1933–34 Gauliga

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Gauliga
Season 1933–34
Champions 16 regional winners
German champions Schalke 04
1st German title
The initial 16 districts of the Gauliga in 1933

The 1933–34 Gauliga was the inaugural season of the Gauliga, the first tier of the football league system in Germany from 1933 to 1945.

The Gauligas replaced the seven regional championships and a large number of local leagues that existed in Germany until then, the Gauligas were established after the rise of the Nazis to power in 1933.[1][2] In the season previous to the establishment German football had been sub-divided into almost 70 local tier-one leagues with an average number of 10 clubs per league, resulting in close to 700 top level clubs, these leagues had, up till 1933, played out seven regional championships with the top clubs of those advancing to the national German championship.[3]

The league operated in sixteen regional divisions, of which two, the Gauliga Ostpreußen and Gauliga Pommern, were sub-divided into two regional groups again, with the league containing 178 clubs all up, the league champions entered the 1934 German football championship, won by FC Schalke 04 who defeated 1. FC Nürnberg 2–1 in the final. It was Schalke's first-ever national championship and the club would go on to win five more during the Gauliga era of German football from 1933 to 1945.[4]

Viktoria Stolp, champions of the Gauliga Pommern, was the only club to remain unbeaten during the league season, winning all twelve games in the eastern division of the league and going on to win and draw in the two finals against western champions Stettiner SC. At the other end of the table three clubs finished the season with just one win, Viktoria Stralsund, Phönix Köslin and Schweriner FC. Hamburger SV scored the most goals of any Gauliga club with 91 while Schweriner FC conceded the most with 119. 1. FC Nürnberg and Dresdner SC achieved the highest points totals with 34 each while Viktoria Stralsund earned the least with two points to its name.[5]

Champions[edit]

The 1933–34 Gauliga champions qualified for the group stage of the German championship. SV Waldhof Mannheim, Viktoria 89 Berlin, 1. FC Nuremberg and FC Schalke 04 won their championship groups and advanced to the semi-finals with the latter two reaching the championship final which Schalke won.[6][5][7]

Club League No. of clubs
SV Waldhof Mannheim Gauliga Baden 10
1. FC Nürnberg Gauliga Bayern
(1933–34 season)
12
Viktoria 89 Berlin Gauliga Berlin-Brandenburg 12
Borussia Fulda Gauliga Hessen 10
Wacker Halle Gauliga Mitte 10
Mülheimer SV Gauliga Mittelrhein 11
VfL 06 Benrath Gauliga Niederrhein 12
SV Werder Bremen Gauliga Niedersachsen 10
Eimsbütteler TV Gauliga Nordmark 10
Preußen Danzig Gauliga Ostpreußen 14
Viktoria Stolp Gauliga Pommern 14
Dresdner SC Gauliga Sachsen 11
Beuthener SuSV 09 Gauliga Schlesien 10
Kickers Offenbach Gauliga Südwest 12
FC Schalke 04 Gauliga Westfalen 10
Union Böckingen Gauliga Württemberg 10

German championship[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "German championship 1933". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Geschichte" [History]. suedfv.de (in German). Southern German Football Association. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  3. ^ Fußball-Jahrbuch Deutschland, page: 131–190
  4. ^ "(West) Germany -List of champions". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Germany 1933–34". claudionicoletti.eu. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "Gauliga final tables". f-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  7. ^ "German championship 1934". Rsssf.com. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 

Sources[edit]

  • kicker-Almanach 1990 (in German) Yearbook of German football, publisher: kicker Sportmagazin, published: 1989, ISBN 3-7679-0297-4
  • 100 Jahre Süddeutscher Fußball-Verband (in German) 100 Years of the Southern German Football Federation, publisher: SFV, published: 1997
  • Die deutschen Gauligen 1933–45 – Heft 1–3 (in German) Tables of the Gauligas 1933–45, publisher: DSFS
  • Fußball-Jahrbuch Deutschland 1930/31 – 1932/33 (in German) Tables of the top-level league's in Germany 1930–33, publisher: DSFS

External links[edit]