Peter Maurin

Peter Maurin was a French Catholic social activist, De La Salle Brother who founded the Catholic Worker Movement in 1933 with Dorothy Day. Maurin expressed his philosophy through short pieces of verse, he was born Pierre Joseph Orestide Maurin into a poor farming family in the village of Oultet in the Languedoc region of southern France, where he was one of 24 children. After spending time in the De La Salle Brothers, Maurin served in the Sillon movement of Marc Sangnier until he became discouraged by the Sillonist shift from personalist action towards political action, he moved to Saskatchewan to try his hand at homesteading, but was discouraged both by the death of his partner in a hunting accident and by the harsh conditions and rugged individualism that characterized his years of residence in the region. He traveled throughout the American east for a few years, settled in New York. For a ten-year period, Maurin was not a practicing Catholic "because I was not living as a Catholic should."In the mid-1920s, Maurin was working as a French tutor in the New York suburbs.

It was at this time Maurin experienced a religious conversion, inspired by the life of Francis of Assisi. He ceased charging for his lessons and asked only that students give any sum they thought appropriate; this was prompted by reading about St. Francis, who viewed labor as a gift to the greater community, not a mode of self-promotion. During this portion of his life, he began composing the poetry that would be called his Easy Essays. "Peter Maurin first met Dorothy Day in December 1932." She had just returned from Washington, D. C. where she had covered the Hunger March for America magazines. At the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception on December 8, 1932, the feast of the Immaculate Conception, Day had prayed for inspiration for her future work, she came back to her New York apartment to find Maurin awaiting her in the kitchen. "He had read some of her articles and had been told by George Schuster, editor of Commonweal, to look her up and exchange ideas with her." The French models and literature Maurin brought to Day's attention are of particular interest.

For four months after their first meeting, Maurin "indoctrinated" her, sharing ideas, synopses of books and articles, analyzing all facets of daily life through the lens of his intellectual system. He suggested she start a newspaper, since she was a trained journalist, to "bring the best of Catholic thought to the man in the street in the language of the man in the street". Maurin proposed the name Catholic Radical for the paper, distributed as the Catholic Worker beginning May 1, 1933, during the depths of the Great Depression, his ideas served as the inspiration for the creation of "houses of hospitality" for the poor, for the agrarian endeavors of the Catholic Worker farms, the regular "roundtable discussions for the clarification of thought" that began taking place shortly after the publication of the first issue of The Catholic Worker, considered a Christian Anarchist publication. Maurin at times saw the paper as not quite radical enough, as it had an emphasis on political and union activity.

Shortly after the paper's first print run in early May, 1933, he left New York for the boys' camp at Mt. Tremper, where he worked in exchange for living quarters. "he paper, declaring its solidarity with labor and its intention of fighting social injustice, was not, by Maurin's standards, a personalist newspaper." Maurin believed. As he liked to say, “there is no unemployment on the land.”Maurin lived in Easton, where he worked on the first Catholic Worker-owned farming commune, Maryfarm. He took part in the Catholic Worker picketing of the Mexican and German consulates during the 1930s. Maurin traveled extensively, lecturing at parishes and meetings across the country in coordination with the speaking tours of Dorothy Day, he addressed venues as varied as Harvard students and small parishes, the Knights of Columbus and gatherings of bishops and priests. In 1944, Maurin began to lose his memory, his condition deteriorated until he died at the Catholic Worker's Maryfarm near Newburgh, New York, on May 15, 1949, "the Feast of St. Dymphna, patroness of mental health, the anniversary of St. John Baptiste de la Salle and of the Papal encyclicals Rerum novarum and Quadragesimo anno....

Many remarked the strange convergence of anniversaries." At the wake, many people were seen to touch their rosaries to his hands surreptitiously, indicating their belief in his sanctity. The Staten Island Catholic Worker farm was named after Maurin following his death. Maurin's vision to transform the social order consisted of three main ideas: Establishing urban houses of hospitality to care for the destitute. Establishing rural farming communities to teach city dwellers agrarianism and encourage a movement back-to-the-land. Setting up roundtable discussions in community centres in order to clarify thought and initiate action. Maurin saw similarities between his approach and what he viewed was that of the Irish monks who evangelized medieval Europe. According to Dorothy Day, some of the books he had her read were the works of "Fr. Vincent McNabb and Eric Gill, Jacques Maritain, Leon Bloy, Charles Peguy of France, Don Sturzo of Italy, Guardini of Germany, Berdyaev of Russia." Another writer upon whom Maurin drew was Emmanuel Mounier.

Other titles included Catholicism and the Appeal to Reason by Leo Paul Ward, Humanity's Destiny by Denifle, Christian Life and Worship by Gerald El

Mother Ivy's Bay

Polventon Bay, Mother Ivey's Bay is a bay and bathing beach on the north coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom. The bay is within the parish of St Merryn; the South West Coast Path, which follows the coast of south-west England from Somerset to Dorset follows the cliff above the bay. The name Mother Ivey's Bay first appeared in 1870 and is named after a local wisewoman and white witch. An auction for the ″Mother Ive Pilchard Fishery″ was held, on 30 September 1879, at the Western Hotel, St Ives; the sale was described as a going concern and included a nearly new, stone-built, slate-covered fish cellar with nineteen sleeping-berths, two seynes, two seine-boats, about thirty oars, forty pilchard hogsheads, 170 tons of French salt, etc. The reserve price of £490 was not met. A second auction included 170 tons of French Salt. Cover photos for the 1982 album E già by Italian singer Lucio Battisti were taken here by photographer Gered Mankowitz. Polventon House