Republic of Ireland
Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the part of the island. The state shares its land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint Georges Channel to the south-east, and it is a unitary, parliamentary republic. The head of government is the Taoiseach, who is elected by the Dáil and appointed by the President, the state was created as the Irish Free State in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. It was officially declared a republic in 1949, following the Republic of Ireland Act 1948, Ireland became a member of the United Nations in December 1955. It joined the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union, after joining the EEC, Ireland enacted a series of liberal economic policies that resulted in rapid economic growth. The country achieved considerable prosperity between the years of 1995 and 2007, which known as the Celtic Tiger period. This was halted by a financial crisis that began in 2008. However, as the Irish economy was the fastest growing in the EU in 2015, Ireland is again quickly ascending league tables comparing wealth and prosperity internationally. For example, in 2015, Ireland was ranked as the joint sixth most developed country in the world by the United Nations Human Development Index and it also performs well in several national performance metrics, including freedom of the press, economic freedom and civil liberties. Ireland is a member of the European Union and is a member of the Council of Europe. The 1922 state, comprising 26 of the 32 counties of Ireland, was styled, the Constitution of Ireland, adopted in 1937, provides that the name of the State is Éire, or, in the English language, Ireland. Section 2 of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 states, It is hereby declared that the description of the State shall be the Republic of Ireland. The 1948 Act does not name the state as Republic of Ireland, because to have done so would have put it in conflict with the Constitution. The government of the United Kingdom used the name Eire, and, from 1949, Republic of Ireland, for the state, as well as Ireland, Éire or the Republic of Ireland, the state is also referred to as the Republic, Southern Ireland or the South. In an Irish republican context it is referred to as the Free State or the 26 Counties. From the Act of Union on 1 January 1801, until 6 December 1922, during the Great Famine, from 1845 to 1849, the islands population of over 8 million fell by 30%
Where more than two competitors can play in each match, such as in a shootout poker tournament, players are removed when they can no longer play until one player remains from the group. This player moves on to the next round, some competitions are held with a pure single-elimination tournament system. Others have many phases, with the last being a final stage called playoffs. The round before the quarterfinals is sometimes called the round of sixteen, Last Sixteen, or pre-quarterfinals, earlier rounds are typically numbered counting forwards from the first round, or by the number of remaining competitors. If some competitors get a bye, the round at which they enter may be named the first round, with the matches called a preliminary round. Many Olympic single-elimination tournaments feature the bronze medal if they do not award bronze medals to both losing semifinalists. The FIFA World Cup has long featured the third place match, the number of distinct ways of arranging a single-elimination tournament is given by the Wedderburn–Etherington numbers. Brackets are set up so that the top two seeds could not possibly meet until the round, none of the top four can meet prior to the semifinals. If no seeding is used, the tournament is called a random knockout tournament. One version of seeding is where brackets are set up so that the quarterfinal pairings would be the 1 seed vs. the 8 seed,2 vs.7,3 vs.6 and 4 vs. This may be done after each round, or only at selected intervals, in American team sports, for example, the MLS, NFL and WNBA employ this tactic, but the NBA does not. MLB does not have teams in its playoff tournament where re-seeding would make a large difference in the matchups. In international fencing competitions, it is common to have a group stage, participants are divided in groups of 6–7 fencers who play a round-robin tournament, and a ranking is calculated from the consolidated group results. Single elimination is seeded from this ranking, the single-elimination format enables a relatively large number of competitors to participate. There are no dead matches, and no matches where one competitor has more to play for than the other, the format is less suited to games where draws are frequent. In chess, each fixture in a single-elimination tournament must be played multiple matches, because draws are common. In association football, games ending in a draw may be settled in extra time, another perceived disadvantage is that most competitors are eliminated after relatively few games. Variations such as the tournament allow competitors a single loss while remaining eligible for overall victory
1931 in Ireland
Events from the year 1931 in Ireland. 12 February – sixteen members of the Ennis Dalcassian Gaelic Athletic Association club are expelled for attending the Ennis-Nenagh rugby match,17 March – first St. Patricks Day parade held in the Irish Free State, reviewed by Desmond FitzGerald, Minister of Defense. 3 April – persistent rainfall causes the banks of the River Lee to burst, half the houses in Cork are flooded. 7 May – the Irish Youth Hostel Service, An Óige, is established,17 May – Muintir na Tíre, the rural organisation, is founded by Canon John Hayes. 9 July – Dublin-born racing driver Kaye Don breaks the water speed record at Lake Garda. 13 August – law books return to the rebuilt Four Courts where High Court business resumes after its destruction during the Civil War,5 September – the first issue of The Irish Press, the newspaper of Fianna Fáil, goes on sale for 1d. 27 September – Saor Éires first National Congress takes place in the Iona Hall in Dublin,4 December – the derelict aerodrome at Collinstown in north County Dublin is considered as the site for a new civil airport. 13 October – Orson Welles makes his first professional debut, age 16, at the Gate Theatre, Dublin. 25 October – Irelands first all-concrete Art Deco church, the Church of Christ the King, is opened at Turners Cross, Cork, Æ publishes Vale, and Other Poems. Cecil Day-Lewiss poetry From Feathers To Iron is published, Lord Dunsanys The Travel Tales of Mr. Joseph Jorkens is published. Kate OBriens first novel, Without My Cloak, is published, Frank OConnors first short story collection, Guests of the Nation, is published. Francis Stuarts first novel, Women and God, is published, League of Ireland Winners, Shelbourne FAI Cup Winners, Shamrock Rovers 1–1, 1–0 Dundalk Irish Open is won by Bob Kenyon. 1 January – Jimmy Smyth, former Clare hurler,2 March – Paddy Cooney, solicitor, former Fine Gael TD, Cabinet Minister and MEP.9 March – Jackie Healy-Rae, Fianna Fáil. 9 April – Patrick Walsh, Bishop of Down & Connor,5 June – Laurence Forristal, Bishop of Ossory. 8 July – Thomas Flynn, Bishop of Achonry,26 July – Paddy Harte, former Fine Gael TD and Minister of State. 1 August – Seán Ó Riada, composer and musician,20 September – Malachy McCourt, actor, writer and politician. 13 October – Jimmy ONeill, soccer player,27 October – Seán Calleary, former Fianna Fáil TD and Minister of State. 28 November – Dervla Murphy, travel writer,1 December – Mervyn Taylor, former Labour Party TD and Cabinet Minister
1932 in Ireland
Events from the year 1932 in Ireland. 6 January – sale of the pro-Fianna Fáil Derry Journal in Donegal is briefly prohibited,29 January – Dáil Éireann is dissolved by the Governor-General, James McNeill, bringing ten years of Cumann na nGaedheal rule to an end. 16 February – Irish general election,1932, results in formation of the first Fianna Fáil government under Éamon de Valera, March – meteorological observatory moved from Valentia Island to Westwood House near Cahirciveen. 8 March – members of the new Fianna Fáil government meet with members of the Labour Party to discuss unemployment, housing,9 March – Members of the 7th Dáil assemble. 10 March – one of the first actions of the new Fianna Fáil government is the release of 23 political prisoners,18 March – the new government suspends the Public Safety Act, lifting the prohibition on a number of organisations including the Irish Republican Army. As a reaction to renewed IRA activity, former National Army Commandant Ned Cronin founds the Army Comrades Association,31 March – Dublin Corporation is considering removing Nelsons Pillar from OConnell Street, Dublin on the grounds that it is an obstruction to traffic. 19 May – the Constitution Bill is passed in Dáil Éireann,21 May – Amelia Earhart, the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, lands just outside Derry having taken 14 hours to cross the ocean. 9 June – Éamon de Valera and some members of his government leave for discussions with the British Government concerning the Ottawa Conference,14 June – the first pictures of the atom-splitting apparatus are released. The machine was constructed by Dr. John Cockcroft and Dr. Ernest Walton of Trinity College,21 June – ocean liners carrying thousands of pilgrims from the United States, Lapland and the Netherlands arrive in Irish ports for the Eucharistic Congress. 22 June – the 31st International Eucharistic Congress opens in Dublin Pro-Cathedral,23 June –200,000 men attend mass at a High Altar in the Phoenix Park. 24 June –200,000 women are addressed by the Archbishop of Edinburgh at mass in the Phoenix Park,26 June – almost a million worshippers attend Pontifical Mass in the Phoenix Park in the final ceremony of the Eucharistic Congress. 30 June – the Tailteann Games open in Croke Park, Dublin, the games were first organised in 632 BC.1 August – at the Los Angeles Olympic Games, Bob Tisdall wins the 400-metre hurdles. Another Irishman, Dr. Pat OCallaghan, wins gold in the hammer-throwing event,18 August – Scottish aviator Jim Mollison takes off from Portmarnock Strand to become the first pilot to make an East-to-West solo transatlantic flight. 23 August – Cumann na nGaedheal leader W. T. Cosgrave criticises Fianna Fáils policy of retaining the land annuities,26 September – Éamon de Valera gives his inaugural speech as President of the League of Nations. He criticises complacent resolutions where the demand is for effective action,9 October – at a Cumann na nGaedheal meeting in County Limerick batons are drawn and shots are fired as General Richard Mulcahy tries to address the crowd. 19 October – unemployed Dubliners march through the streets of Dublin to Leinster House where they hand in a petition to Seán T. OKelly,16 November – the Prince of Wales travels to Belfast for the first time to open the new parliament building at Stormont. 22 November – the new Northern Ireland Parliament building at Stormont is officially opened,26 November – Domhnall Ua Buachalla succeeds James McNeill as Governor-General of the Irish Free State. 7 March – Dublin Corporation demands the return of the Hugh Lane pictures from the Tate Gallery in London, austin Clarkes first novel, The Bright Temptation, a romance, is prohibited in Ireland by the Censorship of Publications Board
Dalymount Park is a football stadium in Phibsborough on the Northside of Dublin, Ireland. It is the home of Bohemian F. C. who have played there since the early 20th century, affectionately known as Dalyer by fans, it was also historically the home of Irish football, holding many Irish internationals and FAI Cup finals. It has also hosted UEFA Champions League qualifiers, UEFA Cup, however, the ground was largely undeveloped between the 1940s and the 2000s, and has now fallen out of use as a major venue, except for the home games of Bohemians. Bohemians have redeveloped the ground to some extent, in 1999 the old main stand was replaced by a modern structure with 2,742 seats, known as the Jodi Stand. This was at a cost of £1.1 million and this new structure replaced the 90-year-old wooden stand and at the time was meant to be phase one of the redevelopment of Dalymount Park. Half of the terrace on the side was knocked down. The old Shed End, now called The Des Kelly Carpets Stand has similarly had seats added, the terrace behind the opposite goal has been sold and is therefore closed. The modern capacity of Dalymount that is in use is 3,193, Bohs average crowd is about 2,000. There is no designated stand for fans with traveling support accommodated in different stands depending on the numbers expected. The Bohemians fans meanwhile, gather at the end of the main stand. Dalymount Park was originally common land with a vegetable plot. It hosted its first game on 7 September 1901, between Bohemians and Shelbourne F. C. and in front of an attendance of around 5,000, harold Sloan scored the first ever goal at the ground in a 4–2 win for Bohs. Within a few weeks, paling had replaced the ropes and the line of demarcation between reserved and unreserved was fixed by a 6 ft high hoarding, an unreserved entrance was then erected at the Connaught Street side. A small wooden stand to the east of the reserved entrance soon appeared as did a similar stand behind each goal, over the following years, the main stand on the reserved side was roofed and a similar addition made on the unreserved side. In 1915, Dalymount hosted the IFA Intermediate Cup final when UCD beat Portadown 2-1, a new steel stand was erected in the reserved enclosure and provision was made for fitting out club rooms, offices, etc. when more money was available. Entrance to the stand was by steps placed at points along the front, other additions included an iron railing along the pitch on the reserved side, new banking on both reserved and unreserved sides and a gymnasium and kicking alley. Within a few years, the Bohemian F. C. committee engaged the services of famous Scottish architect Archibald Leitch who drew up plans for building of Dalyer. Another section was added to the stand, new entrances
Dublin is the capital and largest city of Ireland. Dublin is in the province of Leinster on Irelands east coast, the city has an urban area population of 1,345,402. The population of the Greater Dublin Area, as of 2016, was 1,904,806 people, founded as a Viking settlement, the Kingdom of Dublin became Irelands principal city following the Norman invasion. The city expanded rapidly from the 17th century and was briefly the second largest city in the British Empire before the Acts of Union in 1800, following the partition of Ireland in 1922, Dublin became the capital of the Irish Free State, later renamed Ireland. Dublin is administered by a City Council, the city is listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a global city, with a ranking of Alpha-, which places it amongst the top thirty cities in the world. It is a historical and contemporary centre for education, the arts, administration, economy, the name Dublin comes from the Irish word Dubhlinn, early Classical Irish Dubhlind/Duibhlind, dubh /d̪uβ/, alt. /d̪uw/, alt /d̪u, / meaning black, dark, and lind /lʲiɲ pool and this tidal pool was located where the River Poddle entered the Liffey, on the site of the castle gardens at the rear of Dublin Castle. In Modern Irish the name is Duibhlinn, and Irish rhymes from Dublin County show that in Dublin Leinster Irish it was pronounced Duílinn /d̪ˠi, other localities in Ireland also bear the name Duibhlinn, variously anglicized as Devlin, Divlin and Difflin. Historically, scribes using the Gaelic script wrote bh with a dot over the b and those without knowledge of Irish omitted the dot, spelling the name as Dublin. Variations on the name are found in traditionally Irish-speaking areas of Scotland, such as An Linne Dhubh. It is now thought that the Viking settlement was preceded by a Christian ecclesiastical settlement known as Duibhlinn, beginning in the 9th and 10th century, there were two settlements where the modern city stands. Baile Átha Cliath, meaning town of the ford, is the common name for the city in modern Irish. Áth Cliath is a name referring to a fording point of the River Liffey near Father Mathew Bridge. Baile Átha Cliath was an early Christian monastery, believed to have been in the area of Aungier Street, there are other towns of the same name, such as Àth Cliath in East Ayrshire, Scotland, which is Anglicised as Hurlford. Although the area of Dublin Bay has been inhabited by humans since prehistoric times and he called the settlement Eblana polis. It is now thought that the Viking settlement was preceded by a Christian ecclesiastical settlement known as Duibhlinn, beginning in the 9th and 10th century, there were two settlements where the modern city stands. The subsequent Scandinavian settlement centred on the River Poddle, a tributary of the Liffey in an area now known as Wood Quay, the Dubhlinn was a small lake used to moor ships, the Poddle connected the lake with the Liffey. This lake was covered during the early 18th century as the city grew, the Dubhlinn lay where the Castle Garden is now located, opposite the Chester Beatty Library in Dublin Castle
Shamrock Rovers F.C.
Shamrock Rovers Football Club is an Irish association football club based in Tallaght, South Dublin. The clubs senior team competes in the League of Ireland Premier Division, the club has won the League of Ireland title a record 17 times and the FAI Cup a record 24 times. Shamrock Rovers have supplied more players to the Republic of Ireland national football team than any other club, in All-Ireland competitions, such as the Intercity Cup, they hold the record for winning the most titles, having won seven cups overall. Shamrock Rovers were founded in Ringsend, Dublin, the official date of the clubs foundation is 1899. They won the League title at the first attempt in the 1922–23 season and established themselves as Republic of Ireland most successful club by 1949, winning 44 major trophies. During the 1950s, the club won three League titles and two FAI Cups and became the first Irish team to compete in European competition, playing in the European Cup in 1957. They won the first of four League titles in a row in 1983–84, the club played at Glenmalure Park from 1926 to 1987, when the owners controversially sold the stadium to property developers. Shamrock Rovers spent the next 22 years playing home games at various venues around Dublin and on occasions and they moved into Tallaght Stadium prior to the start of the 2009 season after years of delays and legal disputes, during which time the clubs supporters saved them from extinction. Shamrock Rovers wore green and white striped jerseys until 1926, when adopted the green. Their club badge has featured a football and a shamrock throughout their history, the club has a relatively large support base and shares an intense rivalry with Bohemian Football Club. On 26 August 2011 Rovers became the first Irish side to reach the stages of either of the top two European competitions by beating Partizan Belgrade in the play-off round of the Europa League. The foundation of Shamrock Rovers is disputed amongst supporters of the club, no official documentation of the era exists. Essentially, the dispute is whether the two years of exhibition games were played before or after the registration. In light of the discovery of evidence supporting a date before April 1899 the club opened a 1899 Suite in Tallaght Stadium in February 2017. Shamrock Rovers originate from Ringsend, a Southside inner suburb of Dublin, the name of the club derives from Shamrock Avenue in Ringsend, where the first club rooms were secured. In September 1906, after a few seasons in operation, Rovers withdrew from the First Division of the Leinster Senior League, in 1914, they were resurrected and started playing their matches at Ringsend Park. However, the park became unavailable within two years, the club disbanded and played only exhibition games for the next five years. The following season, the won the League of Ireland title at the first attempt, going 21 games unbeaten
Cork Bohemians F.C.
Cork Bohemians F. C. was an Irish association football club based in Cork. The club played in the League of Ireland for two seasons in 1932–33 and 1933–34, after Fordsons/Cork F. C. they became the second club from Cork city to join the league. Of the eight Cork city clubs to play in the league, the club was successful at intermediate level both before and after its short spell in the League of Ireland, winning the Munster Senior League, the Munster Senior Cup and the FAI Intermediate Cup. Cork Bohemians F. C. were formed in the early 1900s and they also played in the Munster Senior Cup. They were finalists for the first time in 1925–26 but lost out to Fordsons and they subsequently went on to make three appearances in the final and won the cup in both 1926–27 and 1927–28. Cork Bohemians would go onto win the cup on four further occasions, in 1924–25 Cork Bohemians made their debut in the FAI Cup but lost 5–3 to the holders Athlone Town in the first round. Between 1927–28 and 1933–34, Cork Bohemians would make seven appearances in the FAI Cup. They were quarter finalists in 1928–29, 1930–31 and 1932–33, Cork Bohemians also competed in the FAI Intermediate Cup, winning the second ever competition in 1927–28. They were winners again in 1930–31, in subsequent seasons they were finalists on six occasions but never again winners. Between 1937–38 and 1940–41 they runners-up four times in a row, Cork Bohemians were elected to the League of Ireland in 1932–33 after Brideville and Jacobs failed to gain re-election and Waterford resigned from the league before the start of the season. After Fordsons/Cork F. C. they became the club from Cork city to join the league. Bohemians, following the example of Cork F. C. augmented local talent by importing players from Northern Ireland and England and their team included several former, the 1933–34 season proved to be a lean one for all League of Ireland clubs and in particular Cork Bohemians. Travelling to fulfil away fixtures drained their meagre resources and receipts from their home games did not help. During the regular season their away game against Bray Unknowns was not played, Bohemians fell behind in their 5% of gate receipts payable to the league and found themselves suspended. They initially played at the Munster Agricultural Societys showgrounds in Ballintemple and they also played at Turners Cross. Ireland internationals On 25 February 1934, Miah Lynch became the only Cork Bohemians player to represent Ireland while playing for the club, Lynch played against Belgium in a 1934 FIFA World Cup qualifier at Dalymount Park. Cork Bohemians Cricket Club were based at the The Mardyke, during the 1940s and 1950s one of their most notable players was Noel Cantwell. It is unclear if the three clubs were part of the same organisation
Bohemian Football Club, more commonly referred to as Bohs, is a professional football club from Dublin, Ireland. Bohemians compete in the Premier Division of the League of Ireland, during that period they won the Irish Cup once and finished runners up 5 times. They share the record for most wins in European competition with archrivals Shamrock Rovers, Bohemians were founded on 6 September 1890 in the Phoenix Park Gate Lodge beside the North Circular Road entrance and played its first games in the Parks Polo Grounds. One of the members of the League of Ireland in 1921. Bohemians dropped their amateur ethos in 1969 and proceeded to win 2 League titles,2 FAI Cups and 2 League cups during the 1970s. They suffered a further decline throughout the 1980s and most of the 1990s before claiming League and Cup doubles in 2001 and 2008, alongside the 2003, Bohemians play their home matches at Dalymount Park in the Northside neighbourhood of Phibsborough. They are owned 100% by the members of the club and their club colours are red and black, which they adopted at the 4th AGM in October 1893. Bohemians supporters often refer to their club by a number of nicknames including Bohs and The Gypsies, seasons Bohemians were founded on 6 September 1890. They were members of the Irish Football League from 1902 to 1911, during this time the clubs greatest success was winning the Irish Cup in 1908. In its first season it finished second in the league, just two points behind St. James Gate, the club won its first league title in 1924. In 1928 the club won its league title and completed a double that season by winning its first FAI Cup also. The club was one of the forces in the early years of the league. The club went 34 seasons without winning a major trophy, in 1969 the club ended its amateur status, and the first player to sign professional terms was Tony OConnell, who signed on 11 March 1969. The club then went on to win two titles, two FAI Cups and two league cups in the 1970s, more trophies than any other club that decade. In 1970 the club entered European competition for the first time where it was beaten in the first qualifying round of the European Cup Winners Cup. The club went through another trophy-less spell after its 1979 league cup victory and it was not until 2001 that it regained the league title, also winning the FAI Cup that season to complete its second double. In September 2009, Bohemians claimed the League Cup for the time in the clubs history with a 3–1 win over Waterford United in the final. On 6 November 2009, Bohemians retained the title after a 1–1 draw against Bray Wanderers and they were already assured of the league title before the final round of matches as they held a three-point lead and 16-goal difference advantage over their nearest rivals Shamrock Rovers
Cobh Ramblers F.C.
Cobh Ramblers Football Club is an Irish football club in the League of Ireland First Division. The club, founded in 1922 and elected to the league in 1985, hails from Cobh, County Cork, the clubs colours are claret and blue. Stephen Henderson guided them to the First Division title for the first time on 10 November 2007, which saw Cobh promoted to the top flight for the first time in 12 years. Henderson resigned at the end of the 2008 season after Ramblers were relegated from the Premier Division and they subsequently failed to gain a licence for the League of Ireland First Division and thus played in the A Championship. In January 2013, the FAI awarded the club a First Division licence, on 19 January 2009 it was revealed that Dave Hill would return to the club to replace Henderson as manager. The club have a very successful under-19 team and they won the under-19 Southern Division in the 2011–12 season and were promoted to the Elite Division. Ramblers played in the 1976 FAI League Cup, reaching the semi finals, Cobh Ramblers joined the League of Ireland in 1985, after many successful years as a Munster Senior League side. One of the most successful of those teams was the team of 1983, there were 3 replays until Sligo finally won 3–2 and went on to win the Cup. Cobh won promotion to the Premier Division in 1988, after finishing First Division runners-up to Athlone Town, lasting just one season in the top flight, they won promotion again at the end of the 1992–93 season, this time as runners-up to Galway United. A play-off win over Finn Harps saw Ramblers retain their Premier Division status at the end of the 1993–94 season, though even with its lower attendance at home matches, the fans in attendance are loyal and take part in club fund-raisers and events as well as watching the match. Ramblers appeared on television for the first time on Friday,10 November 2006 in an away fixture at Galway United. On 10 November 2007 Cobh Ramblers beat Athlone Town 1–0 in Lissywoollen in what was a tense and this victory gave Cobh Ramblers their first piece of Senior Silverware and crowned them First Division Champions. During the 2007 season, with their squad, they recorded a 27-game unbeaten run. Their points tally of 77 points was also a record for the league, in 2010 Ramblers missed out on gaining promotion back to the League of Ireland losing to Salthill Devon in a play off. The Ramblers most noted past player is former Irish international and Manchester United star Roy Keane, westlife singer Nicky Byrne, also a talented footballer who was on the books at Leeds United, had a spell with the club too. On 18 March 2014, the club parted company with manager Dave Hill by mutual consent after five years and he was replaced by Martin Cambridge on an interim basis. In March 2015 Martin Cambridge tendered his resignation and Stephen Henderson returned to the club as first team manager, in Oct 2015 Stephen Henderson signed a new three-year contract with the club. In 2016 Henderson guided Ramblers to munster senior cup victory and to a 3rd place finish in the first division
Waterford Football Club is an Irish association football club based in Waterford. They currently play in the League of Ireland First Division, the club was founded and elected to the league in 1930 Originally the club was based at the greyhound stadium known as Kilcohan Park, but have now moved to the Waterford Regional Sports Centre. Waterford first participated in the league in the 1930–31 season finishing ninth, Waterford re-entered the league in the 1935–36 season along with Sligo Rovers. Waterford won the Shield in their first season, Waterford won the FAI cup for the first time in their history in 1937 beating St. James Gate and also won the Shield. The club were runners up in 1937–38 season and again in the 1940–41 season. At the end of the campaign, the original Waterford resigned from the League of Ireland, only for a new entity, with the name, to be elected in. Waterford won the Shield again in the 1952–53 season and were again runners-up in the League this time to St. Patricks Athletic in the 1954–55 season and again in the 1962–63 season. The club eventually won the title for the first time in the 1965–66 season. The 1965/66 title was the beginning of a successful spell for the club domestically. The following season played in the preliminary round of the Champions cup against Vorwärts Berlin. They won the Shield once again in 1968–69 season, Waterford won the league title three times in a row, in 1968,1969 and in 1970. The title was won by Cork Hibernians in 1971 but returned to Waterford in the 1971–1972 season, the following season Waterford won the League of Ireland Cup, however failed to regain the league title. The Club won the FAI Cup in 1980 beating St. Patricks Athletic with the winner from Brian Gardner, waterfords success in the league brought European football playing against famous clubs such as Manchester United and Celtic. Bobby Charlton had a spell at the club in 1976. In May 1982, the Club changed its name to Waterford United, in 1985 the leagues membership rose to 22 clubs with the election of six new clubs in 1985. This resulted in the introduction of the present two Division structure in 1985/86 of which Waterford was a member of the Premier Division, Waterford were relegated to the First Division in the 1988–89 season. Their stay there was short, gaining promotion and winning the First Division title the following season 1989–90 and they were unable to retain their Premier Division status the following season finishing in eleventh. The club was promoted to the top flight in the 1991–92 season finishing as runners up to Limerick, but again the club were unable to remain in the Premier Division for more than a single season suffering relegation on goal difference to Drogheda United
Dundalk Football Club is an Irish professional association football club based in Dundalk, County Louth. The club currently plays in the League of Ireland Premier Division and are the current reigning champions, founded in 1903, it is the second most successful team, in terms of trophies won, in the history of the League of Ireland. The traditional colours of the club are white jerseys with black shorts, because of the white jerseys, the team has been nicknamed The Lilywhites. Home games are played in Oriel Park, a local rivalry is shared with Drogheda United, their Louth neighbours, who entered the League in 1963 as Drogheda FC and later became Drogheda United in 1975. In 2002, the won the FAI Cup for a ninth time. Dundalk celebrated its 2000th league game against Finn Harps on Thursday 8 March 2007 in Oriel Park to a crowd of 3,000 spectators. In 2016, the became the first Irish side to reach the play-off round of the UEFA Champions League after their shock 3–1 aggregate win over FC BATE Borisov. They were beaten by Legia Warsaw in the final play-off round and they became the first Irish side to win a group stage game in European competition when they beat Maccabi Tel Aviv 1–0 at home. The Dundalk team had beaten Institution 2nd XI 1–0, the club continued to exist until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. However, other clubs began to make their presence felt in the locality. One in particular, the Great Northern Railway Association Club, otherwise known as the Dundalk GNR, founded in September 1903, the Dundalk GNR were located at the Athletic Grounds and competed in the Dundalk and District League from 1905 until 1914, although media coverage remained patchy. Sports coverage was re-instated in the media in 1919, with the Dundalk. Included among the teams was a representing the Dundalk GNR. The club were also partaking in the Newry League at the time, the Dundalk GNR was not involved in the fledgling League of Ireland, which began at the start of the 1921–22 season. It involved only Dublin-based clubs, all of which had stepped up from the Leinster Senior League Senior Division and this ultimately opened the way for the Dundalk GNR to move up to the Leinster Senior League. It was the club from outside the capital to compete in the 1922–23 season. The first game in the League of Ireland ended in a 2–1 loss to Fordsons on 21 August. The club, still known as the Dundalk GNR, and continuing in the black and amber kit from their pre-First World War origins, the match ended in a 2–1 defeat
Shelbourne Football Club is an Irish association football club based in Drumcondra, Dublin, who play in the League of Ireland First Division. Shelbourne were founded in Dublin in 1895, in 1904 the club joined the Irish Football League, which was then an all Ireland competition, before becoming founding members of the League of Ireland in 1921. Shelbourne have won the league 13 times and are one of three clubs to have won both the IFA Cup and the FAI Cup and they play their home matches at Tolka Park, in the Dublin suburb of Drumcondra. The club colours are red and white, with home jerseys being predominantly red. Shels is the clubs most common nickname, an abbreviation of Shelbourne, in the 2004/2005 European season, Shelbourne became the first Irish club to reach the third qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. Their performances in European competition and former striker Jason Byrne being capped for the Republic of Ireland whilst with the club, the club lost their Premier Division licence for the 2007 season due to the clubs debt situation. Since then, Shelbourne have mainly played in the tier of the League of Ireland. Shelbourne Football Club was formed in 1895 in the Ringsend area of Dublin by a group of men led by Mr. James Rowan, the club took its name from the nearby Shelbourne Road. The clubs first pitch was at Havelock Square just behind the stand at the present day Aviva Stadium. Shelbournes second season was their first in competitive competition, Shelbourne played 28 matches, won 25, drew 2 and lost only 1. Their goal tally was 109 for and 15 against, Shelbourne won the principal junior competitions, the Leinster Junior Cup and League Championship. The club decided to enter the ranks for the 1897–98 Season and reached the Leinster Senior Cup Final at their first attempt. They also finished runners-up in the Leinster Senior League, the club won their first Leinster Senior Cup in 1899/1900, Shelbourne won the competition again in 1901 and 1904. The club made it into the Final of the IFA Cup in 1905 but were beaten by Distillery, in 1906 Shelbourne player Val Harris became the clubs first player to line out for Ireland. Shelbourne reached the IFA Cup Final again in 1907 and 1908 but were beaten on both occasion in replays against Cliftonville and Bohemians, in 1907 Shelbourne were also Irish Football League runners-up to Linfield. They won the Leinster Senior Cup again in 1908 and 1909, in 1909 Shelbourne were City Cup winners and finished 3rd place in the Irish Football League, behind champions Linfield and Glentoran. In 1911 Shelbourne won the IFA Cup for their second time, Shelbourne won the Leinster Senior Cup again in 1913 and 1914. Shelbourne were 1914 Gold Cup runners-up, and then winners in 1915, Shelbourne were Leinster Senior Cup winners again in 1917 and 1919
Crumlin is a suburb in Dublin, Ireland. It is the site of Irelands largest childrens hospital, neighbouring areas include Walkinstown, Perrystown, Drimnagh, Terenure, and Kimmage. Crumlin is contained within postal district Dublin 12, Crumlin gets its name from the crooked valley known as Lansdowne Valley. The valley was formed by erosion in the distant past and is now bisected by the River Camac. The valley is situated behind Drimnagh and is made up of recreational parkland. During the medieval period, Dublin was surrounded by manorial settlements comprising church, graveyard, manor house, motte and bailey, farms and these settlements grew into a network of villages around Dublin creating stability and continuity of location. Crumlin Village developed as an Anglo-Norman settlement soon after the Norman Conquest in 1170, the Old Saint Marys Church stands on the site of a 12th-century church of the same dedication, and a succession of churches occupied the site down through the centuries to the present day. In 1193, King John gave the Crumlin church to form one prebend in the church of Saint Patrick. When the main body of the present old church was rebuilt in 1817, Crumlin, along with Saggart, Newcastle, Lyons and Esker was constituted a royal manor by King John sometime before the end of his reign in 1216. The English noble families of the time had links with Ireland. For example, William Fitz John of Harptree was a lord of some significance in Somerset, as the church was the nucleus of life on the manor in medieval times, we may with confidence place the centre of Crumlin’s medieval settlement in the area of Crumlin Village. This has been confirmed by recent archaeological excavations in the area of Saint Mary’s, Crumlin is home to Our Ladys Childrens Hospital, Crumlin, the largest childrens hospital in the country. A great many roads are named after some of Ulsters towns, theres a statue of the warrior Cu Chuillain situated opposite St Marys Church at the junction with Bunting road. He is said to have originated from the area and is described as a wooded landscape. Today this valley can be seen behind Drimnagh Castle and was wild until recently turned into a course, albeit one that did not ruin its features. Notable people who have lived in or been associated with the area include and he lived at 70 Kildare Road where the house is marked with a plaque in his honour. Joseph Deane politician of the Irish House of Commons, judge, Chief Baron of the Irish Exchequer, christy Brown, the Irish author, painter and poet, was born in Crumlin. Gabriel Byrne, actor, was born in Crumlin Paddy Casey, martin Cahill, a Dublin underworld figure, lived in Crumlin
Glenmalure Park, often simply known as Milltown, was a football stadium on the Southside of Dublin city in Ireland. Located in the suburb of Milltown, it was home to Shamrock Rovers from 1926 to 1987 and it is now a housing estate called Glenmalure Square. Shamrock Rovers moved from the city area of Ringsend in the early 20th century to the then semi-rural suburb of Milltown. In Milltown, Rovers secured a long lease of land from the Jesuit Order. The clubs ground there was built by their supporters, who constructed the main stand. It was officially opened on Sunday the 19th of September 1926, bob Fullam had the honour of scoring Rovers first ever goal at the ground. When the Cunningham family took over the club in the 1930s, the Cunninghams completed the ground by terracing the remainder of the ground and erecting a roof over the terrace opposite the main stand. The capacity of the stadium was about 20,000 for most of its existence, however, bigger crowds than this were sometimes seen at the venue before this, but went unreported by the clubs owners. However, with safety precautions its capacity would probably have been considerably less. The grounds last full house came in 1986, when 18,000 attended a European Cup match against Glasgow Celtic, temporary stands had to be erected for this game. In 1978 Glenmalure Park hosted its first European game when Apoel Nicosia were defeated 2-0, in all seven European games were played there as well as 1988 Summer Olympics qualifiers. In 1987, the Kilcoyne family, who owned Shamrock Rovers since 1972 and had recently bought Glenmalure Park from the Jesuits and they stated that their aim was to move Rovers to Tolka Park to share with Home Farm F. C. The last match at Milltown was an FAI Cup semi-final between Shamrock Rovers and Sligo Rovers on Sunday the 12th of April 1987, attended by some 6,000 people and this game saw a pitch invasion and protest by fans objecting to the sale of the ground. Some Shamrock Rovers supporters occupied the pitch at half-time were joined by Sligo fans in solidarity and they had to be persuaded to leave the pitch before the game could restart. The following season Shamrock Rovers fans formed an organisation called Keep Rovers at Milltown and placed a picket on home games at Tolka Park, KRAM collected money to purchase Glenmalure Park but could not match the offer of a property developer to whom the Kilcoynes eventually sold the site. After a lengthy process, Glenmalure Park was demolished in the summer of 1990. It is now marked by a permanent memorial erected by Shamrock Rovers supporters on Thursday the 21st of May 1998, on Thursday the 12th of April 2007 a ceremony was held at the monument to commemorate 20 years since the last competitive game was played at the famous old ground. The sale of Glenmalure Park featured in the RTE programme Twenty Moments That Shook Irish Sport which was broadcast in August 2007, the feature came in for some criticism on the basis of its factual correctness and bias in favour of the Kilcoynes
Milltown is a suburb on the southside of Dublin, Ireland. The townland got its name well before the 18th or 19th century, both Milltown and Clonskeagh were Liberties of Dublin, following the English invasion and colonisation in 1290. Milltown was the site of working mills on the River Dodder and is also the location of the meeting of the River Slang with the Dodder. A mill race was taken from just above the weir located 100m downstream from the Nine Arches viaduct and it ran beside what is now the Islamic Centre towards the mill which was located in what is now Dodder Park. The remnants of this mill can still be seen, Milltown is marked by a spectacular 19th century railway bridge across the river, which was part of the Harcourt Street railway line which ran from Harcourt Street to Bray. On 30 June 2004, the bridge was re-opened for the Luas light rail system runs from St. Stephens Green to Brides Glen. This bridge, and sometimes the area surrounding it, became known informally as the Nine Arches. Milltown railway station opened on 1 May 1860 and finally closed on 31 December 1958, Milltown Golf Club celebrated its centenary in 2007. Alexandra College, a Church of Ireland girls school, is located in Milltown, as well as the Ahlul Bayt Islamic Centre, the only Shia mosque in Ireland. The National College of Industrial Relations was also founded by Jesuits on the its lands in Milltown, in 1818 they transferred their monastery to Mountbellew in County Galway. Mount St. Marys was formerly the seminary of the Marist Fathers, list of towns and villages in Ireland