1909 in South Africa
The following lists events that happened during 1909 in South Africa. Governor of the Cape of Good Hope and High Commissioner for Southern Africa:Walter Hely-Hutchinson. Governor of the Colony of Natal: Matthew Nathan. Prime Minister of the Cape of Good Hope: Leander Starr Jameson. Prime Minister of the Colony of Natal: Frederick Robert Moor. Prime Minister of the Orange River Colony: Hamilton John Goold-Adams. Prime Minister of the Transvaal Colony: Louis Botha. February25 – Mahatma Gandhi is arrested at Volksrust for failure to produce a registration certificate and is sentenced to 3 months imprisonment. June15 – Representatives from England and South Africa meet at Lord's Cricket Ground and form the Imperial Cricket Conference. Mahatma Gandhi embarks in Cape Town for England. November30 – Mahatma Gandhi and the Transvaal Indian Deputation arrive back in Cape Town. December28 – The first manned heavier-than-air powered flight in South Africa is made by French aviator Albert Kimmerling by taking off from the Nahoon Racecourse at East London in a Voisin 1907 biplane.
Unknown dateSouth Africa becomes the first non-European country to join FIFA. 19 March – Louis Hayward, South African-born actor. 5 September – Yusuf Dadoo and politician. 5 December – Bobbie Heine Miller, South African tennis player. 13 April – Sir Donald Currie GCMG, shipping magnate and donor of the Currie Cups for rugby and cricket. 4 February – Natal – Creighton to Riverside, 12 miles 3 chains. 1 April – Natal – Vryheid East to Hlobane, 17 miles. 18 May – Cape Midland – Barkly Bridge to Alexandria, 54 miles 20 chains. Two new Cape gauge locomotive types enter service on the Natal Government Railways: The first five of thirty 4-8-2 tender locomotives, the world’s first true Mountain type locomotive. In 1912 it will be designated Class B on the South African Railways. A single 2-6-6-0 Mallet articulated compound steam locomotive, the first Mallet type to enter service in South Africa. In 1912 it will be designated Class MA on the SAR; the NGR begins to modify some of its Class C 4-10-2T Reid Tenwheeler locomotives to a 4-8-2T wheel arrangement to make them suitable for yard work without the risk of derailing as a result of the long ten-coupled wheelbase.
In 1912 these will be designated Class H2 on the SAR
1947 in South Africa
The following lists events that happened during 1947 in South Africa. Monarch: King George VI. Governor-General and High Commissioner for Southern Africa: Gideon Brand van Zyl. Prime Minister: Jan Christiaan Smuts. Chief Justice: Ernest Frederick Watermeyer. March9 – The Three Doctors’ Pact is signed by Dr A. B. Xuma, Dr Monty Naicker and Dr Yusuf Dadoo. April18 – Mrs. Ples is discovered near Sterkfontein. May4 – The Natal Indian Organisation is formed. December29 – Marion Island is annexed by South Africa. 2 June – King Ingwenyama Mayitjha III of the Ndzundza-Mabhoko Southern Ndebele people. 2 July – George Weideman and writer. 16 July – Roelf Meyer, politician. Two new Cape gauge locomotive types enter service on the South African Railways: Twelve Class S1 0-8-0 shunting steam locomotives and built in the Salt River workshops in Cape Town; the first of twenty-eight Class 3E electric locomotives. May-AugustThe South Africa national cricket team tours England and plays five Test matches against the England national cricket team.
Test matches 1st Test at Trent Bridge – match drawn 2nd Test at Lord's – England won by 10 wickets 3rd Test at Old Trafford – England won by 7 wickets 4th Test at Headingley – England won by 10 wickets 5th Test at The Oval – match drawn May–JulyThe South Africa national football team tours Australia and New Zealand and plays five games against the Australia national association football team and four against the New Zealand national football team. Team-H. Smethurst,L. G. Anley,A. G. Falconer,D. A. Wilson,H. D. McCreadie,R. H. F. Nicholson,D. D. Forbes,E. G. Dowell,S.van Rensburg, C. Kurland,R. Ferriman,H. E. Naish,J. H. Classens,H. J. Pretorius,J. H. M. Pickerill,C. L. Brink,B. Clack,S. O'Linn. J. H. Barbour. M. Taylor. Australia10 May – South Africa wins 2-1 at the Sydney Cricket Grounds, Australia. 24 May – South Africa wins 4-2 at the Brisbane Cricket Grounds, Australia. 31 May – South Africa and Australia draw 3-3 at the Sydney Show Grounds, Australia. 7 June – Australia wins 5-1 at the Newcastle Sports Grounds, Australia.
14 June – South Africa wins 2-1 at the Sydney Cricket Grounds, Australia. New Zealand28 June – South Africa wins 6-5 at the Lancaster Park, New Zealand. 5 July – South Africa wins 6-0 at the Carisbrook Stadium, New Zealand. 12 July – South Africa wins 8-3 at the Athletic Park, New Zealand. 19 July – South Africa wins 4-1 at the Eden Park, New Zealand
Governor-General of South Africa
The Governor-General of the Union of South Africa was the highest state official in the Union of South Africa between 31 May 1910 and 31 May 1961. The Union of South Africa was founded as a self-governing Dominion of the British Empire in 1910 and the office of governor-general was established as the representative of the monarch. Fifty-one years the country declared itself a republic and the historic link with the British monarchy was broken; the office of governor-general was abolished. Some of the first holders of the post were members of the British royal family including Prince Arthur of Connaught between 1920 and 1924, the Earl of Athlone, who served between 1924 and 1931, before becoming the Governor General of Canada; as in other Dominions, this would change, from 1943 onward only South Africans held the office. The office was established by the South Africa Act 1909. Although the Governor-General was nominally the country's chief executive, in practice he was bound by convention to act on the advice of the prime minister and the cabinet of South Africa.
The Afrikaner-dominated National Party, which came to power in 1948, was avowedly republican and regarded South Africa's personal union with the United Kingdom and other realms within the Commonwealth of Nations as a relic of British imperialism. In the interim, the National Party used the Governor-General's post as a sinecure for retired National Party ministers; the two Governors-General appointed after 1948, Ernest George Jansen and Charles Robberts Swart, chose not to wear the traditional court uniform nor to take an oath of allegiance to the monarch. In 1957, God Save the Queen ceased to have equal status with Die Stem van Suid-Afrika as a national anthem, the Union Flag ceased to have equal status with the South African flag. However, it was not until 1960 that Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd advised Governor-General Swart to hold a referendum on the issue. After several protests regarding the lowering of the voting age to 18, the inclusion of white voters in South West Africa, on 5 October 1960 South Africa's whites were asked: Are you in favour of a Republic for the Union?
The result was 52 per cent in favour of the change. Swart, the last Governor-General, asked the Queen to relieve him of his duties on 30 April 1961, after he signed the new republican constitution into law. Chief Justice Lucas Cornelius Steyn became Officer Administering the Government under a transitional arrangement until 31 May 1961, when the Republic of South Africa was declared and Swart become the first State President of South Africa. State President of South Africa President of South Africa Prime Minister of South Africa
1912 in South Africa
The following lists events that happened during 1912 in South Africa. Monarch: King George V. Governor-General and High Commissioner for Southern Africa: The Viscount Gladstone. Prime Minister: Louis Botha. Chief Justice: John de Villiers, 1st Baron de Villiers January1 – The South African Railways implements the reclassification and renumbering of the rolling stock of its three constituent Colonial railways, the Cape Government Railways, the Natal Government Railways and the Central South African Railways. 4 – The outbreak of smallpox is reported in the Malay Location, Johannesburg. 8 – The South African Native National Congress is formed in Bloemfontein and John Langalibalele Dube becomes the first president. 16 – Cases of smallpox are discovered in Durban. February15 – The Mkuze Game Reserve is proclaimed a protected area. Unknown dateThe shield of the coat of arms on the Red Ensign used in South Africa is redesigned to include a white roundel; the town of Hobhouse is named after Emily Hobhouse.
12 March – John Fairbairn, naval officer, 18 May – Walter Sisulu, anti-apartheid activist. 21 May – Julius Wernher and mine magnate. 7 February – Free State – Jammerdrif to Wepener, 4 miles 7 chains. 15 April – Transvaal – Buhrmannsdrif to Ottoshoop, 11 miles 70 chains. 1 May – Free State – Firham to Vrede, 44 miles 69 chains. 20 May – Cape – Wolseley to Ceres, 10 miles 29 chains. 1 August – Cape – Malenge to Franklin, 24 miles 49 chains. 4 November – Transvaal – Zeerust to Ottoshoop, 18 miles 72 chains. 9 November – Transvaal – Newington to Tzaneen, 132 miles 21 chains. 2 December – Cape – Schoombee to Hofmeyr, 31 miles 3 chains. 2 December – Cape – Ottery to Dieprivier, 2 miles 50 chains. 16 December – Cape – Bergrivier to Vredenburg, 24 miles 48 chains. 20 December – Cape – Melk to Motkop, 10 miles 31 chains. Five new Cape gauge locomotive types enter service on the South African Railways: January – A single Class ME 2-6-6-2 simple expansion Mallet articulated locomotive. Ten Class MC 2-6-6-0 Mallet articulated compound steam locomotives.
Ten Class 3B 4-8-2 Mountain type steam locomotives, ordered by the Natal Government Railways the year before. Four "Enlarged Karoo Class" 4-6-2 Pacific type passenger locomotives, ordered by the Cape Government Railways in 1911, designated Class 5. April – The first eight of forty-six Class 12 4-8-2 Mountain type goods locomotives. 30 November – The South African Springboks beat Ireland 38-0 in Ireland
Prime Minister of South Africa
The Prime Minister of South Africa was the head of government in South Africa between 1910 and 1984. The position of Prime Minister was established in 1910, he was appointed by the head of state—the Governor-General until 1961 and the State President after South Africa became a republic in 1961. In practice, he was the leader of the majority coalition in the House of Assembly; the first Prime Minister was Louis Botha, a former Boer general and war hero during the Second Boer War. He was the country's leading political figure and de facto chief executive, with powers similar to those of his British counterpart; the position of Prime Minister was abolished in 1984, when the State President was given executive powers after a new constitution was adopted—effectively merging the powers of the Prime Minister with those of the State President. The last Prime Minister, P. W. Botha, became the first executive State President after the constitutional reform. In post-Apartheid South Africa, the Inkatha Freedom Party has called for a return to a Westminster-style split executive with a Prime Minister as the actual head of government, as part of its overarching goal of avoiding a single party South African state.
Parties South African Party United Party National Party State President of South Africa President of South Africa Governor-General of South Africa
1923 in South Africa
The following lists events that happened during 1923 in South Africa. Monarch: King George V. Governor-General and High Commissioner for Southern Africa: Prince Arthur of Connaught. Prime Minister: Jan Smuts. Chief Justice: James Rose Innes. March1 – The Electricity Supply Commission, largest electricity producer in Africa, is established. Unknown dateThe South African Native National Congress changes its name to African National Congress. 30 April – Francis Tucker, rally Driver. 19 May – Johannes Petrus Meintjes and writer. 6 August – Moira Lister, South African-born English film and television actress. 5 October – Glynis Johns, South African-born Welsh actress. 11 November – Pieter van der Byl, politician 20 November – Nadine Gordimer and political activist. 12 April – Transvaal – Dunswart to Apex deviation, 4 miles 16 chains. 21 May – Natal – Queen's Bridge to Duff's Road deviation, 5 miles 55 chains. 8 July – Natal – Canelands, Umdloti to Maidstone deviation, 6 miles 74 chains. 6 August – Cape – Kamfersdam to Winter's Rush, 34 miles 29 chains.
9 August – Cape – Belmont to Douglas, 53 miles 22 chains. 30 October -- Transvaal -- Settlers to 13 miles 22 chains. The New Cape Central Railway places two 2-6-2+2-6-2 Double Prairie type Garratt articulated steam locomotives in service, they will be designated Class GK on the South African Railways in 1925. Major Frank Dutton, SAR Signal Engineer and the Motor Transport Superintendent, conducts trials with a prototype petrol-paraffin powered Dutton road-rail tractor. Mr. C. Lawson, Superintendent Mechanical of the SAR, experiments with gas-electric motive power and constructs a single experimental producer gas-electric locomotive; the locomotive remains in service for several years but the gas-electric concept will be superseded by diesel-electric traction
1913 in South Africa
The following lists events that happened during 1913 in South Africa. Monarch: King George V. Governor-General and High Commissioner for Southern Africa: The Viscount Gladstone. Prime Minister: Louis Botha. Chief Justice: John de Villiers, 1st Baron de Villiers MaySouth Africa's first flying school opens in Kimberley to train pilots for the South African Aviation Corps. June19 – The Natives Land Act is passed, limiting land ownership for blacks to black territories. November6 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested while leading a march of Indian miners in South Africa. Unknown dateThe City of Greater Cape Town is formed by the union of Central Cape Town, Green Point and Sea Point, Maitland, Rondebosch and Kalk Bay. 6 April – A. P. Mda, co-founder of the African National Congress Youth League and Pan Africanist Congress of Azania 9 December – Gerard Sekoto, artist. 12 March – Christoffel Cornelis Froneman, commandant of the Orange Free State and founder of Marquard. 30 April – Daniël Jacobus Erasmus, acting state president of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek.
16 November – Abraham Fischer, Prime Minister of the Orange River Colony. 5 March – Cape – Vredenburg to Saldanha, 9 miles 65 chains. 15 May – Free State – Arlington to Senekal, 27 miles 30 chains. 15 July -- Cape -- Butterworth to 26 miles 74 chains. 6 August – Cape – George to Oudtshoorn, 45 miles 30 chains. 3 November – Cape – Graafwater to Kleipan, 22 miles 67 chains. 3 November – Free State – Reitz to Marsala, 28 miles 69 chains. 10 November – Transvaal – Nelspruit to Sabie, 55 miles 36 chains. 1 December – Natal – Greytown to Ahrens, 19 miles 70 chains. 5 December – Transvaal – Bandelierkop to Lilliput, 83 miles 33 chains. 15 December – Natal – Tendeka to Piet Retief, 76 miles 35 chains. Two new Cape gauge locomotive types enter service on the South African Railways: The first of ten Class 4A 4-8-2 Mountain type steam locomotives; the first of 45 Class 14 4-8-2 Mountain type locomotives. The New Cape Central Railway places three Cape 7th Class 4-8-0 Mastodon type locomotives in service. 11 January – The South African Springboks beat the French Les Tricolores 38-5 in Bordeaux, France