Calling the Hogs
Calling the Hogs is a tradition of University of Arkansas students and sports fans. The origin and date of first use are not known, the cheer is the best-known cheer at the University. The tradition is said to have started in the 1920s when farmers attempted to encourage a Razorback football team that was losing, the next home game produced a group who repeated the cheer often. The Hog call is not confined to Razorback Stadium, where it is used before every kickoff, fans begin a hog call with a Woo, which increases in volume and includes raising the arms with fingers wiggling up and down. Razorback fans have stated that the Woo should last eight seconds, the arms are brought down during the pig and the hands are clenched into a fist. Sooie is accompanied with a fist pump, after the third call, Razorbacks is added with two additional fist pumps. The distinctive call is likely a form of Latin, as the Razorback, or wild boar, is a member of the pig family. Sooie is a pig calling call in the north east of England, as is Giss giss Hog calling
University of Arkansas Razorback Marching Band
The Razorback Marching Band is the marching band of the University of Arkansas. The 350+ RMB performs at all football games as well as all post season play. A small pep band travels to games played elsewhere. In 1874, The University of Arkansas Razorback band was formed as the Cadet Corps Band. It was formed as a part of the Military Art Department in the University of Arkansass fourth year of operation makes it one of the oldest collegiate bands in the United States. The Cadet Corps Band served in many functions of the life, not keeping exclusively to military events, but played in football games, pageants. On June 5,1924, the Lambda Chapter of Kappa Kappa Psi honorary band fraternity, was formed at the University of Arkansas, the fraternitys purpose was, and is to this day, to promote the existence and welfare of the University Band. In the time directly following World War II, the Arkansas band enjoyed a time period of what could be considered steady growth. In 1947 the band divided into three bands, an American football band, a band, and an R. O. T. C.
Marty became the Director of Bands and turned the 42 piece football band into the famous Marching 100, on November 11,1950, the Psi Chapter of Tau Beta Sigma honorary band sorority, was founded at the University of Arkansas. Together with the Lambda Chapter of Kappa Kappa Psi, they have aided in transforming the organization at Arkansas. Doc Worthington became Director of Bands during a slump in band enrollment, Dr. Worthington was quickly able to turn the Hopeful 78 into the University of Arkansas Razorback Marching Band. In 1995, Professor Eldon Janzen, Director of Bands and Lambda Chapter Sponsor, the University of Arkansas awarded him with the title Director of Bands, the first such title to be given to any band director at the University of Arkansas. In 2009, Mr. Timothy Gunter, stepped down as Head Director of the Razorback Marching Band, in 2012, Dr. Christopher Knighten was promoted from Director of Athletic Bands to Director of Bands. Benjamin Lorenzo is the Associate Director of Bands at the University of Arkansas where he teaches courses in conducting, Concert Band, for 2015, Professor Lorenzo has been named Director of Athletic Bands and Director of the Razorback Marching Band.
The University of Arkansas Marching Band has several student leadership positions, drum major auditions start with an interview of each applicant by the directors and graduate teaching assistants. Those who pass the stage are invited to a teaching session. Lastly, the best of these compete in front of the band by demonstrating the traditional drum major run-out
Donald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium
The stadium was formerly known as Razorback Stadium since 1941 before being renamed in 2001 in honor of Donald W. Reynolds, an American businessman and philanthropist. The playing field in the stadium is named the Frank Broyles Field, honoring former Arkansas head football coach, Razorback Stadium increased the seating capacity from 50,019 to 72,000 during the 2000-2001 renovations. Before 1938, the Razorbacks played in a 300-seat stadium built in 1901 on land on top of The Hill, which is now occupied by Mullins Library and the Fine Arts Center. The new stadium cost approximately $492,000 and was funded by the Works Progress Administration, the stadium opened for the 1938 football season as University Stadium, holding a capacity of 13,500 spectators. In the home opener for the Razorbacks, the Razorbacks defeated Oklahoma A&M by a score of 27–7 on September 24,1938. The following week, Arkansas dedicated the stadium to sitting Arkansas Governor Carl E. Bailey on October 3,1938, following Governor Baileys defeat in the 1940 gubernatorial election to Homer Martin Adkins, the stadiums name was changed in 1941 to Razorback Stadium.
Broyles awarded the contract to Heery International with local support from the Wittenberg, DeLoney. The renovation was funded by the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation. What was the largest LED display in a sports venue, the expansion was completed before the beginning of the 2001 football season, increasing the permanent seating capacity to 72,000 from its previous capacity of 51,000 seats. 4,000 bleacher seats were added in the end zone upper deck bringing capacity to just over 76,000 with the new expansion. In honor of the Reynolds Foundations generosity, the stadium was formally renamed Donald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium on September 8,2001, where Arkansas lost to Tennessee by a score of 13–3. On November 3,2007, the date of the last Fayetteville home game of the 2007 football season, a major renovation to the stadium was proposed in 2011 by Athletic Director Jeff Long, unveiling the plans to enclose the north end zone. The proposed renovation is estimated at $78 million to $95 million, a new upgrade to the stadium for the 2012 season increased the size to 38 by 167 feet, from the previous LED screen size of 30 by 107 feet.
The upgrade was contracted through LSI Industries, since 1948, home games were divided between two venues, Razorback Stadium and War Memorial Stadium in Little Rock, Arkansas. Athletic director Frank Broyles wanted to move all games to Razorback Stadium to help pay off the $30 million bond that was to be used for expanding and renovating the stadium in 1999. Broyles pointed out that the expanded Razorback Stadium would increase revenue to $3 million per game compared to the $2 million per game for playing at War Memorial Stadium. However, Little Rock investors did not like the idea of moving all home games to Fayetteville and countered with an offer to renovate, Little Rock investor Warren Stephens threatened to discontinue his familys support for the program if games were pulled from Little Rock. After listening to both Chuck Neinas and Stephens in January 2000, the University of Arkansas Board of Trustees voted 9-1 to sign a contract with the owners of War Memorial Stadium
Arkansas Razorbacks football
The Arkansas Razorbacks football program represents the University of Arkansas, located in Fayetteville, Arkansas, in the sport of American football. The Razorbacks compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, the program has 13 conference championships,45 All-Americans, and an all-time record of 700–475–40. The Razorbacks are the 23rd-most successful team in football history by number of wins. Home games are played at locations near the two largest campuses of the University of Arkansas System, Donald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium in Fayetteville, the Arkansas Razorbacks have 84 active NFL players currently in the 2015 NFL Season. The first University of Arkansas football team was formed in 1894 and coached by John Futrall and that team played three games, two against Fort Smith High School and one against Texas. Before the 1909 season, the teams was called the Arkansas Cardinals, the name and mascot changed following the 1909 season when the football team, coached by Hugo Bezdek, finished 7–0.
Arkansas prevailed over powerhouses Oklahoma, LSU and Washington of St. Louis in 1909 and it was with the help of Steve Creekmore that this was accomplished. Creekmore became perhaps the first Razorback star, a quarterback from Van Buren who initially played only intramurals, Bezdek used Creekmore to install a very early edition of the hurry-up offense, as the team never huddled and chased the ball after every play. Creekmore was known for fast and slippery running, there are differing stories about the origins of the Razorbacks mascot, however. The Texarkana Arkansas High School mascot and athletic emblem is the Razorback with red, the Razorback mascot was selected in 1910 to replace the Cardinal as the University of Arkansas mascot. In exchange for its use, the university provided used athletic gear to Texarkana Arkansas High, this practice is no longer used. With the new name and mascot, the Hogs defeated LSU 51–0 and gave Texas A&M their only loss in 1910, in 1913, Arkansas quarterback J. L.
Carter and the Razorbacks lost to Ole Miss, and took a fateful train to Arkadelphia to play Ouachita Baptist. While Carter was eating, he was invited to a meeting of Ouachita boosters and he transferred and defeated Arkansas 15–9 in 1914. The Hogs would be contacted by L. Theo Bellmont in 1913 in his attempt to create a conference to regulate use of ringers. Hugo Bezdek, since replaced by E. T. Pickering, had recommended that the Hogs join a conference before he left to coach at Oregon, the Razorbacks joined the Southwest Conference as charter members in 1915. The conference included teams from Texas and Oklahoma, southwestern would join, but leave the following year. The 1916,1917, and 1919 teams were led at quarterback by Arkansas greatest athlete Gene Davidson, the Razorbacks didnt have a winning conference record until 1920, and didnt win the conference championship until 1936. Arkansas had the best record during the 1933 season, but had to forfeit the SWC Championship because Ulysses Heine Schleuter, Schleuter had told coach Fred Thomsen that he was eligible, but he was recognized by an SMU player during the game as a former Cornhusker
War Memorial Stadium (Arkansas)
War Memorial Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Little Rock, Arkansas. The Arkansas State University Red Wolves have in the past played a few games there, War Memorial Stadium finished construction in 1947 and had a seating capacity of 31,075. On September 19,1948, the stadium was dedicated by former Arkansas Razorback. Britt dedicated the stadium to the memory of her native sons, following the dedication ceremony, the first game at the stadium commenced, where the Arkansas Razorbacks defeated the Abilene Christian Wildcats by a score of 40–6. War Memorial Stadium has added numerous improvements to the stadium and to the playing field, a complete lighting system and an Astroturf surface were installed for the 1970 season. A new artificial surface was installed in 1974 and prior to the 1984 season. Artificial turf was reinstalled prior to the 2002 season when AstroPlay was installed, a new scoreboard and video screen were added prior to the 2005 football season and the field was upgraded to field turf in 2006.
Renovations to the facility and press box began on December 14,2009. The renovations cost approximately $7.3 million and was completed in August 2010, AT&T signed a sponsorship agreement with the War Memorial Stadium Commission to name the playing field AT&T Field on June 23,2010. The naming rights of the field last for at least five years with an option for a 10-year agreement. With this agreement, War Memorial Stadium will earn $175,000 per year for the first five years with a 2. 5% annual increase after the five years. In addition to athletics, the stadium has used for a variety of other purposes including musical concerts. In 1995, Billy Joel and Elton John performed to a crowd of 41,274. Other artists who had performed at the stadium are The Eagles, The Rolling Stones, George Strait, reverend Billy Graham conducted his evangelistic crusades to thousands of listeners at the stadium that included a young Bill Clinton in 1959. Graham returned to the stadium in 1989, months prior to the 1956 collegiate football season, the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics began searching for cities to host the inaugural NAIA championship game.
As it appeared that the game was headed to Shreveport, Louisiana. This would cause the NAIA to look for another city to host the game because some of their member colleges had African-American athletes. War Memorial Stadium general manager Allen Berry had already begun to get local business to support for the game and the Little Rock Chamber of Commerce raised $25,000 to back the game
Fred Charles Thomsen was an American football player and coach. From 1929 to 1941, he was the football coach at the University of Arkansas. In 1949, he became the football coach at Southwest Missouri State College, now Missouri State University. His record at Southwest Missouri State was 19–17–4, thomsens career record as a head coach was 75–78–4. Thomsen played for the Rock Island Independents in the National Football League for one season in 1924, schleuter had told Thomsen he could play, but actually had no remaining eligibility. A member of the SMU Mustangs noticed him as a former Nebraska Cornhusker, the Razorbacks won their first conference championship in 1936. However, TCU received the Southwest Conferences bid to the first Cotton Bowl, Thomsen popularized the forward pass at Arkansas, attempting over 300 aerials, which caught fire across the Southwest Conference. Thomsen used two quarterbacks, Dwight Sloan for wet weather, and Jack Robbins for dry, Fred Thomsen at the College Football Data Warehouse Fred Thomsen at Pro-Football-Reference. com
Independence Stadium (Shreveport)
Independence Stadium is a stadium owned by the city of Shreveport, Louisiana and is the home of the Independence Bowl. Formerly known as State Fair Stadium, it is the site of the annual Independence Bowl post-season college football game, before that, it was the home venue of the Shreveport Steamer of the short-lived World Football League. It served as a site for the annual Arkansas–LSU football rivalry from 1924 to 1936. The 1924 game featured a football trophy as part of the dedication ceremonies for the new stadium. The stadium is host to high school football games and soccer matches. Independence Stadium hosted the LHSAA state football games in 2005 after the Louisiana Superdome suffered heavy damage from Hurricane Katrina. In 1994–95, Independence Stadium was home to the Shreveport Pirates of the Canadian Football League, in the late 1990s, the stadium capacity was expanded from approximately 40,000 to 50,832. In 2005, to meet accommodations of the upcoming Independence Bowl in 2006, in 2008, the City of Shreveport created an entire new section of the stadium.
This portion would allow the capacity to be expanded only if need be. This expansion would put the capacity at 63,000. This was part of an upgrading plan that improved all aspects of the facility. The classic spun-off separately from the fair the following year and became an early September game, eventually it hosted a contest between Louisiana Tech University of Ruston and Grambling State University of Grambling, Louisiana. However, Independence Stadium eventually was chosen to host the Saints first preseason game for the 2006 season while the Louisiana Superdome prepared for its grand re-opening. Field Turf was installed as the playing surface in 2010. In 2010, a Texas University Interscholastic League playoff game was played featuring Mesquite Horn high school, the first time Texas teams met in Louisiana for a playoff game was in 2006 when a Texarkana Texas High team topped Dallas Highland Park with quarterback Ryan Mallett. That game was hosted at Independence Stadium, the stadium hosts concerts and other events.
The south end zone of the stadium borders Interstate 20
Arkansas Razorbacks football statistical leaders
Within those areas, the lists identify single-game, single-season, and career leaders. The Razorbacks represent the University of Arkansas in the NCAAs Southeastern Conference, although Arkansas began competing in intercollegiate football in 1894, the schools official record book considers the modern era to have begun in 1945. Records from before this year are incomplete and inconsistent. These lists are dominated by more recent players for several reasons, Since 1945, seasons have increased from 10 games to 11, the NCAA didnt allow freshmen to play varsity football until 1972, allowing players to have four-year careers. Bowl games only began counting toward single-season and career statistics in 2002, the Razorbacks have played in 10 bowl games since this decision, allowing players on those teams to accumulate statistics for an additional game. Similarly, the SEC instituted a game in 1992. The Razorbacks have played in championship game three times. The 10 Razorback seasons with the highest total offensive output have come since 2000 and these lists are updated through the end of the 2016 season.
Total offense is the sum of passing and rushing statistics and it does not include receiving or returns
The Southwest Conference was an NCAA Division I college athletic conference in the United States that existed from 1914 to 1996. Composed primarily of schools from Texas, at times the conference included schools from Oklahoma. After a long period of stability, Arkansas left in 1991 to join the Southeastern Conference, by March 1,1914 a number of schools had responded favorably to the idea. The first organizational meeting of the conference was set to be held on April 30,1914, the date was changed because representatives from every school could not make it then. It was ultimately held on May 5 and 7,1914 at the Oriental Hotel in Dallas, Texas and it was chaired by L. Theo Bellmont. Originally, Bellmont wanted Louisiana State University and the University of Mississippi to join the conference as well, the Southwest Intercollegiate Athletic Conference became an official body on December 8,1914, at a formal meeting at the Rice Hotel in Houston. Rice University left the conference in 1916, only to re-join in 1918, phillips University was a conference member for one year.
Oklahoma left in 1919 to join the Missouri Valley Intercollegiate Athletic Association, the series between Texas and Oklahoma would continue as a non-conference matchup in the annual Red River Rivalry game held in Dallas. From 1925 until 1991, the University of Arkansas would be the only member not located within the state of Texas. By 1925, the name was shortened to simply Southwest Conference. After its organizational years, the conference settled into regularly scheduled meetings among its members, the SWC would be guided by seven commissioners, the first of whom, P. W. St. Clair, was appointed in 1938. In 1940, the conference took control of the five-year-old Cotton Bowl Classic, Texas Technological College joined the SWC in 1958, followed by the University of Houston for the 1976 season. The conference celebrated its glory years in the 1960s, dominated by two teams and Arkansas. Texas won the 1963 National Championship, and Arkansas won a National Championship in 1964 in the Football Writers Association of America, in 1969, Texas won another National Championship by beating #2-ranked Arkansas 15-14 in the regular seasons final game.
The 1969 Arkansas-Texas game in Fayetteville, attended by President Richard Nixon, is counted among the greatest college football games ever played. Texas won the 1970 United Press International National Championship, which until 1974 was awarded prior to the bowl games, opponents usually were the runners-up from the Big 8 Conference or the Southeastern Conference, although independents Penn State and Notre Dame were often featured. From the 1940s onward, the Cotton Bowl Classic was counted among the four bowl games. However, in the 1990s, the game declined in importance, in 1977, Notre Dame became the last team to win a national championship in the Cotton Bowl Classic by beating Texas in the January 1978 game
Amos Alonzo Stagg Field is the name of two different football fields for the University of Chicago. The earliest Stagg Field is probably best remembered for its role in a scientific achievement by Enrico Fermi during the Manhattan Project. The site of the first artificial nuclear reaction received designation as a National Historic Landmark on February 18,1965. On October 15,1966, which is the day that the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 was enacted creating the National Register of Historic Places, the site was named a Chicago Landmark on October 27,1971. A Henry Moore sculpture, Nuclear Energy, in a small quadrangle commemorates the location of the nuclear experiment, the Universitys current Stagg Field is located a few blocks away and reuses one of the original gates. Chicago Pile-1, the worlds first artificial nuclear reactor, was built under the west stands of Stagg Field, the first man-made self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurred on December 2,1942. The first Stagg Field was a stadium at the University of Chicago in Chicago and it was primarily used for college football games, and was the home field of the Maroons.
Stagg Field originally opened in 1893 as Marshall Field, named after Marshall Field who donated land to the university to build the stadium, in 1913, the field was renamed Stagg Field after their famous coach Amos Alonzo Stagg. The final capacity, after several expansions, was 50,000. The University of Chicago discontinued its program after 1939 and left the Big Ten Conference in 1946. The stadium was demolished in 1957, and much of the site was re-utilized as the site of Regenstein Library. In addition to Maroons football, the stadium hosted other events. These include the 1936 US Olympic Trials for Track and Field held June 19–20,1936 and the NCAA Mens Track and Field Championships in 1921,1922,1923,1929,1930,1931,1932,1933, Northwestern played a number home games at Stagg Field. At the turn of the 20th century, Northwestern was unable to handle large crowds, so they hosted then-powerhouse Minnesota at Marshall Field for a 1901 game, in 1925 Northwestern again was unable to accommodate large crowds, and as a result played two games at Stagg Field.
The first was a win over Michigan. The second was an October 24 game against Tulane that had originally scheduled to be played at Soldier Field instead. Tulane won the game at Stagg Field 18-7, the University of Michigan fight song The Victors was written by Michigan music student Louis Elbel in 1898, following a 12-11 Michigan victory over the University of Chicago at Stagg Field. The current Stagg Field is a field located several blocks to the northwest that preserves the Stagg Field name