Ellison D. Smith
He represented South Carolina in the United States Senate from 1909 until 1944. Smith was born near Lynchburg, South Carolina, the youngest child of William Hankin Smith and Marry Isabella Smith, at his ancestral home, throughout his life, he would reside in Tanglewood. Smith attended the University of South Carolina, where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity and he first married at the age of 28 to Martha Moorer of St. George, South Carolina. She died giving birth to their son Martius Ellison, at 19 Martius was accidentally shot by his own gun while drinking water at the barnyard well. In 1906 Ellison married Annie Brunson Farley and her uncle Henry Farley fired the first shot in the Confederate Army, serving under J. E. B. Stuart, and gave his life for the Southern cause and Annie had four children of their own, two boys and two girls. Their eldest daughter, was married to L. L. Smith, isobel Smith Lawton moved to Florence, South Carolina, when she married. Ellison DuRant, Jr. married Vivian Manning, daughter of Governor John Lawrence Manning, charles Saxon Farley, a past member of the South Carolina legislature from Lee County, married Laura Douglas.
Laura was the daughter of Oscar Douglas All five of Smiths children are now deceased, Smith served in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1896 to 1900. He was unsuccessful in his bid to become a member of the U. S. House of Representatives in 1900, in 1901, Smith helped organize the Farmers Protective Association and eventually became one of the principal figures in the formation of the Southern Cotton Association in 1905. Between the years 1905 and 1908, He served as a field agent, Smith received the nickname Cotton Ed after he declared Cotton is king and white is supreme. Smith was elected to the United States Senate in 1908 and he was re-elected five times, although from 1920 until 1944, he had four close elections, with three of them leading to run-off elections because he failed to capture a majority. Smith never won more than 61% in Democratic party primaries in this time, during his time in Congress, he had a goal to keep the Niggers down and the price of cotton up. Known for being a showman, Smith would publicly promote this goal by riding to Washington on a wagon-load of cotton waving the banner of white supremacy.
Smith was not fond of his fellow Senators and often described the Senate Chamber as the Cave of the Winds, between 1909 and 1933, Smith was regarded as a fairly effective senator, though admittedly not of the first rank. A tireless champion of agriculture, he opposed most of the legislation of the Progressive Era but supported most of its social efforts. He authored the Smith-Lever Act and sponsored the Muscle Shoals project, when he spoke, Smith would usually chew tobacco and keep a spittoon next to him. Smith opposed the womens movement, and specifically the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution
Bennett Champ Clark
Joel Bennett Clark, better known as Bennett Champ Clark, was a Democratic United States Senator from Missouri from 1933 until 1945, and was a United States federal judge. The son of Champ Clark, a prominent Democratic Party leader of the early 20th century, Bennett Clark was born in Bowling Green, Missouri. After graduating with a B. A. from the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri in 1912 and he became parliamentarian of the United States House of Representatives from 1913 to 1917. After serving as a colonel in the United States Army during World War I, from 1917 to 1919, Clark began practising law in St. Louis, in the 1932 election, Clark was elected to the United States Senate as a Democrat. Clark entered the Senate after Senator Harry B, hawes resigned on February 3,1933, a month before his term was to end. Clark was re-elected in the 1938 election, but lost his bid for renomination in the 1944 election, a member of the Wheeler-Nye- Taft coterie. Clark is perhaps most famous for declaring that Emperor Hirohito should be hanged as a war criminal on the floor on January 29,1944.
In the same year, he was the first senator to introduce the G. I, when Congress began work on the G. I. Bill in 1944 it had expressed concern about possible misuse of the Blue discharge. Senator Clark, a sponsor of the GI Bill, dismissed his concerns, calling some of the most stupid. Clark went on to say, The Army is giving Blue discharges, namely discharges without honor, to those who have had no fault other than they have not shown sufficient aptitude for military service. On September 12,1945, Clark was nominated by President Harry S. Truman to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the D. C. Circuit vacated by the resignation of Thurman Arnold. Clark was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 24,1945 and he died in Gloucester, Massachusetts, on July 13,1954, and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Bennett Champ Clark at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, Thomas T. Bennett Champ Clark and the 1936 Presidential Campaign
Pennsylvania /ˌpɛnsᵻlˈveɪnjə/, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle, Pennsylvania is the 33rd largest, the 5th most populous, and the 9th most densely populated of the 50 United States. The states five most populous cities are Philadelphia, Allentown, the state capital, and its ninth-largest city, is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of shoreline along Lake Erie and the Delaware Estuary. The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States, it came into being in 1681 as a result of a land grant to William Penn. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden and it was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12,1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the states largest city of Philadelphia, during the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg, was fought in the south central region of the state.
Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washingtons headquarters during the winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west, of a total 46,055 square miles,44,817 square miles are land,490 square miles are inland waters, and 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie. It is the 33rd largest state in the United States, Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown, the northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining communities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Pittston City, and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest, the state has 5 regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the corner, has a humid continental climate. The largest city, has characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware.
Moving toward the interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increase. Western areas of the state, particularly locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, the Tuscarora Nation took up temporary residence in the central portion of Pennsylvania ca. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their lands in America
Norman E. Mack
Norman Edward Mack was editor and publisher of the Buffalo Daily Times. He was Chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1908 to 1912 and he was born July 24,1856, in West Williams, Canada. He was editor and publisher of the Buffalo Daily Times and he was Chairman of the New York State Commission for the Panama–Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco in 1915. He sold his paper in 1929 to Scripps-Howard for $6,000,000 and he retired in 1931 and died on December 26,1932 in Buffalo, New York
President of the United States
The President of the United States is the head of state and head of government of the United States. The president directs the executive branch of the government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is considered to be one of the worlds most powerful political figures, the role includes being the commander-in-chief of the worlds most expensive military with the second largest nuclear arsenal and leading the nation with the largest economy by nominal GDP. The office of President holds significant hard and soft power both in the United States and abroad, Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president. The president is empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves. The president is responsible for dictating the legislative agenda of the party to which the president is a member. The president directs the foreign and domestic policy of the United States, since the office of President was established in 1789, its power has grown substantially, as has the power of the federal government as a whole.
However, nine vice presidents have assumed the presidency without having elected to the office. The Twenty-second Amendment prohibits anyone from being elected president for a third term, in all,44 individuals have served 45 presidencies spanning 57 full four-year terms. On January 20,2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th, in 1776, the Thirteen Colonies, acting through the Second Continental Congress, declared political independence from Great Britain during the American Revolution. The new states, though independent of each other as nation states, desiring to avoid anything that remotely resembled a monarchy, Congress negotiated the Articles of Confederation to establish a weak alliance between the states. Out from under any monarchy, the states assigned some formerly royal prerogatives to Congress, only after all the states agreed to a resolution settling competing western land claims did the Articles take effect on March 1,1781, when Maryland became the final state to ratify them.
In 1783, the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies, with peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs. Prospects for the convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washingtons attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia. It was through the negotiations at Philadelphia that the presidency framed in the U. S. The first power the Constitution confers upon the president is the veto, the Presentment Clause requires any bill passed by Congress to be presented to the president before it can become law. Once the legislation has been presented, the president has three options, Sign the legislation, the bill becomes law. Veto the legislation and return it to Congress, expressing any objections, in this instance, the president neither signs nor vetoes the legislation
Plank is the term often given to the components of the political platform – the opinions and viewpoints about individual topics, as held by a party, person, or organization. The word plank depicts a component of a political platform. The metaphor can return to its origin when public speaking or debates are actually held upon a physical platform. A party platform is referred to as a manifesto or a political platform. Research on American politics suggests that platform positions offer important clues as to the policies that U. S. parties will enact, over the past 30 years and Republican congresspeople voted in line with their respective party platforms 74% and 89% of the time, respectively. The first known use of the platform was in 1535. The word platform comes from Middle French plate-forme, literally meaning flat form, the political meaning of the word to reflect statement of party politics is from 1803, probably originally an image of a literal platform on which politicians gather and make their appeals. S
Democratic National Committee
The Democratic National Committee is the formal governing body for the United States Democratic Party. The committee coordinates strategy to support Democratic Party candidates throughout the country for local, state and it organizes the Democratic National Convention held every four years to nominate and confirm a candidate for president, and to formulate the party platform. While it provides support for party candidates, it not have direct authority over elected officials. The DNC is composed of the chairs and vice-chairs of each state Democratic Party committee and over 200 members elected by Democrats in all 50 states and its chairperson is elected by the committee. It conducts fundraising to support its activities, the DNC was established at the 1848 Democratic National Convention. The DNCs main counterpart is the Republican National Committee, the DNC is responsible for articulating and promoting the Democratic platform and coordinating party organizational activity. When the president is a Democrat, the party generally works closely with the president, there are state committees in every state, as well as local committees in most cities and towns.
The chairperson of the DNC is elected by vote of members of the Democratic National Committee, primary elections, in particular, are invariably conducted by state governments according to their own laws. Outside of the process of nominating a candidate, the DNCs role in actually selecting candidates to run on the party ticket is minimal. All DNC members are superdelegates to the Democratic National Convention whose role can influence a close primary race, sitting Democratic governors and members of Congress. Distinguished party leaders, consisting of current and former presidents, vice presidents, congressional leaders, in the 2002 election cycle, the DNC and its affiliated committees raised a total of US $162,062,084, 42% of which was hard money. The largest contributor, with US $7,297,937 was the Saban Capital Group, fred Eychaner, the owner of Newsweb Corporation, gave the second highest amount of money to the DNC and its affiliates, US $5,175,000. The third largest contributor was Steve Bing of Shangri-La Entertainment, who gave US $4,758,000, in the 2006 election cycle, the DNC raised a total of US $37,939,887.
The three largest contributors were investment bank Goldman Sachs, university of California and Pond North LLP. The DNC introduced a fund raising campaign, the Democracy Bonds program. There were only 31,000 Democracy Bond donors by May 2006, the program no longer is in place. In the 2016 election cycle, the DNC raised a total of US $75,945,536 as of July 21,2016, the three largest contributors were hedge fund Renaissance Technologies, Newsweb Corp and Total Wine. In July 2015, during the 2016 election cycle, the DNC, led by Debbie Wasserman-Schultz, Tom Perez, former U. S. Secretary of Labor under Barack Obama Deputy Chair, Keith Ellison, U. S. S
He is the namesake of the Belmont Stakes, third jewel of the Triple Crown series of American thoroughbred horse racing. After his mothers death, when he was age seven, he lived with his uncle and he attended The Philanthropin, a Jewish school, until he began his first job as an apprentice to the Rothschild banking firm in Frankfurt am Main. The young August would sweep floors, polish furniture and run errands while studying English, arithmetic and he was promoted to confidential clerk in 1832 and traveled to Naples and Rome. At age 24, in 1837, Schönberg/Belmont set sail for the Spanish colony of Cuba and its city of Havana. On his way to Havana, Schönberg/Belmont stopped in New York City on a layover, Belmont remained in New York to supervise the jeopardized Rothschild financial interests in America, whose New York agent had filed for bankruptcy, instead of continuing on to Havana. After he emigrated permanently to the United States, he changed his surname, Schönberg, to Belmont in an attempt to avoid anti-Semitism.
In the financial/economic recession and Panic of 1837, hundreds of American businesses, including the Rothschild familys American agent in New York City, collapsed. As a result, Belmont postponed his departure for Havana indefinitely and began a new firm, August Belmont & Company, believing that he could supplant the recently bankrupt firm, the American Agency. August Belmont & Company was an instant success, and Belmont restored health to the Rothschilds U. S. interests over the five years. The company dealt with exchange transactions and private loans, as well as corporate, railroad. Belmont owned a mansion in what is presently North Babylon, New York and it is now owned by New York State and is known as Belmont Lake State Park. In 1844, Belmont was named the Consul-General of the Austrian Empire at New York City, representing the Imperial Governments affairs in the major American financial and his interest in American domestic politics continued to grow. Belmont married Caroline Slidell Perry on November 7,1849 and she was the daughter of naval officer Matthew Calbraith Perry and commodore in the U. S.
Navy, famous for his expedition to open the trading ports of Japan in 1853. According to Jewish newspaper sources, he converted to Christianity at that time, Belmonts sons were Oliver Hazard Perry Belmont, Perry Belmont, and August Belmont, Jr. All of his sons involved in politics. Perry became the head of the committee on foreign affairs in Congress and he had two daughters and Fredericka Belmont. John Slidell, uncle of Belmonts wife, was a U. S, senator from Louisiana and Southern secessionist who served the Confederate States government as a foreign diplomat and potential minister to Great Britain and French Emperor Napoleon III. He was controversially removed in late 1861 from the British trans-Atlantic steam packet ship Trent, off-shore from Havana, in June 1851, Belmont wrote letters to the New York Herald and the New York National-Democrat, insisting that they do justice to Buchanans run for the presidential nomination
Robert Milligan McLane
Robert McLane was the name of the Mayor of Baltimore from 1903-1904. Robert Milligan McLane was an American politician, military officer, McLane was born in Wilmington, Delaware, in 1815, the son of Louis McLane and Catherine Mary Milligan. His birthplace, the Louis McLane House, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1973 and he received early education from a private school conducted by John Bullock, a Quaker. He received higher education from St. Mary’s College in Baltimore, Maryland until he moved with his family to Europe and he was sent to Paris to receive further education from Collège Bourbon, where he became acquainted with the Marquis de Lafayette. McLane and his moved back to the United States in 1833 when his father was appointed Secretary of the Treasury. McLane was deployed with his regiment to Florida during the Seminole War in 1837 under the command of General Thomas S. Jesup, in 1838, he was transferred to the Corps of Topographical Engineers under General Zachary Taylor.
In 1841, he was sent to the Northern Lakes for survey work and was sent to Europe to examine the dikes and drainage systems in the Netherlands. While in Europe, he met his wife, Georgine Urquhart. McLane resigned his commission in 1843 to pursue the study of law and he commenced practice in Baltimore thereafter. In 1845, McLane was elected as a representative of Baltimore City to the Maryland House of Delegates after successfully campaigning for President James K. Polk a year previous. In 1846, McLane ran for Congress and defeated his Whig opponent, John P. Kennedy and he was re-elected two years later, and served from March 4,1847, to March 3,1851. In Congress, McLane was seen as an orator, and. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1850, after his tenure in Congress, McLane moved to the Western United States to become a counsel for a mining corporation, which was engaged in legal activities regarding property in California. He remained out West until 1852, when he returned to Maryland to serve as Presidential elector for Franklin Pierce and he successfully renewed trade relations between both nations, but returned to the United States in 1854 due to poor health.
The United States and Mexico had broken off relations in 1858. He negotiated, as ambassador, the McLane-Ocampo Treaty, which would have expanded the rights of the U. S. across the Isthmus of Tehuantepec to include an interoceanic canal concession. However, the treaty was not ratified by the United States Senate, McLane retired as Ambassador to Mexico on December 22,1860. During the American Civil War, the Federal Government, under President Abraham Lincoln, McLane was a member of the delegation sent to Washington, D. C. to question the actions of the Federal Government
History of the United States Democratic Party
The Democratic Party of the United States is the oldest voter-based political party in the world, tracing its heritage back to the 1820s. During the Second Party System, from 1832 to the mid-1850s, under presidents Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, James K. Polk, both parties worked hard to build grassroots organizations and maximize the turnout of voters, which often reached 80 percent or 90 percent. Both parties used patronage extensively to finance their operations, which included emerging big city political machines as well as networks of newspapers. The Democratic party was a proponent for farmers across the country, urban workers and it was especially attractive to Irish immigrants who increasingly controlled the party machinery in the cities. The party was less attractive to businessmen, plantation owners, Evangelical Protestants. The party advocated westward expansion, Manifest Destiny, greater equality among all white men, from the start of the Democratic party which was in 1828, 6th President John Quincy Adams was a Democratic-Republican, and he was not a slave-holder.
The 7th through 15th Presidents were either Democratic or Whig and all slaveholders, finally, 16th President Abraham Lincoln was a Republican and the only non-slave-holding President, other than John and John Quincy Adams. Thus in 1860 the Civil War began between the mostly-Republican North against the mostly-Democratic, slaveholding South, the Democrats elected only two presidents to four terms of office for 72 years, Grover Cleveland and Woodrow Wilson. The Party was split between the Bourbon Democrats, representing Eastern business interests, and the elements comprising poor farmers in the South. The agrarian element, marching behind the slogan of free silver, captured the Party in 1896, both Bryan and Wilson were leaders of the Progressive Movement, 1890s–1920s. Starting with 32nd President Franklin D. Eisenhower. S, important Democratic progressive/liberal leaders included Presidents, 33rd – Harry S Truman, and 36th – Lyndon B. Since the Presidential Election of 1976, Democrats have won five out of the last ten presidential elections, winning in the elections of 1976,1992 and 1996.
The modern Democratic Party emerged in the 1830s from former factions of the Democratic-Republican Party and it was built by Martin Van Buren who assembled a cadre of politicians in every state behind war hero Andrew Jackson of Tennessee. The spirit of Jacksonian Democracy animated the party from the early 1830s to the 1850s, shaping the Second Party System, the new Democratic Party became a coalition of farmers, city-dwelling laborers, and Irish Catholics. Behind the party platforms, acceptance speeches of candidates, editorials and stump speeches, as Norton explains, The Democrats represented a wide range of views but shared a fundamental commitment to the Jeffersonian concept of an agrarian society. They viewed the government as the enemy of individual liberty. The 1824 corrupt bargain had strengthened their suspicion of Washington politics, Jacksonians feared the concentration of economic and political power. They believed that government intervention in the economy benefited special-interest groups and their definition of the proper role of government tended to be negative, and Jacksons political power was largely expressed in negative acts