Club Alianza Lima is a Peruvian football club who plays at the Estadio Alejandro Villanueva in the La Victoria District of Lima, Peru. They are the oldest team in the Peruvian First Division, Alianza enjoyed success throughout the first decades of their professional era. In 1987, tragedy struck Alianza when the squad and coaching staff were killed in an airplane crash as the team was returning from an away fixture. Alianza moved to its current stadium, named for Alejandro Villanueva, the club is one of the most successful teams of Peru along with its archrival Universitario de Deportes and powerhouse Sporting Cristal. It has won a total of 22 League titles of the Peruvian First Division, the club is the most popular side in Peru, a distinction shared with Universitario. Alianza last won the League championship in 2006 and came in as runner-up in the 2009 and 2011 editions of the tournament. The club was founded with the name Sport Alianza on 15 February 1901 by workers in the Alianza Racing Horse Stud, the stud was located in downtown Lima at the time.
The club is one of the oldest professional football teams in Peru and it was founded on 15 February 1901, as Sport Alianza, named for the stable that hosted its first games. It is the only surviving founding member of the Peruvian Football League, the clubs first kit was green and white, honoring founding member Eduardo Pedreschis Italian heritage. Beginning in 1912, the colors of the Alianza stables, blue and black were used, after a name change to Alianza Lima in 1920, the club continued to compete on an amateur level until 1951, when the League turned professional. Alianza participated in the era of the Peruvian football league since the inaugural season 1912. During its first years, it played irregularly against other teams from Lima and its matches against Atlético Chalaco from Callao stirred interest as a clash between limeños and chalacos. Sport Alianza had started to become a team drawing large support. The 1930s brought great joy and frustration to the team, in 1931,1932,1933 an 1934, Alianza Lima won four championships in a row for the first and so far only time in Peruvian football.
However the Peruvian Football Federation don´t recognize the championship of 1934 as won by Alianza, instead it gives it to its heathen rival Universitario. The memory of the four-peat was tainted by the relegation in 1938, after a year in the Second Division the team returned to the First Division and has stayed there ever since. During the 1940s, and start of the era in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. The club won two Peruvian titles in a row in 1977 and 1978, when its players formed the majority of the Peru national football team
Club Universitario de Deportes
Since 1928, the club competes in the top tier of Peruvian football, the Torneo Descentralizado. In 2000, they opened the 80, 000-capacity stadium Estadio Monumental, currently the largest stadium in Peru and Alianza Lima are involved in the derby el Clásico, which has its roots in the clubs first participation in the Primera División in 1928. It has rivalries with Sporting Cristal, Deportivo Municipal, Universitario has won twenty-six first division titles, it was the first Peruvian club to reach the final of the Copa Libertadores. The club won its first Peruvian title in 1929, one year after its debut in the first division, the club won its first double in the seasons of 1945 and 1946 and won its only treble after conquering the 2000 season. Universitario is one of the two most popular teams in Peru, Universitarios youth team is U América FC which currently participates in the Copa Perú. Others present during the foundation were Plácido Galindo, Eduardo Astengo, Mario de las Casas, Alberto Denegri, Luis de Souza Ferreyra, at first, Federacion Universitaria was a small league that held tournaments between the faculty departments of the university.
The National Sports Committee —the highest-ranking sports committee of Peru at the time—recognized Federación Universitaria as a league, along with other small leagues in Lima. They all joined the Peruvian Football Federation, although there was no requirement to play a tournament in order to be promoted to the Primera División, the club did not play in it between 1924 and 1927. During this period it played friendly matches with other teams. In 1928, the Peruvian Football Federation allowed the club to enter the Peruvian Primera División, the club surprised opposing and supporting fans that year because they were the runners-up of the season. During that season, on 23 September 1928, Universitario played the first clásico with Alianza Lima, the champion of the season. However, the team lost to Alianza Lima in an end-of-season play-off for the title after drawing 1–1 in the first leg. The following year Universitario won its first season title and was crowned Peruvian champion, in 1931, the rector of the university, José Antonio Encinas, forbade the club to use the name Federación Universitaria in their team name.
As a result, the changed its name to Club Universitario de Deportes retaining the symbolic “U” in their name. In that same year, 18-year-old Teodoro Fernández, historically known as Lolo Fernández, Universitarios officials asked that a play-off between the first division teams be played in order to determine the season champion. Alianza Lima agreed to the match and was subsequently won by Universitario with a score of 2–1. But according to sources, this title Universitario won was not the league title itself. Because of that, Alianza Lima considered itself as the champion of this year, the Peruvian Football Federation and the Sports Association of Professional Football, both recognize the title of this year belong to Universitario
Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization in Caral, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty with its capital in Lima, ideas of political autonomy spread throughout Spanish America and Peru gained its independence, which was formally proclaimed in 1821. After the battle of Ayacucho, three years after proclamation, Peru ensured its independence, the country has undergone changes in government from oligarchic to democratic systems. Peru has gone through periods of political unrest and internal conflict as well as periods of stability, Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions.
It is a country with a high Human Development Index score. Its main economic activities include mining, manufacturing and fishing, the Peruvian population, estimated at 31.2 million in 2015, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages and this mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine and music. The name of the country may be derived from Birú, the name of a ruler who lived near the Bay of San Miguel, Panama. When his possessions were visited by Spanish explorers in 1522, they were the southernmost part of the New World yet known to Europeans, when Francisco Pizarro explored the regions farther south, they came to be designated Birú or Perú. An alternative history is provided by the contemporary writer Inca Garcilasco de la Vega, son of an Inca princess, the Spanish Crown gave the name legal status with the 1529 Capitulación de Toledo, which designated the newly encountered Inca Empire as the province of Peru.
Under Spanish rule, the country adopted the denomination Viceroyalty of Peru, the earliest evidences of human presence in Peruvian territory have been dated to approximately 9,000 BC. Andean societies were based on agriculture, using such as irrigation and terracing, camelid husbandry. Organization relied on reciprocity and redistribution because these societies had no notion of market or money, the oldest known complex society in Peru, the Norte Chico civilization, flourished along the coast of the Pacific Ocean between 3,000 and 1,800 BC. These early developments were followed by archaeological cultures that developed mostly around the coastal, the Cupisnique culture which flourished from around 1000 to 200 BC along what is now Perus Pacific Coast was an example of early pre-Incan culture. The Chavín culture that developed from 1500 to 300 BC was probably more of a religious than a political phenomenon, on the coast, these included the civilizations of the Paracas, Nazca and the more outstanding Chimu and Mochica.
Their capital was at Chan Chan outside of modern-day Trujillo, in the 15th century, the Incas emerged as a powerful state which, in the span of a century, formed the largest empire in pre-Columbian America with their capital in Cusco
Club Centro Deportivo Municipal, commonly known as Deportivo Municipal, is a Peruvian football club based in Lima, Peru. They are among Perus most recognizable clubs and enjoy considerable popularity, the bulk of their success was won a few years after the club was founded in 1935. The club was a contender during this period and won four Primera División titles. The club suffered relegation three times in their history,1967,2000, and 2007 and they have been champions of the Segunda División on three occasions,1968,2006, and 2014, granting them promotion to the first division. In 2014, they won the Segunda División and they compete in the Primera División Peruana. Deportivo Municipal was one of the first Peruvian clubs to participate in a South American international football competition, in 1948, they were invited to the South American Championship of Champions and finished fourth where clubs from seven of the nine CONMEBOL football associations participated. Club Centro Deportivo Municipal was founded upon the initiative of three directors of Lima, who intended to have a football team representing the municipality of the city.
Thus Círculo Deportivo Municipal was formed, which in 1934 merged with another team to create Centro Deportivo Municipal, the club was officially founded on 27 July 1935 in the Municipality of Lima. After finishing second in the tournament, the team won the right to play in the Primera División in 1936. Deportivo Municipal was relegated in 1967, and promoted again in 1968, the club stayed in the top category until 2000, when it ended last in the season. The team was relegated to the Segunda División, where it played until 2006 and they were relegated again in 2007 after a troublesome season with failing to pay its players for several months. In the 2011 Torneo Intermedio, the club was eliminated by José Gálvez in the quarter-finals and it reached the national stage of the 2012 Copa Perú and was invited to play in the Segunda División once again. On 2014, the gained promotion to the Primera División Peruana for the first time in 7 years after beating Unión Huaral. It consists of a jersey with a red stripe that goes from left to right, blue shorts.
Its alternative uniform varies, it has 3 options, the first one has a red jersey and keeps the blue shorts and white socks. The second alternative uniform keeps the red stripe on the jersey but instead of being white, the shorts and socks are blue. The third alternative uniform uses black instead of blue but keeps the red stripe on the jersey. The home shirts colors are reminiscent of the Peruvian national team, Deportivo Municipal has employed the use of several stadiums throughout its history
Sport Boys Association, commonly referred to as Sport Boys or simply Boys, is a Peruvian football club based in the port city of Callao. It was founded on Perus independence day, July 28,1927 and its classic and historic rival is the Atlético Chalaco against whom dispute the Clasico Porteño derby of Callao. The day before Perus independence day, July 27, they held a meeting and at midnight, they declared the club founded and named Lizárraga president and unanimously voted for the club name to be Sport Boys Association. The teams original uniform was not pink but striped red and yellow, Sport Boys was the first Peruvian football club to feature cheerleaders. Many of them, including Anelhí Arias, Shirley Cherres, the last time Sport Boys became champions of the Primera División Peruana was 1984. Since they have had a rollercoaster of ups and downs, some of the ups have been being runners-up in the 1990 and 1991 First Division after having won the Segunda División Peruana to gain promotion. In 1999 the Sport Boys qualified for the Copa CONMEBOL, during 2008 their campaign was worse than the 2007 campaign leaving the Sport Boys in the bottom of the standings for most of the Apertura tournament.
Financial issues were haunting the club in 2008, so severe that they have not been able to pay their players from March 2008, some players like midfielder Montenegro have had to do taxi work at night to be able to support their families. Sport Boys plays its games at the Estadio Miguel Grau. It has a capacity of about 17,000, before this stadium was built, they had to use the 5,000 spectator capacity Telmo Carbajo, a stadium that was in bad condition and unfit to host football matches. It was the first stadium in Callao, Sport Boys were forced to play their games in the Estadio Nacional, where they would be far away from their fans. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, the Limit of foreign players a Peruvian club can have is five, of which only three can play simultaneously. The roster should include Peruvian footballers born from 1990 onwards, forcing the accumulation of a minimum of 2000 minutes of action during the Primera División Peruana 2010
Ciclista Lima Association
Ciclista Lima Association is a Peruvian football club, playing in the city of Lima. It is the second oldest club in Peru, the club were founded 1896 and play in the Copa Perú which is the third division of the Peruvian league. The club was 1944,1946,1949, and 1993 Segunda División Peruana champion, the club have played at the highest level of Peruvian football on several occasions, from 1927 until 1996 Torneo Descentralizado when was relegated to the Peruvian Segunda División. In the 1997 Segunda División Peruana, the club was relegated to the Copa Perú
Club Sporting Cristal is a Peruvian football team. Based in the Rímac District, in the department of Lima, Sporting Cristal has won the league title 18 times, and it is the Peruvian team with the third most National titles. All its titles have won in the professional era. It is one of the most popular teams in Peru, along with Universitario and Alianza Lima. In 1997, it became the second Peruvian football club to reach the final of the Copa Libertadores, Sporting Cristal plays home games at the Estadio Alberto Gallardo, but they play at the Estadio Nacional. They use the Estadio Nacional when playing international competitions, such as Copa Libertadores, ricardo Bentín Mujica, with the support of his wife, co-owners of Backus and Johnston brewery, was the man who is credited with achieving the companys goal. A club from Rímac ward, known as Sporting Tabaco founded in 1926, never having won a national championship, the club was in dire economic straits. Bentín decided to buy the club and search for a ground, so that the club could develop.
The club found a lot in the neighborhood of La Florida of 137,000 m², on December 13,1955 the club was founded as Sporting Cristal, after Backus best-known beer brand, Cristal. The new club from Rímac ward debuted in 1956 in the professional Primera Division and won their first national title that same year, journalists thus called them the club born a champion. The team managed to win more titles over the years and was known as one of the best football clubs in Peru after Universitario, a few years later, the club eliminated the word Backus from their name to demonstrate their economic independence. Sporting Cristal changed its color from blue to light blue. They are known as Los Celestes, during a brief period between 1978 and 1981, they again used blue shirts. In 1982 they returned to blue as the color of the club. The 1990s was the most successful decade,4 national titles with coaches as Juan Carlos Oblitas, and with Sergio Markarián head coach they won 1996 league. By 1997, the team, led by Uruguayan coach Sergio Markarián, reached the finals of the Copa Libertadores, the first leg was a home game, in which they ended in a scoreless draw, in the second leg, they lost 1–0.
This is the closest a Peruvian team has come to the Copa Libertadores Final since 1972, the club stayed on the top spots of the national tournament during most of the 2000s and gained qualification to the Copa Libertadores eight years in a row from 2000 to 2007. It would only win two titles during the decade which were obtain in 2002 and 2005 with many players as Sergio Leal, Jorge Soto