15 season, North Shields repeated their 1969 success by defeating Glossop North End at Wembley in the final of the FA Vase. The club was formed in 1896 as North Shields Athletic playing initially in the South Shields and they subsequently became members of the Northern Combination and were runners-up of this league in the 1900–01 season. The club moved to the Appleby Park ground at Hawkeys Lane, after eight seasons as a Northern Combination club, in 1904 North Shields Athletic joined the Northern Alliance. They soon were successful, winning the league for two seasons in 1906–07 and 1907–08. Following this the team were admitted to the North Eastern League, at least two players, Alan Grenyer and Harry Chambers went on to play for the full England team after starting their careers with North Shields Athletic. After the First World War the club emerged as Preston Colliery, the following season they competed in the Northern Alliance and from 1921 they were re-admitted to the North Eastern League. Success proved elusive for the Preston Colliery team and after a next to finish to the 1927–28 campaign they were relegated to Division 2. North Shields achieved their best to date performance in the FA Cup in reaching the second round proper in 1933–34, in the first round Shields defeated Midland League Scarborough 3–0 at Appleby Park. They were drawn away in the round to local rivals Football League Third Division North club Gateshead who won the tie 1–0. A few years prior to the cessation, in 1936 the club saw their record attendance at Appleby Park of 12,800 in a local derby match against South Shields. In 1944–45 following the post war resumption of the league Shields won the league cup, shortly afterwards in 1949–50 the team won the North Eastern League championship, achieved a second-placed finish in 1951–52 and took the League Cup winners crown again five years later. That season, 1956–57, was to be temporarily their penultimate as members of the North Eastern League as that league disbanded after the 1957–58 campaign, the disbandment was caused by the withdrawal of Football League clubs reserve teams - a fate that also befell the Midland League. The remaining teams from both leagues combined into a single Midland League, North Shields were runners-up of this grouping in 1959–60. This league arrangement was short-lived and from 1960 the north-eastern teams organised themselves into a ten team Northern Counties League, North Shields were champions of this league in its inaugural 1960–61 season. The league was renamed the North Eastern League in 1962 but only survived a further two seasons, upon the folding of that league, North Shields joined the Northern League from the 1964–65 campaign and shortly thereafter achieved success. Shields were a goal down after four minutes but won 2–1 with second half strikes from Richie Hall and Brian Joicey
Northern Football League
The Northern League is a mens football league in north east England for semi-professional and amateur teams. Having been founded in 1889, it is the oldest surviving football league in the world after the Football League and it contains two divisions, Division One and Division Two. Division One sits on the tier of the English football league system. These leagues cover County Durham, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, northern Cumbria, One of the top three teams of Division One may be eligible for promotion to Division One North of the Northern Premier League, subject to certain criteria. The Northern League ran as one of two major competitions in tandem with the professional Football League, Southern League and, since 1968. In 1974, amateur status was abandoned by the Football Association, ultimately, the Northern League remained out of the football pyramid until 1991, a decision that proved very costly to its status. The league declined throughout the 1980s as its leading clubs defected to other leagues within the football pyramid, Northern League clubs now compete for the FA Vase. The League had a sponsorship deal put in place by Brooks Mileson, owner of the Albany Group. In that year, Mileson announced that he had created a trust which would continue to sponsor the league throughout his lifetime, in 2008, however, the league announced that this sponsorship had come to an end, and it held a raffle to determine its next sponsor. Interested parties were invited to buy a stake in the raffle for £250, the winning stake was held by a local training company and the league was known as the skilltrainingltd Northern League from the 2008–09 season until the 2011–12 season. The league is sponsored by dehumidifier manufacturer Ebac. Level 11 clubs from the Northern Football Alliance, Teesside Football League, originally the league comprised a single division. The champions were as follows, In 1897, the league split into two divisions. In 1900, the league reverted to a single division, in 1905 the league split into two sections, one for professionals and one for amateurs. This lasted for a single season, in 1906 the league reverted to a single division, a format retained until 1982. In 1982 the league added a second division
Whitley Bay F.C.
Whitley Bay Football Club are an English football club based in the North-East of England. The present Whitley Bay Football Club was formed in 1950 and was known as Whitley Bay Athletic, Whitley Bay play their home matches at Hillheads Park, which is adjacent to the Whitley Bay ice rink and has a maximum capacity of 4,500. The club spent most of the 1990s playing in the Northern Premier League, since then and they now play in the Northern League Division One. There has been a club in Whitley Bay since 1896 when it was founded by Liam Patrick Mattimore. The first team was known as Whitley and Monkseaton F. C, it was renamed to Monkseaton FC and then again renamed to Whitley Bay Athletic in 1950. From 1950 until 1955, Whitley Bay Athletic were members of the Northern Alliance League, in 1955 the club decided to join the powerful North-Eastern League which was wholly made up of professional sides and for three seasons Whitley Bay struggled at the foot of the table. In 1958 a limited company was formed, the Athletic dropped from the title, during the 1960s Whitley Bay became one of the best amateur clubs in the country. They won the Northern League title in 1964–65 and 1965–66, as well as the Northern League Cup in 1964–65, Whitley Bay also won the Northumberland Senior Cup six times in 10 years, and they were also runners-up on another occasion. It was in the Amateur cup, the predecessor of the FA Trophy, march 18,1968 saw the birth of the floodlights at Hillheads Park, Whitley Bays first fixture to be played under them was a friendly match against Newcastle United. The early 1970s saw Whitley Bays success continue with even more silverware, winning the League Cup in 1970–71, with the decline of amateur football, the clubs fortunes took a nosedive, culminating in them having to re-apply to the League in 1979–80. During the beginning of the 1980s, the club began to turn their troubles around. After this appointment the teams performances gradually started to improve, during Grahams first season in charge he achieved Whitley Bays highest league position in 15 years, finishing 5th. The club also enjoyed their best ever FA Trophy run, as they reached the last sixteen, finally, to finish a memorable season in charge, Whitley Bay also won the Northumberland Senior Cup, beating Newcastle Blue Star 2–1 at Hillheads Park. With the clubs progress and success increasing rapidly, an agreement was made, during the 1989–90 season, Whitley Bay recorded their best ever FA Challenge Cup run, when they reached the Third Round, beating Scarborough and Preston North End, only to lose 1–0 to Rochdale. They became champions of the Northern Premier League First Division in the 1990–91 season, three seasons after gaining promotion they achieved their highest ever final league position of 11th in the 1993–94 season. In 1994–95, the club was relegated from the Northern Premier League Premier Division to the Northern Premier League First Division, five years later the club was relegated again, this time to the Northern Football League in 1999–2000. They went on to win the FA Vase in the 2001–02, 2008–09, 2009–10 and they are the only team to have won the FA Vase four times. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Esh Winning F.C.
Esh Winning Football Club is a football club based in Esh Winning, near Durham, in County Durham, England. They are currently members of the Northern League Division Two and play at West Terrace, the original Esh Winning club was established in 1889 as Esh Winning Rangers. After playing in local leagues, they joined the Northern League in 1912, winning it at the first attempt, at the end of the season they were renamed Esh Winning. The clubs second season in the league saw them finish eleventh, after World War I the club continued in the Northern League, finishing bottom of the table in 1926–27, 1931–32 and 1933–34. The modern club was established in 1967 as Esh Winning Pineapple and they joined Division Three of the Durham and District Sunday League, and were promoted to Division Two at the end of the 1970–71 season. The club won the Guards Cup in 1971–72 and the Division Two title in 1972–73, after winning the Stafferi Cup in 1974–75 and the Guards Cup again in 1975–76, they won successive league titles in 1978–79 and 1979–81. In 1981 the club joined the Northern Alliance, after a sixth-place finish in their first season in the league, they were promoted to Division Two of the Northern League, dropping Pineapple from their name. Esh Winning remained in Division Two of the Northern League for twenty seasons, finishing bottom of the division in 1985–86, in 2001–02 they finished third and were promoted to Division One, where they remained until being relegated back to Division Two at the end of the 2005–06 season. In 2007–08 the club won the Ernest Armstrong Memorial Cup, in 2008–09 another third-place finish in Division Two saw them promoted to Division One for a second time. However, they were relegated back to Division Two at the end of the 2010–11 season and they finished bottom of Division Two for a third time in 2013–14. The original Esh Winning played at the Stags Head Recreation Ground, the modern club bought the welfare grounds in Waterhouses from the National Coal Board when the mine was about to be closed down. The West Terrace ground was developed, including a stand with five rows of seating. Players Official website Esh Winning F. C. on Twitter
Tow Law Town F.C.
The team, nicknamed The Lawyers, play their home games at Ironworks Road. The clubs fans are known as The Misfits, the club was founded in 1890 as Tow Law F. C. Tow Law reached the final of the FA Vase in 1998, having progressed all the way from the first round, there was a football team operating in Tow Law as early as 1881, when a vicar captained the team. However, the still playing today was founded as Tow Law in 1890. The club became one of the teams of the Auckland and District League in 1892. They then joined the Northern League in 1894, in 1896 they won the Durham Challenge Cup. They left the Northern League, and played in the South Durham Alliance from 1900 to 1905, in 1905 the club changed its name to Tow Law Town which they have stuck with ever since. The club played in the Crook and District League from 1912 until 1914, after the end of World War I in 1918, the club again played in the Auckland and District League until 1920, when they returned to the Northern League where they have played ever since. The club were league winners two seasons in a row, in 1923–24 and 1924–25 and they were runners up in 1928–29. In the Second World War they resigned from the Northern League on 20 March 1940 and they rejoined the league in 1945 on its resumption after the War. In the 1967–68 season, the club had their best ever run in the FA Cup, after reaching the first round proper, they beat Mansfield Town 5–1 at Ironworks Road, and took Shrewsbury Town to a second round replay after a 1–1 draw at home. The team went into the third round draw and were drawn against Arsenal at home, however this never happened because they were beaten 6–2 by Shrewsbury in the replay. Arsenal were said to be saved from a worse than death – a trip to Tow Law in January. In 1974, they won the Northern League Cup, beating Ashington 2–1 in the final at Crook, in the summer of 1978, Chris Waddle started playing for the club. In the summer of 1980, while Waddle was working in a sausage factory, Tow Law Town were runners-up in the 1988–89 season, before finally winning the league again in 1994–95, sitting 14 points clear at the end of the season. They missed out on the runners up spot the following year on goal difference, Harry Hodgson had long served as Chairman of the club, but stood down at the end of 1995–96, but as of 2011 he still remains a member of the committee. John Flynn took over as Chairman, at the end of 1996–97, Harry Dixon, another long standing official at the club, stood down as treasurer, but stayed on as the clubs president. Kevin McCormick took over as treasurer, the club made their first and so far only visit to Wembley Stadium on 9 May 1998, by winning through to the final of the FA Vase, under the management of Peter Quigley and his assistant Tony Heslop
Crook Town A.F.C.
Crook Town Association Football Club is a football club based in Crook, County Durham, England. They are currently members of the Northern League Division Two and play at the Sir Tom Cowie Millfield, the club won the FA Amateur Cup five times. Crook Town Football Club was formed in 1889 by a merger of Crook and Crook Excelsior and they initially only played friendly and cup matches until Crook Cricket Club took over the club in 1894. A successful application was made to join the Bishop Auckland and District League, with the clubs first league match plaued on 15 August 1894. They were league runners-up in 1895–96, and at the end of the season they joined the Northern League, in 1897–98 the league gained a second division, with Crook becoming members of Division One. They finished bottom of the division and were due to part in promotion/relegation play-off matches. However, an outbreak of smallpox in the Middlesbrough area had prevented the club finishing their league fixtures and they finished bottom of Division One the following season, but there was no relegation. In 1900–01 the club won the FA Amateur Cup, defeating Kings Lynn 3–0 in a replay at Ipswich after a 1–1 draw at Dovercourt in Essex, in 1908 Crook successfully applied to join the North Eastern League. However, shortly before the start of the 1908–09 season the club decided to remain in the Northern League, in 1913 the club made the first of three tours to Spain where games were played against Barcelona. Subsequent tours were undertaken in 1921 and 1922, in all Crook played Barcelona ten times, winning two, drawing four and losing four. Jack Greenwell, a native of Crook who played on the first tour, jack went on to manage Barcelona and the Spanish national team before coaching all over the world during the 1930s. In 1914–15 Crook won their first Northern League title, in 1926–27 the club reached the first round of the FA Cup for the first time. After beating Workington 2–1, they lost 2–0 at Third Division North Southport in the second round and they had also reached the first round of the FA Cup, losing 8–2 at Third Division North Rochdale. Crook were re-constituted in the summer of 1928 and after being refused entry to the Northern League and they were accepted back into the Northern League in 1929, but a year later decided to turn professional and joined the North Eastern League under the name Crook. In 1931–32 the club reached the first round of the FA Cup again, the club struggled on until World War II and the Northern League closed down in 1940. In 1943 Hole in the Wall Colliery and Peases West Welfare merged to form Crook Colliery Welfare, when the Northern League resumed in 1945, the new club took the place of Crook Town, whose name they adopted in 1949. In 1952–53 they won the Northern League, and the season they won the FA Amateur Cup again. In 1958–59 they won the league and reached the FA Amateur Cup for the third time and they won the Cup again in 1961–62 with a 4–0 win over Hounslow Town in a replay, and the following season won the Northern League title