The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League, is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League, a league based in the Great Lakes states. It is sometimes called the Junior Circuit because it claimed Major League status for the 1901 season,25 years after the formation of the National League. At the end of season, the American League champion plays in the World Series against the National League champion. Through 2016, American League teams have won 64 of the 112 World Series played since 1903, the 2016 American League champions are the Cleveland Indians. The New York Yankees have won 40 American League titles, the most in the history, followed by the Philadelphia/Kansas City/Oakland Athletics. Originally a minor league known as the Western League, the American League later developed into a major league after the American Association disbanded, in its early history, the Western League struggled until 1894, when Ban Johnson became the president of the league. Johnson led the Western League into major league status and soon became the president of the newly renamed American League, babe Ruth, noted as one of the most prolific hitters in Major League Baseball history, spent the majority of his career in the American League. The American League has one notable difference versus the National League, in 1902, the Milwaukee Brewers moved to St. Louis and were renamed the St. Louis Browns. In 1902, The Cleveland Bluebirds were also renamed the Cleveland Broncos, in 1903, the Broncos were renamed the Cleveland Naps. In 1915, the Naps were renamed the Cleveland Indians, in 1903, the Baltimore Orioles moved to New York and were renamed the New York Highlanders. In 1913, the Highlanders were renamed the New York Yankees, in 1904, the Chicago White Stockings were renamed the Chicago White Sox. In 1908, the Boston Americans were renamed the Boston Red Sox, in 1954, the St. Louis Browns moved to Baltimore and were renamed as the Baltimore Orioles. In 1955, the Philadelphia Athletics moved to Kansas City and were renamed as the Kansas City Athletics, in 1961, the league expanded and added two teams as the Los Angeles Angels and the Washington Senators, expanding the league to 10 teams. The original Senators team moved to Minneapolis/St, Paul in 1961 and were renamed as the Minnesota Twins. The Angels team name changed to the California Angels in 1966, then to the Anaheim Angels in 1997, the Kansas City Royals and the Seattle Pilots were added to the American League, expanding the league to 12 teams. In 1970, the Seattle Pilots moved to Milwaukee and were renamed the Milwaukee Brewers, in 1972, the Washington Senators relocated to the Dallas/Fort Worth area and were renamed the Texas Rangers. In 1977, the league expanded to fourteen teams, when the Seattle Mariners, in 1998, the Tampa Bay Rays was added to the American League and at the same time, the Milwaukee Brewers were switched to the National League, leaving the American League with 14 teams
Tiger Stadium (Detroit)
Tiger Stadium, previously known as Navin Field and Briggs Stadium, was a baseball park located in the Corktown neighborhood of Detroit, Michigan. It hosted the Detroit Tigers of Major League Baseball from 1912 to 1999 and it was declared a State of Michigan Historic Site in 1975 and has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1989. The stadium was nicknamed The Corner for its location on Michigan Avenue, the last Detroit Tigers game at the stadium was held in September 1999. In the decade after the Tigers vacated the stadium, several rejected redevelopment, the stadiums demolition was completed on September 21,2009, though the stadiums actual playing field remains at the corner where the stadium once stood. Since the spring of 2010, a group known as the Navin Field Grounds Crew has restored and maintained the field. A plan to redevelop the old Tiger Stadium site would retain the historic playing field for sports and ring the 10-acre property with new development has received final approval. Developer Eric Larson of Larson Realty will develop a residential and retail project along the Michigan Ave and Trumbull sides of the property. The Detroit Police Athletic League will begin construction, in early April 2016, on a new building along Michigan Ave. The L-shaped building would enclose two sides of the field, together these two projects will completely ring the old site. In 1895, Detroit Tigers owner George Vanderbeck had a new ballpark built at the corner of Michigan and that stadium was called Bennett Park and featured a wooden grandstand with a wooden peaked roof in the outfield. At the time, some places in the outfield were only marked off with rope, in 1911, new Tigers owner Frank Navin ordered a new steel-and-concrete baseball park on the same site that would seat 23,000 to accommodate the growing numbers of fans. Navin Field opened on April 20,1912, the day as the Boston Red Soxs Fenway Park. While constructed on the site as Bennett Park, the diamond at Navin Field was rotated 90°. Cleveland Naps player Shoeless Joe Jackson, later banned from baseball for life following the Black Sox Scandal, the intimate configurations of both stadiums, both conducive to high-scoring games featuring home runs, prompted baseball writers to refer to them as bandboxes or cigar boxes. Over the years, expansion continued to more people. In 1935, following Navins death, new owner Walter Briggs oversaw the expansion of Navin Field to a capacity of 36,000 by extending the upper deck to the foul poles and across right field. By 1938, the city had agreed to move Cherry Street, allowing left field to be double-decked, in 1961, new owner John Fetzer took control of the stadium and gave it its final name, Tiger Stadium. Under this name, the stadium witnessed World Series titles in 1968 and 1984, a fire gutted the press box on the evening of February 1,1977
Detroit is the most populous city in the U. S. state of Michigan, the fourth-largest city in the Midwest and the largest city on the United States–Canada border. It is the seat of Wayne County, the most populous county in the state, the municipality of Detroit had a 2015 estimated population of 677,116, making it the 21st-most populous city in the United States. Roughly one-half of Michigans population lives in Metro Detroit alone, the Detroit–Windsor area, a commercial link straddling the Canada–U. S. Border, has a population of about 5.7 million. Detroit is a port on the Detroit River, a strait that connects the Great Lakes system to the Saint Lawrence Seaway. The Detroit Metropolitan Airport is among the most important hubs in the United States, the City of Detroit anchors the second-largest economic region in the Midwest, behind Chicago, and the thirteenth-largest in the United States. Detroit and its neighboring Canadian city Windsor are connected through a tunnel and various bridges, Detroit was founded on July 24,1701 by the French explorer and adventurer Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac and a party of settlers. During the 19th century, it became an important industrial hub at the center of the Great Lakes region, with expansion of the American automobile industry in the early 20th century, the Detroit area emerged as a significant metropolitan region within the United States. The city became the fourth-largest in the country for a period, in the 1950s and 1960s, suburban expansion continued with construction of a regional freeway system. A great portion of Detroits public transport was abandoned in favour of becoming a city in the post-war period. Due to industrial restructuring and loss of jobs in the auto industry, between 2000 and 2010 the citys population fell by 25 percent, changing its ranking from the nations 10th-largest city to 18th. In 2010, the city had a population of 713,777 and this resulted from suburbanization, corruption, industrial restructuring and the decline of Detroits auto industry. In 2013, the state of Michigan declared an emergency for the city. Detroit has experienced urban decay as its population and jobs have shifted to its suburbs or elsewhere, conservation efforts managed to save many architectural pieces since the 2000s and allowed several large-scale revitalisations. More recently, the population of Downtown Detroit, Midtown Detroit, paleo-Indian people inhabited areas near Detroit as early as 11,000 years ago. In the 17th century, the region was inhabited by Huron, Odawa, Potawatomi, for the next hundred years, virtually no British, colonist, or French action was contemplated without consultation with, or consideration of the Iroquois likely response. When the French and Indian War evicted the Kingdom of France from Canada, the 1798 raids and resultant 1799 decisive Sullivan Expedition reopened the Ohio Country to westward emigration, which began almost immediately, and by 1800 white settlers were pouring westwards. By 1773, the population of Detroit was 1,400, by 1778, its population was up to 2,144 and it was the third-largest city in the Province of Quebec
Walter Briggs Sr.
Walter Owen Briggs Sr. was an American entrepreneur and professional sports owner. He was part-owner of the Detroit Tigers in Major League Baseball from 1919 to 1935, Briggs also helped found the Detroit Zoo in 1928, and personally paid for many of its first exhibits. He was also a patron of Eastern Michigan University and the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, Briggs was born on February 27,1877 in Ypsilanti, Michigan, to Rodney D. Briggs and Ada Warner. He grew up a Detroit Tigers fan, after the death of Tigers part-owner Bill Yawkey in 1919, surviving partner Frank Navin arranged for Briggs to buy a 25 percent stake in the club. He later bought enough stock to become a partner with Navin. After Navin died in 1935, Briggs became the owner of the franchise. As owner, among Briggs first actions was completing major renovation and expansion plans to Navin Field and he double-decked the grandstand and converted the park into a bowl. It reopened in 1938 as Briggs Stadium, with a capacity of 58,000. The stadium was later renamed Tiger Stadium, Briggs was noted for fielding a well-paid team that won two American League pennants and a World Series championship in 1945 under his ownership. He had a reputation for being prejudiced against African-Americans, in part because he refused to sign black players. The Tigers did not field their first non-white player until 1958, Briggs died at age 74 in Miami Beach, Florida on January 17,1952. His son, Walter Briggs Jr. briefly inherited the Tigers before being forced by the court to sell them in 1956, Detroit Tigers/Managers and ownership Walter Briggs Sr. at Find a Grave
Delmer David Baker was an American catcher, coach, and manager in Major League Baseball. As a manager, he led the 1940 Detroit Tigers to the American League pennant and he was known as one of the premier sign stealers of his era. Baker was born in Sherwood, Oregon, and raised in neighboring Wilsonville, after graduating from a Portland business college, he took a job in 1909 as a bookkeeper in Wasco, Oregon, where he caught for the town team. In 1911, a scout signed him to a contract with the Spokane Indians of the Class A Pacific National League, in 1914 he was promoted to the Detroit Tigers, and played in 172 games over three seasons as a back-up for Oscar Stanage, batting.209. In 1917, the Tigers farmed him out to the PCLs San Francisco Seals, in 1918 he joined the war effort, serving in the US Navy, then returned to the PCL in 1920, this time with the Portland Beavers. After three seasons there, Baker spent a season with the Mobile Bears of the Class A Southern Association, then returned to the PCL for three more seasons with the Oakland Oaks. After spending most of the 1928 season as player-manager of the Ogden Gunners in the Class C Utah-Idaho League, Baker moved to the Class A Texas League and caught for the Fort Worth Panthers in 1929. In 1930 he was appointed player-manager of the Beaumont Exporters, a premier Texas League team with some of Detroits top prospects, including Schoolboy Rowe, Pete Fox, the Exporters won 100 games in 1932, then swept the Dallas Steers for the Texas League championship. When Detroit manager Bucky Harris promoted Rowe, Fox, and Greenberg to the league level in 1933. Baker served as manager after Harris was fired toward the end of the 1933 season, then returned to coaching third base under Harris replacement. The Tigers won back-to-back AL pennants in 1934 and 35, in 1938, the Tigers compiled an early-season record of 47-51, on August 7, Baker replaced Cochrane as manager. He rallied Detroit to 37 wins in 56 games, enough to finish in the first division, but Detroit slipped to fifth in 1939. In 1940, the New York Yankees, who had won the AL pennant and the World Series four years running, faltered, leaving the Tigers and the Cleveland Indians to contend for the league title. On the final day of the season, with the two tied, Baker chose obscure rookie pitcher Floyd Giebell to pitch for the pennant against future Hall of Famer Bob Feller. The Tigers won the game and the pennant, 2–0, but in the World Series, they lost in seven games to the Cincinnati Reds, despite Bobo Newsoms heroic pitching performances. With World War II on the horizon, the 1941 season was marked by the call to military service of numerous baseball stars. With their star power hitter out of the lineup, and Newsom ineffective, Detroit fell below.500 that season, Baker was replaced after the 1942 season by Steve ONeill. Baker returned to the ranks with Cleveland and the Boston Red Sox
WWJ,950 AM, is an all-news radio station located in Detroit, Michigan. Owned by the CBS Radio subsidiary of CBS Corporation, WWJs studios are in the Panasonic Building in Southfield, WWJ began daily broadcasts on August 20,1920, operating under an amateur radio license with the call sign 8MK. August 20,2016 marked the beginning of its 97th year of broadcasting, the station has claimed to be Americas Pioneer Broadcasting Station, and where commercial radio broadcasting began. WWJ is licensed by the Federal Communications Commission to broadcast in the HD Radio format, WWJs regular programming is news and weather. It is Michigans only commercial radio station, despite the fact that co-owned WWJ-TV is the sole CBS owned-and-operated television station without a local news presence. WWJs main radio competition, especially in Flint and Ann Arbor, is the non-commercial Michigan Radio network, WWJ is the flagship station for Michigan Wolverines football. In March 2005, WWJ began streaming its programming over the Internet, in August 2005, the station began offering podcasts of newsmakers, interviews, in August 2006 it also began broadcasting in the HD Radio format. WWJ programming was live 24 hours a day until July 2015, now, the newscasts go back to live, because the current overnight anchor is Jim Matthews. WWJ broadcasts full-time with 50,000 watts, using a directional antenna system during daytime hours. WWJ has the highest field strength —7,980 mV/m at a distance of 1 km — in a direction of any U. S. The northeastern reaches of Metro Detroit receive only a signal because of the need to limit WWJs signal in that direction in order to protect a facility in Barrie. Dr. WWJ debuted as the Detroit News Radiophone on August 20,1920 and its establishment was the outgrowth of interest in radio technology by the publishers of The Detroit News, combined with inventor Lee de Forests longtime promotion of radio broadcasting. Meanwhile, the development of radio transmitters capable of audio transmissions led to Lee de Forest advocating the establishment of broadcasting stations, the ban on civilian radio stations was lifted on October 1,1919, and the DeForest company soon returned to broadcasting from its Highbridge station. Then, in early 1920, Clarence C. S. Thompson, the Detroit News became Radio News & Musics first — and ultimately only — newspaper customer. In a May 28,1920 letter, the News made arrangements to lease a DeForest OT-10 radio transmitter through Radio News & Music, in order to develop a broadcasting service. William Edmund Scripps, son of the founder and its then-publisher, would play the key role in establishing the station. A local teenaged amateur radio operator, Michael DeLisle Lyons, was hired to install the transmitter in a second floor room, in 1917 Lee de Forest had sold the commercial rights to his radio patents to the American Telephone & Telegraph Company. However, he retained the right to sell equipment for amateur and experimental use, Station preparation was conducted after normal work hours over a period of several months