Conkright was born in Oklahoma and attended the University of Oklahoma, where he was a star center on the schools football team. He was the captain of the Sooners team in 1936 and was named to a first-team all-Big Six Conference squad, Conkright was drafted in 1937 by the NFLs Chicago Bears. He played two seasons for the Bears, serving mainly as a center and occasionally playing as an end. The Cleveland Rams bought the rights to Conkright in 1939, and he played for the Washington Redskins and Brooklyn Dodgers in 1943 before returning to the Rams briefly in 1944. Following his retirement as a player, Conkright began a career as a coach and he scouted and coached for the Rams in 1944 and 1945, and moved to the Cleveland Browns of the new All-America Football Conference in 1946. He worked as an assistant coach for two more AAFC teams in the late 1940s, Conkright was hired as an assistant at Mississippi State College in 1950, spending two seasons in the position. After a five-year hiatus from coaching, he returned as an assistant for the University of Houstons football team and he got his first head coaching job in 1959 at Stephen F.
Austin State University. In 1962, Conkright was hired as an assistant coach and director of personnel by the Oakland Raiders in the American Football League. The teams head coach, Marty Feldman, was fired in the middle of the season, conkrights Raiders, managed to win just one game that year, and he was replaced in 1963 by Al Davis. Conkright went on to work for two years as an assistant with the Houston Oilers, Conkright was born in Beggs and went to a high school in Tulsa, where he was a football star. He was nicknamed Red because of his red hair, Conkright attended the University of Oklahoma and played varsity college football during the 1934,1935, and 1936 seasons. He was the captain as a senior in 1936, and was named a first-team All-Big Six Conference center. Conkright was selected in the round of the 1937 draft by the Chicago Bears of the National Football League. He was a center for the Bears behind Frank Bausch and Frank Sullivan with the Bears. He was, occasionally used as an end in his first season, Conkright was sold to the Cleveland Rams ahead of the 1939 season in a cash deal that did not involve any other players.
He became the starter at center for the Rams midway through 1939. The Rams finished the season with a 5–5–1 win-loss-tie record under coach Dutch Clark, Conkright broke his leg in the second game of the 1940 season and sat out the rest of the year. In October, he married his girlfriend Imogene, who he met at the University of Oklahoma, Conkright came back to play full seasons for the Rams in 1941 and 1942
In American football, a T formation is a formation used by the offensive team in which three running backs line up in a row about five yards behind the quarterback, forming the shape of a T. The T formation is said to be the oldest offensive formation in American football and is claimed to have been invented by Walter Camp in 1882. However, as the pass was legalized, the original T became obsolete in favor of formations such as the single wing. Innovations, such as a smaller, more throwing-friendly ball, along with the invention of the snap in the 1930s. The original T formation is used today, but it was successful in the first half of the 20th century. The formation led to a faster-paced, higher-scoring game, Shaughnessy helped the Bears prepare for the game against the Redskins. He has been called The father of the T formation, the T-formation was viewed as a complicated gadget offense by early football coaches. Shaughnessy was as an advisor to Halas in the 1930s athehead coach at the University of Chicago, the T became much more viable in 1933 when passing was legalized anywhere behind the line of scrimmage.
Halas recruited Solly Sherman, the Quarterback for the University of Chicago because of his experience with the T-Formation under Clark Shaughnessy, Solly taught Sid Luckman the system. Sherman, a half back, had torn his meniscus in college. Eventually he played backup to Sid Luckman with the Bears in 1939 and 1940, Sid Luckman went on to win four NFL championships in the 1940s. The last team to run the single-wing in the NFL, the Pittsburgh Steelers, since that time, the T, and all its variants, have dominated offensive football and created the American football now employed throughout the NCAA and NFL. The T is referenced in the Chicago Bears fight song, Bear Down, Chicago Bears, well never forget the way you thrilled the nation, with your T formation. Additionally, two books detail the development of the T with the Bears, the Chicago Bears by Howard Roberts written in 1947, credits several coaches including Ralph Jones and Clark Shaughnessy for upgrading the T and teaching it to a succession of Bears QBs.
The Wow Boys by James W. Johnson written in 2006 tells the story of the Stanford University football season of 1940, the arrival of Shaughnessy and his T offense led to a 10-0 season and a victory in the Rose Bowl over heavily favored University of Nebraska. The Bears thumping of the Washington Redskins 73-0 a few weeks caused a sensation, the T swept college and pro football. The brain trust that created the T was always anchored by Coach Halas, who had the savvy for what worked, while unpopular today, the key innovations of the T still dominate offensive football. The T was the first offense in which the quarterback took the snap from under center, other offenses used the QB primarily as a blocker and the snap usually went to a halfback or tailback
Big Eight Conference
The Big Eight Conference was a National Collegiate Athletic Association -affiliated Division I-A college athletic association that sponsored football. Additionally, the University of Iowa was an member of the MVIAA. The conference was dissolved in 1996, the Big Eight kept its headquarters in Kansas City, Missouri. In February 1995, the Big Eight and the Southwest Conference announced that the two leagues had reached an agreement to form a new conference. The eight members of the Big Eight joined with SWC schools Texas, Texas A&M, and Texas Tech to form the Big 12 Conference the following year. A vote was conducted on whether to keep the new headquarters in Kansas City. The two Oklahoma schools, all four Texas schools, and Colorado voted for the move while both Kansas schools, Nebraska and Iowa State voted for Kansas City. The University of Iowa who was a member of the Western Conference was a joint member of the conference, Iowa only participated in football and outdoor mens track and field. In 1908, Drake University and Iowa Agricultural College joined the MVIAA, Iowa who was a joint member departed in 1911 to only compete in the Western Conference, but Kansas State University joined the conference in 1913.
Nebraska left in 1918 to play as an independent for two seasons before returning in 1920, in 1919, the University of Oklahoma and Saint Louis University applied for membership, but were disapproved due to deficient management of their athletic programs. The conference added Grinnell College in 1919, with the University of Oklahoma applying again, Oklahoma A&M University joined in 1925, bringing conference membership to ten, an all-time high. At a meeting in Lincoln, Nebraska, on May 19,1928, Six of the seven state schools formed a conference that was initially known as the Big Six Conference. Just before the start of practice, the six schools announced they would retain the MVIAA name for formal purposes. However and media continued to call it the Big Six, the three private schools – Drake and Washington University – joined with Oklahoma A&M, becoming known as the Missouri Valley Conference. For the remainder of the Big Eights run, both conferences claimed 1907 as their date, as well as the same history through 1927.
To this day, it has never been established which conference was the original. Conference membership grew with the addition of the University of Colorado on December 1,1947, that month, Reaves E. Peters was hired as Commissioner of Officials and Assistant Secretary and set up the first conference offices in Kansas City, Missouri. With the addition of Colorado, the unofficial name became the Big Seven Conference, coincidentally
Red River Showdown
The participants are the Oklahoma Sooners football team of the University of Oklahoma and the Texas Longhorns football team of the University of Texas at Austin. The game is played the following the State Fair Classic featuring Prairie View A&M University. The series is one of the rivalries in NCAA football. There are three Red River Shootout trophies exchanged based on the outcome of the game, the best known of these is the Golden Hat, which is a gold ten-gallon hat, formerly of bronze. The trophy is kept by the schools athletic department until the next year. A newer trophy, the Red River Rivalry trophy, has been exchanged between the two student governments since 2003, another annual tradition is the running of game balls by the schools Reserve Officers Training Corps programs. Each schools ROTC program uses a relay running system to run one game all the way from their respective campus to Dallas. Once there, they participate against each other in a scrimmage, with the winner taking home a rivalry trophy.
For both teams, the rivalry is bitterly emotional and territorial in nature relating to the two states proximity, past border disputes and economic and cultural differences. The game originated in 1900, while Oklahoma was still a United States territory, until the 2005 meeting, the 100th meeting between the schools, the game was called the Red River Shootout. In 2006, with SBCs merger with AT&T Corporation, the game was renamed the AT&T Red River Rivalry, in 2014, the name changed again and is now the AT&T Red River Showdown. The term Red River Shootout or Red River Showdown is applied to meetings between the two schools in other than football. During a Q&A session with DeLoss Dodds during the Big 12 restructuring and chaos that ensued thereafter, Dodds stated in an interview, the A&M games been a great game and all of that. But its not something that we have to do, I think the Oklahoma game is something we have to do. Oklahoma and Texas are tied in the post World War II series 34–34–3, since 1936, the first year of the AP Poll, at least one of the teams has come into the game ranked 68 times, including every one of the last 17 meetings.
However, in the last 33 meetings, Oklahoma leads the series 18-13-2, in 2005, the The Dallas Morning News asked the 119 Division 1A football coaches to identify the top rivalry game in college football. The Red River Rivalry ranked third, behind only Michigan–Ohio State, the first meeting between Texas and Oklahomas football teams occurred in 1900, before either team had acquired their current nickname. At that time, the Texas team was typically called Varsity, the write-up in the Austin American-Statesman article referred to the game as a practice game
Folsom Field is an outdoor football stadium in the western United States, located on the campus of the University of Colorado in Boulder. It is the field of the Colorado Buffaloes of the Pac-12 Conference. Opened 93 years ago in 1924, the horseshoe-shaped stadium runs in the traditional north-south configuration, the CU athletic administration center, named after 1950s head coach Dal Ward, is located at the north end. The playing field returned to grass in 1999 and sits at an elevation of 5,360 feet. Folsom Field is the third highest stadium in college football, behind only Wyoming. Gamble Field was the home of Colorado football for two decades, through 1924 mid-season, opened as Colorado Stadium, Folsom Field has been the home of Colorado Buffaloes football since. Through the 2016 season, the Buffs have a record of 308–169–14. Colorado Stadium was renamed Folsom Field in 1944, following the death of coach Fred Folsom and he coached the Buffs from 1895 to 1902 and 1908 to 1915, compiling a 78–24–2 overall record.
In 2008, Folsom Field became the first zero-waste stadium in the NCAA by instituting a recycling and composting program. When opened in 1924, the stadium had a capacity of 26,000. A major expansion in 1956 raised the height of the stadium, in 1967,6,000 more seats were added with the removal of the running track, the track and field team relocated to Potts Field on the East Campus. A huge, six-level press box was added in 1968 to the top of the west side grandstand, directly in front of Balch Fieldhouse, renovations continued in 1976 when the old, rickety wooden bleachers were replaced with aluminum ones, raising the capacity to 52,005. In 2003, suites and club seating were added to the east side of the stadium, since the 2003 renovation 137 seats with obstructed views have been removed lowering the seating capacity to 53,613. In 2014, construction for an expansion has started. This expansion includes a new practice facility, a high performance sports center. From 1924 through 1970, the surface at Folsom Field was natural grass.
In the summer of 1971, AstroTurf was installed and the first game played on the new surface was against Wyoming on September 18. The 1971 Buffs finished third in the AP Poll behind Nebraska and Oklahoma, the synthetic turf was replaced in 1978 and again in 1989, with Astroturf-8
Ames is a city located in the central part of the U. S. state of Iowa in Story County. Lying approximately 30 miles north of Des Moines, it had a 2010 population of 58,965, while Ames is the largest city in Story County, the county seat is in the nearby city of Nevada 8 miles east of Ames. Ames is the home of Iowa State University of Science and Technology, a research institution with leading Agriculture, Engineering. ISU is the nations first designated land-grant university, and the birthplace of the Atanasoff–Berry Computer, Ames is the home of the USDAs Agricultural Research Services National Animal Disease Center. NADC is the largest federal animal disease center in the U. S. conducting research aimed at solving animal health and food safety problems faced by livestock producers, Ames has the headquarters for the Iowa Department of Transportation. In 2010, Ames was ranked ninth on CNNMoney. com Best Places to Live list, the city was founded in 1864 as a station stop on the Cedar Rapids and Missouri Railroad and was named after 19th century U. S.
Congressman Oakes Ames of Massachusetts, who was influential in the building of the transcontinental railroad, Ames was founded by local resident Cynthia Olive Duff and railroad magnate John Insley Blair, near a location that was deemed favorable for a railroad crossing of the Skunk River. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 24.27 square miles. Ames is located on Interstate 35, U. S. Route 30 &69, two small streams run through the town, the South Skunk River and Squaw Creek. Campustown is the neighborhood south of Iowa State University Central Campus bordered by Lincoln Way on the north. Campustown is a high-density mixed-use neighborhood that is home to many student apartments, nightlife venues, Ames has a humid continental climate. On average, the warmest month is July and the coldest is January, the highest recorded temperature was 102 °F in 1988 and the lowest was −28 °F in 1996. As of the census of 2010, there were 58,965 people,22,759 households, the population density was 2,435.6 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 23,876 housing units at a density of 986.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 84. 5% White,3. 4% African American,0. 2% Native American,8. 8% Asian,1. 1% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 3. 4% of the population. 30. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6. 2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age in the city was 23.8 years. 13. 4% of residents were under the age of 18,40. 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24,22. 9% were from 25 to 44, 15% were from 45 to 64, and 8. 1% were 65 years of age or older
The wishbone formation, known simply as the ’bone, is an offensive formation in American football. The style of attack to which it gives rise is known as the wishbone offense, like the spread offense in the 2000s, the wishbone was considered to be the most productive and innovative offensive scheme in college football during the 1970s and 1980s. While the record books commonly refer to Emory Bellard developing the wishbone formation in 1968 as offensive coordinator at Texas, Bellard learned about Casons tactics while coaching at Breckenridge High School, a small community west of Fort Worth. Earlier in his career Bellard saw a similar approach implemented by former Detroit Lions guard Ox Emerson, coach at Alice High School near Corpus Christi. Trying to avoid the frequent pounding of his line, Emerson moved one of the starting guards into the backfield. Bellard served as Emersons assistant at that time, in 1967 Bellard was hired by Darrell Royal and became offensive coordinator a year later.
The Texas Longhorns only scored 18.6 points per game in a 6–4 season in 1967, Bellard tried to merge his old high school tactics with Stallings triple option out of the Slot-I formation and Homer Rices variations of the Veer, an offensive formation created by Bill Yeoman. In 1971 Royal showed the offense to Bear Bryant, who was so enamored with it that he installed it at Alabama complete with his own touches. Bellard left Texas and – using the wishbone – guided Texas A&M, at Mississippi State Bellard “broke the bone” and introduced the “wing-bone”, moving one of the halfbacks up to a wing formation and frequently sending him in motion. Another variation of the formation is called the flexbone. Ironically, the longest running wishbone offense was run not by Texas but by their arch-rivals, the University of Oklahoma, who ran variations of the wishbone well into the mid-1990s. In 1971, the Oklahoma Sooners wishbone offense set the all-time NCAA single-season rushing record at 472.4 yards per game, Air Force saw tremendous success running the option game out of the wishbone.
In 1985, Air Force climbed to #2 in the country, just barely missing the championship game. Army saw success using the wishbone under head coaches Jim Young and Bob Sutton in the 1980s and early 1990s, leading to the only bowl appearances. Phil Jack Dawson, coach of Westbrook High School in Westbrook, developed an effective defense against the wishbone offense in use by Texas. Dawson contacted Ara Parseghian, coach of the University of Notre Dame. The Oklahoma playbook describes the quarterback, the architect behind the Wishbone, as and they must have an aptitude for the option and the decision making that lies within the play design as well as durability. The fullback is required to be able to handle a physical pounding because he is hit without having the ball, he must be quick with excellent stamina
The Bedlam Series refers to the athletics rivalry between the University of Oklahoma Sooners and the Oklahoma State University Cowboys of the Big 12 Conference. Both schools were members of the Big 8 Conference before the formation of the Big 12 Conference in 1996. The Bedlam Series is, like most other intrastate rivalries, a rivalry that goes beyond one or two sports, both schools have rivalries with other schools, though most of those rivalries are limited to one or two sports at the most. The rivalry is all the more intense since their games often decide the conference championship, when the Bedlam Series gained Ford and the Bank of Oklahoma as corporate sponsors, the series became much more formalized. A points system was adopted in order to award a winner of the all athletic competitions combined between the two schools, a crystal bell trophy is awarded to individual Bedlam game winners, in addition to a trophy for the overall series champion for that year. The Bedlam Bell is modeled after the clapper in Old Central.
For a time, the bell clapper was a traveling trophy for the two schools, until the popularity of this tradition waned. The first Bedlam football game was held at Island Park, now known as Mineral Wells Park, in Guthrie and it was a cold, and very windy day with the temperatures well below the freezing mark. At one moment in the game when the Oklahoma A&M Aggies were punting, if the Oklahoma A&M squad recovered the ball it would be a touchback and if the University of Oklahoma squad recovered it, it would be a touchdown. The ball rolled down a hill into the half-frozen creek, since a touchdown was at stake, members of both teams dove into the icy waters to recover the ball. A member of the OU team came out with the ball, though this was not the source of the name Bedlam, the scene was clearly an apt beginning for the Bedlam Series in football. Author Steve Budin, whose father was a New York bookie, has recently publicized the claim that the 1954 Bedlam Game was fixed by mobsters in his book Bets and Rock & Roll.
Allegedly, the threatened and paid off a cook to slip laxatives into a soup eaten by many OU Sooner starting players. OU was victorious in the end, but their 14–0 win did not cover the 20-point spread they had in their favor, many people involved in the 1954 contest do not recall any incident like the one purported by Budin to have occurred. Oklahoma currently leads the series 86–18–7, the series has historically been very lopsided in the Sooners favor, Oklahoma State has defeated OU twice in a row just three times since World War II, and has never done it three times in a row. Oklahoma owns the series record in mens basketball, 135–95. The Sooners swept the 2013–14, 2014–15 and 2015–16 regular season Bedlam series for the fourth and fifth time in the last 10 seasons, oSUs last series sweep came in 2017. OU is 17–6 in the last 23 Bedlam games and is now 25–18 vs. the Cowboys since the formation of the Big 12, Oklahoma State holds a large advantage in the schools wrestling rivalry, the original Bedlam Series
Dallas is a major city in the U. S. state of Texas. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the citys population ranks ninth in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. The citys prominence arose from its importance as a center for the oil and cotton industries. The bulk of the city is in Dallas County, of which it is the county seat, sections of the city are located in Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. According to the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 1,197,816, the United States Census Bureaus estimate for the citys population increased to 1,300,092 as of July 1,2015. In 2016 DFW ascended to the one spot in the nation in year-over-year population growth. In 2014, the metropolitan economy surpassed Washington, D. C. to become the fifth largest in the U. S. with a 2014 real GDP over $504 billion, as such, the metropolitan areas economy is the 10th largest in the world. As of January 2017, the job count has increased to 3,558,200 jobs.
The citys economy is based on banking, telecommunications, energy and medical research. The city is home to the third-largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies in the nation. Located in North Texas, Dallas is the core of the largest metropolitan area in the South. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton, cattle. Later, France claimed the area but never established much settlement, the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, and the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, the Republic of Texas, with majority Anglo-American settlers, in 1839, Warren Angus Ferris surveyed the area around present-day Dallas. John Neely Bryan established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841, the origin of the name is uncertain. The Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845, Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2,1856.
With construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South and the Midwest. The Praetorian Building of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and it marked the prominence of Dallas as a city
Norman /ˈnɔːrmən/ is a city in the U. S. state of Oklahoma 20 miles south of downtown Oklahoma City in its metropolitan area. The population was 110,925 at the 2010 census, Normans estimated population of 120,284 in 2015 makes it the third-largest city in Oklahoma, and the city serves as the county seat of Cleveland County. Norman was settled during the Land Run of 1889, which opened the former Unassigned Lands of Indian Territory to American pioneer settlement, the city was named in honor of Abner Norman, the areas initial land surveyor, and was formally incorporated on May 13,1891. The university is known for its sporting events by teams under the banner of the nickname Sooners. The university is home to museums, including the Fred Jones Jr. Museum of Art, which contains the largest collection of French Impressionist art ever given to an American university, Norman lies within Tornado Alley, a geographic region where tornadic activity is particularly frequent and intense. The Oklahoma City metropolitan area, including Norman, is the most tornado-prone area in the world, the Storm Prediction Center, a branch of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is located at the NWC.
SPC forecasts severe storm and tornado outbreaks nationwide, research is conducted at the co-located National Severe Storms Laboratory, which includes field research and operates various experimental weather radars. In 2008, CNNs Money Magazine ranked Norman as the sixth best small city within the United States to live in, the Oklahoma region became part of the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Treaties of 1832 and 1833 assigned the area today as Norman to the Creek Nation. Following the Civil War, the Creeks were accused of aiding the Confederacy, in the early 1870s, the federal government undertook a survey of these unassigned lands. Abner Ernest Norman, a 23-year-old surveyor from Kentucky, was hired to oversee part of this project. In 1887, the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway began service to the area, which was opened to settlement as part of the Land Run of 1889, early settlers decided to keep the name Norman. On April 22,1889, the Land Run saw the founding of Norman, with at least 150 residents spending the night in makeshift campsites, by the next morning a downtown was already being constructed.
On December 19,1890, Larsh and Waggoner were successful with the passage of Council Bill 114, the City of Norman was formally incorporated on May 13,1891. The city has continued to grow throughout the decades, the rail lines eventually transitioned to freight during the 1940s as the United States Numbered Highway system developed. The city population reached 11,429 in 1940, in 1941, the University of Oklahoma and Norman city officials established Max Westheimer Field, a university airstrip, and leased it to the U. S. Navy as a Naval Flight Training Center in 1942. The training center was used for training combat pilots during World War II, a second training center, known as Naval Air Technical Training Center, and a naval hospital were established to the south