The Sheffield Shield is the domestic first-class cricket competition of Australia. The tournament is contested between teams from the six states of Australia, prior to the Shield being established, a number of intercolonial matches were played. The Shield, donated by Lord Sheffield, was first contested during the 1892–93 season, queensland was admitted for the 1926–27 season, Western Australia for the 1947–48 season and Tasmania for the 1977–78 season. The competition is contested in a double-round robin format, with each playing every other team in two home-and-away matches. Points are awarded based on wins, losses and ties, regular matches last for four days, the final lasts for five days. New South Wales have won the most titles, with 46 overall, in 1891–92 the Earl of Sheffield was in Australia as the promoter of the English team led by W. G. Grace. The tour included three Tests played in Melbourne and Adelaide, at the conclusion of the tour, Lord Sheffield donated £150 to the New South Wales Cricket Association to fund a trophy for an annual tournament of intercolonial cricket in Australia.
The three colonies of New South Wales and South Australia were already playing each other in ad hoc matches, the new tournament commenced in the summer of 1892/93, mandating home and away fixtures between each colony each season. The three teams competed for the Sheffield Shield, named after its benefactor, a Polish immigrant, Phillip Blashki, won the competition to design the trophy, a 43 x 30-inch silver shield. The competition therefore commenced some 15 years after Australias first Test match, in 1999, the Australian Cricket Board announced a sponsorship deal which included renaming the Sheffield Shield to the Pura Milk Cup, to the Pura Cup the following season. Pura is a name of National Foods, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Philippines-based San Miguel Corporation. The sponsorship increased total prize money to A$220,000, with the winners receiving A$75,000. Weet-bix is a cereal biscuit manufactured by Sanitarium Health Food Company, in the 2011–12 season, Bupa took over the sponsorship for the competition.
A Each team has used several venues to host matches, for a full list, see list of cricket grounds in Australia. Queensland and South Australia played only once in 1926/27, Western Australia played each team only once from their debut in 1946/47 until 1955/56 inclusive. Tasmania played each team only once from their debut in 1977/78 until 1981/82 inclusive, where the teams played an unequal number of games, their final points were calculated on a pro-rata basis. Matches were timeless up to 1926/27, a 4-day time limit has applied since 1927/28. Since 1982/83, the top two teams after the 10 home and away rounds have met in a final, the team with the most points hosts the final against the second ranked team
The Sydney Thunder are an Australian professional cricket team, competing in Australias domestic Twenty20 cricket competition, the Big Bash League. The teams home ground is Sydney Showground Stadium, known as Spotless Stadium at Sydney Olympic Park and their team uniform is lime green. Thunder won the edition of Big Bash, as well as the inaugural Womens Big Bash League. Along with the Sydney Sixers, the Sydney Thunder are the successors of the New South Wales Blues who played in the now-defunct KFC Twenty20 Big Bash. The NSW Cricket board unanimously decided on lime green as the colour, though other colours were considered. Cricket Australia did not allow Cricket NSW to use the sky blue colour associated with New South Wales sports teams. The team made their debut in the 2011-12 Big Bash League season - the inaugural season of the Big Bash League, the team performed poorly in its first years in the competition, finishing last in each of its first three seasons and second last in its fourth season.
From 2011 to 2014, the Thunders home ground was ANZ Stadium in Sydney Olympic Park, in June 2015, the Thunder announced they would leave ANZ Stadium and play all home games at Sydney Showground Stadium until the 2024-25 BBL season. The 2015–16 Big Bash League season marked the first year in which the Thunder finished in the top half of the table, the Thunder lost their following four games and it looked as if they were set to miss out on the finals. In their final game of the 2015–16 Big Bash League season, the Thunder faced the Adelaide Strikers at Adelaide Oval in the first semi final, winning convincingly. The Thunder faced the Stars in the Finals the Melbourne Stars, the final was played at Melbourne Cricket Ground on 24 January 2016 and resulted in the Thunders defeat of the Melbourne Stars. The Sydney Thunder franchise swept the titles as the team won the inaugural womens title hours ago on the same ground by the same margin with the same number of balls remaining. The mens game featured a battle of two captains as brothers Michael and David Hussey went against each other on their mothers birthday, Sydney Thunder were the most watched sports team in Australia during 2015/16 with an average TV audience of 1. 2m.
Shane Watson was elected to captain the side in 2016, Thunder Bus The Thunder Bus travels around schools and cricket club in Sydney and Regional NSW, it has an interactive quiz and inflatable nets. The Thunder Bus directly engaged with 100,000 children aged between 5-12 during this period and was seen by over 1 Million people, gayle was pursued by Perth Scorchers but he rejected an offer of $250,000 to stay with the New South Wales team. The Sydney Smash – When the league began in 2011, Cricket Australia decided they would place two teams in Sydney, with the core group of players for both sides coming from the New South Wales cricket team, this rivalry automatically becomes widely anticipated in Sydney. In the first four seasons of the BBL the Thunder lost all seven Sydney Derby games to the Sixers. However, in the first match of the fifth Big Bash League, the season marked the first time the Thunder beat the Sixers in both games contested during the season
Tasmania cricket team
The Tasmanian cricket team, nicknamed the Tigers, represents the Australian state of Tasmania in cricket. The Tasmanian Tigers are administered and selected by the Tasmanian Cricket Association, however Tasmania had representative sides prior to the establishment of the TCA. Tasmania played in the very first first-class cricket match in Australia against Victoria in 1851, Tasmania were finally admitted to regular competitions when they became a founding member of the Gillette Cup domestic one day cricket tournament upon its inception in 1969. They have performed well in it, particularly recently, winning it four times, in 1978–79, 2004–05, 2007–08 and they have been runners-up twice, in 1977–78 and 1986–87. By the 1979–80 season, they had become participants. The Tigers won their long-awaited first Sheffield Shield in the 2006–07 season—after almost 30 years in the competition—and their second five years in 2010–11 and they have been runner-up three times, in 1993–94, 1997–98, and 2001–02. The Tigers were runners-up in the KFC Twenty20 Big Bash in 2006–07, Tasmania play their limited overs cricket in a predominantly green uniform, with red and gold as their secondary colours, and have a Tasmanian tiger as their team logo.
They play home matches at Bellerive Oval, Clarence on Hobarts Eastern Shore, though matches are played at venues in Devonport. The Tasmanian Tigers are currently sponsored by PKF, Cricket almost certainly has been played in Tasmania since the time of European settlement in 1803. It was a pastime among marines, who were responsible for security in the fledgling colony. The first recorded match is known to have taken place in 1806, according to the colonys chaplain, and famed diarist, Robert Knopwood by 1814 the game had become very popular, especially around the festive season at Christmas. By the 1820s there had not been any official club organisation. Cricket is recorded as having played in the settlements at Richmond, Clarence Plains, Sorell, in the Macquarie Valley west of Campbell Town, Evandale, Longford. Many of these seem to have been organised between hotel licensees, in order to create profits through the sale of food and beverages. Accounts of such matches suggest games were played in atrocious conditions due to winter rains.
But by the 1830s, logic had prevailed and cricket seems to have reverted to the summer months. Club cricket had become well-established by the 1830s, One of the earliest men responsible for organising cricket within the colony was John Marshall, who was established the Hobart Town Club soon after his arrival from England. Cricket had soon spread into many regional settlements throughout the Colony of Tasmania
The Melbourne Renegades is an Australian professional mens Twenty20 cricket team based in the Australian state, Victoria. They compete in Australias Twenty20 cricket competition, the Big Bash League and their home ground is Etihad Stadium. The Renegades wear a red cricket uniform, the Renegades were coached by Victorian Bushrangers 2010/11 One Day winning coach, Simon Helmot and captained by Victorian Bushrangers batsman, Aaron Finch. Aaron Finch was awarded Player of the Season in 2012–13 Big Bash League season after striking 332 runs at an average of 66.40, on 29 January 2015, the Renegades parted ways with Helmot. The following is the Renegades men squad for the 2016–17 Big Bash League season as of 31 December 2016, the Renegades foundation captain was Victorian all-rounder Andrew McDonald and coached by Victorian Bushrangers one-day coach, Simon Helmot. In their first season, the Renegade signed local state players such as Aaron Finch, Glenn Maxwell, Brad Hodge and Dirk Nannes, along with Pakistani imports Shahid Afridi and Abdul Razzaq.
The Renegades struggled in their first season, only winning two games against the Sydney Thunder and the Sydney Sixers respectively, Aaron Finch scored 259 runs, whilst Shahid Afridi took 10 wickets. The 2012–13 Big Bash League season saw the Renegades release several star players including the previous seasons captain, Aaron Finch became the first Renegades player to score a century after scoring 111 from 65 balls against the Melbourne Stars. Finch won the The Renegades were knocked out by the Brisbane Heat in the semi-finals, the poor run from the previous season resulted in the coach Simon Helmot being sacked. The Renegades hired David Saker as the new coach for the 2015–16 Big Bash League season, the Renegades signed experienced players Cameron White, Xavier Doherty and Chris Gayle to strengthen their squad. The Melbourne Derby – When the league began in 2011, Cricket Australia decided they would place two teams in Melbourne, with the core group of players for both sides coming from the Victoria cricket team, this rivalry automatically became widely anticipated in Melbourne.
In the fifth season, during the first leg of the two derbies at the MCG, it drew a crowd of 80,883 which is the highest crowd for any domestic cricket match ever in the history of the sport. The Renegades averaged 13,323 fans to their games for the inaugural BBL season. The average attendance increased by a margin in the third season when they registered an average crowd of 21,929. The fourth season had even better average crowd of 22,324 fans for their home matches and their highest home attendance was to the Melbourne Derby in their third BBL season, attracting 42,837 fans. The biggest non-home attendance in BBL history occurred in the 2015/2016 season against the Stars and their largest non-Derby attendance was 26,787, which came in their fifth BBL season against the Perth Scorchers. Renegades members have increased with every passing season. They reached their biggest membership mark ever for a two weeks before the start of the 2015–16 Big Bash League season
South Australia cricket team
The South Australia cricket team, named West End Redbacks, nicknamed the Southern Redbacks, is an Australian mens professional first class cricket team based in Adelaide, South Australia. Their Ryobi One Day Cup uniform features a red body with black sleeves and they are known as the West End Redbacks due to a sponsorship agreement with West End. The Redbacks formerly competed in the now-defunct KFC Twenty20 Big Bash, South Australia came into the 2015/2016 Matador Cup with a new coach named Jamie Siddons. The Redbacks started the 50,50 cup well with a six wicket win over Western Australia, skipper Travis Head scored 202 and Callum Ferguson 112. The Redbacks played the next 3 matches were against New South Wales, the Redbacks won 2 out 3 of those games, losing one game to New South Wales. The next game was against arch-rivals the Victoria Bushrangers, South Australia batted first, making 198 runs thanks to a half century from Jake Lehmann and a 3 wicket haul to Kane Richardson. The next match was against Cricket Australia academy side where the Redbacks put 244 on the courtesy of a 113 run partnership between Tom cooper and Jake Lehmann.
The Redbacks bowled well knocking the Academy side out for 168 thanks to the twins of Tom Andrew and Adam Zampa. The Redbacks qualified for the semi-final of The Matador Cup with 5 wins and this was the first time that they had qualified since 2011. The semi-final was against the Victorian Bushrangers, the Redbacks started poorly being 4,62 off 16 overs and a much needed 50 run partnership between Alex Ross and Tom Cooper. In the last 10 overs SA scored 83 runs off the last 10 overs thanks to a useful 99 runs from Alex Ross and 33 runs from Joe Mennie to finish on 7,250 off 50 overs. The Redbacks started their bowling efforts well by getting Aaron Finch out with a direct hit run out from Jake Lehmann. 1 run Glen Maxwell was swiftly caught at point by Alex ross at this stage the Victorian side was 5,149 needing 102 runs off 69 balls at a run rate of 9.3 required. SA swiftly knocked the tail over for a very cheap 44 runs this was amazing, the final was against New South Wales. The cricket team of New South Wales had ten players, who had represented Australia in any form of the game, South Australia won the toss and elected to bat first.
Skipper Travis Head was clean-bowled for 1 by Mitchell Starc, at this stage, SA were 2 out with 12 runs. Tom Cooper and Callum Ferguson made a 154 run between them, the tail only contributed 48 runs, resulting in the Redbacks being all out for 221 off 46.3 overs. New South Wales quickly score 222 runs off of only 30 overs thanks to ED Cowan, NSW where premiers of the cup
The Brisbane Heat are an Australian mens professional twenty20 cricket team that competes in the Big Bash League. The Heat wears a uniform and are based in Brisbane in the Australian state Queensland. Their home ground is the Brisbane Cricket Ground, in their second season, they won the Big Bash League for the first time and thus qualified for the Champions League Twenty20. The team lost their first four matches, but – still with a chance to reach the semi-finals – won their last three matches and were just eliminated in the last match. The team ended fifth out of eight on the points table, Brisbane Heat defeated the Perth Scorchers in the 2012/13 Big Bash League final. The match was played at the WACA Ground on 19 January 2013, captain James Hopes was unable to play due to injury. Vice-captain Chris Hartley won the toss, and elected to bat first, joe Burns top scored for Brisbane with 43 runs off 27 balls, in a total of 167 for the loss of five wickets. Jason Behrendorff took 2 wickets for the Scorchers, in reply, Perth Scorchers scored 133 for the loss of nine wickets from their 20 overs, losing by 34 runs.
Adam Voges was the highest scorer with 49 runs from 32 deliveries, barbadian Kemar Roach took 3 wickets for 18 runs. Nathan Hauritz was named man of the match after bowling three overs for 11 runs and taking three catches, the team started well, winning their first game against the Perth Scorchers. However, they lost out in close matches over the course of the season. The Heat struggled but, managed to finish the season in 5th place, there were good signs for the Heat as Cameron Gannon led all BBL wicket-takers, snaring 18 wickets at an average of less than 12 – with best bowling of 4–10. Daniel Vettori was miserly with the ball, going for just over six an over, Chris Lynn was the best of the batsman scoring 198 runs closely followed by Dan Christian who made 186 runs at an average of 46.5. Brisbane Heat finished last in the league, with a record of 2–6, which led to the resignation of Stuart Law as coach, following the retirement of Daniel Vettoris playing career, he signed a 3-year contract to become the coach of the franchise.
Following the retirement of Brendon McCullums international playing career, he returns as full participant for the Heat for his stint for the franchise. He took no part last season due to BBL coincided with the matches of his international career
International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book Number is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, the method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering created in 1966, the 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108. Occasionally, a book may appear without a printed ISBN if it is printed privately or the author does not follow the usual ISBN procedure, this can be rectified later. Another identifier, the International Standard Serial Number, identifies periodical publications such as magazines, the ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 in the United Kingdom by David Whitaker and in 1968 in the US by Emery Koltay.
The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO2108, the United Kingdom continued to use the 9-digit SBN code until 1974. The ISO on-line facility only refers back to 1978, an SBN may be converted to an ISBN by prefixing the digit 0. For example, the edition of Mr. J. G. Reeder Returns, published by Hodder in 1965, has SBN340013818 -340 indicating the publisher,01381 their serial number. This can be converted to ISBN 0-340-01381-8, the check digit does not need to be re-calculated, since 1 January 2007, ISBNs have contained 13 digits, a format that is compatible with Bookland European Article Number EAN-13s. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation of a book, for example, an ebook, a paperback, and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, a 13-digit ISBN can be separated into its parts, and when this is done it is customary to separate the parts with hyphens or spaces.
Separating the parts of a 10-digit ISBN is done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits. ISBN issuance is country-specific, in that ISBNs are issued by the ISBN registration agency that is responsible for country or territory regardless of the publication language. Some ISBN registration agencies are based in national libraries or within ministries of culture, in other cases, the ISBN registration service is provided by organisations such as bibliographic data providers that are not government funded. In Canada, ISBNs are issued at no cost with the purpose of encouraging Canadian culture. In the United Kingdom, United States, and some countries, where the service is provided by non-government-funded organisations. Australia, ISBNs are issued by the library services agency Thorpe-Bowker
The Sydney Sixers are an Australian professional mens cricket team, competing in Australias domestic Twenty20 cricket competition, the Big Bash League. Along with the Sydney Thunder, the Sixers are the successors of the New South Wales Blues who played in the now-defunct KFC Twenty20 Big Bash. The Sixers play at Sydney Cricket Ground in the area of the inner city while the Thunder play out of Spotless Stadium further west. The inaugural coach was Trevor Bayliss and Dominic Remond is the General Manager, the Sixers inaugural captain is Australian wicket-keeper Brad Haddin. Both Steve Smith and Moises Henriques have spent time captaining the team, competing in the inaugural Big Bash League, the Sydney Sixers went on to win the tournament. After finishing third in the regular games, the Sixers defeated the Hobart Hurricanes in the semi-final at Bellerive Oval. This facilitated a show-down with the Perth Scorchers in the final and they defeated the Scorchers on 28 January 2012, at the WACA Ground, thus becoming the inaugural champions of the Big Bash League.
As a result of their successful Big Bash League grand final win, the tournament was held in October 2012 in South Africa. Again, the Sixers made history by winning this tournament on their first attempt, the Sixers were top of their group going into the finals of the tournament. They went on to defeat the Nashua Titans in the semi-finals, the Sydney Sixers were created when the decision was made to move away from state representative teams to city-based teams for the domestic Twenty20 competition. It is believed that this move was to align its structure with that of India and South Africa and this was an important factor for the ongoing Champions League Twenty20 tournament, where those three nations were founding members. It was decided there would be two teams from Sydney, two teams from Melbourne, and one from each other capital city for an eight team competition. The names Sixers were decided upon by Cricket NSW, other names considered for the two teams were Rocks and Edge. The Sydney Sixers were chosen to host the first game of the new, the game was played on December 16,2011 at the historical Sydney Cricket Ground against the Brisbane Heat.
The Sixers lost the toss and restricted the Heat to 8/139 from their allotted 20 overs, stuart MacGill showed his class, coming out of retirement for this tournament, to end with the best figures from a Sixers bowler with 2/21. The Sixers easily chased down the runs with 8 balls to spare with skipper, the Sixers traveled down to Hobart and were dominated by the Hurricanes in a 42-run defeat. Phil Jaques and Travis Birt amassing a 107 wicket partnership, with Birt the Player of the Match, the Sixers lost on the road to the Melbourne Renegades before picking up away wins against Sydney Thunder and Adelaide Strikers. The Sixers battled-out a hard fought win against the Perth Scorchers at home, after losing a couple of early wickets, Steve Smith smacked a quickfire 51 before the Sixers lost 5/8 in the final two overs to be bowled out for 176
New Zealand national cricket team
The New Zealand cricket team, nicknamed the Black Caps, are the national cricket team representing New Zealand. They played their first Test in 1930 against England in Christchurch, New Zealand, from 1930 New Zealand had to wait until 1956, more than 26 years, for its first test victory, against the West Indies at Eden Park in Auckland. They played their first ODI in the 1972–73 season against Pakistan in Christchurch, the current Test, One-day and Twenty20 captain is Kane Williamson, who replaced Brendon McCullum who announced his retirement in late December,2015. The national team is organised by New Zealand Cricket, the New Zealand cricket team became known as the Black Caps in January 1998, after its sponsor at the time, Clear Communications, held a competition to choose a name for the team. Official New Zealand Cricket sources typeset the nickname as BLACKCAPS and this is one of many national team nicknames related to the All Blacks. As of February 2017, New Zealand have played 419 Test matches, winning 89, losing 169, as of February 2017, the New Zealand cricket team is ranked 5th in Tests, 3rd in ODIs and 1st in T20Is by the ICC.
New Zealand reached the final match in the ICC Cricket World Cup for the first time in its history, darwin in The Voyage of the Beagle wrote, several young men redeemed by the missionaires from slavery were employed on the farm. In the evening I saw a party of them at cricket, the first recorded game of cricket in New Zealand took place in Wellington in December 1842. The Wellington Spectator reports a game on 28 December 1842 played by a Red team, the first fully recorded match was reported by the Examiner in Nelson between the Surveyors and Nelson in March 1844. The first team to tour New Zealand was Parrs all England XI in 1863–64, between 1864 and 1914,22 foreign teams toured New Zealand. England sent 6 teams, Australia 15 and one from Fiji, on 15–17 February 1894 the first team representing New Zealand played New South Wales at Lancaster Park in Christchurch. New South Wales won by 160 runs, New South Wales returned again in 1895–96 and New Zealand won the solitary game by 142 runs, its first victory.
The New Zealand Cricket Council was formed towards the end of 1894, New Zealand played its first two internationals in 1904–05 against a star-studded Australia team containing such players as Victor Trumper, Warwick Armstrong and Clem Hill. They played 26 first class matches, mostly against county sides and they managed to beat Worcestershire, Glamorgan and Derbyshire. On the strength of the performances of this tour New Zealand was granted Test status, in 1929/30 the M. C. C toured NZ and played 4 Tests all of 3 days in duration. New Zealand lost its first Test match but drew the next 3, in the second Test Stewie Dempster and Jackie Mills put on 276 for the first wicket. This is still the highest partnership for New Zealand against England, New Zealands first Test after the war was against Australia in 1945/46. This game was not considered a Test at the time but it was granted Test status retrospectively by the International Cricket Council in March 1948
Sir Donald George Don Bradman, AC, often referred to as The Don, was an Australian cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time. Bradmans career Test batting average of 99.94 is often cited as the greatest achievement by any sportsman in any major sport, the story that the young Bradman practised alone with a cricket stump and a golf ball is part of Australian folklore. Bradmans meteoric rise from bush cricket to the Australian Test team took just over two years, before his 22nd birthday, he had set many records for top scoring, some of which still stand, and became Australias sporting idol at the height of the Great Depression. During a 20-year playing career, Bradman consistently scored at a level that made him, in the words of former Australia captain Bill Woodfull, a controversial set of tactics, known as Bodyline, was specifically devised by the England team to curb his scoring. As a captain and administrator, Bradman was committed to attacking, entertaining cricket and he hated the constant adulation, and it affected how he dealt with others.
The focus of attention on his individual performances strained relationships with some team-mates and journalists, following an enforced hiatus due to the Second World War, he made a dramatic comeback, captaining an Australian team known as The Invincibles on a record-breaking unbeaten tour of England. Bradmans image has appeared on stamps and coins, and a museum dedicated to his life was opened while he was still living. Donald George Bradman was the youngest son of George and Emily Bradman and he had a brother and three sisters—Islet and Elizabeth May. One of his great-grandfathers was one of the first Italians to migrate to Australia in 1826, Bradmans parents lived in the hamlet of Yeo Yeo, near Stockinbingal. His mother Emily gave birth to him at the Cootamundra home of Granny Scholz and that house is now the Bradman Birthplace Museum. Bradman practised batting incessantly during his youth and he invented his own solo cricket game, using a cricket stump for a bat, and a golf ball. A water tank, mounted on a curved brick stand, stood on an area behind the family home.
When hit into the brick facing of the stand, the ball rebounded at high speed. This form of practice developed his timing and reactions to a high degree, in more formal cricket, he hit his first century at the age of 12, with an undefeated 115 playing for Bowral Public School against Mittagong High School. In 1920–21, Bradman acted as scorer for the local Bowral team, in October 1920, he filled in when the team was one man short, scoring 37 not out and 29 not out on debut. During the season, Bradmans father took him to the Sydney Cricket Ground to watch the fifth Ashes Test match, on that day, Bradman formed an ambition. I shall never be satisfied, he told his father, until I play on this ground, Bradman left school in 1922 and went to work for a local real estate agent who encouraged his sporting pursuits by giving him time off when necessary. He gave up cricket in favour of tennis for two years, but resumed playing cricket in 1925–26, Bradman became a regular selection for the Bowral team, several outstanding performances earned him the attention of the Sydney daily press
Cricket in Australia
Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Australia at international and local levels. Unlike most other sports, cricket generates equal interest in all regions of the nation. The peak administrative body for professional and amateur cricket in Australia is Cricket Australia. A record 1,311,184 people played cricket across Australia in 2015-16, women participation reached record figures in 2015-16, growing nine percent to 314,936 players. According to Cricket Australias annual report of 2014-15,1,208,360 Australians played formal, organised cricket during the year, official audience data shows that 93. 6% of Australians watched at least some cricket on TV in 2010–11 calendar year. Cricket has been played in Australia for over 210 years, intercolonial cricket in Australia started with a visit by cricketers from Victoria to Tasmania in February 1851. The match was played in Launceston on 11–12 February with Tasmania winning by 3 wickets, the first tour by an English team to Australia was in 1861–62, organised by the catering firm of Spiers and Pond as a private enterprise.
A further tour followed in 1863–64, led by George Parr and was more successful than the last. In 1868, a team consisting of Aboriginal cricketers became the first Australian team to tour England, the team played 47 matches, winning 14, drawing 19 and losing 14. The heavy workload and inclement weather took its toll with King Cole contracting a case of tuberculosis during the tour. Further tours by English teams took place in 1873–74 and 1876–77, the 1876–77 season was notable for a match between a combined XI from New South Wales and Victoria and the touring Englishmen at the Melbourne Cricket Ground played on 15–19 March. This match, to be recognised as the first Test Match, was won by Australia by 45 runs thanks mainly to an unbeaten 165 by Charles Bannerman, the result of this match was seen by Australians and Englishmen as a reflection of the rising standard of Australian cricket. The rising standards of Australian cricket was established during the first representative tour of England in 1878.
A famous victory on the 1882 tour of England resulted in the placement of an obituary in an English newspaper. The obituary stated that English cricket had died, and the body will be cremated, the English media dubbed the next English tour to Australia as the quest to regain The Ashes. The Sheffield Shield, the premier cricket competition in Australia, was established in 1892 by the Australasian Cricket Council. The era from the mid-1890s to World War I has been described as Australian crickets golden age and this era saw the emergence of players such as Monty Noble, Clem Hill and in particular Victor Trumper, who was idolised by the Australian public. It saw the emergence of the first womens club in the colonies