1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering

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This article is part of the
highway renumbering series.
Alabama 1957
Arkansas 1926
California 1964
Colorado 1968
Connecticut 1932, 1963
Florida 1945
Indiana 1926
Iowa 1926, 1969
Louisiana 1955
Maine 1933
Massachusetts 1933
Minnesota 1934
Missouri 1926
Montana 1932
Nebraska 1926
Nevada 1976
New Jersey 1927, 1953
New Mexico 1988
New York 1927, 1930
North Carolina 1934, 1937, 1940, 1961
Ohio 1923, 1927, 1962
South Carolina 1928, 1937
Texas 1939
Utah 1962, 1977
Virginia 1923, 1928, 1933, 1940, 1958
Washington 1964
Wisconsin 1926
Wyoming 1927

In 1927, New Jersey's state highways were renumbered. The old system, which had been defined in sequence by the legislature since 1916, was growing badly, as several routes shared the same number, and many unnumbered state highways had been defined. A partial renumbering was proposed in 1926, but instead a total renumbering was done in 1927.

Some amendments were made in 1929, including the elimination of Route 18N (by merging it into Route 1), and the addition of more spurs, as well as Route 29A, but the system stayed mostly intact until the 1953 renumbering.

Proposed 1926 Renumbering[edit]

A partial renumbering was proposed in 1926 to get rid of the duplicates and assigning numbers to many of the unnumbered routes. The proposed 1926 renumbering would have:

  • extended Route 4 over Route 19
  • renumbered Route 17N to Route 17
  • renumbered Route 18N to Route 1
  • renumbered Route 18S to Route 19
  • designated Route 21 from Trenton to Buttzville
  • renumbered Route 17S to Route 22
  • renumbered Route 18 (unsuffixed) to Route 23
  • designated Route 24 from Mount Holly to Freehold
  • renumbered the Route 20 "from a point on Route No. 3, extending by way of West Berlin, Gibbsboro and Haddonfield, connecting with Haddon Avenue in the Borough of Haddonfield, and continuing to approach the Delaware River Bridge" to Route 25, and extended it from West Berlin to Blue Anchor[1] [n 1]
  • designated Route 26 from Five Points to Hammonton
  • designated Route 27 from Camden to Atlantic City
  • designated Route 28 from South Amboy to Atlantic Highlands
  • designated Route 29 from Morristown to Hackettstown
  • designated Route 30 from Far Hills to Tri-State

It was eventually determined that an entire overhaul of the numbering system was necessary.

Design[edit]

Chapter 319 of the 1927 public laws defined the new system of routes. Major roads received numbers from 1 to 12 and 21 to 50, as follows:

  • 1-12: northern New Jersey
  • 21-28: radiating from Newark
  • 29-37: radiating from Trenton
  • 38-47: radiating from Camden
  • 48-50: southern New Jersey

Spurs were also defined, being assigned a prefix of S. For example, Route S26 was a short spur of Route 26 connecting to Route 25 south of New Brunswick. A second spur of Route 4 was assigned Route S4A, but two separate spurs of Route 24 both received the Route S24 designation.

While the majority of already-acquired routes were included in the new system, four sections of pre-1927 routes were not. The law authorizing the renumbering indicated that these were to remain, and so the State Highway Commission added a suffix of N to distinguish them from the new routes of the same number:

List of new routes[edit]

New From Through To Old[n 2] Modern Designation (Rough)[n 3]
Route 1 Rockleigh Fort Lee - Alpine - Cresskill - Englewood - Fort Lee - Palisades Park - Ridgefield - North Bergen - Jersey City - Bayonne Bayonne Bridge CR 501
Route S1 Fort Lee Ridgefield - Fairview North Bergen 63
Route 2 Suffern, New York Ridgewood - Hackensack - Hasbrouck Heights - Rutherford - Lyndhurst North Arlington Route 17N (proposed to be Route 17 in 1926), Suffern - North Arlington 17
Route 3 Greenwood Lake, New York Hewitt - Midvale - Haskell - Pompton - Haledon - Prospect Park - Hawthorne - Paterson - Clifton - Wallington - East Rutherford - Secaucus North Bergen L. 1926 c. 140, Wallington - North Bergen CR 511, 208, 20, 3
Route 4 George Washington Bridge Fort Lee - Riverside - Fair Lawn - Paterson - Clifton - Bloomfield - East Orange - Irvington - Roselle - Linden - Rahway - Woodbridge - Perth Amboy - South Amboy - Rose's Corner - Cheesequake - White Brown's Corner - Matawan - Freehold - Lakewood - Toms River - Tuckerton - Absecon - Pleasantville - Somer's Point - Beesley's Point - Seaville Cape May Route 4, Rahway - South Amboy
L. 1925 c. 235, South Amboy - Matawan
Route 7 (Spur), Freehold - Lakewood
Route 4, Lakewood - Absecon
Route 19 (proposed to be part of Route 4 in 1926), Absecon - Seaville
Route 14, Seaville - Cape May
109, US 9, 79, Garden State Parkway, 4
Route S4 Outerbridge Crossing Perth Amboy 440 (South)
Route S4A Tuckerton Little Beach N/A
Route 5 Paterson Maywood - Hackensack - Little Ferry - Ridgefield - Fort Lee Edgewater Route 10, Paterson - Edgewater I-80, 5
Route S5 Little Ferry Ridgefield Bergen Turnpike
Route 6 George Washington Bridge Fort Lee - Palisades Park - Ridgefield Park - Little Ferry - Hasbrouck Heights - Paterson - Caldwell Township - Denville - Dover - Netcong - Hackettstown - Buttzville Darlington's Bridge Route 12, Paterson - Hackettstown
Route 5, Denville - Delaware Bridge
US 46
Route 7 Paterson Clifton - Passaic - Nutley - Belleville - Kearny Jersey City Route 11, Paterson - Belleville
L. 1926 c. 124, Belleville - Jersey City
7
Route 8 Delaware Bridge Columbia - Hainesburg - Blairstown Newton 94
Route 9 Belleville Bloomfield - Montclair - Verona - Caldwell Pine Brook Bridge L. 1926 c. 124, Belleville - Pine Brook Bridge CR 506
Route 10 Jersey City Kearny - Harrison - Newark - Hanover - Whippany - Littleton Dover L. 1926 c. 126, Jersey City - Dover 10, I-280
Route 11 Whitehouse Pluckemin - Martinsville North Plainfield I-78
Route 12 Frenchtown Baptisttown - Croton - Flemington - Voorhees Corner - Three Bridges - Centreville Somerville-Raritan line L. 1926 c. 104, Flemington - Somerville 12, US 202
Route 21 Belleville Newark Route 11, Belleville - Newark 21
Route 22 Pine Brook Bridge West Caldwell - Livingston - Millburn - Springfield Rahway N/A
Route 23 Verona Cedar Grove - Pequannock - Bloomingdale - Oak Ridge - Franklin - Sussex - High Point Port Jervis, New York Route 8, Verona - Sussex
L. 1925 c. 158, Sussex - Port Jervis
23
Route 24 Newark Irvington - Maplewood - Springfield - Morristown - Chester - Long Valley - Stephensburg - Washington Phillipsburg Route 5, Newark - Morristown
L. 1925 c. 230 (proposed to be Route 29 in 1926), Morristown - Schooleys Mountain
Route 12, Stephensburg - Phillipsburg
82, 124, Old 24, 57
Route S24 Stephensburg Hackettstown Route 12, Stephensburg - Hackettstown 57
Springfield Elizabeth 82
Route 25 Holland Tunnel Jersey City - Kearny - Newark - Elizabeth - Rahway - Woodbridge - North Brunswick - Deans - Dayton - Cranbury - Hightstown - Robbinsville - Bordentown - Burlington - Camden Ben Franklin Bridge Route 1 (Extension), Holland Tunnel - Elizabeth
Route 1, North Brunswick - Robbinsville
Route 2, Bordentown - Ben Franklin Bridge
US 1, US 130, US 30
Route 26 Trenton Adams New Brunswick L. 1926 c. 14, Trenton - New Brunswick 26, US 1
Route S26 Adams North Brunswick US 1
Route 27 Newark Elizabeth - Rahway - Metuchen - New Brunswick - Princeton Trenton Route 1, Elizabeth - New Brunswick
Route 13, New Brunswick - Trenton
27, US 206
Route 28 Goethals Bridge Elizabeth - Cranford - Westfield - Plainfield - Bound Brook - Somerville - Clinton Phillipsburg Route 9, Elizabeth - Phillipsburg 28, US 22, 173, 122
Route S28 Middlesex Highland Park - New Brunswick - Weston Mills - Tanners Corner - Old Bridge - Browntown Matawan 18
Route 29 Newark Hillsdale - Union - Springfield - Mountainside - North Plainfield - Bound Brook - Ringoes - Lambertville - Washington's Crossing Trenton L. 1924 c. 233 (proposed to be Route 21 in 1926), Ringoes - Lambertville US 22, US 206, US 202, 179, 29, 129
Route 30 Trenton Pennington - Ringoes - Flemington - Clinton - Washington Buttzville L. 1924 c. 233 (proposed to be Route 21 in 1926), Trenton - Buttzville 31
Route 31 Princeton Somerville - Bedminster - Chester - Netcong - Newton - Lafayette - Hamburg - Vernon New Milford, New York Route 16, Princeton - Bedminster
L. 1925 c. 225 (proposed to be Route 30 in 1926), Bedminster - Newton
Route 8 (Spur), Lafayette - North Church
US 206, 94
Route S31 Newton Branchville - Montague Milford, Pennsylvania L. 1925 c. 225 (proposed to be Route 30 in 1926), Newton - Montague US 206
Route 32 Bedminster Bernardsville - Morristown - Morris Plains - Littleton - Boonton Mountain View Route 16, Bedminster - Morristown
Route 5, Morristown - Morris Plains
US 202
Route 33 Trenton Robbinsville - Hightstown - Freehold Asbury Park Route 1, Trenton - Hightstown
Route 7, Hightstown - Asbury Park
33
Route 34 Matawan Holmdel - Vanderburg - Colt's Neck - Shark River Station - Allenwood Laurelton 34, 70
Route 35 South Amboy Keyport - Eatontown - Belmar - Manasquan - Point Pleasant - Laurelton Lakewood Route 4, South Amboy - Eatontown
Route 4, Belmar - Lakewood
35, 88
Route 36 Keyport Keanesburg - Belford Atlantic Highlands L. 1925 c. 224 (proposed to be part of Route 28 in 1926), Keyport - Atlantic Highlands 36
Route 37 Trenton White Horse - Allentown - Lakehurst - Toms River - Seaside Heights Point Pleasant Route 2, Trenton - White Horse
Route 18, Lakehurst - Toms River
US 206, 37, 35
Route 38 Camden Merchantville - Moorestown - Mount Holly Eastampton Route 18 (proposed to be Route 23 in 1926), Camden - Mount Holly
L. 1925 c. 222 (proposed to be Route 24 in 1926), Mount Holly - Eastampton
38, 41
Route 39 Yardley Bridge Ewing - Bakersville - Mercerville - White Horse - Bordentown - Columbus - Vincentown - Red Lion - Indian Mills - Atsion Da Costa Route 2, White Horse - Bordentown
L. 1923 c. 202 (proposed to be part of Route 26 in 1926), Indian Mills - Da Costa
I-295, US-206
Route 40 Camden Marlton - Red Lion - Four Mile - Whitesbog - Whitings - Lakehurst - Lakewood Route 18 (proposed to be Route 23 in 1926), Whitesbog - Lakehurst 70
Route S40 Four Mile Manahawkin 72
Route 41 Moorestown Haddonfield Fairview 41, 47
Route S41 Tacony-Palmyra Bridge Palmyra - Moorestown - Evesboro - Marlton Berlin L. 1923 c. 202 (proposed to be part of Route 26 in 1926), Palmyra - Evesboro 73
Route 42 Camden Mt Ephraim - Chews Landing - Blackwood - Grenloch - Williamstown - Cecil - Weymouth McKee City L. 1925 c. 240 (proposed to be Route 27 in 1926), Camden - McKee City 168, 42, US 322
Route 43 Camden Berlin - Hammonton - Egg Harbor City Absecon Route 3, Camden - Absecon US 30
Route 44 Westville Paulsboro - Bridgeport Penns Grove Route 17S (proposed to be Route 22 in 1926), Paulsboro - Penns Grove 44, US 130
Route 45 Camden Woodbury - Mullica Hill - Woodstown Salem Route 6, Ben Franklin Bridge - Salem 45
Route 46 Mullica Hill Upper Pittsgrove Bridgeton Route 6, Mullica Hill - Bridgeton 77
Route 47 Brooklawn Glassboro - Malaga - Vineland - Millville Tuckahoe Route 20, Brooklawn - Millville 47, 49
Route 48 Penns Grove Woodstown - Elmer - Malaga - Mays Landing - Pleasantville Atlantic City Route 18S (proposed to be Route 19 in 1926), Penns Grove - Atlantic City US 40
Route 49 Salem Bridgeton - Millville - Port Elizabeth - Dennisville - South Dennis Ocean View Route 6, Salem - Bridgeton
Route 15, Bridgeton - South Dennis
49, 47, 83
Route S49 South Dennis Goshen Rio Grande Route 15, South Dennis - Rio Grande 47
Route 50 Egg Harbor City Mays Landing - Oakville - Tuckahoe Seaville Route 14, Egg Harbor City - Seaville 50

1929 Amendment[edit]

Chapter 126 of the 1929 public law amended the 1927 act, removing redundant designations and creating entirely new roads in the New York Metropolitan Area. The amendments included

  • Realigning Route 1 onto Route 18N, still left over from the first 1916 system
    • Establishing Route S1A, today Route 67, from the remnants of Route 18N not taken over by Route 1 (Lemoine and Palisades Avenues)
  • Truncating Route 3 to the Hawthorne-Paterson Line
    • Establishing Route S3 (modern Route 3), running from Route 3 in East Rutherford to Route 6 in Clifton
  • Declaring that Route S4A would be built, "provided, however, the county of Atlantic shall first agree to construct a suitable continuation of said road from Little Beach to the city of Atlantic City". Atlantic County was unable to build most of this extension, hence Route S4A was never built; the portions that were built became designated as Route 87
    • Establishing Route S4B, replacing the truncated sections of Route 3
  • Truncating Route 5 to its current length, with an extension to the centre of Ridgefield
    • Realigning Route S5 (modern Route 93) onto the southern portion of Grand Avenue
  • Realigning Route 6 to a new alignment east of Caldwell Township, bypassing Paterson
    • Creating Route S6 (including modern Route 62) along the portions of Union Boulevard formerly used by Route 6
  • Truncating Route 7 to Wallington

Other Additions[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This route was cancelled in the final 1927 numbering
  2. ^ Lines marked "L" indicate the year and chapter of the legislation marking the route.
  3. ^ Many routes have since been rerouted off of local roads and onto freeways, especially near New York City, Trenton, and Philadelphia. The designations listed below show the modern route that serves the corridor of the original route

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NJ's First Renumbering (1927)". jimmyandsharonwilliams.com. 

External links[edit]