Frank Francis Frisch, nicknamed The Fordham Flash or The Old Flash, was an American Major League Baseball player and manager of the first half of the twentieth century. Frisch was a switch-hitting second baseman, he played for St. Louis Cardinals, he managed Pittsburgh Pirates and Chicago Cubs. He is a member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum and the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum. Born in The Bronx, New York City, Frisch attended Fordham Preparatory School, graduating in 1916, he went on to Fordham University where he continued to star in four sports: baseball, football and track. His speed earned him the nickname "The Fordham Flash." In 1919, Frisch left Fordham to sign with the New York Giants of the National League, moving directly to the majors without playing in the minor leagues. He made an immediate impact, finishing third in the NL in stolen bases and seventh in RBI in 1920, his first full season. Manager John McGraw was so impressed by Frisch that he soon named him team captain, giving him advice in baserunning and hitting.
The Giants played Frisch at both third base and second base early in his career, but by 1923 he was installed as the team's full-time second baseman. Frisch batted over.300 in his last six seasons with New York. He was an expert fielder and a skilled baserunner. In 1921, he led the National League with 48 steals, in 1923 in hits, in 1924 in runs. With Frisch adding his fiery competitiveness to the team, the Giants won the World Series in 1921 and 1922, winning the NL pennant the following two seasons as well. Frisch is tied with Pablo Sandoval for the franchise post-season multi-hit games record of 15. After the 1926 season, Frisch was traded – with pitcher Jimmy Ring – to the St. Louis Cardinals in exchange for star Rogers Hornsby. After an August 1926 loss in which Frisch had missed a sign, costing the Giants a run, McGraw had loudly berated Frisch in front of the team. Playing second base for the Cardinals, Frisch appeared in four more World Series, bringing his career total to eight, he was the driving force of the "Gashouse Gang", the nickname for the Cardinals clubs of the early 1930s, which were built around him to reflect his no-holds-barred approach.
The Cardinals had won only one pennant. Frisch played eleven seasons with the Cardinals. In 1931, he was voted the Most Valuable Player in the National League after batting.311 with 4 home runs, 82 RBI and leading the League in stolen bases with 28. The 1931 Cardinals triumphed in the World Series, defeating Connie Mack's defending two-time champion Philadelphia Athletics in seven games. Frisch became player-manager of the Cardinals in 1933, was named to the NL's first three All-Star teams from 1933-35. In 1934, he managed the Cardinals to another seven-game World Series victory – this time over the Detroit Tigers. Frisch finished his playing career in 1937, his career statistics totaled a.316 batting average, still the highest for a switch hitter, with 2880 hits, 1532 runs, 105 home runs and 1244 RBI. He stole 419 bases in his nineteen playing seasons, his hit total stood as the record for switch-hitters until Pete Rose surpassed it in 1977. Frisch hit.300 for his career from each side of the plate.
Frankie Frisch was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1947. After no players had been selected by the writers in the previous two years, the rules were revised to limit eligibility to those players who had retired after 1921. After his retirement as an active player, Frisch continued to manage the Cardinals, but was never able to capture another pennant. Frisch had managerial stints with the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Chicago Cubs, but without the success he had in St. Louis. Frisch's career ledger as a manager shows a 1,138–1,078 mark, including the pennant in 1934, he spent the first two months of the 1949 season as a New York Giants' coach, working under his old double-play partner, Leo Durocher, before leaving June 14 to replace Charlie Grimm as manager of the Cubs. Frisch worked for several years as a baseball color commentator on radio and television. In 1939, he called games for the Boston Bees and the Boston Red Sox on the Colonial Network, a regional radio network serving five New England states.
He called Giants radio in 1947-48 worked as a post-game host for the team's telecasts in the 1950s. His broadcasting trademark was worrying about pitchers walking batters: "Oh, those bases on balls!" After a heart attack in September 1956 forced Frisch to curtail his activities, Phil Rizzuto filled in for him on Giants post-game shows for the rest of the season. From 1959-61, Frisch teamed with Jack Whitaker to form the backup crew for Saturday Game of the Week coverage on CBS. A number of years after Frisch left the playing field as a manager, he became a member of the Hall of Fame's Committee on Baseball Veterans, responsible for electing players to the Hall of Fame who had not been elected during their initial period of eligibility by the Baseball Writers. In the years just prior to his death, a number of Frisch's Giants and Cardinals teamm
Joseph Paul DiMaggio, nicknamed "Joltin' Joe" and "The Yankee Clipper", was an American baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees. Born to Italian immigrants in California, he is considered one of the greatest baseball players of all time, is best known for his 56-game hitting streak, a record that still stands. DiMaggio was a three-time Most Valuable Player Award winner and an All-Star in each of his 13 seasons. During his tenure with the Yankees, the club won ten American League pennants and nine World Series championships. At the time of his retirement after the 1951 season, he ranked fifth in career home runs and sixth in career slugging percentage, he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1955 and was voted the sport's greatest living player in a poll taken during the baseball centennial year of 1969. His brothers Vince and Dom were major league center fielders. DiMaggio is known for his marriage and lifelong devotion to Marilyn Monroe.
Joseph Paul DiMaggio was born on November 25, 1914, in Martinez, the sixth of seven children born to Italian immigrants Giuseppe and Rosalia DiMaggio, from Isola delle Femmine, Sicily. He was named Paolo after Saint Paul. Giuseppe was a fisherman. According to statements from Joe's brother Tom to biographer Maury Allen, Rosalia's father wrote to her with the advice that Giuseppe could earn a better living in California than in their native Isola delle Femmine, a northwestern Sicilian village in the province of Palermo. After being processed on Ellis Island, Giuseppe worked his way across America settling near Rosalia's father in Pittsburg, California, on the east side of the San Francisco Bay Area. After four years, he earned enough money to send to Italy for Rosalia and their daughter, born after he had left for the United States. Giuseppe hoped. DiMaggio recalled that he would do anything to get out of cleaning his father's boat, as the smell of dead fish nauseated him. Giuseppe called him "lazy" and "good-for-nothing."
DiMaggio did not finish his education at Galileo High School and instead worked odd jobs including hawking newspapers, stacking boxes at a warehouse and working at an orange juice plant. DiMaggio was playing semi-pro ball when older brother Vince, playing for the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League, talked his manager into letting DiMaggio fill in at shortstop. Joe DiMaggio made his professional debut on October 1, 1932. From May 27 to July 25, 1933, he hit safely in 61 consecutive games, a PCL-record, second-longest in all of Minor League Baseball history. "Baseball didn't get into my blood until I knocked off that hitting streak," he said. "Getting a daily hit became more important to me than eating, drinking or sleeping." In 1934, DiMaggio suffered a career-threatening knee injury when he tore ligaments while stepping out of a jitney. Scout Bill Essick of the New York Yankees, convinced that the injury would heal, pestered his club to give him another look. After DiMaggio passed a physical examination in November, the Yankees purchased his contract for $50,000 and five players.
He remained with the Seals for the 1935 season and batted.398 with 154 runs batted in and 34 home runs. His team won the 1935 PCL title, DiMaggio was named the league's Most Valuable Player. DiMaggio made his major league debut on May 1936, batting ahead of Lou Gehrig in the lineup; the Yankees had not been to the World Series since 1932. Over the course of his 13-year Major League career, DiMaggio led the Yankees to 9 World Series championships, where he trails only Yogi Berra in that category. DiMaggio set a franchise record for rookies in 1936 by hitting 29 home runs. DiMaggio accomplished the feat in 138 games, his record stood for over 80 years until it was shattered by Aaron Judge, who tallied 52 round trippers in 2017. In 1939, DiMaggio was nicknamed the "Yankee Clipper" by Yankee's stadium announcer Arch McDonald, when he likened DiMaggio's speed and range in the outfield to the then-new Pan American airliner. DiMaggio was pictured with his son on the cover of the inaugural issue of SPORT magazine in September 1946.
In 1947, Boston Red Sox owner Tom Yawkey and Yankees GM Larry MacPhail verbally agreed to trade DiMaggio for Ted Williams, but MacPhail refused to include Yogi Berra. In the September 1949 issue of SPORT, Hank Greenberg said that DiMaggio covered so much ground in center field that the only way to get a hit against the Yankees was "to hit'em where Joe wasn't." DiMaggio stole home five times in his career. On February 7, 1949, DiMaggio signed a contract worth $100,000, became the first baseball player to break $100,000 in earnings. By 1950, he was ranked the second-best center fielder after Larry Doby. After a poor 1951 season, various injuries, a scouting report by the Brooklyn Dodgers, turned over to the New York Giants and leaked to the press, DiMaggio announced his retirement at age 37 on December 11, 1951; when remarking on his retirement to the Sporting News on December 19, 1951, he said: I feel like I have reached the stage where I can no longer produce for my club, my manager, my teammates.
I had a poor year, but if I had hit.350, this would have been my last year. I was full of aches and pains and it had become a chore for me to play; when baseball is no longer fun, it's no longer a game, so, I've played my last game. Through May 20
Naranjeros de Hermosillo
The Naranjeros de Hermosillo is a baseball team in the Mexican Pacific League. Based in Hermosillo, they are one of the most successful teams in the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico with 16 titles, they were the first Mexican team to win the Caribbean Series in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic in 1976. Before they were named the Naranjeros, the team was called the Queliteros, was a part of the LMP's predecessor, the Sonoran Winter League; the Queliteros won their first title in 1944, from 1945–1958, they won one more championship title. Since the founding of the LMP in the 1957–58 season, the Naranjeros have won 15 further titles, making the team the most successful in the league's 60-year history; the Naranjeros' victory at the 1976 Caribbean Series in Santo Domingo was the first by a Mexican team. The team was managed by Benjamin "Cananea" Reyes and included players such as Héctor Espino, Sergio "Kaliman" Robles, Celerino Sanchez, Elliot Willis, Arnoldo de Hoyos, George Brunett and Jerry Hairston, Sr..
In its early days, the team played at Fernando M. Ortiz Stadium known as "La Casa del Pueblo." Since 1972, the Naranjeros have been playing in their home stadium, Estadio De Beisbol Héctor Espino, named after the greatest Mexican baseball player in history, Héctor Espino. From 2013 they will play their games at Estadio de Beisbol Sonora, it it not clear the exact date or season the tomahawk chop was first used by the roaring fans at the Naranjeros Stadium, but most fans will point to Gabriel Vargas as the initiator of the tomahawk chop during the season of 2013. There is great controversy between Mr. Vargas and the Mexican baseball community because Mr. Vargas claims it is not the Tomahawk chop but instead the Naranja Slice. Only time will settle this controversy. Miguel Sotelo Francisco Barrios Maury Wills Alex Treviño Héctor Espino Ángel Moreno Sergio Robles Cornelio Garcia Ramon Arano Pepe Peña Narciso Elvira Ronny Henderson Celerino Sánchez Fernando Valenzuela Elmer Dessens Maximino León Erubiel Durazo Vinny Castilla Jorge de la Rosa Édgar González Curt Schilling Larry Walker Carlos Gastelum Luis Garcia Jerry Owens Official site
1947 Little League World Series
The 1947 Little League World Series took place from August 21 through August 23, when the first Little League Baseball championship tournament was played at Williamsport, Pennsylvania. The Maynard Midgets of Williamsport, defeated the Lock Haven All Stars of Lock Haven, Pennsylvania, 16–7 to win the championship; the event was called the National Little League Tournament, as the "World Series" naming was not adopted until 1949. In 1947, the board of directors for the original Little League decided to organize a tournament for the 17 known Little League programs; the fields on which the games were played are between the street and a levee built to protect the town from the West Branch Susquehanna River. That levee provided most of the seating for the inaugural series' attendees. Although the Little League World Series has now moved to a stadium in South Williamsport, it's still possible to play baseball on the original field; the inaugural series was important in history in that it was integrated at a time when professional baseball was still integrating.
More than 2,500 spectators enjoyed the final game, which helped to increase the League's overall publicity. Rain on August 21 caused two first round games to be played on August 22. Source: Jack Losch of the Maynard League championship team went on to play college football with the Miami Hurricanes, was a first-round selection in the 1956 NFL Draft; that year, with the Green Bay Packers, he became the first LLWS participant to play a professional sport. In 2004, the Team Sportsmanship Award at the LLWS was named in his honor. 1947 Tournament Bracket via Wayback Machine 1947 Line Scores via Wayback Machine
The Muskegon Lassies were one of the expansion teams of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League in the 1946 season, representing Muskegon, Michigan. The team played their home games at Marsh Field; the Lassies posted a 46-66 record in their first year, placed sixth in the eight-team league. They improved to 69-43 in 1947. Muskegon was led by OF/P Doris Sams, who ranked in several offensive categories and collected 11 victories, including a perfect game, good enough to win the Most Valuable Player Award. Notably, the team counted with three of the top four pitchers in earned run average, Amy Irene Applegren and Nancy Warren, but lost to the Racine Belles in the best-of-five, first-round matchup 3-1. Muskegon went 66-57 in 1948 to gain a playoff berth, but lost to the Fort Wayne Daisies in the first round, three to zero games; the team was able to reach the playoffs for the third consecutive year. Muskegon disposed of the Kenosha Comets in the first round, 3-1, being swept by the South Bend Blue Sox in the semifinals, 3-0.
1950 became a nightmare for Muskegon, after registering the worst record in the league and a relocation during the midseason to Kalamazoo, where the team was renamed the Kalamazoo Lassies. Bold denotes members of the inaugural roster The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League Record Book – W. C. Madden. Publisher: McFarland & Company, 2000. Format: Hardcover, 302pp. Language: English. ISBN 978-0-7864-0597-8 Encyclopedia of Women and Baseball' – Leslie A. Heaphy, Mel Anthony May. Publisher: McFarland & Company, 2006. Format: Paperback, 438pp. Language: English. ISBN 0-7864-2100-2 Muskegon Area Sports Hall of Fame
University of California, Berkeley
The University of California, Berkeley is a public research university in Berkeley, California. It was founded in 1868 and serves as the flagship institution of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California system. Berkeley has since grown to instruct over 40,000 students in 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs covering numerous disciplines. Berkeley is one of the 14 founding members of the Association of American Universities, with $789 million in R&D expenditures in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2015. Today, Berkeley maintains close relationships with three United States Department of Energy National Laboratories—Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory—and is home to many institutes, including the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and the Space Sciences Laboratory. Through its partner institution University of California, San Francisco, Berkeley offers a joint medical program at the UCSF Medical Center.
As of October 2018, Berkeley alumni, faculty members and researchers include 107 Nobel laureates, 25 Turing Award winners, 14 Fields Medalists. They have won 9 Wolf Prizes, 45 MacArthur Fellowships, 20 Academy Awards, 14 Pulitzer Prizes and 207 Olympic medals. In 1930, Ernest Lawrence invented the cyclotron at Berkeley, based on which UC Berkeley researchers along with Berkeley Lab have discovered or co-discovered 16 chemical elements of the periodic table – more than any other university in the world. During the 1940s, Berkeley physicist J. R. Oppenheimer, the "Father of the Atomic Bomb," led the Manhattan project to create the first atomic bomb. In the 1960s, Berkeley was noted for the Free Speech Movement as well as the Anti-Vietnam War Movement led by its students. In the 21st century, Berkeley has become one of the leading universities in producing entrepreneurs and its alumni have founded a large number of companies worldwide. Berkeley is ranked among the top 20 universities in the world by the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, the U.
S. News & World Report Global University Rankings, it is considered one of the "Public Ivies", meaning that it is a public university thought to offer a quality of education comparable to that of the Ivy League. In 1866, the private College of California purchased the land comprising the current Berkeley campus in order to re-sell it in subdivided lots to raise funds; the effort failed to raise the necessary funds, so the private college merged with the state-run Agricultural and Mechanical Arts College to form the University of California, the first full-curriculum public university in the state. Upon its founding, The Dwinelle Bill stated that the "University shall have for its design, to provide instruction and thorough and complete education in all departments of science and art, industrial and professional pursuits, general education, special courses of instruction in preparation for the professions". Ten faculty members and 40 students made up the new University of California when it opened in Oakland in 1869.
Frederick H. Billings was a trustee of the College of California and suggested that the new site for the college north of Oakland be named in honor of the Anglo-Irish philosopher George Berkeley. In 1870, Henry Durant, the founder of the College of California, became the first president. With the completion of North and South Halls in 1873, the university relocated to its Berkeley location with 167 male and 22 female students where it held its first classes. Beginning in 1891, Phoebe Apperson Hearst made several large gifts to Berkeley, funding a number of programs and new buildings and sponsoring, in 1898, an international competition in Antwerp, where French architect Émile Bénard submitted the winning design for a campus master plan. In 1905, the University Farm was established near Sacramento becoming the University of California, Davis. In 1919, Los Angeles State Normal School became the southern branch of the University, which became University of California, Los Angeles. By 1920s, the number of campus buildings had grown and included twenty structures designed by architect John Galen Howard.
Robert Gordon Sproul served as president from 1930 to 1958. In the 1930s, Ernest Lawrence helped establish the Radiation Laboratory and invented the cyclotron, which won him the Nobel physics prize in 1939. Based on the cyclotron, UC Berkeley scientists and researchers, along with Berkeley Lab, went on to discover 16 chemical elements of the periodic table – more than any other university in the world. In particular, during World War II and following Glenn Seaborg's then-secret discovery of plutonium, Ernest Orlando Lawrence's Radiation Laboratory began to contract with the U. S. Army to develop the atomic bomb. UC Berkeley physics professor J. Robert Oppenheimer was named scientific head of the Manhattan Project in 1942. Along with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley was a partner in managing two other labs, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. By 1942, the American Council on Education ranked Berkeley second only to Harvard in the number of distinguished departments.
During the McCarthy era in 1949, the Board of Regents adopted an anti-communist loyalty oath. A number of faculty members led by Edward C. Tolman were dismissed. In 1952, the University of California became; each campus was give
Jack Roosevelt Robinson was an American professional baseball player who became the first African American to play in Major League Baseball in the modern era. Robinson broke the baseball color line when the Brooklyn Dodgers started him at first base on April 15, 1947; when the Dodgers signed Robinson, they heralded the end of racial segregation in professional baseball that had relegated black players to the Negro leagues since the 1880s. Robinson was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. Robinson had an exceptional 10-year MLB career, he was the recipient of the inaugural MLB Rookie of the Year Award in 1947, was an All-Star for six consecutive seasons from 1949 through 1954, won the National League Most Valuable Player Award in 1949—the first black player so honored. Robinson contributed to the Dodgers' 1955 World Series championship. In 1997, MLB retired his uniform number 42 across all major league teams. MLB adopted a new annual tradition, "Jackie Robinson Day", for the first time on April 15, 2004, on which every player on every team wears No. 42.
Robinson's character, his use of nonviolence, his unquestionable talent challenged the traditional basis of segregation which marked many other aspects of American life. He influenced the culture of and contributed to the civil rights movement. Robinson was the first black television analyst in MLB and the first black vice president of a major American corporation, Chock full o'Nuts. In the 1960s, he helped establish the Freedom National Bank, an African-American-owned financial institution based in Harlem, New York. After his death in 1972, in recognition of his achievements on and off the field, Robinson was posthumously awarded the Congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom. Robinson was born on January 1919, into a family of sharecroppers in Cairo, Georgia, he was the youngest of five children born to Mallie and Jerry Robinson, after siblings Edgar, Frank and Willa Mae. His middle name was in honor of former President Theodore Roosevelt, who died 25 days before Robinson was born.
After Robinson's father left the family in 1920, they moved to California. The extended Robinson family established itself on a residential plot containing two small houses at 121 Pepper Street in Pasadena. Robinson's mother worked various odd jobs to support the family. Growing up in relative poverty in an otherwise affluent community and his minority friends were excluded from many recreational opportunities; as a result, Robinson joined a neighborhood gang, but his friend Carl Anderson persuaded him to abandon it. In 1935, Robinson graduated from Washington Junior High School and enrolled at John Muir High School. Recognizing his athletic talents, Robinson's older brothers Mack and Frank inspired Jackie to pursue his interest in sports. At Muir Tech, Robinson played several sports at the varsity level and lettered in four of them: football, basketball and baseball, he played shortstop and catcher on the baseball team, quarterback on the football team, guard on the basketball team. With the track and field squad, he won awards in the broad jump.
He was a member of the tennis team. In 1936, Robinson won the junior boys singles championship in the annual Pacific Coast Negro Tennis Tournament and earned a place on the Pomona annual baseball tournament all-star team, which included future Hall of Famers Ted Williams and Bob Lemon. In late January 1937, the Pasadena Star-News newspaper reported that Robinson "for two years has been the outstanding athlete at Muir, starring in football, track and tennis." After Muir, Robinson attended Pasadena Junior College, where he continued his athletic career by participating in basketball, football and track. On the football team, he played safety, he was a shortstop and leadoff hitter for the baseball team, he broke school broad-jump records held by his brother Mack. As at Muir High School, most of Jackie's teammates were white. While playing football at PJC, Robinson suffered a fractured ankle, complications from which would delay his deployment status while in the military. In 1938, he was elected to the All-Southland Junior College Team for baseball and selected as the region's Most Valuable Player.
That year, Robinson was one of 10 students named to the school's Order of the Mast and Dagger, awarded to students performing "outstanding service to the school and whose scholastic and citizenship record is worthy of recognition." While at PJC, he was elected to the Lancers, a student-run police organization responsible for patrolling various school activities. An incident at PJC illustrated Robinson's impatience with authority figures he perceived as racist—a character trait that would resurface in his life. On January 25, 1938, he was arrested after vocally disputing the detention of a black friend by police. Robinson received a two-year suspended sentence, but the incident—along with other rumored run-ins between Robinson and police—gave Robinson a reputation for combativeness in the face of racial antagonism. While at PJC, he was motivated by a preacher to attend church on a regular basis, Downs became a confidant for Robinson, a Christian. Toward the end of his PJC tenure, Frank Robinson was killed in a motorcycle accident.
The event motivated Jackie to pursue his athletic career at the nearby University of California, Los Angeles, where he could remain closer to Fran