Politics of Scotland
Scotland is a country which is part of the United Kingdom. The UK is de jure a unitary state, and the Parliament of the United Kingdom, located at Westminster, London, is sovereign over the whole state. However, since the late 1990s, a system of devolution has emerged in the UK, under which Scotland, Scotland entered into a political union with England in 1707, and since has sent representatives to the Palace of Westminster, which became the British parliament. In 1999, an 129-member Scottish Parliament was established in Edinburgh, it has power to make law in Scotland. In the UK government, Scottish affairs are represented by the Secretary of State for Scotland, the Scottish Government is headed by a First Minister, who is the leader of the political party with the most support in the Scottish Parliament, currently Nicola Sturgeon MSP. The head of state in Scotland is the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, as the UK is part of the European Union, Scotland elects six Members to sit in the European Parliament.
Scotland can best be described as having a multi-party system, in the Scottish Parliament, the centre-left pro-independence Scottish National Party is the party which forms the government, it currently holds a plurality of seats in the parliament. Opposition parties include the Scottish Labour Party, the Scottish Conservative Party, the Scottish Liberal Democrats, elections are held once every five years, with 73 Members being elected to represent constituencies, and the remaining 56 elected via a system of proportional representation. At Westminster, Scotland is represented by 56 MPs from the Scottish National Party, and 1 MP each from the Labour Party, the Conservative Party, the creation of an independent Scotland outside the United Kingdom remains a prominent issue. On 18 September 2014, the people of Scotland voted in a referendum on whether to become independent, the party with the largest number of seats in the Scottish Parliament is the Scottish National Party, which campaigns for Scottish independence.
The current First Minister of Scotland is SNP leader Nicola Sturgeon, the previous First Minister, Alex Salmond, led the SNP to an overall majority victory in the May 2011 general election, which was lost in 2016 and now forms a minority government. Other parties represented in the parliament are the Labour Party, Conservative Party which form the opposition, Liberal Democrats. The next Scottish Parliament election is due to be held in May 2021 and this has been done on a number of occasions where it has been seen as either more efficient, or more politically expedient to have the legislation considered by Westminster. The Scotland Office is a department of the United Kingdom government, the current Secretary of State for Scotland is David Mundell MP, a Conservative. Until 1999, Scottish peers were entitled to sit in the House of Lords, the main political debate in Scotland tends to revolve around attitudes to the constitutional question. Under the pressure of growing support for Scottish independence a policy of devolution had been advocated by all three GB-wide parties to some degree during their history.
Now that devolution has occurred, the argument about Scotlands constitutional status is over whether the Scottish Parliament should accrue additional powers. To clarify these issues, the SNP-led Scottish Executive published Choosing Scotlands Future, the programmes of legislation enacted by the Scottish Parliament have seen the divergence in the provision of public services compared to the rest of the United Kingdom
Duty of care
In tort law, a duty of care is a legal obligation, which is imposed on an individual requiring adherence to a standard of reasonable care while performing any acts that could foreseeably harm others. It is the first element that must be established to proceed with an action in negligence, the claimant must be able to show a duty of care imposed by law which the defendant has breached. In turn, breaching a duty may subject an individual to liability, the duty of care may be imposed by operation of law between individuals with no current direct relationship, but eventually become related in some manner, as defined by common law. Duty of care may be considered a formalisation of the social contract and it is not a requirement that a duty of care be defined by law, though it will often develop through the jurisprudence of common law. At common law, duties were limited to those with whom one was in privity one way or another. The idea of a duty of care that runs to all who could be foreseeably affected by ones conduct first appeared in the judgment of Brett MR in Heaven v Pender.
Both MacPherson and Donoghue were product liability cases, and both expressly acknowledged and cited Bretts analysis as their inspiration, for instance, an engineer or construction company involved in erecting a building may be reasonably responsible to tenants inhabiting the building many years in the future. This point is illustrated by the decision of the South Carolina Supreme Court in Terlinde v. Neely 275 S. C. 395,271 S. E. 2d 768, cited by the Supreme Court of Canada in Winnipeg Condominium Corporation No.36 v. Bird Construction Co.1 S. C. R. 85, The plaintiffs, being a member of the class for which the home was constructed, are entitled to a duty of care in construction commensurate with industry standards. In the light of the fact that the home was constructed as speculative, by placing this product into the stream of commerce, the builder owes a duty of care to those who will use his product, so as to render him accountable for negligent workmanship. There must be some limit to the duty of care.
The High Court of Australia has deviated from the British approach, Australian law first determines whether the case at hand fits within an established category of case where a duty of care has been found. For example, occupiers of a premises automatically owe a duty of care to any person on their premises, if this is not the case, the plaintiff must prove that it was reasonably foreseeable that harm could result from the defendants actions. If so, the Court applies a salient features test to determine whether the plaintiff is owed a duty of care, whether imposition of a duty would constitute an unreasonable burden on individual autonomy. The degree of vulnerability of the plaintiff to the defendants actions – their ability to guard against the harm, the degree of knowledge which the defendant had about the probability and likely magnitude of harm to the plaintiff. Special rules exist for the establishment of duty of care where the plaintiff suffered mental harm, to establish a duty of care, the plaintiff has to satisfy the requirement of CLA Act ss 27-33.
In light of this, a number of individuals cannot claim injuries as well
Stirling is a city in central Scotland. The market town, surrounded by farmland, grew up connecting the royal citadel, the medieval old town with its merchants and tradesmen, the bridge. Located on the River Forth, Stirling is the centre for the Stirling council area. It is proverbially the strategically important Gateway to the Highlands and it has been said that Stirling, like a huge brooch clasps Highlands and Lowlands together. Similarly he who holds Stirling, holds Scotland is often quoted, stirlings key position as the lowest bridging point of the River Forth before it broadens towards the Firth of Forth, made it a focal point for travel north or south. This invited control for, military advantage in times of unrest, unsurprisingly an excise man was installed in a covered booth in the centre of the bridge to collect tax from any entering the royal burgh with goods. According to a 9th century legend, when Stirling was temporarily under Anglo-Saxon sway, however the sound of a wolf roused a sentry who alerted his garrison to force a Viking retreat.
This led to the wolf being adopted as a symbol of the town, even today it appears with a goshawk on the coat of arms along with the recently chosen motto, Steadfast as the Rock. Once the capital of Scotland, Stirling is visually dominated by Stirling Castle, the poet King was educated by George Buchanan and grew up in Stirling. He was also crowned King of England and Ireland on 25th July 1603, modern Stirling is a centre for local government, higher education, tourism and industry. The 2011 census recorded the population of the city as 45,750, One of the principal royal strongholds of the Kingdom of Scotland, Stirling was created a royal burgh by King David I in 1130. In 2002, as part of Queen Elizabeths Golden Jubilee, Stirling was granted city status, Stirling was originally a Stone Age settlement as shown by the Randolphfield standing stones and Kings Park prehistoric carvings that can still be found south of the city. The site has been significant since at least the Roman occupation of Britain, due to its naturally defensible crag and tail hill.
Coupled to this it enjoys a position which is not far from the Ochil Hills on the border between the Lowlands and Highlands. Its other notable feature is its proximity to the lowest ancient ford of the River Forth. It remained the rivers lowest crossing point until the construction of the Alloa Swing Bridge between Throsk and Alloa in 1885. It is supposed that Stirling is the fortress of Iuddeu or Urbs Giudi where Oswiu of Northumbria was besieged by Penda of Mercia in 655, as recorded in Bede and contemporary annals. Stirling was chartered as a burgh by King David in the 12th century
George V was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936. He was the son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales. From the time of his birth, he was third in the line of succession behind his father and his own brother, Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence. From 1877 to 1891, George served in the Royal Navy, on the death of his grandmother in 1901, Georges father became King-Emperor of the British Empire, and George was created Prince of Wales. He succeeded his father in 1910 and he was the only Emperor of India to be present at his own Delhi Durbar. His reign saw the rise of socialism, fascism, Irish republicanism, the Parliament Act 1911 established the supremacy of the elected British House of Commons over the unelected House of Lords. In 1917, George became the first monarch of the House of Windsor, in 1924 he appointed the first Labour ministry and in 1931 the Statute of Westminster recognised the dominions of the Empire as separate, independent states within the Commonwealth of Nations.
He had health problems throughout much of his reign and at his death was succeeded by his eldest son. George was born on 3 June 1865, in Marlborough House and he was the second son of the Prince and Princess of Wales, Albert Edward and Alexandra. His father was the eldest son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and he was baptised at Windsor Castle on 7 July 1865 by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Longley. As a younger son of the Prince of Wales, there was expectation that George would become king. He was third in line to the throne, after his father and elder brother, George was only 17 months younger than Albert Victor, and the two princes were educated together. John Neale Dalton was appointed as their tutor in 1871, neither Albert Victor nor George excelled intellectually. For three years from 1879, the brothers served on HMS Bacchante, accompanied by Dalton. They toured the colonies of the British Empire in the Caribbean, South Africa and Australia, and visited Norfolk, Virginia, as well as South America, the Mediterranean, Dalton wrote an account of their journey entitled The Cruise of HMS Bacchante.
Between Melbourne and Sydney, Dalton recorded a sighting of the Flying Dutchman, after Lausanne, the brothers were separated, Albert Victor attended Trinity College, while George continued in the Royal Navy. He travelled the world, visiting many areas of the British Empire, during his naval career he commanded Torpedo Boat 79 in home waters HMS Thrush on the North America station, before his last active service in command of HMS Melampus in 1891–92. From on, his rank was largely honorary
Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain. It shares a border with England to the south, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east. In addition to the mainland, the country is made up of more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles, the Kingdom of Scotland emerged as an independent sovereign state in the Early Middle Ages and continued to exist until 1707. By inheritance in 1603, James VI, King of Scots, became King of England and King of Ireland, Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain. The union created a new Parliament of Great Britain, which succeeded both the Parliament of Scotland and the Parliament of England. Within Scotland, the monarchy of the United Kingdom has continued to use a variety of styles, the legal system within Scotland has remained separate from those of England and Wales and Northern Ireland, Scotland constitutes a distinct jurisdiction in both public and private law.
Glasgow, Scotlands largest city, was one of the worlds leading industrial cities. Other major urban areas are Aberdeen and Dundee, Scottish waters consist of a large sector of the North Atlantic and the North Sea, containing the largest oil reserves in the European Union. This has given Aberdeen, the third-largest city in Scotland, the title of Europes oil capital, following a referendum in 1997, a Scottish Parliament was re-established, in the form of a devolved unicameral legislature comprising 129 members, having authority over many areas of domestic policy. Scotland is represented in the UK Parliament by 59 MPs and in the European Parliament by 6 MEPs, Scotland is a member nation of the British–Irish Council, and the British–Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Scotland comes from Scoti, the Latin name for the Gaels, the Late Latin word Scotia was initially used to refer to Ireland. By the 11th century at the latest, Scotia was being used to refer to Scotland north of the River Forth, alongside Albania or Albany, the use of the words Scots and Scotland to encompass all of what is now Scotland became common in the Late Middle Ages.
Repeated glaciations, which covered the land mass of modern Scotland. It is believed the first post-glacial groups of hunter-gatherers arrived in Scotland around 12,800 years ago, the groups of settlers began building the first known permanent houses on Scottish soil around 9,500 years ago, and the first villages around 6,000 years ago. The well-preserved village of Skara Brae on the mainland of Orkney dates from this period and it contains the remains of an early Bronze Age ruler laid out on white quartz pebbles and birch bark. It was discovered for the first time that early Bronze Age people placed flowers in their graves, in the winter of 1850, a severe storm hit Scotland, causing widespread damage and over 200 deaths. In the Bay of Skaill, the storm stripped the earth from a large irregular knoll, when the storm cleared, local villagers found the outline of a village, consisting of a number of small houses without roofs. William Watt of Skaill, the laird, began an amateur excavation of the site, but after uncovering four houses
Archibald Sinclair, 1st Viscount Thurso
Born in Chelsea, Sinclair was the son of a Scottish father and an American mother. He was the great-great-grandson of Sir John Sinclair, 1st Baronet, in 1912, he succeeded his grandfather, Sir John Sinclair, 3rd Baronet, as fourth Baronet, of Ulbster. Educated at Eton College and the Royal Military College, Sinclair served on the Western Front during the First World War and rose to the rank of Major in the Guards Machine Gun Regiment. They formed a friendship, which would become a significant political alliance in decades. His constituency was the largest, in terms of area, in the United Kingdom and he rose through the Liberal ranks as the party shrank in Parliament, becoming Chief Whip by 1930. In 1931, the Liberal Party joined the National Government of Ramsay MacDonald and he was sworn of the Privy Council at the same time. In 1932, he, together with other Liberal ministers, resigned from the government in protest at the Ottawa Conference introducing a series of tariff agreements and the Liberal leader, Sir Herbert Samuel, were thus the last Liberal politicians to sit in the Cabinet until 2010.
In the 1935 general election, Samuel lost his seat, Sinclair became the partys leader at the head of only 20 MPs. When Churchill formed an all-party coalition government in 1940, Sinclair became Secretary of State for Air, however, he did not sit in the small War Cabinet but was invited to attend meetings discussing any political matter. As Secretary for Air, his first task was to work with the RAF in planning the Battle of Britain, towards the end of the war he found himself at odds with Churchill, arguing against Bomber Harriss strategy for the Bombing of Dresden. He remained a minister until May 1945 when the coalition ended, in the 1945 general election, he narrowly lost his seat. His margin of defeat is one of the tightest on record, he came third, Sinclair awaited the imminent by-election, which never materialised. At the 1950 general election, Sinclair again stood for his old seat and moved to second place, in 1952, the year of his first stroke, he accepted elevation to the House of Lords as Viscount Thurso, of Ulbster in the County of Caithness.
Sinclair married Marigold, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel James Stewart Forbes, in 1918 and they had four children, the Hon. Catherine, the Hon. Elizabeth and the Hon. Angus. Sinclair was one of the largest landowners in the United Kingdom and he was handsome and charming and regarded as a daredevil, but in private life he was rather shy and antisocial, with a slight speech impediment. In the 1990s, his grandson, John Sinclair, entered politics and sat from 2001 to 2015 as the Liberal Democrat MP for his grandfathers seat, Sutherland, sinclairs granddaughter, Veronica Linklater, Baroness Linklater of Butterstone, has become a Liberal Democrat politician. 1890-1912, Mr Archibald Sinclair 1912-1922, Sir Archibald Sinclair Bt 1922, Sir Archibald Sinclair Bt CMG 1922-1931, Sir Archibald Sinclair Bt CMG MP 1931-1941, Sir Archibald Sinclair Bt CMG MP 1941-1945, The Rt Hon. Sir Archibald Sinclair Bt KT CMG MP 1945-1952, The Rt Hon, Sir Archibald Sinclair Bt KT CMG 1952-1970, The Rt Hon
1932 in the United Kingdom
Events from the year 1932 in the United Kingdom. Monarch – George V Prime Minister – Ramsay MacDonald 8 January – The Archbishop of Canterbury forbids church remarriage of divorcees,24 January – Inmates at Dartmoor Prison mutiny. 26 January – British submarine HMS M2 sinks off the Dorset coast with all fifty hands,4 February–15 February – Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete in the Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, New York but do not win any medals. 1 March – Import Duties Act re-establishes protective trade tariffs,15 March – First broadcast from the newly opened Broadcasting House. 6 April – Ministry of Health encourages local councils to engage in widespread slum clearance. 13 April – Mass trespass of Kinder Scout, a trespass by ramblers at Kinder Scout, in the Peak District of England. 23 April – New Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens in Stratford-upon-Avon, designed by Elisabeth Scott, it is the countrys first important work by a woman architect. 1 May – Protestors and police clash in Hyde Park, London,10 May – James Chadwick discovers the neutron.
26 May – The Scots law case of Donoghue v Stevenson is decided in the House of Lords,4 July – George Carwardine patents the Anglepoise lamp. 12 July – Hedley Verity of Yorkshire establishes a new first-class cricket record by taking all ten wickets for ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm. 19 July – King George V opens the replacement Lambeth Bridge,30 July–14 August – Great Britain and Northern Ireland compete at the Olympics in Los Angeles and win 4 gold,7 silver and 5 bronze. 1 August – Forrest Mars produces the first Mars bar in his Slough factory,26 September – First contingent of the National Hunger March leaves Glasgow. October – Oswald Mosley founds the British Union of Fascists,3 October – The Times newspaper first appears set in the Times New Roman typeface devised by Stanley Morison. 7 October – Thomas Beecham establishes the London Philharmonic Orchestra,13 October – Britain grants independence to Iraq in exchange for a restrictive long-term military alliance.
27 October – Arrival of the Hunger March in London leads to violent clashes with police. 14 November – Book tokens go on sale in the UK.30 November – The BBC begins a series of broadcasts to mark the 75th birthday of Sir Edward Elgar. 2 December – English cricket team in Australia in 1932–33, Opening of the bodyline series,5 December – The comic strip character Jane first appears in the Daily Mirror. 10 December John Galsworthy wins the Nobel Prize in Literature for his art of narration which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga
Lord President of the Court of Session
The Lord President of the Court of Session is the most senior judge in Scotland, the head of the judiciary, and the presiding judge of the College of Justice and the Court of Session. The Lord President is the Lord Justice General of Scotland and the head of the High Court of Justiciary, the Lord President has authority over any court established under Scots law, except for the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom. The office of Lord Justice General is derived from the justiciars who were appointed from at least the twelfth century, from around 1567 onwards it was held heritably by the Earl of Argyll until the heritability was resigned to the Crown in 1607. The current Lord President of the Court of Session is Lord Carloway, in Scotland the Official Oath is taken before the Lord President of the Court of Session. The Lord President is paid according to Salary Group 1.1 of the Judicial Salaries Scale, Captain of Argyll, in the reign of Ethodius Comes Dunetus, in the reign of King William the Lion.
1372, Sir William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas, Justiciary South of the Forth, Court of Session List of Senators of the College of Justice List of Leading Scottish Legal Cases
Scots law is the legal system of Scotland. It is a hybrid or mixed legal system containing civil law and common law elements, together with English law and Northern Ireland law, it is one of the three legal systems of the United Kingdom. It shares some elements with the two systems, but it has its own unique sources and nomina juris. Although there was some indirect Roman law influence on Scots law, Scots law recognises four sources of law, legal precedent, specific academic writings, and custom. Legislation affecting Scotland may be passed by the Scottish Parliament, the United Kingdom Parliament, the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union, some legislation passed by the pre-1707 Parliament of Scotland is still valid. Since the Union with England Act 1707, Scotland has shared a legislature with England, Scotland retained a fundamentally different legal system from that south of the border, but the Union exerted English influence upon Scots law. The United Kingdom, consists of three jurisdictions and Wales, and Northern Ireland, there are differences in the terminology used between the jurisdictions.
For example, in Scotland there are no Magistrates Courts or Crown Court, but there are Justice of the Peace Courts, Sheriff Courts and the College of Justice. The various historic sources of Scots law, including custom, feudal law, canon law, civilian ius commune, there is evidence to suggest that as late as the 17th century marriage laws in the Highlands and Islands still reflected Gaelic custom, contrary to Catholic religious principles. The Outer Hebrides were added after the Battle of Largs in 1263, from the 12th century feudalism was gradually introduced to Scotland and established feudal land tenure over many parts of the south and east, which eventually spread northward. As feudalism began to develop in Scotland early court systems began to develop, in 1399 a General Council established that the King should hold a parliament at least once a year for the next three years so that his subjects are served by the law. From the 14th century we have surviving examples of early Scottish legal literature, such as the Regiam Majestatem and the Quoniam Attachiamenta.
Both of these important texts, as they were copied, had provisions from Roman law, from the reign of King James I to King James V the beginnings of a legal profession began to develop and the administration of criminal and civil justice was centralised. The Parliament of Scotland was normally called on an annual basis during this period, the Act of Union 1707 merged the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England to form the new Kingdom of Great Britain. Article 19 of the Act confirmed the authority of the College of Justice, Court of Session. Article 3, merged the Estates of Scotland with the Parliament of England to form the Parliament of Great Britain, with its seat in the Palace of Westminster, London. Under the terms of the Act of Union, Scotland retained its own systems of law and Church, the Scottish Enlightenment reinvigorated Scots law as a university-taught discipline. The transfer of power to London and the introduction of appeal to the House of Lords brought further English influence
The Finnieston Crane or Stobcross Crane is a disused giant cantilever crane in the centre of Glasgow, Scotland. It is no longer in working order, but is retained as a symbol of the citys engineering heritage, the crane was used for loading cargo, in particular steam locomotives, onto ships to be exported around the world. It is one of four cranes on the River Clyde, a fifth one having been demolished in 2007. The crane can be seen in the background of news broadcasts from BBC Pacific Quay, queens Dock was opened in August 1877 as a 61 acres dock for exporting goods from the centre of Glasgow. The present crane, constructed as a replacement, was the last giant cantilever crane to be built on the Clyde. It was commissioned in June 1928 by the Clyde Navigation Trust, the total cost of the crane and foundations was GB£69,000, 85% of which was met by the Trust. After Wyllies death in May 2012, a giant question mark was suspended from the crane in an acknowledgement of his work, in 2013, microphones were attached to the crane by American artist Bill Fontana, to record the sounds made by the structure.
Connected to a spur of the Stobcross Railway, the primary purpose was the lifting of heavy machinery, such as tanks and steam locomotives. The crane is not in working order, but is retained as a symbol of the citys engineering heritage, the Finnieston Crane is a giant cantilever crane,174 feet tall with a 152 feet cantilever jib. It has a capacity of 175 tons, and could perform a full rotation in three and a half minutes. It can be ascended either by a staircase or an electric lift. It is the only crane fitted with a rail to permit movement of the jigger hoist. The docks serviced by the crane were closed in 1969, and have since filled in. The North Rotunda stands to the east of the crane, and the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre and it is one of four such cranes on the Clyde, after the Fairfield Titan was demolished in 2007, and one of only eleven giant cantilever cranes remaining worldwide. The crane can be seen in the background of Reporting Scotland broadcasts from BBC Pacific Quay, imperial Cities, Landscape and Identity.
Williamson, Riches, Higgs, riddell, John F. Clyde Navigation, A History of the Development and Deepening of the River Clyde. The actual 130 ton Finnieston Steam Crane Flickr gallery of the crane at night
It is one of the Northern European short-tailed sheep breeds. It remains physically similar to the ancestors of domestic sheep, the Mediterranean mouflon. It is much smaller than modern domesticated sheep but hardier, and is extraordinarily agile, Soays may be solid black or brown, or more often blonde or dark brown with buffish-white underbelly and rump, a few have white markings on the face. The name of the island is from Old Norse Seyðoy, meaning Island of Sheep, the breed was introduced to and live wild on Holy Isle off Arran. Soay sheep were introduced from St. Kilda to Lundy, an island in the Bristol Channel, there is a small population living wild in and around the Cheddar Gorge in Somerset. The Soays are particularly hardy and have allowed to become largely feral. They are particularly useful for Soays ecosystem because they are agile and sure-footed. The breed is listed in Category 4, At Risk by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust, the Soay is distinct from two other short-tailed breeds associated with St.
Kilda, the Boreray, and the St. Kilda, a former name for the Hebridean sheep. The Hirta population is unmanaged and has been the subject of study since the 1950s. The sheep exhibit a phenomenon known as overcompensatory density dependence, in which their population never reaches equilibrium, the population growth is so great as to exceed the carrying capacity of the island, which eventually causes a dramatic population crash, and the cycle repeats. For example, in 1989, the fell by two thirds within 12 weeks. Another factor in mortality rates is the loading of intestinal nematode parasites, the breed was used in experimental archaeology at Butser Ancient Farm because it closely resembles British prehistoric breeds. The breed is becoming smaller because of the change in climate, the sheep have short tails and naturally shed their wool, which can be hand plucked in the spring and early summer. About one kilogram of wool can be obtained from each animal per year, ewes are polled, scurred or horned and rams are either horned or scurred.
They are most commonly brown or tan with a white belly, occasionally white markings on the face and/or body and legs occur. Rarely self-colored black or tan individuals are seen and this breed has extremely fine fleece and, in contrast to mouflon, the inner fleece is highly developed and it is difficult to distinguish an outer coat. This is an indication that the Soay are indeed the product of a domesticated breed in prehistoric times. The breed lacks the flocking instinct of many breeds, attempts to work them using sheep dogs result in a scattering of the group