Tom Warhurst Sr.
Hubert Thomas Warhurst was an Australian tennis player who competed in six Australian Championships. He played Australian rules football with Norwood in the South Australian National Football League, Warhurst started his career at Norwood in 1935, having completed his education at Xavier College in Melbourne where he held the Victorian Public Schools high jump record for two years. A key position player, he was played as a defender. In 1938, Warhurst made his first appearance in the Australian Championships and entered in the singles and mixed doubles and he shared the Norwood captaincy in 1939 and 1940, when he was at his peak as a player. He won his clubs best and fairest award in 1939 and fell one short of winning the Magarey Medal. Warhurst, a three-time South Australian interstate football representative, lost some of his best sporting years to the war, from 1940 to 1945, Warhurst served with the 2/7th Field Regiment of the Australian Army, in the Middle East, North Africa and Dutch East Indies.
A sergeant, towards the end of the war he took part in the Battle of Tarakan, after the war, he returned to football and participated in the clubs 1946 premiership team, as a full-back. He amassed 94 SANFL games by the time he announced his retirement in 1947 and he played his best tennis post-war and in 1946 reached the quarterfinals of the mens doubles in both 1946 and 1948, with his partner Max Bonner. In 1949 he progressed to the quarterfinals in the singles, beating eighth seed Jack Crawford in five sets and he was eliminated by Bill Sidwell, one of the tournament favourites. Despite never registering a Championship win in mixed doubles, Warhurst competed in the 1952 final, the combination of Warhurst and Gwen Thiele lost the final in straight sets
Thelma Coyne Long
Thelma Dorothy Coyne Long was an Australian tennis player and one of the female players who dominated Australian tennis from the mid-1930s to the 1950s. During her career she won 19 Grand Slam tournament titles, in 2013 Long was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame. At the Australian Championships, Long won singles titles in 1952 and 1954 and was a singles finalist in 1940,1951,1955 and 1956, in womens doubles, she won ten titles with Nancye Wynne Bolton and two titles with Mary Bevis Hawton. Long was a doubles finalist with Bolton in 1946 and 1950. She won mixed doubles titles in 1951,1952 and 1955 with George Worthington and she was a mixed doubles finalist in 1948 with Bill Sidwell. At Wimbledon, Long was a doubles finalist in 1957 with Hawton. At the age of 52, Long teamed with Lorraine Coghlan to lose in the first round of doubles at Wimbledon in 1971. At the French Championships, Long was a doubles finalist in 1958 with Hawton, won the mixed doubles title in 1956 with Luis Ayala.
At the 1953 tournament in Cincinnati, Long won the singles title and the womens doubles title with Kanter. According to Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Long was ranked in the top ten in 1952 and 1954. Long became a professional in 1960 and spent many years coaching promising New South Wales junior players. In 1985, her achievements were recognized by Tennis NSW when she was awarded Life Membership of the State Association, on 30 August 2000, Long was awarded the Australian Sports Medal. She was inducted into the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in a ceremony at Melbourne Park during the Australian Open on Australia Day in 2002, in 2013, Thelma was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame symbolizing recognition of her extraordinary career. She was born in Sydney, Australia on 14 October 1918, on 30 January 1941, she married Maurice Newton Long of Melbourne. The marriage did not continue after the end of the Second World War, in May 1941, during the Second World War, Long joined the Red Cross as a transport driver and worked in Melbourne.
On 19 February 1942, she joined the Australian Womens Army Service, for her service in the AWAS, she was awarded the War Medal 1939–1945 and Australia Service Medal 1939–1945. Long worked as a volunteer at the State Library of New South Wales, Coyne died on 13 April 2015 at the age of 96. R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation, SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played
Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia. In June 2016, Adelaide had a resident population of 1,326,354 million. South Australia, with a total of 1, the demonym Adelaidean is used in reference to the city and its residents. Adelaide is north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, on the Adelaide Plains between the Gulf St Vincent and the low-lying Mount Lofty Ranges which surround the city. Adelaide stretches 20 km from the coast to the foothills, and 94 to 104 km from Gawler at its northern extent to Sellicks Beach in the south. Named in honour of Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, queen consort to King William IV, Colonel William Light, one of Adelaides founding fathers, designed the city and chose its location close to the River Torrens, in the area originally inhabited by the Kaurna people. Lights design set out Adelaide in a layout, interspaced by wide boulevards and large public squares. Early Adelaide was shaped by prosperity and wealth—until the Second World War, it was Australias third-largest city and it has been noted for early examples of religious freedom, a commitment to political progressivism and civil liberties.
It has been known as the City of Churches since the mid-19th century, as South Australias seat of government and commercial centre, Adelaide is the site of many governmental and financial institutions. Most of these are concentrated in the city centre along the boulevard of North Terrace, King William Street. Today, Adelaide is noted for its festivals and sporting events, its food and wine, its long beachfronts. It ranks highly in terms of liveability, being listed in the Top 10 of The Economist Intelligence Units Worlds Most Liveable Cities index in 2010,2011,2012 and 2015. It was ranked the most liveable city in Australia by the Property Council of Australia in 2011,2012 and 2013, prior to its proclamation as a British settlement in 1836, the area around Adelaide was inhabited by the indigenous Kaurna Aboriginal nation. Kaurna culture and language was almost completely destroyed within a few decades of the European settlement of South Australia in 1836, extensive documentation by early missionaries and other researchers has enabled a modern revival of both language and culture.
South Australia was officially proclaimed as a new British colony on 28 December 1836, the event is commemorated in South Australia as Proclamation Day. The site of the capital was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light. Adelaide was established as a colony of free immigrants, promising civil liberties and freedom from religious persecution. Wakefields idea was for the Government to survey and sell the land at a rate that would maintain land values high enough to be unaffordable for labourers and journeymen
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the worlds sixth-largest country by total area, the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north, the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east, and New Zealand to the south-east. Australias capital is Canberra, and its largest urban area is Sydney, for about 50,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages classifiable into roughly 250 groups. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored, on 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy comprising six states.
The population of 24 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard, Australia has the worlds 13th-largest economy and ninth-highest per capita income. With the second-highest human development index globally, the country highly in quality of life, education, economic freedom. The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis a name used for putative lands in the southern hemisphere since ancient times, the Dutch adjectival form Australische was used in a Dutch book in Batavia in 1638, to refer to the newly discovered lands to the south. On 12 December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office that it be formally adopted, in 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known officially as Australia. The first official published use of the term Australia came with the 1830 publication of The Australia Directory and these first inhabitants may have been ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. The Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, were originally horticulturists, the northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited sporadically by fishermen from Maritime Southeast Asia.
The first recorded European sighting of the Australian mainland, and the first recorded European landfall on the Australian continent, are attributed to the Dutch. The first ship and crew to chart the Australian coast and meet with Aboriginal people was the Duyfken captained by Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon. He sighted the coast of Cape York Peninsula in early 1606, the Dutch charted the whole of the western and northern coastlines and named the island continent New Holland during the 17th century, but made no attempt at settlement. William Dampier, an English explorer and privateer, landed on the north-west coast of New Holland in 1688, in 1770, James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast, which he named New South Wales and claimed for Great Britain. The first settlement led to the foundation of Sydney, and the exploration, a British settlement was established in Van Diemens Land, now known as Tasmania, in 1803, and it became a separate colony in 1825. The United Kingdom formally claimed the part of Western Australia in 1828.
Separate colonies were carved from parts of New South Wales, South Australia in 1836, Victoria in 1851, the Northern Territory was founded in 1911 when it was excised from South Australia
Grand Slam (tennis)
The Grand Slam tournaments, called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of best of sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open in May and June, Wimbledon in June and July, each tournament is played over a period of two weeks. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on courts, the French on clay. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, however, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924/25, the time when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners, the term Grand Slam without qualification refers to winning the four majors in a single calendar year. Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in a one year is known as a Golden Grand Slam or more commonly the Golden Slam.
Also, winning the Year-End Championship in the period is known as a Super Slam. Together, all four Majors in all three disciplines are called a set of Grand Slam titles. No male or female player has won all events in one calendar year. The term slam for winning all of the tricks in the whist family card games is attested early in the 17th century. Grand slam for all of the tricks, in contrast to small slam or little slam for all but one and this use was inherited by contract bridge, a modern development of whist defined in 1925 that became very popular in Britain and America by 1930. Grand slam has been used in golf since 1930, when Bobby Jones won the four major championships, before that time only three events, the World Hard Court Championships and the World Covered Court Championships were considered the premier international tennis events by the ILTF. Tony Wilding of New Zealand won all three of those majors in one year –1913. It has been possible to complete a Grand Slam in most years, phil Dent has pointed out that skipping Grand Slam tournaments—especially the Australian Open—was not unusual then, before counting Grand Slam titles became the norm.
Nevertheless, except for the 1969 and 1971 tournaments, many of the best players missed this championship until 1982, because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates, the tournament was won by Arthur Ashe. The first definitive Grand Slam, of the current four majors, was accomplished when Don Budge won all four mens singles Majors in 1938, to date,17 players have completed a Grand Slam, though only six in the most prestigious singles titles. The four Junior disciplines and girls singles and doubles, Players are only eligible from age 13 to 18, with 18-year-olds likely to hold a physical advantage
Mervyn Gordon Rose AM is a former Australian male tennis player. He was born in Coffs Harbour, New South Wales and turned professional in 1959, Rose was ranked inside the worlds Top 10 throughout much of his tennis career and represented Australia in the Davis Cup from 1951 to 1957. He was ranked World No.3 in 1958 by Lance Tingay of The Daily Telegraph, Rose was awarded the Australian Sports Medal in 2000, inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 2001 and the Australian Tennis Hall of Fame in 2002. All England Lawn Tennis Club Australian Open
Francis Frank Arthur Sedgman, AM is a retired former World No.1 amateur tennis champion. In his 1979 autobiography Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and great player himself, Kramer wrote, was as quick as anybody who ever played the game, but he couldnt keep the heat on. Sedgman is one of five tennis players all-time to win a multiple slam set in two disciplines, matching Margaret Court, Roy Emerson, Martina Navratilova and Serena Williams. In 1951 he and Ken McGregor won the mens doubles Grand Slam and his partner Ken McGregor were the only mens doubles team to ever win the Grand Slam in a single year—they won all four majors in 1951. According to Rose in a 2005 interview, Harry Hopman, the coach of the Australian team, Sedgman was an extremely fast, slim,511 right-hander known for his fitness who played the serve-and-volley game that had just been popularised by Jack Kramer. He was one of a number of Australian players who used the Continental grip in which the racquet is held the same way for both the forehand and the backhand and he was particularly known for his volleying and speed at the net.
He was extremely graceful in his footwork and strokes, with a classical style that was a model to other players for many years. When asked in 2005 who was the best player he had faced, Mervyn Rose replied, Hopmans pet. Sedgman, writes Kramer, was the quickest Ive ever seen, anything he could get he would put away. Frank Sedgman hardly ever hit a second volley, if he got his racquet on a volley, it was almost always a placement and hard. Sedgman dominated amateur tennis in 1951 and 1952 when there was no Open tennis, there were no lengthy professional tours during those two years and the best professionals played only a few tournaments among themselves. It is arguable, that Sedgman was the worlds best player over that period, in late 1951, Sedgman was tempted to turn professional for 1952. Harry Hopman, led a fund-raising drive via his newspaper column in the Melbourne Herald to keep Sedgman an amateur, enough money was raised to purchase a gasoline station in the name of Sedgmans future bride.
According to Kramer, Sedgman might have made as much as $150,000 during that tour and he was, narrowly beaten that first year by the reigning king of professional tennis, Jack Kramer,54 matches to 41. It was the closest Kramer came to losing an annual tour and he couldnt handle my second serve, and at the end, that was what saved me. Sedgman was slightly ahead,18 matches to 17, when he began to have trouble with his shoulder, Kramer won 17 of the next 19 matches, when Sedgman had recovered, split the remaining matches to preserve his edge. Sedgman was the winner of two titles in professional tennis, which were the Wembley Pro titles of 1953 and 1958. Sedgman was the runner-up in four more pro majors in the years before Open tennis and he continued to play professionally until his 1976 retirement
Kenneth Bruce McGregor was an Australian tennis player from Australia who won the Mens Singles title at the Australian Championships in 1952. He and his doubles partner, Frank Sedgman, are generally considered one of the greatest mens doubles teams of all time. McGregor was a member of three Australian Davis Cup winning teams in 1950–1952, in 1953, Jack Kramer induced both Sedgman and McGregor to turn professional. He was ranked as high as World No.3 in 1952, in 1951 and 1952 McGregor and Frank Sedgman won seven consecutive Grand Slam doubles titles – a feat that is unmatched to date. McGregor was a fine athlete, excelling in cricket, Australian rules football. At 6 ft 2 in, he had a powerful serve, the handsome Aussie had the most extraordinary overhead of all time. As nearly as I could tell, all he wanted to do was save up money, go back Down Under and play Australian-rules football. In early January 1953 McGregor and Sedgman signed a contract to join Jack Kramers professional tour and this made them ineligible to compete in the amateur Grand Slam tournaments and Davis Cup.
In his 1952–1953 tour against Pancho Segura, McGregor was beaten by 71 matches to 25, in a subsequent 1953–1954 tour against Pancho Gonzales, he was beaten 15 matches to 0. After his retirement from tennis at the age of 25 he returned to Australian football, in 1999, McGregor was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island followed in 2000 by induction into Australian Tennis Hall of Fame. The Ken McGregor Foundation was established by Tennis SA, the body of tennis in South Australia. Ken McGregor is the son of Bruce and Winnifred McGregor, Ken has one sister who was born in 1927, the day their father Bruce was awarded his 2nd Magarey Medal. In 1953 he married Winifred Caro, McGregor had a history of heart problems, but was diagnosed with stomach cancer ten days prior to his death on 1 December 2007. He was survived by his wife, two children, and five grandchildren
The Australian Open is a major tennis tournament held annually over the last fortnight of January in Melbourne, Australia. First held in 1905, the tournament is chronologically the first of the four Grand Slam tennis events of the year – the other three being the French Open and the US Open. It features mens and womens singles, mens and mixed doubles and juniors championships, as well as wheelchair, the Australian Open typically has high attendances and occasionally exceeding the US Open. The tournament holds the record for the highest attendance at a Grand Slam event, the Australian Open is managed by Tennis Australia, formerly the Lawn Tennis Association of Australia, and was first played at the Warehousemans Cricket Ground in Melbourne in November 1905. This facility is now known as the Albert Reserve Tennis Centre, the tournament was first known as the Australasian Championships and became the Australian Championships in 1927 and the Australian Open in 1969. Since 1905, the Australian Open has been staged in five Australian and two New Zealand cities, Sydney, Brisbane, Perth and Hastings.
Though started in 1905, the tournament was not designated as being a championship until 1924. The tournament committee changed the structure of the tournament to include seeding at that time, in 1972, it was decided to stage the tournament in Melbourne each year because it attracted the biggest patronage of any Australian city. The tournament was played at the Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club from 1972 until the move to the new Melbourne Park complex in 1988, the new facilities at Melbourne Park were envisaged to meet the demands of a tournament that had outgrown Kooyongs capacity. The move to Melbourne Park was an success, with a 90 percent increase in attendance in 1988 on the previous year at Kooyong. Because of Australias geographic remoteness, very few foreign players entered this tournament in the early 20th century, in the 1920s, the trip by ship from Europe to Australia took about 45 days. The first tennis players who came by boats were the US Davis Cup players in November 1946, even inside the country, many players could not travel easily.
When the tournament was held in Perth, no one from Victoria or New South Wales crossed by train, in Christchurch in 1906, of a small field of 10 players, only two Australians attended and the tournament was won by a New Zealander. The first tournaments of the Australasian Championships suffered from the competition of the other Australasian tournaments, before 1905, all Australian states and New Zealand had their own championships, the first organised in 1880 in Melbourne and called the Championship of the Colony of Victoria. In those years, the best two players – Australian Norman Brookes and New Zealander Anthony Wilding – almost did not play this tournament, Brookes came once and won in 1911, and Wilding entered and won the competition twice. Their meetings in the Victorian Championships helped to determine the best Australasian players, even when the Australasian Championships were held in Hastings, New Zealand, in 1912, though three times Wimbledon champion, did not come back to his home country.
It was a problem for all players of the era. Brookes went to Europe only three times, where he reached the Wimbledon Challenge Round once and won Wimbledon twice
A grass court is one of the four different types of tennis court on which the sport of tennis, originally known as lawn tennis, is played. Grass courts are made of grasses in different compositions depending on the tournament, although grass courts are more traditional than other types of tennis courts, maintenance costs of grass courts are higher than those of hard courts and clay courts. Grass courts must be left for the day if rain appears, Grass courts are most common in Britain, although the Northeastern United States has some private grass courts. Because grass courts tend to be slippery, the ball often skids and bounces low while retaining most of its speed, in addition, there are often bad bounces. As a result, players must reach the ball relative to other surfaces. A grass-court favours a serve and volley style of play, all have won at least five grand slam singles titles on grass, Navratilova won twelve, Court won eight, while King, Graf, Serena Williams and Federer each won seven.
Sampras is lauded by many analysts as one of the greatest grass-court players of all time. He won seven Wimbledon singles titles in eight years from 1993 through 2000, the most successful male player currently is Roger Federer, a seven-time Wimbledon singles champion. His variety in the shots, speed and slices, are his biggest weapons, before being beaten in 2008 at Wimbledon by Rafael Nadal, Federer had a 65-match winning streak on grass, and 40 consecutive wins at Wimbledon alone. The most successful female players currently playing are Serena Williams and her sister Venus Williams, with seven, Venus has won five out of her eight Wimbledon finals appearances and achieving five titles in the ladies doubles with her sister. The professional grass court season is comparatively short, in 2015 it was extended, with an extra week between the French Open and Wimbledon. In the ATP Tour, the Stuttgart Open became a court tournament in 2015, and in 2017 a new ATP250 tournament is being hosted in Antalya.
In the WTA Tour Mallorca will host a grass court tournament beginning in 2016, clay court hardcourt carpet court LTA – Grass Court Guidance
Memorial Drive Park
Memorial Drive Park, more generally referred to as Memorial Drive, is a tennis venue, located adjacent to the Adelaide Oval, in the park lands surrounding the centre of Adelaide, South Australia. Memorial Drive took its name from the avenue, known as War Memorial Drive. The Memorial Drive Tennis club was established in 1914, under the name South Australian Lawn Tennis Club, about 6 acres of land were leased to the club and the courts were opened in October 1921 by the Governor of South Australia, Sir Archibald Weigall. Gerald Patterson won the first South Australian Mens Singles Championship at the venue in 1922, the following year, a clubhouse and grandstand were erected at Memorial Drive, the northern grandstand being the former stand from Adelaide Oval, which was dismantled and reassembled. In 1938 a large permanent grandstand was erected on the side of the courts. Over the years major events have been held on the grass courts including the Davis Cup. In 1926 the Australian mens singles title was staged at the courts for the first time, Adelaide hosted a total of fourteen Australian championships until 1967, of which twelve were played at Memorial Drive.
In 1938 American Donald Budge won the first leg of the first grand slam in tennis at Memorial Drive by defeating Australia’s John Bromwich, in January 1933 Australia played a tennis Test match against the United States. American champion Ellsworth Vines made his appearance in Adelaide and among the Australian representatives were Harry Hopman, Adrian Quist. The following year, international matches featured the English champion Fred Perry, adelaides first exposure to professional tennis involved the French dual Wimbledon champion Henri Cochet in contests against local professionals in 1935. In 1958 Pancho Gonzalez and Lew Hoad appeared at Memorial Drive as part of Jack Kramers professional troupe, from 1974 until 2007 the Adelaide International tournament was played at Memorial Drive, and since 2009 the World Tennis Challenge has been played there. All winners were Australian with the exception of American Nancy Richey Gunter, other than Richey Gunter, the only non-Australian finalists were Arthur Ashe and Évelyne Terras. B
Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent or between two teams of two players each. Each player uses a racket that is strung with cord to strike a hollow rubber ball covered with felt over or around a net. The object of the game is to play the ball in such a way that the opponent is not able to play a valid return, the player who is unable to return the ball will not gain a point, while the opposite player will. Tennis is an Olympic sport and is played at all levels of society, the sport can be played by anyone who can hold a racket, including wheelchair users. The modern game of tennis originated in Birmingham, England, in the late 19th century as lawn tennis and it had close connections both to various field games such as croquet and bowls as well as to the older racket sport of real tennis. The rules of tennis have changed little since the 1890s, two exceptions are that from 1908 to 1961 the server had to keep one foot on the ground at all times, and the adoption of the tiebreak in the 1970s.
Tennis is played by millions of players and is a popular worldwide spectator sport. Historians believe that the ancient origin lay in 12th century northern France. Louis X of France was a player of jeu de paume, which evolved into real tennis. Louis was unhappy with playing tennis outdoors and accordingly had indoor, in due course this design spread across royal palaces all over Europe. Because of the accounts of his death, Louis X is historys first tennis player known by name. Another of the enthusiasts of the game was King Charles V of France. It wasnt until the 16th century that rackets came into use, and the game began to be called tennis, from the French term tenez, an interjection used as a call from the server to his opponent. It was popular in England and France, although the game was played indoors where the ball could be hit off the wall. Henry VIII of England was a big fan of this game, during the 18th century and early 19th century, as real tennis declined, new racket sports emerged in England.
This in turn led to the codification of rules for many sports, including lawn tennis, most football codes, lawn bowls. In 1872, along with two doctors, they founded the worlds first tennis club in Leamington Spa. Evans, turfgrass agronomist, Sports historians all agree that deserves much of the credit for the development of modern tennis, according to Honor Godfrey, museum curator at Wimbledon, Wingfield popularized this game enormously