1927 St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado

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1927 St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado
Max rating1 F3–F4 tornado
Damage $22 million in 1927 USD[1]
($1.8 billion in 1997 USD)[2]
($2.74 billion in 2017 dollars[3])
Total fatalities 72–79+ fatalities; 550+ injured
1Most severe tornado damage; see Fujita scale

The 1927 St. Louis–East St. Louis tornado was a powerful and devastating tornado that struck St. Louis, Missouri on September 29, 1927, at 1:00pm. [2][4] The tornado is estimated to be at least a F3 or F4 on the Fujita scale, the 2nd deadliest tornado to occur in the St. Louis metropolitan area, it caused at minimum 72–79 deaths and injured more than 550 people all within a seven-to-twelve-mile long, 100–600 yard wide path.[5][4][6] At one time it was the 2nd costliest tornado in US history. [2] More than 200 city blocks were destroyed, it is one of four tornadoes (1871, 1896, 1927, 1959) that have torn through downtown St. Louis.[7] St. Louis University High School was hit hard, the student chapel’s roof collapsed, the gym’s (now main offices) roof was damaged, an entire classroom caved in on a class, and other classrooms were damaged. All the windows were smashed. Luckily, no one was killed or majorly injured, the tornado caused $150,000 dollars in damage to the school.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Grazulis, Thomas P (July 1993). Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991. St. Johnsbury, VT: The Tornado Project of Environmental Films. ISBN 1-879362-03-1. 
  2. ^ a b c Brooks, Harold E.; Charles A. Doswell III (February 2001). "Normalized Damage from Major Tornadoes in the United States: 1890–1999" (abstract). Weather and Forecasting. American Meteorological Society. 16 (1): 168–76. Bibcode:2001WtFor..16..168B. doi:10.1175/1520-0434(2001)016<0168:NDFMTI>2.0.CO;2. 
  3. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "The United State's Worst Tornadoes". www.tornadoproject.com. 
  5. ^ September 29, 1927 (Tornado) crh.noaa.gov
  6. ^ 314-340-8132, TIM O'NEIL • toneil@post-dispatch.com >. "Sept. 29, 1927: The 2nd deadliest storm to ever hit St. Louis". Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  7. ^ "Missouri Climate Center". climate.missouri.edu. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
Preceded by
Tri-State (Mo., Ill., & Ind.) (1925)
Costliest U.S. tornadoes on Record
September 29, 1927
Succeeded by
Waco, Tx. (1953)